Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
IIT Bombay color logo.png
Motto
ज्ञानं परमं ध्येयम् (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
Knowledge is the Supreme Goal.[1]
TypePublic engineering school
Established1958
ChairmanDilip Shanghvi[2]
DirectorSubhasis Chaudhuri[3]
Academic staff
603[4]
Undergraduates4179
Postgraduates5472 [5]
Address
Adi Shankaracharya Marg, IIT Bombay, Powai
, , ,
Coordinates: 19°08′01.09″N 72°54′55.29″E / 19.1336361°N 72.9153583°E / 19.1336361; 72.9153583
CampusUrban, 550 acres
Colours     Sky Blue
     Silver
NicknameIITians, Mumbai-IITians
Websitewww.iitb.ac.in

The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (abbreviated as IITB or IIT Bombay) is a public engineering institution located in Powai, Mumbai, India.

IIT Bombay was founded in 1958[6]. In 1961, the Parliament decreed IITs as Institutes of National Importance.[7] A committee formed by the Government of India recommended the establishment of four higher institutes of technology to set the direction for the development of technical education in the country in 1946. Planning began in 1957 and the first batch of 100 students was admitted in 1958.[7] Since its establishment in Powai, the institute has physically expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with a combined area of more than 2.2 square kilometers.

IIT Bombay is known for its flagship 4 Year, 5 Year & 2 Year programmes for which the entry is through the Joint Entrance Examination – Advanced and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. It offers degrees such as: Bachelor of Technology, Four Year Bachelor of Science, Five Year Master of Science, 2 or 3 Year Master of Technology, and a few others. It also has a comprehensive graduate program offering doctoral degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.[7] It currently has a total of 15 academic departments, 20 centres, a school of excellence and four interdisciplinary programs. It also scored the highest on academic and employer reputation, two of the metrics used to compile the list and is widely regarded as one of the best colleges to study in India[8].

History[edit]

IIT Bombay was the second Indian Institutes of Technology to be established in 1958 with assistance from UNESCO and with funds contributed by the Soviet Union. UNESCO agreed to provide equipment and technical experts mainly from the Soviet Union, while the Government of India accepted the responsibility for all other expenses including the cost of the building project and recurring expenses. The site chosen for the institute was Powai with an area of 550 acres (2.2 km2) which was given by the then Bombay State Government. While construction was being completed, the first academic session of the Institute opened on 25 July 1958, in its temporary home at the Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (SASMIRA) building in Worli with 100 students. These students were selected from over 3,400 applicants for admission to the first year undergraduate engineering programmes of Aerospace, Chemical, Civil, Computer, Electrical, Engineering Physics, Energy, Mechanical, Metallurgical Engineering, and MSc Chemistry. One of the main objectives of establishing the Institute was to develop facilities for studies in a variety of specialized engineering and technological sciences. The need for establishing adequate facilities for postgraduate studies and research was kept uppermost in mind in the founding years. While the Institute was functioning provisionally at Worli, an effort was made to expedite the progress of the building project at its permanent location and Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone of the Institute at Powai on 10 March.

In 2018, IIT Bombay was one of the first six institutes to be awarded the Institute of Eminence status.[9]

Campus[edit]

The IIT Bombay campus, having an area of about 550 acres, is located at Powai, in East Mumbai, between the Vihar and Powai lakes. The campus is divided into clusters of buildings. The academic area chiefly comprises the main building, various departmental annexes and auditoria. All department annexes are connected by a corridor named Infinite Corridor. Beyond the Convocation Hall lie most of the hostels. There are a total of 18 hostels, of which two hostels (Hostels 10 and 11) and a wing of the newly constructed hostel (Hostel 15) are for female students.

Due to its proximity to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the campus has significant green cover and is mostly untouched by the pollution of the rest of the city. The proximity of the campus to the national park has also led to occasional sightings of panthers, leopards and Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodiles along the banks of the Powai lake. Sometimes they stray into the campus in chase of hunt.[10]

The institute has two swimming pools; football, hockey and cricket grounds; and tennis, basketball, squash and volleyball courts. It also has a Students' Activity Center (SAC) for various cultural and other extracurricular activities. In addition to these facilities, the campus also houses two high schools, one of which is a Kendriya Vidyalaya and the other is called IIT Campus School.

