Indian Olympic Association
Indian Olympic Association logo
|Secretary General||Rajeev Mehta|
The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) is the body responsible for selecting athletes to represent India at the Olympic Games, Asian Games and other international athletic meets and for managing the Indian teams at these events. It also acts as the Indian Commonwealth Games Association, responsible for selecting athletes to represent India at the Commonwealth Games.
- 1 Early history
- 2 IOA Presidents
- 3 IOA Secretary Generals
- 4 IOA Executive Council
- 5 State Olympic Associations
- 6 National Sports Federations
- 7 Disputes
- 8 Olympic Medalist
- 9 Multi-sport events hosted by IOA
- 10 Social media
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Background and early years: The background behind the creation of the Indian Olympic Association was related to India’s participation in the 1920 and 1924 Olympics. After the 1920 Games, the committee sending the team to these games met, and, on the advice of Sir Dorab Tata, invited Dr. Noehren (Physical Education Director of YMCA India) to be secretary, along with AS Bhagwat, of the provisional Indian Olympic Committee; Dorab Tata would serve as its president. Subsequently, in 1923-24, a provisional All India Olympic Committee was formed, and the All India Olympic Games (that later became the National Games of India) were held in Feb 1924. Eight athletes from these games were selected to represent India at the 1924 Paris Olympics, accompanied by manager Harry Crowe Buck. This gave impetus to the development and institutionalization of sports in India, and, in 1927, the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), was created at the initiative of Harry Crowe Buck and Dr. A. G. Noehren (both of the Madras (YMCA) College of Physical Education). Sir Dorab Tata was important in financing and supporting the movement and became the first Indian Olympic Association president in 1927. Messrs Buck and Noehren travelled across India and helped many states organise their Olympic associations. Noehren was the first Secretary and G. D. Sondhi was the first assistant secretary of the Indian Olympic Association, and, after Noehren resigned in 1938, Sondhi and S.M. Moinul Haq became the Secretary and Joint Secretary of the Indian Olympic Association.
And so the Indian Olympic Association was formed in 1927, and since that year was officially recognised by the International Olympic Committee as India's national Olympic organisation. In 1928, Maharaja Bhupindra Singh took over as Indian Olympic Association president.
- Sending Teams to the Olympics: In its first decade, the Indian Olympic Association selected sportspersons to represent India at the Olympic Games in 1928, 1932, and 1936. Subsequently, by 1946-47, the Indian Olympic Association took responsibility only to send the Indian team to the Olympics (principally, this meant arranging transport, board, and accommodation), while the separate federations for each sport were responsible for selecting and training competitors for their sport. Reflecting this, ahead of the 1948 Olympics, the IOA Council agreed that a team representing athletics, swimming, weight lifting, wrestling, boxing, football, and hockey, with officials for each of these sports, and a Chief Manager, would be entered for the 1948 Olympics. And so, from 1948 onward, India began sending teams representing several sports – each selected by its respective sports federation – to the Olympics.
- Securing Funding: One of the Indian Olympic Association’s main early challenges was to secure funding, so that it could send the national team to the Olympics and finance the related costs of transport, room, and board. It obtained funding from the Indian government, from the state governments, and from various state sports federations.
Illustrating this, IOA President Yadavindra Singh's appeal for funding in 1948 stated: "We need about 3 Lacs of rupees to finance" the Indian Olympic team for the London Olympics; that "the youth taking part in these games become ambassadors of goodwill" for India; and that "careful selection, intensive training and proper equipment is most essential" to field a competitive team, but that the Indian Olympic Association is "greatly handicapped for want of sufficient funds" for these tasks.
The Indian Olympic Association thus undertook wider outreach with several national sports federations, and essentially became a clearing house that coordinated the sending of multiple sports teams – each selected by their respective sports federations – to the Olympics.
- The National Games: The Indian Olympic Association had one other major responsibility: that of holding the biennial National Games (Indian Olympics). It recognised, in the 1920s-1940s, that the promotion of sports in India needed a National Games, because there was no overall national sports federation of India. Instead, there were separate national federations for each sport, such as athletics, swimming, basketball, volleyball, wrestling, weightlifting, cycling, boxing, football. These sports federations essentially held their national championships at the Indian National Games.
