Indian Premier League

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Indian Premier League (IPL)
IPL logo.png
Official IPL Logo
Countries India India
Administrator BCCI
Format Twenty20
First tournament 2008
Last tournament 2015
Next tournament 2016
Tournament format Round-robin and knockout finals
Number of teams 8
Current champion Mumbai Indians (2nd title)
Most successful Chennai Super Kings
Kolkata Knight Riders
Mumbai Indians
(2 titles each)
Most runs Suresh Raina (3699)[1]
Most wickets Lasith Malinga (143)[2]
TV List of Broadcasters
2016 Indian Premier League

The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested annually by franchise teams representing Indian cities. The league, founded by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in 2008, is scheduled over April and May of every year.[3] The title sponsor of IPL is Vivo Electronics, thus the league is officially known as the Vivo Indian Premier League.

In 2010, the IPL was broadcast live on YouTube. The brand value of IPL was estimated to be US$2.2 billion in 2014.[4] According to BCCI, the 2015 IPL season contributed 0.5 billion (US$7.4 million) to the GDP of Indian economy.[5]

Of the 11 teams to have competed since the league's first season, five have won the title at least once. Mumbai Indians, Kolkata Knight Riders and Chennai Super Kings have won twice, while Rajasthan Royals and Deccan Chargers have won once. Mumbai Indians are the current champions having won the 2015 season.[6] Until 2014, the top three teams in the tournament qualified for the Champions League Twenty20. However, the tournament was discontinued in 2015 and has been defunct since.[7]



In 2007, the Indian Cricket League was founded, with funding provided by Zee Entertainment Enterprises.[8] The ICL was not recognized by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) or the International Cricket Council (ICC) and that the BCCI were not pleased with committee members joining the ICL executive board.[9] To prevent players from joining the ICL, the BCCI increased the prize money in domestic tournaments and imposed lifetime bans on players joining the ICL, which was considered a rebel league by the board.[10] Businessman and cricket executive, Lalit Modi, was tasked by the BCCI to start a new Twenty20 league that would rival the Indian Cricket League. In early 2008, the BCCI announced the launch of the Indian Premier League, a new franchise based T20 league.[11] The league would be based on the Premier League of England and the NBA in the United States.[11]

In order to decide the owners for the new league, an auction was held on 24 January 2008 with the total base prices of the franchises costing around $400 million.[11] At the end of the auction, it was the winning bidders were announced, as well as the cities the teams would be based in: Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Mohali, and Mumbai.[11] In the end, the franchises were all sold for a total of $723.59 million.[12] The Indian Cricket League soon folded in 2009.[13]

Expansions and terminations[edit]

On 21 March 2010, it was announced that two new franchises – Pune Warriors India and Kochi Tuskers Kerala – would join the league before the fourth season in 2011.[14] Sahara Adventure Sports Group bought the Pune franchise for $370 million while Rendezvous Sports World bought the Kochi franchise for $333.3 million.[14] However, one year later, on 11 November 2011, it was announced that the Kochi Tuskers Kerala side would be terminated following the side breaching the BCCI's terms of conditions.[15]

Then, on 14 September 2012, following the team not being able to find new owners, the BCCI announced that the 2009 champions, the Deccan Chargers, would be terminated.[16] The next month, on 25 October, an auction was held to see who would be the owner of the replacement franchise, with Sun TV Network winning the bid for the Hyderabad franchise.[17] The team would be named Sunrisers Hyderabad.[18]

On 14 June 2015, it was announced that two-time champions, Chennai Super Kings, and the inaugural season champions, Rajasthan Royals, would be suspended for two seasons following their role in a match-fixing and betting scandal.[19] Then, on 8 December 2015, following an auction, it was revealed that Rajkot and Pune would replace Chennai and Rajasthan for two seasons.[20]

Tournament format[edit]

Currently, with eight teams, each team plays each other twice in a home-and-away round-robin tournament.[21] At the conclusion of the league stage, the top four teams qualify for the finals. The top two teams play each other in the first preliminary round match, with the winner going straight to the final while the loser goes on to the second preliminary round. The third and fourth place teams play each other to decide who will take on the loser from the first preliminary round match.[21] The winner of the second preliminary round match will move onto the final where the winner will be crowned the Indian Premier League champions.[21]


