Indian Lake, New York

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Indian Lake, New York
Town
Indian Lake
Location in Hamilton County and the state of New York
Location in Hamilton County and the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°46′57″N 74°17′37″W / 43.78250°N 74.29361°W / 43.78250; -74.29361
Country United States
State New York
County Hamilton
Government
 • Type Town Council
 • Town Supervisor Bryan Wells (R)
 • Town Council
Area[1]
 • Total 266.24 sq mi (689.56 km2)
 • Land 251.80 sq mi (652.17 km2)
 • Water 14.44 sq mi (37.39 km2)
Elevation 1,706 ft (520 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,352
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,280
 • Density 5.37/sq mi (2.07/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 12842
Area code(s) 518
FIPS code 36-041-37374
GNIS feature ID 0979092

Indian Lake is a town in Hamilton County, New York, United States. The population was 1,352 at the 2010 census.[3] The name is from a lake of the same name that is largely inside the town. There are no permanent stop lights in the town. Law enforcement is provided by New York State Troopers.

The town is on the east border of the county and is northeast of Utica.

Indian Lake terms itself the "Moose capital of the Northeast". Their welcoming sign on Route 28 even features this critter, and several other examples of this claim can be found throughout the town itself.

History[edit]

The town of Indian Lake was established in 1858 from the towns of Gilman (now defunct), Long Lake, and Wells. In 1861, Indian Lake was expanded using territory from the towns of Gilman and Lake Pleasant.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 266.3 square miles (689.6 km2). 251.8 square miles (652.2 km2) of the town are land, and 14.4 square miles (37.4 km2), or 5.42%, are water.[3]

The town lies within the Adirondack Park. Essex County and Warren County border the town to its east. In the village center, the east-west State Route 28 meets the north-south Route 30. The Hudson River forms part of the eastern town line.

Land within the town is a mixture of state and private ownership. There are dozens of seasonal hunting camps.

Climate[edit]

Indian Lake has a humid continental climate (Dfb) although it is much colder than most of New York due to its high elevation and northern location. Winters are cold and snowy while summers are warm and wet. Precipitation is abundant year round but peaks in summer. The coldest month is January with a mean of 15.4 while the warmest month is July with a mean of 63.8. Just 0.1 days per year exceed 90 with the last coming in 1988. Days in the 80s are also relatively uncommon with an average of just 18 per year. The record high is 105 in June 1919 but the temperature hasn't exceeded 95 since 1935. The record low is -42 in January 1908. The coldest temperature in a typical year is -22, putting Indian Lake in hardiness zone 4B. The record low high is -12 in 1968 and the record high low is 74 in 2006.

The wettest year on record was 2011 with 60.80" while the driest year ever was 1963 with 27.42". The wettest month ever was June 1922 with 10.31" while the driest month was November 1989 with no precipitation.

Climate data for Indian Lake 2SW 1981-2010, extremes 1899-2017
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
68
(20)
81
(27)
86
(30)
97
(36)
105
(41)
103
(39)
100
(38)
93
(34)
87
(31)
75
(24)
68
(20)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 25.7
(−3.5)
28.9
(−1.7)
36.8
(2.7)
50.2
(10.1)
62.7
(17.1)
70.9
(21.6)
74.3
(23.5)
73.0
(22.8)
65.9
(18.8)
53.9
(12.2)
42.1
(5.6)
30.4
(−0.9)
51.2
(10.7)
Average low °F (°C) 5.1
(−14.9)
6.5
(−14.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
28.4
(−2)
39.0
(3.9)
49.0
(9.4)
53.4
(11.9)
52.1
(11.2)
44.9
(7.2)
33.7
(0.9)
25.5
(−3.6)
12.9
(−10.6)
30.4
(−0.9)
Record low °F (°C) −40
(−40)
−42
(−41)
−30
(−34)
−9
(−23)
12
(−11)
21
(−6)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
18
(−8)
2
(−17)
−17
(−27)
−41
(−41)
−42
(−41)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.81
(71.4)
2.39
(60.7)
2.88
(73.2)
3.15
(80)
3.66
(93)
3.83
(97.3)
3.86
(98)
3.76
(95.5)
3.74
(95)
4.36
(110.7)
3.32
(84.3)
2.90
(73.7)
40.66
(1,032.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 23.5
(59.7)
20.6
(52.3)
15.7
(39.9)
3.4
(8.6)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
6.2
(15.7)
27.4
(69.6)
97.6
(247.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 15 11 13 13 15 14 14 13 13 15 14 15 165
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 17 13 10 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 6 17 66
Source: SERCC Nowdata for Indian Lake 2SW from Albany area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860256
1870202−21.1%
1880615204.5%
18901,04770.2%
19001,21916.4%
19101,045−14.3%
19201,031−1.3%
19301,1208.6%
19401,25712.2%
19501,099−12.6%
19601,1867.9%
19701,2908.8%
19801,4109.3%
19901,4815.0%
20001,471−0.7%
20101,352−8.1%
Est. 20161,280[2]−5.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]

According to the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,471 people, 651 households, and 425 families residing in the town. The population density is 5.8 people per square mile (2.2/km²). There are 1,722 housing units with an average density of 6.8 per square mile (2.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town is 97.96% White, 0.34% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.75% from other races, and 0.75% multi-racial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.22% of the population.

