Indian Premier League

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Indian Premier League
Pepsi IPL logo.png
Countries India India
Administrator BCCI
Format Twenty20
First tournament 2008
Next tournament 2016 [1]
Tournament format Double round-robin and playoffs
Number of teams 8 (current)
Current champion Mumbai Indians (2nd title)
Most successful Chennai Super Kings ,Mumbai Indians,Kolkata Knight Riders(2 titles each)
Qualification Top 3 teams qualify and 4th team has a chance to qualify for Champions League Twenty20
Most runs India Suresh Raina (3699)[2]
Most wickets Sri Lanka Lasith Malinga (143)[3]
TV Sony Six, Sony Max, Sony Kix,Sony Aath, Sky Sports (UK)
2015 Indian Premier League

The Indian Premier League (IPL; currently known as the Pepsi Indian Premier League for sponsorship reasons[4]) is an annual Indian Twenty20 cricket tournament, founded in 2008 by the BCCI. It is contested between eight franchisee teams representing various Indian cities. The tournament is conducted in India between April and May.[N 1][5]

IPL is the most-watched Twenty20 league in the world and in 2010, became the first sporting event to be broadcast live on YouTube. The brand value of the 2014 Indian Premier League was estimated to be around US$7.2 billion.[6] The IPL is currently supervised by BCCI Vice-President Ranjib Biswal, who serves as the League's chairman and Commissioner.[7] Sundar Raman has been the IPL chief operating officer (COO) since its first season in 2008.[8]

Of the 11 teams to have competed since its inception, five have won the title at least once: Kolkata Knight Riders, Chennai Super Kings and Mumbai Indians have won twice while Rajasthan Royals and Deccan Chargers have won one each. The Chennai Super Kings are the most successful team having won the title twice and having qualified for the finals in every season except in 2009 and 2014 . Chennai have also reached the playoffs in every season since the league's inception. The current champions of the IPL 2015 season are the Mumbai Indians who beat the Chennai Super Kings by a margin of 41 runs in the final, held at the Eden Gardens Kolkata on May 24, 2015.[9]


Indian Cricket League (ICL) was a private cricket league funded by Zee Entertainment Enterprises that operated between 2007 and 2009 in India. The BCCI and International Cricket Council refused to recognize the ICL as a formal cricket league.[10] Faced with the threat of young players joining the ICL, the BCCI increased the prize money for domestic tournaments and imposed lifetime bans on players who joined the rebel league.[11] The BCCI put Lalit Modi in charge of starting a twenty20 league of its own. The official league named as the Indian Premier League, which launched in April 2008 is based on the franchise model.[12]

First season[edit]

The first season and inaugural season of the tournament took place from April 18 to June 1, 2008. The group stage featured eight teams who played against each other twice, once at home and once away with the top four progressing to the semi-finals. The first season had an explosive start thanks to Brendon McCullum of Kolkata Knight Riders against Royal Challengers Bangalore.The first winner of the tournament was Rajasthan Royals, who beat Chennai Super Kings in a closely contested final. Rajasthan's Shane Watson was named as the player of the tournament.

Second season[edit]

The 2009 Indian Premier League season, also known as IPL 2, was played in South Africa due to the general elections in India and was played for 37 days from 18 April to 24 May 2009. Deccan Chargers beat Royal Challengers Bangalore in the final to win the title for the first time.

Third season[edit]

The third season returned to India and it was the first IPL tournament that was broadcast live on YouTube.[13] Chennai Super Kings defeated the Mumbai Indians in the finals to win their first title.

Fourth season[edit]

In 2011, two new franchise teams, Pune Warriors India and Kochi Tuskers Kerala joined the league.[14] The format was changed with each team playing five other teams selected at random twice in a home-away format and four other teams once. Thus each team played a total of 14 matches. The season took place from 8 April to 28 May 2011. The IPL was scheduled a week after India won the 2011 Cricket World Cup on April 2, 2011 . The Chennai Super Kings won their second consecutive title after defeating the Royal Challengers Bangalore by 58 runs in the final.[15] Kochi Tuskers Kerala was terminated by BCCI at the end of the season due to financial irregularities.