Current teams[edit]

Locations of the active IPL teams
Team City State Home ground Coach Captain
Delhi Daredevils Delhi Delhi Feroz Shah Kotla IndiaRahul Dravid South Africa JP Duminy
Kings XI Punjab Mohali Punjab PCA Stadium India Sanjay Bangar South Africa David Miller
Kolkata Knight Riders Kolkata West Bengal Eden Gardens South Africa Jacques Kallis India Gautam Gambhir
Mumbai Indians Mumbai Maharashtra Wankhede Stadium Australia Ricky Ponting India Rohit Sharma
Royal Challengers Bangalore Bangalore Karnataka M. Chinnaswamy Stadium New Zealand Daniel Vettori India Virat Kohli
Sunrisers Hyderabad Hyderabad Telangana Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium Australia Tom Moody Australia David Warner
New teams
Rising Pune Supergiants Pune Maharashtra Maharashtra Cricket Association Stadium New Zealand Stephen Fleming India MS Dhoni
Gujarat Lions Rajkot Gujarat Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium Australia Brad Hodge India Suresh Raina

Defunct/Suspended teams[edit]

Team City State Home ground Folded/Suspended
Deccan Chargers Hyderabad Telangana Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium 2012
Kochi Tuskers Kerala Kochi Kerala Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 2011
Pune Warriors India Pune Maharashtra MCA Stadium 2013
Suspended teams
Chennai Super Kings Chennai Tamil Nadu M. A. Chidambaram Stadium 2015
Rajasthan Royals Jaipur Rajasthan Sawai Mansingh Stadium 2015

Tournament results[edit]

Out of the eleven teams that have played in the Indian Premier League, three have won it twice, while two have one it once each. The Chennai Super Kings, Kolkata Knight Riders, and Mumbai Indians are the most successful teams in league's history. The other two teams who have won the tournament are the Deccan Chargers and Rajasthan Royals. The Super Kings are the only team to have won the tournament and then defended it the next season, winning in 2010 and winning again in 2011.

Season Final Final venue # of Teams MVP
Winner Result Runner-up
Rajasthan Royals
164/7 (20 overs)
Royals won by 3 wickets
Chennai Super Kings
163/5 (20 overs)
DY Patil Stadium 8 Australia Shane Watson
Deccan Chargers
143/6 (20 overs)
Chargers won by 6 runs
Royal Challengers Bangalore
137/9 (20 overs)
Wanderers Stadium
(South Africa)
8 Australia Adam Gilchrist
Chennai Super Kings
168/5 (20 overs)
Super Kings won by 22 runs
Mumbai Indians
146/9 (20 overs)
DY Patil Stadium 8 India Sachin Tendulkar
Chennai Super Kings
205/5 (20 overs)
Super Kings won by 58 runs
Royal Challengers Bangalore
147/8 (20 overs)
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium 10 Jamaica Chris Gayle
Kolkata Knight Riders
192/5 (19.4 overs)
Knight Riders won by 5 wickets
Chennai Super Kings
190/3 (20 overs)
M. A. Chidambaram Stadium 9 Trinidad and Tobago Sunil Narine
Mumbai Indians
148/9 (20 overs)
Indians won by 23 runs
Chennai Super Kings
125/9 (20 overs)
Eden Gardens 9 Australia Shane Watson
Kolkata Knight Riders
200/7 (20 overs)
Knight Riders won by 3 wickets
Kings XI Punjab
199/4 (20 overs)
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium 8 Australia Glenn Maxwell
Mumbai Indians
202/5 (20 overs)
Indians won by 41 runs
Chennai Super Kings
161/8 (20 overs)
Eden Gardens 8 Jamaica Andre Russell

By team[edit]

