Indian Love Call
"Indian Love Call" (first published as "The Call") is a popular song from Rose-Marie, a 1924 operetta-style Broadway musical with music by Rudolf Friml and Herbert Stothart, and book and lyrics by Otto Harbach and Oscar Hammerstein II. Originally written for Mary Ellis, the song achieved continued popularity under other artists and has been called Friml's best remembered work.
The play takes place in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and features the sonorous tune in the overture and in Act One while the love interests call to each other per a supposed Native Canadian legend about how men would call down into the valley to the girls they wished to marry. In most (or all) versions of Rose-Marie, including the best-known movie version, the tune is reprised several times throughout the narrative.
The musical was the longest running musical of the 1920s, enjoyed international success, and became the basis of four films with the same title. As the musical's biggest hit, "Indian Love Call" outlived its origins. The New York Times described the song as being among those Rudolf Friml songs that became "household staples" in their era. The song was said to have been a favorite of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald version
When Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald performed the song as a duet in the 1936 film version of Rose Marie, it was a hit that remained a signature song for the two singers throughout their careers. As featured in the 1936 film version, Nelson Eddy as Sergeant Bruce and Jeanette MacDonald as Rose Marie are alone by a lakeside campfire. They hear a distant and haunting call across the lake, which Bruce tells her is “Just an Indian." They listen and hear in the distance a mysterious feminine voice make its reply. The rest of the scene has been summarized thus:
It is an old Indian legend, he tells her. Years ago two lovers from different tribes met here. Their families were enemies, sort of a Romeo and Juliet affair. They were discovered and sentenced to die, but their spirits still live. When a lover gives the call, their spirits echo it, sending it on until it reaches the one he loves. Rose Marie is moved by the beauty of it. She stands at the edge of the lake and gives the haunting call. Sergeant Bruce takes it up and sings the classic "Indian Love Call".
That same night, after Rose Marie has gone to her tent, she hums the song while beside the campfire and Sergeant Bruce quietly hums the response. In a dramatic moment later in the play, after Sergeant Bruce rides off on his horse to arrest Rose Marie's brother for murder, she sings "Indian Love Call" in an attempt to summon him back. Still later, as Rose Marie performs the last act of Puccini's Tosca, she hears the voice of Bruce singing "Indian Love Call". Finally, she "hits a perfect high note and collapses in the middle of the stage."
Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald's recording of "Indian Love Call" (with "Ah, Sweet Mystery of Life" from Naughty Marietta on the reverse) sold over a million copies, was included in the 1974 compilation film That's Entertainment!, and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 2008. It was the only song from the stage score that MacDonald recorded, although Eddy recorded a number of songs from Rose Marie, including another version of "Indian Love Call", performed as a duet with Dorothy Kirsten.
Plugging into the popularity of the Eddy and MacDonald version of this song and attempting to avoid confusion with the 1954 remake, the 1936 version of the movie was broadcast on television under the title Indian Love Call.
- In 1938, Artie Shaw and His Orchestra released a version of "Indian Love Call", but it was the B-side – a version of Cole Porter's "Begin the Beguine" – that rocketed Artie Shaw into celebrity.
- In 1939, the whistler Fred Lowery released a version that sold over 2 million copies.
- In 1951, Chet Atkins released a version of "Indian Love Call" as a single, which was then included on various albums, including Stringin' Along with Chet Atkins and The Best of Chet Atkins.
- In 1952, yodeling cowboy singer Slim Whitman released a version of "Indian Love Call" as his second single. The song peaked at number two on the country charts, crossing over into the pop music Top Ten, and made Whitman a star. It was also Top Ten in the UK in 1955.
- Mars Attacks!, a 1996 comedy science fiction movie by Tim Burton, parodies the ending of The War of the Worlds by making Whitman's version of "Indian Love Call" the mortal weakness of a host of invading space aliens. The heads of the aliens explode when Florence Norris played by Sylvia Sydney plays Whitman's version
- At one of Mary Martin's first auditions in Hollywood, she announced her intention to sing "in my soprano voice, a song you probably don't know, 'Indian Love Call'". After her singing the song, "a tall, craggly man who looked like a mountain" told Martin that he thought she had something special and told her, "Oh, and by the way, I know that song. I wrote it." The man was Oscar Hammerstein and the event marked the start of her career.