|1.||Sir Dorabji Tata||1927–1928|
|2.||Maharaja Bhupinder Singh||1928–1938|
|3.||Maharaja Yadavindra Singh||1938–1960|
|4.||Mr. Bhalindra Singh||1960–1975|
|5.||Mr. Om Prakash Mehra||1975–1980|
|6.||Mr. Bhalindra Singh||1980–1984|
|7.||Mr. Vidya Charan Shukla||1984–1987|
|8.||Mr. Sivanthi Adithan||1987–1996|
|9.||Mr. Suresh Kalmadi||1996–2011|
|Acting||Mr. Vijay Kumar Malhotra||26 April 2011 – 5 December 2012|
|10.||Mr. Abhay Singh Chautala||5 December 2012 – 9 February 2014|
|11.||Mr. Narayana Ramachandran||9 February 2014 – 14 December 2017|
|12.||Dr. Narinder Dhruv Batra||14 December 2017 – present|
IOA Secretary Generals
|1.||Dr. A. G. Noehren||until 1938|
|2.||Prof. Guru Dutt Sondhi||1938–1952|
|4.||Mr. Ashwini Kumar|
|5.||Mr. Pankaj Gupta|
|6.||Mr. J. C. Paliwal|
|7.||Air Vice-Marshal C. L. Mehta|
|8.||Dr. Rohan Lal Anand|
|9.||Raja Randhir Singh||1987–2012|
|10.||Mr. Lalit Bhanot||2012–2014|
|11.||Mr. Rajeev Mehta||9 February 2014 – present|
IOA Executive Council
Following is the IOA Executive Committee for the 2017–2021 term.
|Designation||Name||National Sports Federation / |
State Olympic Committee
|Senior Vice-President||Mr. RK Anand||Jharkhand Olympic Association|
|Vice-Presidents||Mr. Adille Sumariwalla||Athletics Federation of India|
|Mr. Birendra Prasad Baishya||Indian Weightlifting Federation|
|Mr. Virendra D. Nanavati||Swimming Federation of India|
|Mr. Sudhanshu Mittal||Kho Kho Federation of India|
|Ms. Sunaina Kumari||Bowling Federation of India|
|Mr. K. Govindaraj||Basketball Federation of India|
|Mr. Kuldeep Vats||Delhi Olympic Association|
|Mr. Karan Chautala||Luge Federation of India|
|Secretary General||Mr. Rajeev Mehta||Fencing Association of India|
|Treasurer||Mr. Anandeshwar Pandey||Handball Federation of India|
|Joint Secretaries||Dr. Surinder Mohan Bali||Ice Hockey Association of India|
|Mr. Rakesh Gupta||Indian Triathlon Federation|
|Mr. Namdev Sampat Shirgaonkar||Modern Pentathlon Federation of India|
|Mr. Onkar Singh||Cycling Federation of India|
|Mr. D. V. Seetharama Rao||National Rifle Association of India|
|Mr. Vikram Singh Sisodia||Chhattisgarh Olympic Association|
|Executive Members||Mr. Adhip Das||Odisha Olympic Association|
|Mr. Ajit Banerjee||Bengal Olympic Association|
|Mr. Balbir Singh Kushwaha||Indian Kayaking & Canoeing Association|
|Mr. Digvijay Singh||Madhya Pradesh Olympic Association|
|Mr. Dushyant Chautala||Table Tennis Federation of India|
|Mr. Gurudatta D. Bhakta||Goa Olympic Association|
|Mr. Hemochandra Singh Irengbam||Manipur Olympic Association|
|Mr. V. N. Prasood||Wrestling Federation of India|
|Mr. Rupak Debroy||Tripura State Olympic Association|
|Mr. Abhijit Sarkar||Uttar Pradesh Olympic Association|
|Repr. of Athletes' Commission||Dr. Malav Shroff|
State Olympic Associations
- Andaman & Nicobar Olympic Association
- Andhra Pradesh Olympic Association
- Arunachal Pradesh Olympic Association
- Assam Olympic Association
- West Bengal Olympic Association
- Bihar Olympic Association
- Chandigarh Olympic Association
- Chhattisgarh Olympic Association
- Delhi Olympic Association
- Diu-Daman Olympic Association
- Goa Olympic Association
- Gujarat State Olympic Association
- Haryana Olympic Association
- Himachal Pradesh Olympic Association
- Jammu & Kashmir Olympic Association
- Jharkhand Olympic Association
- Karnataka Olympic Association
- Kerala Olympic Association
- Madhya Pradesh Olympic Association
- Maharashtra Olympic Association
- Manipur Olympic Association
- Meghalaya State Olympic Association
- Mizoram Olympic Association
- Nagaland Olympic Association
- Odisha Olympic Association
- Pondicherry Olympic Association
- Punjab Olympic Association
- Rajasthan Olympic Association
- Sikkim Olympic Association
- Tamil Nadu Olympic Association
- Olympic Association of Telangana
- Tripura State Olympic Association
- Uttarakhand Olympic Association
- Uttar Pradesh Olympic Association
- Services Sports Control Board
National Sports Federations
National sports federations are categorized in two categories i.e. Olympic Sports and Other Recognized Sports
The IOC's membership currently includes 38 National Sports Federations.