Team 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Delhi Daredevils 4th 3rd 5th 10th 3rd 9th 8th 7th
Kings XI Punjab 3rd 5th 8th 5th 6th 6th R 8th
Kolkata Knight Riders 6th 8th 6th 4th W 7th W 5th
Mumbai Indians 5th 7th R 3rd 4th W 4th W
Rising Pune Supergiants DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
Royal Challengers Bangalore 7th R 3rd R 5th 5th 7th 3rd
Sunrisers Hyderabad DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP 4th 6th 6th
Chennai Super Kings R 4th W W R R 3rd R SUS
Deccan Chargers 8th W 4th 7th 8th DNP DNP DNP DNP
Pune Warriors India DNP DNP DNP 9th 9th 8th DNP DNP DNP
Kochi Tuskers Kerala DNP DNP DNP 8th DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP
Rajasthan Royals W 6th 7th 6th 7th 3rd 5th 4th SUS

Tournament and salary rules[edit]

A team can acquire players through five ways: The annual auction, signing domestic players, signing uncapped players, trading players, and signing replacements.[22][23] In the trading window, a player can only be traded with his consent, with the franchise paying the difference if any between the old and new contract. If the new contract is worth more than the older one, the difference is shared between the player and the franchise selling the player.[24]

Some of the team composition rules are as follows:

  • A minimum squad strength of 16 players, one physiotherapist and a coach.
  • No more than 10 foreign players on the squad and a maximum of four foreign players in the playing XI.
  • A minimum of 14 Indian players must be included in each squad.
  • A minimum of six players from the BCCI under-22 pool must be included in each squad.

IPL games utilise television timeouts and hence there is no time limit in which teams must complete their innings. However, a penalty may be imposed if the umpires find teams misusing this privilege. Each team is given a two-and-a-half-minute "strategic timeout" during each innings; one must be taken by the bowling team between the 6th and 10th overs, and one by the batting team between the 11th and 16th overs.[25]

Salary cap[edit]

The total spending cap for a franchise in the first player auction was US$5 million. Under-22 players are to be remunerated with a minimum annual salary of US$20,000, whereas for others the minimum was US$50,000.[26]

Prize money[edit]

The 2015 season of the IPL offered a total prize money of 40 crore (US$5.9 million), with the winning team netting 15 crore (US$2.2 million).[27] The first and second runners up received 10 and 7.5 crores, respectively, with the fourth placed team also winning 7.5 crores. The others teams are not awarded any prize money. The IPL rules mandate that half of the prize money must be distributed among the players.[28]


On 17 January 2008 it was announced that a consortium consisting of India's Sony Entertainment Television (Set Max) network and Singapore-based World Sport Group secured the global broadcasting rights of the Indian Premier League.[29] The record deal has a duration of ten years at a cost of US$1.026 billion. As part of the deal, the consortium will pay the BCCI US$918 million for the television broadcast rights and US$108 million for the promotion of the tournament.[30] The initial plan was for 20% of these proceeds would go to IPL, 8% as prize money and 72% would be distributed to the franchisees from 2008 until 2012, after which the IPL would go public and list its shares.[31] However, in March 2010, IPL decided not to go public and list its shares. Sony-WSG then re-sold parts of the broadcasting rights geographically to other companies.

