Indian Music Industry

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Indian Music Industry
IMI logo
Founded 28 February 1936
Key people
Vijay Lazarus, President

The Indian Music Industry (IMI) is a trust that represents the recording industry distributors in India. It was founded on February 28, 1936 as Indian Phonographic Industry (IPI). It is the 2nd oldest music industry organization in the world that was involved in protecting copyrights of music producers and supporting growth of music entertainment industry. In 1994, it was renamed as Indian Music Industry (IMI) and represented India at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). It is also registered with the West Bengal Societies Registration Act. All major music labels in India are part of this association. Record companies like Saregama India Ltd. (HMV), Universal Music (India), Tips_Industries_Limited, Venus, Sony Music Entertainment (India), Crescendo, Virgin Records, Magnasound, Milestone, Times Music and several other prominent national and regional labels are part of the IMI. The IMI represents over 75% of all legal music sales in India.

IMI has its registered office in Kolkata and Administrative office in Mumbai. It also has offices in New Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and other major Indian cities working on the protection of rights of music producers and preventing music piracy. It has also been instrumental in launching the IMMIES music awards in collaboration with MTV.

Criteria of certification levels[edit]

The Indian Music Industry has constituted different, prestigious awards to encourage and promote music. The approved scheme of gold/platinum disc standards effective for sound recordings of member companies released in one calendar year is as below:

  • Sales of all types of carriers, whether vinyl records, audio cassettes, compact discs, MP3 compact discs, music videos (i.e. excluding home videos) or any other existing or future type of carrier is considered on the basis of one unit.
  • If a sound recording contains a combination of two program, any program over half of its total duration can be weighted at 50%, of the sales of the sound recording of that program. Any program comprising less than half of the total duration of the sound recording will not be counted for the purpose of certification.
  • Sales in domestic markets only will be considered for the calculation of sales of sound recording.
  • The time-limit for achieving above sales in any category is one year from the release of the recording in India.
  • Applications should be accompanied by a copy certified by the member’s chartered accountant stating the date of release & the number of units sold, along with a letter from the managing director or CEO.


By 2010 the "Indian Music Industry" didn't have any kind of official chart. But in 2010 Indian newspaper The Times of India and radio channel "Radio Mirchi" collaborated to form a chart system charting various songs of various categories. For the album charts the industry considers the sales according to iTunes. Whereas for the songs there are various other charts such as provided by Saavn and Nokia MixRadio

Current official Indian Charts

Chart Name Type Number of songs/albums Category ref
"iTunes charts" Albums 100 National as well as International [1]
"Mirchi Top 20" songs 20 National [2]
"Angrezi Top 20" songs 20 International [3]
"Tamil Top 20" songs 20 Regional [4]
"Kannada Top 20" songs 20 Regional [5]
"Telugu Top 20" songs 20 Regional [6]
"Malayalam Top 20" songs 20 Regional [7]
"Bengal Top 20" songs 20 Regional [8]

Certification levels[edit]

India has most separate scales for music recording certification. Certifications are usually based on sales, like some other Asian countries. Like many other Asian countries, domestic repertoire accounted for more than 50% of Indian music market.

Current certification levels

Release type Gold Platinum
Hindi films 200,000 400,000
Regional films 50,000 100,000
Regional basic 25,000 50,000
National basic 50,000 100,000
Classical/non-classical 15,000 30,000
Foreign repertoire 4,000 6,000

Previous certification levels

Like many other countries, sales requirements of music recording in India reduced due to music piracy and declining sales. For example, prior to 200,000, the sales requirements for Hindi film category (the most dominant music genre) is 500,000 copies and a million copies, respectively, for gold and platinum awards. It was later lowered to 250,000 and 500,000 copies, respectively. Previously, recordings in the national basic category is required to sold 100,000 and 200,000 copies, in order to achieve Gold and Platinum awards.