IOC Permanent Olympic Sports
IOC Winter Olympic Sports
These all sports are under the Winter Games Federation of India.
|Ice Hockey||Ice Hockey Association of India|
|Ice Skating||Ice Skating Association of India|
|Luge||Indian Amateur Luge Association|
IOC recognized sports
Following are the National Sports Federation of sports which are recognized by IOC.
|Billard||The Billards & Snooker Federation of India|
|Bowling||Bowling Federation of India|
|Karate||Karate Association of India|
|Netball||Netball Federation of India|
|Squash||Squash Rackets Federation of India|
|Wushu||Wushu Association of India|
|MUAY||MuayThai India. |
|All Sports||Students Olympic Association of India|
Following are some sports which IOC does not recognise as a Sport.
|Arm wrestling||Indian Arm Wrestling Federation|
|Kabaddi||Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India|
|Kho Kho||Kho Kho Federation of India|
|Yachting||Yachting Association of India|
On 26 April 2011, after the arrest of its president Suresh Kalmadi, Vijay Kumar Malhotra was the acting president of the IOA up to 5 December 2012. The election of Lalit Bhanot as Secretary General was considered controversial by some due to his alleged involvement in the Commonwealth Games Scam.
On 4 December 2012, the International Olympic Committee suspended the IOA on the basis of corruption, government interference, and not following guidelines of the IOC. Several members of the IOA have been charged with crimes. The IOA was formally banned for not following the Olympic Charter in their elections, instead following the Indian government's Sports Code. The IOA held elections under the Indian Sports Code due to a directive from the Delhi High Court. On 15 May 2013, International Olympic Committee (IOC) decided to lift the ban on the Indian Olympic Association (IOA) as Indian representatives from the government and sports bodies reached an agreement with IOC officials. India still did not have its three competitors play under the national flag at the 2014 Olympics. On 9 February, an election was held to choose a head of the IOA. Abhay Singh Chautala and Lalit Bhanot were ineligible due to having court charges against them. The president of the World Squash Federation, Narayana Ramachandran, was instead elected.
On 11 February 2014, the International Olympic Committee revoked the ban enforced on Indian Olympic Association. As a result, India returned to the Olympic fold after 14-months.
|Weightlifting||Ms. Karanam Malleswari||Bronze||2000||Australia|
|Boxing||Mary Kom||Bronze||2012||United Kingdom|
|Badminton||Saina Nehwal||Bronze||2012||United Kingdom|
|Badminton||Pusarla Venkata Sindhu||Silver||2016||Brazil|
|Wrestling||Khashaba Dadasaheb Jadhav||Bronze||1952||Finland|
|Tennis||Leander Paes||Bronze||1996||United States|
|Shooting||Rajyawardhan Singh Rathore||Silver||2004||Greece|
Multi-sport events hosted by IOA
- 1951 Asian Games
- 1982 Asian Games
- 1987 South Asian Games
- 1995 South Asian Games
- 2003 Afro-Asian Games
- 2007 Military World Games
- 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games
- 2010 Commonwealth Games
- 2011 South Asian Winter Games
- 2014 Lusophony Games
- 2016 South Asian Games
- "India at the Commonwealth Games". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Dr A G Noehren was National Physical Education Director of the YMCAs in India, and H C Buck was Principal of the National YMCA school of physical education in Madras
- Sharma, V. K. Physical Education Class 12. Saraswati House Pvt Ltd. ISBN 9789350419212.
- Appeal by Yadavindra Singh, President, Indian Olympic Association, 1948
- "Member Units". Indian Olympic Association. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
- "Kalmadi has not been removed: Malhotra". Deccan Herald. 27 April 2011.
- "Abhay Chautala becomes IOA President, Lalit Bhanot named Secretary General". Webindia123.com. Suni System (Pvt) Ltd. 30 November 2012.
- "India outrage over IOA suspension from Olympics". BBC News. 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "IOC wants fresh polls before it lifts ban on Indian Olympic Association". Yahoo! Sports Canada. The Canadian Press. 15 January 2013. Archived from the original on 12 April 2013.
- PTI (4 December 2012). "IOA suspension is an 'unfortunate decision', says Jitendra Singh". Times of India. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- Srinivasan, Kamesh (16 May 2013). "IOC agrees to take India back in Olympic fold". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
- "IOA polls on Sunday, India likely to return to Olympic fold". The Times Of India.
- "India's Olympic exile ends as IOC revokes IOA's ban". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Times Of India. 11 February 2014.
- "Indian Olympic on Facebook". Facebook.
- "Indian Olympic on Twitter". Twitter.
- "Indian Olympic on Instagram". Instagram.