Over the last 53 years, around 39,000 engineers and scientists have graduated from the institute.[7] Educational programmes include physical sciences, engineering, humanities and social sciences such as Economics, English, Philosophy, Psychology and Sociology and into management studies.[11] Over the years, the institute has also created a niche for its innovative short-term courses through continuing education and distance education programmes.[12]

On July 9, 2018, IIT Bombay was conferred the status of Institute of Eminence by the Ministry of Human Resources & Development, along with 5 other institutes in India which would provide it additional autonomy and government funds.[13][14]

Olympic-size Swimming Pool at IIT Bombay
View from Boat House, Powai lake, IIT Bombay
Powai Lake
Sunset at Powai Lake
View of IIT Bombay Hostels
Main road during early morning

Cultural and non-academic activities[edit]

The annual Science & Technology festival of IIT Bombay, Techfest,[15] which was started in 1998,[16] is held in the month of December every year and is Asia's largest science and tech festival.[17] It comprises various events like competitions, exhibits and talks from guest speakers from around the world. Techfest 2009 was also the first event of its kind in India to conduct its events in other countries.

The annual cultural festival Mood Indigo,[18] usually held in the month of December is an event hosted by the student body and is the Asia's largest college cultural festival.[19] The most attractive feature of this 4-day event are the influential personalities who have graced the festival like R D Burman, Aamir Khan, Sir Mark Tully, Sachin Tendulkar, Porcupine Tree,[20] Simple Plan,[21] Mike Portnoy[22] and many more. The organization is known for holding the best cultural competitions, games and musical concerts to draw out the best talent in the country.

Cultural activities like dramatics, Speaking, Literary Arts, Music, and Fine Arts also mark an important feature in the life of a student of IIT Bombay. Speaking and Literary Arts have always been very popular in the student community with students actively participating in quizzing, writing, and debating activities. IIT Bombay has won the prestigious National Law School Parliamentary Debating Tournament.

Apart from cultural and technological activities, the campus is also involved in business activities with bodies like The Entrepreneurship Cell, which support the growth of startups across the globe.

These college festivals are organised, financially managed and conducted entirely by the students of this institute. All these festivals and organisations are sponsored by private enterprise.[23][24]

Apart from these festivals, various other engineering streams based festivals are also being organised to motivate students towards Science and Technology. These include Radiance (Mechanical Engineering), Zephyr (Aerospace Engineering), AZeotropy[25] (Chemical Engineering), Padarth(Metallurgy and Material Science Engineering), Aavriti (Electrical Engineering) and recently, Aakaar (Civil Engineering).

The institute has music clubs "Symphony" and "Roots" which pertain to western and Indian music respectively. It also has an LGBT alliance club called "Saathi".[26][27]. The institute has an active NCC unit, the 2 Maharashtra Engineer Regiment[28] which is an attachment of the Bombay Sappers.

NCC at IIT Bombay during Republic Day parade
Sign board near the NCC office

IIT Bombay's Diamond Jubilee was held in 2018, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi attending as the chief guest of the convocation function.[29]

Organization[edit]

At the institutional level, IIT Bombay is governed by a Board of Governors with a chairman nominated by the Visitor, the Director as a member and the Registrar as secretary. Besides this, there are four persons having specialised knowledge or practical experience in respect of education, engineering or science nominated by the Council. Two professors are nominated by the Senate. Additionally, one technologist or industrialist of repute is nominated by the Government of each of the States of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

For all academic matters, the Senate is the authority having control and responsibility for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examinations and all other allied academic matters. The Senate is mainly constituted of all the professors of the Institute and the Director is the chairman.

The key people in the execution of the Institute's activities are the Director and Deputy Director who are assisted by Dean (Research and Development), Dean (Planning), Dean (Students Affairs), Dean (Academic Programmes) and Dean (Resources Development), and the Heads of the Departments, Centres and Schools. The Administration is managed by the Registrar, with senior administrative officers being assigned for specific areas such as Estate Management, Materials Management, Personnel Management, Finance and Accounts, and Academic Affairs.

Academic Office[edit]

The Academic Office of the Institute exists to facilitate, initiate and co-ordinate the academic work of the Institute, particularly the teaching and assessment of students. It acts as the repository of grades and academic records of all students, both past and present. It provides administrative support to the Senate, which is the highest academic body of the Institute.

The Head of the Academic Office is the Dean of Academic Programmes, who is a senior professor of the Institute. The Dean is helped by a permanent administrative set-up headed by a Deputy Registrar (education). Academic Office closely interacts with the Dean of Student Affairs (DoSA), who looks after all non-academic problems of students. The DoSA, as the ex-officio President of the Student Gymkhana, coordinates various co-curricular activities of students.