Within the town's 651 households, 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 6.1% had a female head of household, and 34.7% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone and 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the town, the population under the age of 18 is 20.0%, with 4.7% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.1% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $32,328, and the median income for a family is $39,438. The median income for males is $29,375 as compared to$23,661 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,940. A lot of people in the town commute south for work, as the Town of Indian Lake itself has very little industry. About 4.4% of families and 8.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Other information[edit]

View from a campsite at Lewey Lake (near Indian Lake)
A view of one of the many coves on Indian Lake
Fall foliage at Indian Lake

The Indian Lake Museum in the hamlet of Indian Lake contains displays relating to the historic Indian population. The Adirondack Museum in Blue Mountain Lake has displays of outdoor living in the region. The Adirondack Lakes Center for the Arts in Blue Mountain Lake provides cultural events during the summer season. The Indian Lake Library provides books, DVDs, audios and access to the Internet.

The lake itself was the inspiration for the 1960s hit single "Indian Lake" by the Cowsills. (The writer Tony Romeo spent vacations there at what used to be Beeches Cottages on Indian Lake.)

Once called the "Whitewater Capital of New York State", Indian Lake remains a haven. State record game has been taken from the forests surrounding Indian Lake.

Communities and locations in Indian Lake[edit]

  • Adirondack Lake – A lake located north of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Bad Luck Mountain – An elevation located east-northeast of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Baldface Mountain – An elevation located south of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Bell Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Big Bad Luck Pond – A lake located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Black Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Blue Mountain – A mountain located east of the hamlet of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Blue Mountain Lake – A hamlet near a NY-28 and NY-30 intersection. This hamlet is in the northern part of the town, north of Indian Lake hamlet. The Adirondack Museum is located north of the hamlet.
  • Blue Mountain Lake – A lake west of the community of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Buck Mountain – An elevation located north of Blue Mountain.
  • Burgess Mountain – An elevation located southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Blue Ridge – A mountain range south of Blue Mountain Lake. Partially in the Town of Lake Pleasant.
  • Cascade Pond – A pond located south of the hamlet of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Casey Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Castle Rock – An elevation located north of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Crotched Pond – A lake located south of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Crotched Pond Mountain – An elevation located south of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Crow Hill – An elevation located south of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Davis Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Dun Brook Mountain – A mountain located east of Blue Mountain.
  • Eagle Lake – A lake by the west town line and west of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Eagles Nest – A location west of the hamlet of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Fox Hill – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Gates Hill – An elevation located south-southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Harris Rift Mountain – An elevation located north of Starbuck Mountain.
  • Hemlock Cobble – An elevation located south-southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Indian Lake – A large lake with a southwest to northeast orientation in the town of Indian Lake and the Town of Lake Pleasant.
  • Indian Lake – A hamlet of the same name in the Town of Indian Lake at the intersection of NY-28 and NY-30 and near the north end of the lake called Indian Lake.
  • Kings Flow – A lake located east of Indian Lake.
  • Kunjamuk Mountain – An elevation located south of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Lake Abanakee – A lake east of the Indian Lake hamlet.
  • Lake Durant – A lake south of Blue Mountain Lake hamlet.
  • Ledger Mountain – An elevation located northwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Little Blue Mountain – An elevation located north of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Little Hardwood Hill – An elevation located south-southwest of Indian Lake.
  • Little Mill Mountain – An elevation located north of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Long Pond – A lake located south of Crotched Pond. Partially in the town of Wells.
  • Long Pond Ridge – An elevation located south of Indian Lake.
  • McGinn Hill – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Middle Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Mill Mountain – An elevation located northwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Moose Mountain – An elevation located southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • P Gay Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Peaked Mountain – An elevation located located north of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Pine Lake – A lake located north of the hamlet of Indian Lake. Part of the lake is in the town of Minerva.
  • Pine Mountain – An elevation located east-northeast of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Porter Hill – An elevation located south-southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Rock Lake – A lake halfway between Indian Lake hamlet and Blue Mountain Lake hamlet.
  • Round Pond – A lake located east of Crotched Pond.
  • Ruby Mountain – An elevation located east-southeast of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Sabael – A hamlet on the southwest side of Indian Lake, located on NY-30.
  • Sawyer Mountain – An elevation located west-northwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Sprague Pond – A lake located southeast of Blue Mountain Lake.
  • Squaw Mountain – An elevation located south-southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Starbuck Mountain – An elevation located east of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Stark Hills – An elevation located northwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Tirrell Mountain – An elevation located east-northeast of Blue Mountain.
  • Tongue Mountain – An elevation located northeast of Blue Mountain.
  • White Birch Ridge – An elevation located north of the hamlet of Indian Lake.
  • Wilderness Lodge – A location east of Indian Lake near the border with Warren County.
  • Windfall Hill – An elevation located south-southwest of the hamlet of Indian Lake.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 5, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Indian Lake town, Hamilton County, New York". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 14, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°46′57″N 74°16′19″W / 43.78250°N 74.27194°W / 43.78250; -74.27194