Indian Long Range Squadron
|Indian Long Range Squadron|
|Branch||British Indian Army|
|Part of||Long Range Desert Group|
|Engagements||World War II|
The Indian Long Range Squadron or ILRS was a unit of the British Indian Army during World War II. It was formed by asking for volunteers from the 2nd Lancers, 11th Cavalry and the 18th Cavalry all part of the 3rd Indian Motor Brigade. It was originally formed to patrol the borders between the Soviet Union and Persia and Afghanistan. The ILRS was trained by and performed some missions with the Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) but was not a part of the LRDG.
The ILRS was formed on 25 December 1941, and comprised four patrols: 'J' (Jat), 'P' (Punjabi), 'M' (Muslim) and 'S' (Sikh) (S). In December 1941, 'J' and 'R' (Rajput) patrols were attached to the LRDG, their designations were changed to 'I1' and 'I2' to avoid confusion with the New Zealand 'R' Patrol. In October 1942 the other two Indian patrols 'M' and 'S' were also attached to the LRDG and which became the 'I3' and 'I4' patrols.
- 'J' Patrol Lieutenant James Edward Cantlay
- 'P' Patrol Captain Travers John Durrant Birdwood
- 'M' Patrol Captain Alan Browning Rand
- 'S' Patrol Lieutenant Gilbert William Nangle