Departments, centres, and schools[edit]

Lecture hall complex

IIT Bombay has 15 departments, 20 multi-disciplinary centres, 1 school of excellence and 4 interdisciplinary programs.[30] The academic departments in IIT Bombay include the following:

The following multi-disciplinary centers are located in IIT Bombay:

  • Application Software Centre (ASC)
  • Centre for Research in Nanotechnology and Science (CRNTS)
  • Centre for Aerospace Systems Design and Engineering (CASDE)
  • Computer Centre (CC)
  • Centre for Distance Engineering Education Programme (CDEEP)
  • Centre for Environmental Science and Engineering (CESE)
  • Centre for Policy Studies (CPS)
  • Centre of Studies in Resources Engineering (CSRE)
  • Centre for Technology Alternatives for Rural Areas (CTARA)
  • Centre for Formal Design and Verification of Software (CFDVS)
  • Centre for Urban Science and Engineering (C-USE)
  • Desai Sethi Centre for Entrepreneurship (DSCE)
  • IITB-Monash Research Academy
  • National Centre for Aerospace Innovation and Research (NCAIR)
  • National Center of Excellence in Technology for Internal Security (NCETIS)
  • National Centre for Mathematics (NCM)
  • Parimal and Pramod Chaudhari Center for Learning and Teaching (PPCCLT)
  • Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility (SAIF)
  • Tata Center for Technology and Design (TCTD)
  • Wadhwani Research Centre for Bioengineering (WRCB)

One school of excellence in IIT Bombay are:

In addition to the above, IIT Bombay also offers four inter-disciplinary programs:

  • Climate Studies
  • Educational Technology
  • Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR)
  • Systems and Control Engineering [31]

Academics[edit]

Programmes[edit]

IIT Bombay offers a wide range of courses of study in engineering, pure sciences, design, management and humanities with a primary focus on engineering. The university is a member of "Links to Asia by Organizing Traineeship and Student Exchange" (LAOTSE), an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.

The Institute conducts educational programmes leading to the degree of Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.), Dual Degree (B.Tech. and M.Tech. in 5 years), Master of Science (MSc.), Master of Technology (MTech.), Bachelor of Design (B.Des), Master of Design (MDes.), Master of Management (MMgmt.), Master of Philosophy (MPhil.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.) in various areas.

Every year, IIT Bombay awards degrees, BTech, MTech, Dual Degree (BTech and MTech), M.Mgmt, MSc and Ph.D. to more than 1,000 students. The undergraduate students at IIT Bombay are selected through the Joint Entrance Examination of the IITs. The graduate students are selected through GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) conducted by IIT's and IISc on behalf of MHRD [Ministry of Human Resource Development]. At a given time, the campus is home to more than 6,000 people: students, professors, and non-academic staff.

In 2015 the National Virtual Academy for Indian Agriculture launched a free online agriculture course in collaboration with ICRISAT Hyderabad and IIT Bombay.[32] From July 2016, IIT Bombay is planning to offer a four-year undergraduate programme in economics.[33]

Rankings[edit]

University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2020)[34]152
QS (BRICS) (2019)[35]8
QS (Asia) (2019)[36]33
Times (World) (2019)[37]401-500
Times (Emerging) (2019)[38]27
Times (Asia) (2019)[39]54
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2019)[40]4
Engineering – India
NIRF (2019)[41]3
Outlook India (2019)[42]3
The Week (2018)[43]2
Business/Management – India
NIRF (2019)[44]10

IIT Bombay has ranked on 33rd position among the top 200 Universities in Asia category by the QS Asia Ranking 2019[36], ranked 8th among the universities in BRICS countries by the QS BRICS Ranking 2019[35] and ranked on 152nd position in QS World University Rankings in 2020.[34] The Times Higher Education World University Rankings ranked it 401-500 globally in the 2019 ranking[37] 54 in Asia in 2019[39] and 27 among Emerging Economies University Rankings 2019.[38]

In India, IIT Bombay was ranked third among engineering colleges in 2019 by Outlook India[42] and second among engineering colleges in 2018 byThe Week.[43] The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it third among engineering colleges in 2019[41] and fourth overall.[40] NIRF also ranked it 10th in India in the management ranking.[44]

Development activities[edit]

The Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management (SJMSOM)

Faculty members from IIT Bombay undertake industry-sponsored research and consultancy projects that are made available through the institute. These are funded by various national agencies like the Department of Science and Technology, Department of Electronics, Department of Space, Aeronautical Development Agency, Department of Atomic Energy, and Oil and Natural Gas Commission (ONGC). Many are also working on projects of national importance. A few projects are also being funded by international agencies. Typically in one year, there are about 400 on-going sponsored projects. The sponsored research has ushered in intense research activity leading to the formation of active research groups and has helped in the creation of modern research facilities in key areas.[45]

The office of the Dean (R&D) provides the necessary liaison with industry and sponsoring agencies. The office helps industry to identify faculty expertise and institutional facilities, and assists faculty in identifying industry problems.[46]


