Indian meridian

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Indian meridian
USBLM meridian map Oklahoma.jpg
U.S. Bureau of Land Management map showing the principal meridians in Oklahoma.
Base Line & Indian Meridian intersection point within Oklahoma
Base Line & Indian Meridian intersection point within Oklahoma
Initial Point
Location Davis Vicinity, Garvin County, Oklahoma
Coordinates 34°30′24.44″N 97°14′51.16″W / 34.5067889°N 97.2475444°W / 34.5067889; -97.2475444Coordinates: 34°30′24.44″N 97°14′51.16″W / 34.5067889°N 97.2475444°W / 34.5067889; -97.2475444
Built 1870
NRHP Reference # 70000533 [1]
Added to NRHP October 6, 1970

The Indian meridian, in longitude 97° 14′ 30″ west from Greenwich, extends from Red River to the south boundary of Kansas, and, with the base line in latitude 34° 30′ north, governs the surveys in Oklahoma east of 100° west longitude from Greenwich (all of Oklahoma except the Oklahoma panhandle).

This line was chosen arbitrarily as part of the land survey of 1870 conducted by E. N. Darling and Thomas H. Barrett, at an arbitrary point about one mile south of Fort Arbuckle (about six miles west of present Davis, Oklahoma). From this initial point, the north-south line was designated as the Indian meridian and the East–West line was designated as the Indian baseline.[2][3]

The Indian Meridian initial point is listed in the National Register of Historic Places with ID #70000533.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Everett, Dianna (2009). "Indian Meridian (and Indian Base Line)". Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (Citing the 1871 Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office). Oklahoma Historical Society. 
  3. ^ "1871 Instructions To The Surveyors General" (PDF). Bureau of Land Management National Training Center. U.S. Department of the Interior. 1871. 

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