Fifth season[edit]

The fifth season featured nine teams after the termination of the Kochi franchise. The auction of the players was held on 4 February 2012. Maximum number of players in each squad was increased from 30 to 33. A total of 76 matches were played from 4 April to 27 May.[16] Delhi Daredevils, the Kolkata Knight Riders, the Mumbai Indians and the Chennai Super Kings qualified for the playoffs. The final was hosted by Chennai on 27 May, where the Chennai Super Kings played against the Kolkata Knight Riders. The Kolkata Knight Riders won the match by 5 wickets. This edition of the IPL was the most competitive with 14 matches producing results in the very last over, and a couple in the last ball.[17][18] IPL was caught in spot fixing allegations, which allegedly included five players caught on a sting operation carried by a news channel.[19][20]

Sixth season[edit]

Pepsi replaced DLF as the title sponsor for the sixth season.[21] Nine teams participated in the sixth season. The sixth season took place from 3 April to 26 May 2013. Deccan Chargers franchise was terminated by the IPL governing council which was later replaced by Sunrisers Hyderabad owned by Sun Group. Chennai Super Kings, Mumbai Indians, Rajasthan Royals and Sunrisers Hyderabad were the four teams in the league stage to qualify for the playoffs. Rajasthan Royals defeated Sunrisers Hyderabad by 4 wickets in the eliminator before losing to Mumbai Indians in the second qualifier.[22] Mumbai Indians defeated Chennai Super Kings by 23 runs in the final for their first title. Shane Watson was named man of the tournament. Sachin Tendulkar[23] announced his retirement from IPL after the tournament.[24] The Pune Warriors India franchise was removed at the end of the season.

Seventh season[edit]

The league ran 16 April – 1 June 2014 and due to security demands for the 2014 Lok Sabha Elections the early matches were played in the UAE, before the seventh edition of Indian Premier League returned to India for the remainder of the tournament. As Pune Warriors India removed, this left with only 8 teams participating in the 2014 season. The auction of players for the seventh season of IPL took place on 13 and 15 February 2014 in Bangalore. For the second time after 2011 IPL teams were allowed to retain up to 5 players. 7 teams retained at least 2 players from the previous squad.

Kings XI Punjab, Kolkata Knight Riders, Chennai Super Kings and Mumbai Indians were the four teams that made it to the playoffs. Kolkata Knight Riders defeated Kings XI Punjab by 28 runs in first qualifier to reach the final. Chennai Super Kings faced Kings XI Punjab in the second qualifier after defeating Mumbai Indians by 7 wickets in the eliminator, Kings XI Punjab defeated them by 24 runs to reach the finals.[25] In the finals held on 1 June,Kolkata Knight Riders beat Kings XI Punjab by 3 wickets, to become the winner of IPL 2014, their second IPL victory. The orange cap was won by Kolkata Knight Riders's Robin Uthappa and the purple cap was won by Chennai Super Kings's Mohit Sharma. Glenn Maxwell was named Man of the Tournament. This was the first IPL tournament where the winner of the orange cap represented the team winning the tournament.[26][27]

Eighth season[edit]

The eighth season started on 8 April 2015 and ran until the final on 24 May 2015. Chennai Super Kings, Mumbai Indians, Royal Challengers Banglore and Rajasthan Royals qualified for the playoffs. Mumbai Indians defeated Chennai Super Kings in Qualifier-1 to enter the finals. Royal Challengers Bangalore defeated Rajasthan Royals before losing to Chennai Super Kings in Qualifier-2. This is the third time in 8 seasons Mumbai and Chennai faced each other's in finals. The Mumbai Indians emerged victorious, after defeating Chennai Super Kings by 41 runs at Eden Gardens, Kolkata. Dwayne Bravo of Chennai won the Purple cap for most wickets, David Warner of Hyderabad won the Orange cap for most runs, Shreyas Iyer of Delhi team won the [Emerging Player of the Season, Dwayne Bravo of Chennai team won the best catch of the season, Andre Russell of Kolkata team won the most valuable player and Chennai Super Kings won the fair play award.

League organization[edit]


The winning bidders for the eight franchises (or clubs) were announced on 24 January 2008.[28] While the total base price for auction was US$400 million, the auction fetched US$723.59 million.[29] Chennai Super Kings, Delhi Daredevils, Kings XI Punjab, Kolkata Knight Riders, Mumbai Indians, Rajasthan Royals, Royal Challengers Bangalore and Deccan Chargers were the founding clubs of the new professional league.

On 21 March 2010, teams from Pune (Pune Warriors India) and Kochi (Kochi Tuskers Kerala) were unveiled as the two new clubs for the fourth edition of the Indian Premier League. The base price was $225 million. While Pune was bought by Sahara Adventure Sports Group for $370 million, the Kochi franchise was bought by Rendezvous Sports World Limited for $333.3 million.[30] The second franchise auction fetched total $703 million.

