Indian Ordnance Factories Service

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Indian Ordnance Factories Service
Service Overview
Emblem of India.svg
Abbreviation I.O.F.S.
Formed 1935
Country  India
Training Ground National Academy of Defence Production, Nagpur
Controlling Authority Ministry of Defence
Department of Defence Production
Legal personality Governmental
Civil Service
General nature Research & Development
General Management
Public Administration
Cadre Size 1760 members
Association IOFS officers Association (IOFSA)
Service colour Red, Navy Blue and Sky Blue
Service Chief
DGOF & Chairman, OFB
Current: S. C. Bajpai
Head of the Civil Services
Cabinet Secretary
Current: Pradeep Kumar Sinha

The Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS) is a civil service of the Government of India. IOFS officers are Gazetted (Group A) defence-civilian officers under the Ministry of Defence. They are responsible for the management of the Indian Ordnance Factories, which provide the defence production capabilities of India.


During the colonial times, the administrative service of Ordnance was known as the Indian Ordnance Service.[1] It was constituted in the year 1935. It had only European officers in the years that followed. They were engineering graduates or military officers who had to undergo specialised training prior joining the service. In 1939, there was only one Indian officer and the remaining forty-four officers were of European origin.

IOFS was reconstituted in its present form in 1954 with the cadre controlling authority of Ministry of Defence – Department of Defence Production with a cadre size of 1760 posts. The source of recruitment was through direct recruitment 60%; by promotion 40% and no lateral entries.

IOFS is a multi-disciplinary composite cadre consisting of technical - engineers (Civil, Electrical, Mechanical, Electronics), technologists (Chemical, Metallurgical, Textile, Leather) and non-technical/administrative (Science, Law, Commerce, Management and Arts graduates). Technical posts comprise about 87% of the total cadre. The doctors (Surgeons and Physicians) serving in OFB belong to a separate service known as the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS). IOFHS officers are responsible for the maintenance of health of the employees, and the hospitals of OFB. They report directly to the IOFS officers. IOFS and IOFHS are the only two civil services under the Department of Defence Production.[2]

OFB's background[edit]

Ordnance Factories Board is engaged in research, development, production, testing, marketing and logistics of a comprehensive product range in the areas of air, land and sea systems. It comprises forty-one Ordnance Factories, nine Training Institutes, three Regional Marketing Centres and four Regional Controllerates of Safety, which are spread all across the country.[3][4]

OFB is the world's largest government operated production organisation,[5] and the oldest organisation run by the Government of India.[6][7] It has a total workforce of about 164,000.[8] It is often called the "Fourth Arm of Defence",[9][10][11] and the "Force Behind the Armed Forces" of India.[12][13] It is amongst the top 50 defence equipment manufacturers in the world.[14][15] Its total sales were at $3 billion (19982.71 crores) in 2015-'16.[16] Every year, 18 March is celebrated as the Ordnance Factories' Day in India.[17][18]


The recruitment in the Indian Ordnance Factories as a Group A officer is done by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) based on the performance in the Engineering Services Examination (ESE) and the Civil Services Examination (CSE).[19] Engineering posts are filled through the Engineering Services Examination, while technologists are selected through interviews by UPSC. Posts in the non-technical streams are filled through the Civil Services Examination. IOFS is the only cadre in which officials are selected by all four means - CSE, ESE, interviews and promotions. IOFHS officers are selected through the Combined Medical Services Examination, conducted by UPSC.[20][21][22] All appointments to the Group A Civil Services are made by the President of India.[23]


National Academy of Defence Production (NADP), Nagpur provides training to the IOFS officers in areas of technology, management, public administration as induction and re-orientation courses.

The induction training programme of probationary officers is of 64 weeks, comprising technical, managerial and administrative modules of theoretical, practical and field nature. Classes are held at specialised educational institutions across India. Officer Trainees (OTs) are then sent on Bharat Darshan (Tour of India), which includes visits to the nuclear, defence, space, industrial and other technical installations of India. To understand the nuances of bureaucracy, they are familiarised with the functioning of district, state, national and international bodies, including the Parliament of India. Armed Forces attachment with the Army, Navy, Air Force and with the Police, Paramilitary and Special Forces for better understanding of needs of their customers. To get acquainted with the Indian legal system, they visit the Supreme Court of India. Thus, giving them exposure to all the three arms of the Government of India. Following which, they are sent for on-the-job training to various Ordnance Factories and are expected to apply the knowledge and experience gained. Examinations are held at the end of the training. The training concludes with interactions with the Members of Parliament, Ministers in-charge of the Home, Foreign and Defence ministries, Prime Minister, Vice-President and the President of India.[24]

IOFS officers are allowed to continue their higher studies at various national institutions such as the IITs, IIMs, IISc, NITIE, NDC, DSSC and DIAT under the sponsored category.[25][26] They are also trained at these institutes, at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration,[27] Administrative Staff College of India and the Indian Institute of Public Administration, while in service.[28][29][30][31] The officers are sent to countries which have friendly relations with India, such as the countries of erstwhile USSR, United States, UK, Sweden, Japan, Austria, Germany, Russia, France, Israel, Canada, Czech Republic, South Korea, Singapore etc.


The main functions performed by IOFS officers while at the Indian Ordnance Factories include product research & development, project management, materials management, production planning and control, quality control, supplies management, industrial safety, labour welfare, personnel management, industrial relations, management and maintenance of residential estates etc.

In discharging these functions, the IOFS officers interact extensively with:

On Deputation[edit]

IOFS is a participating civil service under the Central Staffing Scheme (CSS), which allows bureaucrats to move to any organisation, commission, institution, agency, department, ministry of the Government of India on deputation basis (excluding posts which are specifically encadred within the organised Group A services), depending on their interests, educational qualifications, seniority, age and other eligibility criteria.[46][47]

IOFS officers also serve at key managerial posts of PSUs and SEZs; as advisors and secretaries to the Union Cabinet Ministers, Prime Minister and the President of India;[48] as diplomats at various consulates, missions and embassies of India, located abroad; as Commissioned Officers in the Indian Armed Forces;[49] and as Scientists in DRDO.


Grade Designation in the field Designation in Headquarters Pay Scale
Junior Time Scale Assistant Works Manager Assistant Director 56100
Senior Time Scale Works Manager Deputy Director 67700
Senior Time Scale (Non Functional) Deputy General Manager Joint Director 78800
Junior Administrative Grade (Functional) Joint General Manager Director 118500
Senior Administrative Grade Addl. GM / General Manager / Principal Director / Regional Director / Regional Controller of Safety Deputy Director General 144200
Higher Administrative Grade Senior General Manager / Senior Principal Director Senior Deputy Director General 182200
Higher Administrative Grade (+) Nil Addl. Director General & Member of the Board 205400
Apex Scale Nil Director General Ordnance Factories (DGOF) & Chairman of the Ordnance Factories Board 225000[50]

Notable officers[edit]

See also[edit]

Ordnance Factories Board


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External links[edit]