Territory Network
Africa (Sub-Sahara) SuperSport (2008–present)[32]
Bangladesh Bangladesh Maasranga (2008–present)[33]
Bhutan Bhutan SET Max (2008–present)[33]
Sony SIX (2013–present)[33]
Brunei Brunei Astro (2008–present)[33]
Canada Canada Sportsnet (2011–present)[34]
Caribbean SportsMax (2008–present)[29]
Hong Kong Hong Kong PCCW (2010–present)[33]
India India Sony MAX (2008–present)[29]
Sony SIX (2013–present)[35]
Sony ESPN (2015–present)
Malaysia Malaysia Astro (2008–present)[33]
Middle-East and North Africa OSN (2015–present)[33]
Nepal Nepal Sony MAX (2008–present)[33]
Sony SIX (2013–present)[33]
New Zealand New Zealand Sky Sport (2012–present)[33]
Pakistan Pakistan Geo Super (2012–present)[33]
Singapore Singapore StarHub (2008–present)[33]
Singtel (2015–present)[33]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Carlton Sports Network (2012–present)[33]
United Kingdom United Kingdom Sky Sports (2015–present)[36]
United States United States ESPN (2015–present)[37]
Worldwide The Times Group (2011–present)[38]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "IPL Most runs". Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "IPL Most wickets". Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "IPL confirms South Africa switch". BBC. 24 March 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  4. ^ "Clearing the fence with brand value" (PDF). American Appraisal. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  5. ^ "IPL 2015 contributed Rs. 11.5 bn to GDP: BCCI". The Hindu. Retrieved 6 January 2016. 
  6. ^ Sorecard | Pepsi Indian Premier League, Final: Mumbai Indians v Chennai Super Kings at the Eden Gardens Kolkata, May 24, 2015
  7. ^ "Champions League T20 discontinued". ESPN. 15 July 2015. Retrieved 15 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "ICL announces team lists". Rediff. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  9. ^ Press Trust of India (13 June 2007). "BCCI shoots down ICL". Retrieved 13 June 2007. 
  10. ^ Press Trust of India (21 June 2007). "BCCI hikes domestic match fees". Retrieved 22 August 2007. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Indian Premier League: How it all started". Times of India. 2 April 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  12. ^ "Cricinfo – Big business and Bollywood grab stakes in IPL". ESPNcricinfo. 24 January 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Defunct Indian Cricket League may start again". NDTV Sports. 22 June 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  14. ^ a b Ravindran, Siddarth; Gollapudi, Nagraj (21 March 2010). "Pune and Kochi unveiled as new IPL franchises". ESPN CricInfo. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  15. ^ "Kochi franchise terminated by BCCI". ESPN CricInfo. 19 September 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  16. ^ ESPN, CRICINFO. "BCCI terminates Deccan Chargers franchise". ESPN CRICINFO. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "Sun TV Network win Hyderabad IPL franchise". Wisden India. 25 October 2012. 
  18. ^ "Hyderabad IPL franchise named Sunrisers". Hyderabad IPL franchise named Sunrisers, ESPN Cricinfo. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "IPL scandal: Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals suspended". BBC. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Pune, Rajkot to host new IPL franchises". ESPN CricInfo. 8 December 2015. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  21. ^ a b c "Indian Premier League Schedule – IPL 2016 Fixtures". CricBetLive. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  22. ^ Slow trading with all eyes on auction, Brief discussion of IPL rules on acquiring players.
  23. ^ IPL lays down guidelines for replacements, Discusses IPL rules on buying replacement players.
  24. ^ IPL rules when trading players. ESPNcricinfo
  25. ^ "IPL 3 to start on March 12 in Hyderabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  26. ^ "IPL salary cap fixed at Rs 60 crore: Reports". NDTV Sports. 30 November 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  27. ^ "Rs 40 Crore Prize Money On Offer in IPL Playoffs". The New Indian Express. 24 May 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  28. ^ "IPL-onomics: where Indian players call the shots". 22 April 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  29. ^ a b c "Sony and World Sports Group bag IPL television rights". ESPNcricinfo. 14 January 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  30. ^ "Billion dollar rights deal for IPL". The Australian. 15 January 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2008. 
  31. ^ IndranilBasu (27 January 2008). "Does the IPL model make sense?". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 March 2008. 
  32. ^ "TV channels showing IPL matches in US, Canada, UK, Australia, India, UAE and Africa". Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "List of broadcasters in Pepsi IPL 2014". Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  34. ^ "IPL Cricket live on Sportsnet". Rogers Sportsnet. 1 April 2011. 
  35. ^ "Sony Kix TV Channel Live Telecast the IPL 2015 matches in Tamil, Telugu". Cricshed. 4 April 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  36. ^ "IPL on Sky Sports: Indian Premier League live on Sky from 2015". Sky Sports. 17 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015. 
  37. ^ "ESPN awarded IPL Media Rights for US". BCCI. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  38. ^ "Times Group-led consortium wins IPL internet, mobile rights". The Times of India. 

External links[edit]