There are also a number of central facilities such as the Central Library, Central Workshop, and Printing Press. Many new research facilities have been acquired or developed in the last few years. One of the most important of them is the Computer Centre which started functioning in 1986 with facilities which have been continuously updated. The Computer Aided Design Centre with its own minicomputers and workstations, supplemented by additional computing facilities, caters to CAD activity in Chemical Engineering and Metallurgical Engineering. Research groups like VLSI Design, CAD/CAM also have computing facilities which are accessible to other departments for development activities. Recently, work on developing medical implants has been initiated. The OrthoCAD Network Research Cell was established in 2007 to jump-start indigenous research and development activities in orthopedic reconstruction systems. Important experimental facilities set up by various departments include laboratories for robotics, biotechnology, microelectronics, microprocessor applications, telematics, remote sensing, low-temperature physics, and aerodynamics.

Notable faculty[edit]

Notable Alumni[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official Facebook Page". IIT Bombay.
  2. ^ "Board of Governors". IIT Bombay.
  3. ^ "Welcome To The New Director Of IIT Bombay Prof. Subhasis Chaudhuri". IIT Bombay. IIT Bombay. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  4. ^ "NIRF 2019" (PDF). IIT Bombay.
  5. ^ https://www.topuniversities.com/universities/indian-institute-technology-bombay-iitb/postgrad
  6. ^ "How was IIT Bombay set up". IIT Bombay. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d "The Growth of an Institute for Higher Technological Education". IIT Bombay. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  8. ^ https://www.ndtv.com/education/qs-india-ranking-2018-iit-bombay-iisc-top-the-list-1932739
  9. ^ "Government declares 6 educational 'Institutions of Eminence' ; 3 Institutions from Public Sector and 3 from Private Sector shortlisted". pib.gov.in (Press release). Ministry of Human Resource Development. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  10. ^ "After 4 days of manhunt, leopard leaves IIT Bombay Campus". news.biharprabha.com. IANS. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Present departments". IIT Bombay. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  12. ^ "The Institute grow at first hand". IIT Bombay. Archived from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  13. ^ "IIT Bombay Declared As Institute of Eminence". IIT Bombay. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  14. ^ "What Is An Institute Of Eminence?". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Techfest Website".
  16. ^ "Article Window". epaper.timesofindia.com.
  17. ^ "Aisa's largest science and tech festival". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  18. ^ "MoodI Website".
  19. ^ "Asia's Largest College Cultural Festival".
  20. ^ NH7. "Porcupine Tree to Play at Mood Indigo 09".
  21. ^ "Simple Plan To Headline Mood Indigo -". 9 October 2012.
  22. ^ "Neal Morse Band and Mike Portnoy to Play IIT Mood Indigo 2013 -". 30 August 2013.
  23. ^ "Techfest-Sponsors".
  24. ^ "MoodI-Sponsors".
  25. ^ TOI. "Award at IIT fest".
  26. ^ Basu, Mihika (4 August 2011). "At IIT-Bombay, LGBTs now have a Saathi". Mumbai. The Indian Express. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  27. ^ "On IIT-B campus, you can be gay and happy". Mumbai. Times of India. 4 August 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  28. ^ "National Cadet Corps IITB". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  29. ^ "Narendra Modi at IIT Bombay: PM announces Rs 1000 cr financial aid for institute, hails Indian start-ups for innovation". The Financial Express. 11 August 2018. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  30. ^ "Academic Divisions". Academic Divisions IIT Bombay. IIT Bombay.
  31. ^ http://www.sc.iitb.ac.in/
  32. ^ Akbar, Syed (19 November 2015). "ICRISAT, IIT Bombay launches free online agriculture course". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  33. ^ "IIT Bombay to start Bachelor's prog in economics". 26 December 2015.
  34. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  35. ^ a b "QS BRICS University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  36. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2019". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018.
  37. ^ a b "Top 1000 World University Rankings 2019". The Times Higher Education. 2018.
  38. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Emerging Economies University Rankings (2019)". The Times Higher Education. 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  39. ^ a b "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings (2019)". The Times Higher Education. 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  40. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2019.
  41. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Engineering)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2018.
  42. ^ a b "India's Top 150 Engineering Colleges In 2019". Outlook India. 6 June 2019.
  43. ^ a b Vandana (17 June 2018). "Perfect blend: The Week-Hansa Research Best Colleges Survey: Top Engineering Colleges - All India". The Week.
  44. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2019 (Management)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Human Resource Development. 2019.
  45. ^ "iitb.ac.in | IIT Bombay". iitb.ac.in. Archived from the original on 20 July 2009.
  46. ^ "iitb.ac.in | IIT Bombay". iitb.ac.in.

External links[edit]