Indian New Year's days
There are numerous types of Indian New Year's days celebrated in various regions at various times of the year. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being following or the solar calendar. Those states/regions who follow solar calendar, the new year falls on SANKRANTI of the first month of the Indian calendar i.e. BAISAKHA/VAISAKHA. Mostly this day falls during 13th - 15th of the month of April of the English calendar. Those following Lunar calendar, month of CHAITRA (mostly falls in the month of March) is considered as the first month of the year, so the new year is celebrated in this month. In the same way, few regions/states in India follow Sankaranti-to-Sankaranti as one month and few regions follow Purnami (full moon day) -to-Purnami as a month.
|Solar or Lunar calendar||Date||Festival name||Religion / Regions (Hindu)|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Ugadi||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Pratipada||Uttar Pradesh|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Gudhi Padwa / Samsaar Padwo||Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Cheti Chand||Sindh|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vaisakhi||Punjab|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Rongali Bihu||Assam|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Tamil puthandu||Tamil Nadu|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vishu||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Bishuva Sankranti||Odisha|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Poila Boishakh||Bengal|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Jud Sheetal||Mithila, part of Bihar|
|Lunar||varies, Oct/Nov||Nav Varas||Gujarat|
|Solar||varies, Aug 17,18,19||Nowruz||Parsis|
|Solar||Fixed, March 21||Nowruz[note 1]||Zoroastrians|
- In Gujarat, the next day of Diwali is celebrated as the first day of the Vikram Samvat calendar which is the first day of the month Kartik.
- Hindu religious festivals are based on Vikram Samvat. New year in Vikram Samvat starts from the first day of Chaitra Shukla paksha.
- Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".
- Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
- Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
- "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". newsworldindia.in. News World India. March 20, 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Jaisinghani, Bella (March 19, 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.
- "Gujarat CM to exchange Diwali-New Year greetings with people". 19 October 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.