The rights to the new Hyderabad franchise were awarded to the Sun TV Network in October 2012.[31]

Tournament rules[edit]

There are five ways that a franchise can acquire a player: In the annual auction, signing domestic players, signing uncapped players, through trading, and signing replacements.[32][33] In the trading window, the player can only be traded with his consent. The franchise will have to pay the difference between the old contract price and the new contract price. If the new contract is worth more than the older one, then the difference will be shared between the player and the franchise selling the player.[34][35]

Some of the team composition rules are:

  • A minimum squad strength of 16 players plus one physiotherapist and a coach.
  • No more than 9 foreign players in the squad and a maximum of four foreign players should be in the playing eleven.
  • A minimum of 14 Indian players must be included in each squad.
  • A minimum of six players from the BCCI under-22 pool must be included in each squad.

IPL games utilise television timeouts, hence there is no time limit for teams to complete their innings. However, there may be a penalty if the umpires find teams misusing this privilege at their own choice. Additionally, each team is given a two-and-a-half-minute "strategic timeout" during each innings; one must be taken by the bowling team between the 6th to 10th overs, and the batting team between the 11th to 16th overs.[36]

The total spending cap for a franchise in the first player auction was US$5 million. Under-22 players are to be remunerated with a minimum annual salary of US$20,000 while for others it is US$50,000.

Teams' performances[edit]

Team 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Chennai Super Kings R 4th W W R R 3rd R
Delhi Daredevils 4th 3rd 5th 10th 3rd 9th 8th 7th
Kings XI Punjab 3rd 5th 8th 5th 6th 6th R 8th
Kolkata Knight Riders 6th 8th 6th 4th W 7th W 5th
Mumbai Indians 5th 7th R 3rd 4th W 4th W
Rajasthan Royals W 6th 7th 6th 7th 3rd 5th 4th
Royal Challengers Bangalore 7th R 3rd R 5th 5th 7th 3rd
Sunrisers Hyderabad DNP DNP DNP DNP DNP 4th 6th 6th
Deccan Chargers 8th W 4th 7th 8th DNP DNP DNP
Pune Warriors India DNP DNP DNP 9th 9th 8th DNP DNP
Kochi Tuskers Kerala DNP DNP DNP 8th DNP DNP DNP DNP


  • W = Winner; R = Runner-up;      = Semifinals/Knockouts; DNP = Did not play/participate; TBC = To be confirmed

Titles and performance[edit]

Team Span Titles Best performance
Mumbai Indians 2008–2015 2 Champions (2013, 2015)
Kolkata Knight Riders 2008–2015 2 Champions (2012, 2014)
Chennai Super Kings 2008–2015 2 Champions (2010, 2011)
Royal Challengers Bangalore 2008–2015 0 Runners-up (2009, 2011)
Kings XI Punjab 2008–2015 0 Runners-up (2014)
Delhi Daredevils 2008–2015 0 Semifinals (2009, 2012)
Rajasthan Royals 2008–2015 1 Champions (2008)
Sunrisers Hyderabad 2013–2015 0 Playoffs (2013)
Deccan Chargers 2008–2012 1 Champions (2009)
Pune Warriors India 2011–2013 0 8th place (2013)
Kochi Tuskers Kerala 2011–2011 0 8th place (2011)
  •      Defunct teams (no longer exists)

Source: Cricinfo[37]

Tournament summary[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up Semi-finalists No. of teams MVP
2008 Rajasthan Royals Chennai Super Kings Kings XI Punjab Delhi Daredevils 8 Shane Watson
2009 Deccan Chargers Royal Challengers Bangalore Delhi Daredevils Chennai Super Kings 8 Adam Gilchrist
2010 Chennai Super Kings Mumbai Indians Royal Challengers Bangalore Deccan Chargers 8 Sachin Tendulkar
2011 Chennai Super Kings Royal Challengers Bangalore Mumbai Indians Kolkata Knight Riders 10 Chris Gayle
2012 Kolkata Knight Riders Chennai Super Kings Delhi Daredevils Mumbai Indians 9 Sunil Narine
2013 Mumbai Indians Chennai Super Kings Rajasthan Royals Sunrisers Hyderabad 9 Shane Watson
2014 Kolkata Knight Riders Kings XI Punjab Chennai Super Kings Mumbai Indians 8 Glenn Maxwell
2015 Mumbai Indians Chennai Super Kings Royal Challengers Bangalore Rajasthan Royals 8 Andre Russell

Source: Cricinfo[37]

Prize money[edit]

The 8th season of Indian Premier League (IPL 2015) offered a total prize money of 40 crore (US$6.2 million). The winning team of IPL gets a prize money of 15 crore (US$2.3 million).[38]

  • Champions: 15 Crores
  • 1st Runner-up: 10 Crores
  • 2nd Runner-up: 7.5 Crores
  • Fourth place: 7.5 Crores
  • No prize money for remaining teams

It must be noted that IPL rules mandate that half of the prize money must be distributed among the players.[39]


