Indian Mutiny Medal
|Indian Mutiny Medal|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|
|Eligibility||British and Indian forces.|
|Awarded for||Campaign service.|
|Campaign(s)||Indian Mutiny 1857-58.|
|Description||Silver disk, 36mm diameter.|
The medal was initially sanctioned for award to those troops who had been engaged in action against the mutineers. However, in 1868 the award was extended to all those who had borne arms or who had been under fire, including such people as members of the Indian judiciary and the Indian civil service, who were caught up in the fighting. Some 290,000 medals were awarded.
The obverse depicts the diademed head of a young Queen Victoria with the legend VICTORIA REGINA, designed by William Wyon.
The reverse shows a helmeted Britannia holding a wreath in her right hand and a union shield on her left arm. She is standing in front of a lion. Above is the word INDIA, with the dates 1857-1858 below. The reverse was designed by Leonard Charles Wyon, who also engraved the die of the medal.
The 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide ribbon is white with two scarlet stripes, with each stripe of equal width.
Five clasps were authorised, though the maximum awarded to any one man was four. The medal was issued without a clasp to those who served but were not eligible for a clasp. The majority of these awards were made to those who became entitled to the medal as a result of the 1868 extensions of eligibility.
The clasps read downwards from the top of the medal.
- Defence of Lucknow
- 29 June - 22 November 1857. Awarded to original defenders of Lucknow, including the masters and boys of La Martinière College in Lucknow who escaped to the Residency and assisted in its defence, and to the first relief force commanded by Sir Henry Havelock. Awards to original defenders are particularly rare and are sought after by collectors.
- Relief of Lucknow
- November 1857. Awarded to the second Lucknow relief force under the command of Sir Colin Campbell.
- November 1857 - March 1858. Awarded to troops under command of Sir Colin Campbell who were engaged in final operations leading to the surrender of Lucknow and the clearing of the surrounding areas.
- Central India
- January - June 1858. Awarded to all those who served under Major-General Sir Hugh Rose in actions against Jhansi, Kalpi, and Gwalior. Also awarded to those who served with Major-General Roberts in the Rajputana Field Force and Major-General Whitlock of the Madras Column, between January and June 1858.
- Authorisation contained in General Order 363 of 1858 and General Order 733 of 1859
- General Order 771 of 1868, see British Battles and Medals, p136
- John Sly. "Battle Stars". Ancestors, issue 57, May 2007, pp36-43.
- British Battles and Medals, p136
- Medal Yearbook 2015, p145
- British Battles and Medals, p140
- National Army Museum collection
- Mussel, J (ed) - Medals Yearbook - 2015, (2014), Token Publishing.
- Joslin, Litherland, and Simpkin (eds), British Battles and Medals, (1988), Spink
- Searchable database of all 50,700 men of the British Forces who received the Indian Mutiny Medal
- Indian Mutiny Medal, roll of recipients