Indian New Year's days
There are numerous days throughout the year celebrated as New Year's Day in the different regions of India. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being followed or the solar calendar. Those regions which follow the Solar calendar, the new year falls on Baisakhi in North and Central India, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Rongali Bihu in Assam, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Vishu in Kerala, Pana Sankranti in Odisha and Poila Boishakh in Bengal in the month of the calendar, i.e., Vaishakha. Generally, this day falls during 14th or 15th of the month of April. Those following Lunar calendar consider the month of Chaitra (corresponding to March-April) as the first month of the year, so the new year is celebrated on the first day of this month. Similarly, few regions in India consider the period between consecutive Sankarantis as one month and few others take the period between consecutive Purnimas as a month. In Gujarat the new year is celebrated as the day after Diwali. As per the Hindu Calendar, it falls on Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the Hindu month of Kartik. As per the Indian Calendar based on Lunar Cycle, Kartik is the first month of the year and the New Year in Gujarat falls on the first bright day of Kartik (Ekam). In other parts of India, New Year Celebrations begin in the spring.
- Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. Notwithstanding the Purnimanta scheme of months that is in use in North India, the New year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha.
- In Gujarat and Rajasthan the next day after Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.
|Solar or Lunar calendar||Date||Festival name||Region / Religions|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Ugadi||Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Gudhi Padwa||Maharashtra, Goa|
|Lunar||varies, Jun/Jul||Ashadhi Bij||Kutch (Gujarat)|
|Lunar||varies, Oct/Nov||Bestu Baras||Gujarat, Rajasthan|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Cheti Chand||Sindhis|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Chaitra Navaratri||North India (in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu)|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vaisakhi||Punjab|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Puthandu||Tamil Nadu|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vishu||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, August 15/16/17||1st day of Chingam in Malayalam Calendar (Kollam Era)||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, April 14/15||Bisu Parba||Tulu Nadu (Karnataka)|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Sajibu Cheiraoba||Manipur|
|Solar||fixed, Apr 14/15||Buisu||Tripura|
|Solar||fixed, Apr 13/14/15||Bwisagu||Bodoland (Assam)|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Bohag Bihu||Assam|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14||Pana Sankranti||Odisha|
|Solar||fixed, April 14/15||Pahela Baishakh||West Bengal|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Jude Sheetal||Mithila (Bihar)|
|Lunar||varies, Dec||Galdan Namchot||Ladakh|
|Lunar||varies, Feb||Losar||Arunachal Pradesh (Monpa)|
|Lunar||varies, Apr||Sangken||Arunachal Pradesh (Khamti)|
|Solar||varies, Aug 17,18,19||Pateti||Parsis|
|Solar||fixed, March 21||Nowruz[note 1]||Zoroastrians|
- Nyepi, new year in Balinese Hinduism
- Hindu units of time
- Hindu calendar
- Indian national calendar
- Diwali in Gujarat
- Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".
- Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
- Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
- "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". newsworldindia.in. News World India. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Jaisinghani, Bella (19 March 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.