- Spike Jones performed a characteristically zany interpretation of this song on The Spike Jones Show.
- In 1962, Karl Denver's single of this song reached No. 32 on the charts in the United Kingdom.
- In 1963, Anna Moffo and Sergio Franchi recorded this song in their popular RCA Red Seal album The Dream Duet.
- Soul singer Gloria Lynne released a version of this song in 1964 as a B-side to "I Should Care".
- Between 1972 and 1974, the song was covered by Singapore-based female singer Ervinna, backing music by The Charlie & His Boys, on her LP Golden Hits Of 20th Century Vol. 4 with the local White Cloud Record.
- Country singer Ray Stevens, known primarily for novelty music, released a version of "Indian Love Call" in 1975, reaching No. 38 on the U.S. country charts with it. The song was part of an album of covers of pop music standards.
- In the 1976–1977 first season of the Muppet Show, the muppets Wayne and Wanda performed a short (0:32) duet of this song.
- Rainier Beer of Seattle, Washington, spoofed the song in 1977 for their commercial campaign, featuring Mickey Rooney and his wife, Jan, in costume. Two versions were released: one, where Rooney blindly pours a beer into a glass held by Jan at the commercial's end; and another, where the beer is poured blindly down Jan's dress below her neck.
- Sara Davis Buechner included this song on her CD Rudolf Friml Piano Works.
- When Jason Danieley and Marin Mazzie performed this song as an opening number at a Valentine's Day 2009 performance at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, The Washington Post described how "Mazzie trilled 'Indian Love Call' from the stage, Danieley crooned in return, traipsing down the Terrace Theater aisle as if struck by Cupid's arrow."
- The first verse is sung by an offscreen narrator in Nickelodeon's 1995 television special Oh, Brother featuring Stick Stickly, who seeks his twin brother in New York City.
- Brendan Fraser and Sarah Jessica Parker performed a version of the song in the 1999 film Dudley Do-Right.
- Kenny Roberts (musician) recorded 'Indian Love Call' on a 1965 album with that name.
- Metropolitan Room online listing 2011-10-02
- Bloom, Ken and Vlastnik, Frank. Broadway Musicals: The 101 Greatest Shows of all Time. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, New York, 2004. ISBN 1-57912-390-2
- New York Times: Rudolf Friml, Beyond 'Indian Love Call'
- New York City Theatre: The Imperial Theatre
- Rose Marie (jeanettemacdonaldandnelsoneddy.com)
- Juilliard Journal Online (September 2004)
- All Media Guide: Indian Love Call
- The New York Times (Monday, February 3, 2003)
- 2008 GRAMMY Hall Of Fame Inductees
- IMDb: Rose-Marie (1936)
- Notable Biographies: Artie Shaw
- Alicia Leschper. "LOWERY, FRED". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved May 12, 2011.
- All Music Guide: Stringin' Along with Chet Atkins
- All Music Guide: Slim Whitman Biography
- "SLIM WHITMAN | Artist | Official Charts". UK Chart Archive. Official Charts Company. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- Pandora Internet Radio: Absolutely The Best Of Slim Whitman
- Return of The Great Dictator by John Bottoms
- Martin, Mary (1976). My Heart Belongs. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0-688-03009-2.(pp. 58–59)
- All Music Guide: The Best of Spike Jones, Vol. 2
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 151. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- The Dream Duet at Discogs (list of releases)
- Gloria Lynne (soulfulkindamusic.net)
- TV Guide
- The Cape Radio (used for length of Muppet duet)
- Buechner CD Gets Rave Reviews
- The Washington Post: For Valentine's Day, a Pair Of Songbirds at Kennedy Center