Top 10 Bollywood soundtrack/albums of all time by units sold[edit]

The following is a list of best selling Bollywood albums in India which makes up the majority of the Indian music market (This list is not complete, regional languages are missing).[citation needed]

Rank Year Film/Album Music Director(s) Lyricist(s) Singer(s) Sales (in units)
1 2006 Aap Kaa Surroor Himesh Reshammiya Sameer, Himesh Reshammiya 55,000,000
2 1990 Aashiqui Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal,Udit Narayan 15,000,000 {1.5 Crores}
3 1997 Dil Toh Pagal Hai Uttam Singh Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Hariharan 12,500,000 {1.25 Crores}
4 1996 Raja Hindustani Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Suresh Wadkar, Sapna Awasthi, alisha Chinai, Sapna Mukheree, Bela salukhe 11,000,000 {1.10 Crores}
5 1994 Hum Aapke Hain Kaun Raamlaxman Ravinder Rawal, Dev Kohli Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, S. P. Balasubramanyam, Udit Narayan, Sharda Sinha, Shailendra Singh 10,000,000 {1 Crores}
6 1995 Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge Jatin-Lalit Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet, Manpreet Kaur, Pamela Chopra 9,500,000 {95 Lakh}
7 2000 Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai Rajesh Roshan Sawan Kumar Tak, Ibraham Ashq, Vijay Akayla Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Babul Supriyo, Ramya, Lucky Ali 9,000.000 {90 Lakh}
8 1998 Kuch Kuch Hota Hai Jatin-Lalit Sameer Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sapna Awasthi 8,000,000 {80 Lakh}
9 1991 Saajan Nadeem-Shravan Sameer, Faiz anwar Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Alka Yagnik, S. P. Balasubramanyam, Pankaj Udhas 7,000,000 {70 Lakh}
10 1991 Phool Aur Kaante Nadeem-Shravan Sameer Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan 6,500,000 {65 Lakh}
11 1997 Pardes Nadeem-Shravan Anand Bakshi Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan, Sonu Nigam, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sapna Awasthi, Chitra, Shankar Mahadevan, Ehsaan Noorani, Hema Sardesai, Aditya Narayan, Sabri Brither 6,000,000 {60 Lakh}

Top soundtrack/album by decade[edit]

Rank Year Film/Album Music Director(s) Lyricist(s) Singer(s) Decade(s)
1 2015 Dum Laga Ke Haisha Anu Malik Varun Grover Kumar Sanu, Sadhana Sargam, Monali Thakur, Papon, Kailash Kher, Nooran Sister 2010-2019
2 2006 Aap Kaa Surroor Himesh Reshammiya Sameer Himesh Reshammiya 2000-2009
3 1990 Aashiqui Nadeem-Shravan Sameer, Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, 1990-1999
4 1989 Maine Pyar Kiya Raamlaxman Asad Bhopali, Dev Kohli Lata Mangeshkar, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Usha Mangeshkar. Shailendra Singh, Sharda Sinha 1980-1989
5 1975 Julie Rajesh Roshan Anand Bakshi, Harindranath Chattopadhyay Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar, Preeti Sagar 1970-1979
6 1969 Aradhana S. D. Burman Anand Bakshi Lata Mangeshkar, Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Rafi, Asha Bhosle, Sachin Dev Burman 1960-1969
7 1958 Madhumati Salil Choudhury Shailendra Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh, Asha Bhosle, Manna Dey, Mubbarak Begum, Sabita Choudhury, Ghulam Mohammed, Dwijen Mukherji 1950-1959
8 1949 Barsaat Shankar Jaikishan Hasrat Jaipuri, Shailendra, Ramesh Shashtri, Akhilesh, Jalal Malahabadi Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh 1940-1949
9 1939 Aadmi Master Krishnarao Munsi Aziz Shanta Hublikar, Ram Marathe, Sundara Bai, Shahu Modhak 1930-1939


External links[edit]