Indian New Year's days
There are numerous types of Indian New Year's days celebrated in various regions at various times of the year. Observance is determined by whether the lunar calendar is being following or the solar calendar.
|Solar or Lunar calendar||Date||Festival name||Religion / Regions (Hindu)|
|Solar||fixed, Jan 1||New Year||Christians|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Ugadi||Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Gudhi Padwa||Maharashtra, Goa, Konkan|
|Lunar||varies, Mar/Apr||Cheti Chand||Sindh|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vaisakhi||North and Central India|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Rongali Bihu||Assam|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Chithirai Vishu||Tamil Nadu|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Vishu||Malabar, Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, August 16/17/18||Puthu Varsham||Kerala|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Bishuva Sankranti||Odisha|
|Solar||fixed, April 13/14/15||Poila Boishakh||Bengal|
|Lunar||varies, Oct/Nov||Bestu Varas||Gujarat|
|Lunar||varies||Islamic New Year||Muslims|
|Solar||varies, Aug 17,18,19||Pateti||Parsis|
|Solar||Fixed, March 21||Nowruz[note 1]||Zoroastrians|
- Mughal records state that Nowruz was celebrated in northwestern Indian subcontinent, but inconsistently. Some Mughal emperors favoring its celebration while others not participating because it was not sanctioned by Sharia. Aurangzeb banned its celebration in 1659, calling it "festival of fireworshippers" and the celebration as a "stupid act".
- Roshen Dalal (2010). Hinduism: An Alphabetical Guide. Penguin Books India. pp. 136–137. ISBN 978-0-14-341421-6.
- Arambam Noni; Kangujam Sanatomba (2015). Colonialism and Resistance: Society and State in Manipur. Routledge. p. 249. ISBN 978-1-317-27066-9.
- New Year in Islam, Time and Date
- "Navroz Mubarak: 6 Fascinating Facts About Parsi New Year!". newsworldindia.in. News World India. March 20, 2017. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Jaisinghani, Bella (March 19, 2017). "Irani New Year to be celebrated today and tomorrow". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times of India. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- Stephen P. Blake (2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–91. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.