India's biggest property developer DLF Group paid 250 crores (around US$50 million) to be the main sponsor of the tournament for 5 years from 2008 to 2012.[40] From 2013 season, the U.S. food and beverage company PepsiCo took over title sponsorship for five years valued at 396.8 crores (around US$66 million), and also exclusive beverage supplier for the IPL teams in the 2013 season.[41][42]

The IPL is expected to bring the BCCI an income of approximately US$160 crores, over a period of five to ten years. All of these revenues are directed to a central pool, 40% of which will go to IPL itself, 54% to franchises and 6% as prize money. The money will be distributed in these proportions until 2017, after which the share of IPL will be 50%, franchises 45% and prize money 5%. The IPL signed up Kingfisher Airlines as the official umpire partner for the series in a 1.06 billion (US$17 million) deal. This deal sees the McDowells No.1 brand on all umpires' uniforms and also on the giant screens during third umpire decisions.[43] Other sponsorships for the initial season included, a deal with Hero MotoCorp worth US$22.5 million, with PepsiCo worth US$12.5 million, and a deal with Kingfisher at US$26.5 million.[44]

Television rights[edit]

On 17 January 2008 it was announced that a consortium consisting of India's Sony Entertainment Television(Set Max) network and Singapore-based World Sport Group secured the global broadcasting rights of the Indian Premier League.[45] The record deal has a duration of ten years at a cost of US$1.026 billion. As part of the deal, the consortium will pay the BCCI US$918 million for the television broadcast rights and US$108 million for the promotion of the tournament.[46] The initial plan was for 20% of these proceeds would go to IPL, 8% as prize money and 72% would be distributed to the franchisees from 2008 until 2012, after which the IPL would go public and list its shares.[47] However, in March 2010, IPL decided not to go public and list its shares. Sony-WSG then re-sold parts of the broadcasting rights geographically to other companies.

Revenue and profits[edit]

The UK-based brand consultancy, Brand Finance, has valued the IPL at $4.13 billion in 2010.[48] It was valued at US$2.01 billion in 2009 by the same consultancy.[49] There are disputed figures for the profitability of the teams. One analyst said that four teams out of the eight made a profit in 2009.[50] While The Times said that all but Kings XI Punjab made a profit.[51] In 2010, the IPL expects to have 80 official merchandising deals. It has signed a deal with Swiss watchmaker Bandelier to make official watches for the IPL.[52]

Media coverage[edit]

Current broadcasters[edit]

Location Television Broadcaster(s) Years Terms of Deal Refs
Africa (Sub-Saharan)[List 1] SuperSport 2008-2017 [53]
Bangladesh Maasranga Television 2008- [54]
Bhutan SET Max (Hindi)
Sony SIX (English)
Brunei Astro 2008- [54]
Canada Sportsnet One
Sportsnet World
Omni Television
ATN-Asian Radio (radio)
Exclusive broadcast rights [55][56]
Caribbean [List 2] SportsMax 2008- [45]
Europe Sky Sports 2015- [57]
Hong Kong PCCW 2010- [54]
India Sony Max (Hindi)
Sony SIX (English)
Sony KIX (Tamil)
Sony KIX (Telugu)
Sony Aath (Bangla)
87 billion (US$1.4 billion) (revised) [45][58]
Malaysia Astro 2008- [54]
Middle East and North Africa[List 3] OSN 2015- [45][54]
Nepal Sony Max (Hindi)
Sony SIX (English)
New Zealand Sky Sport 2008-2010, 2012- [54]
Pakistan GEO Super 2008-2010, 2012- [54]
Singapore StarHub
Sri Lanka Carlton Sports Network 2012- [54]
United Kingdom SkySports 2015- Exclusive broadcast contract [59]
United States NEO Cricket
2008-2010, 2012-
Merged contract in 2012. Rights to distribute on television, radio, broadband and Internet. [54][57][60]
Worldwide The Times Group 2011- Global Rights to distribute on broadband, mobile and radio. [61]

Former broadcasters[edit]

The third season of the IPL saw interest rise dramatically in the United Kingdom, due to telecasts being moved from the subscription-based Setanta Sports to the free-to-air ITV4. Lalit Modi, then chairman and Commissioner, also expressed immense satisfaction on the way IPL has been accepted by the British audience. "ITV beats Sky Sports over the weekend in number of viewers. This is great going. This is huge by all imaginations. UK figures for viewership on ITV already 10 times that of last year. This is just fantastic news," he said.[62]

Location Television broadcaster(s) Years Terms of Deal Refs
Australia Network Ten
5 years, 2008–2012 at A$10–15 million. [63][64]
Canada Asian Television Network 2008-10 Exclusive broadcast deal.
Middle East and North Africa[List 4] Arab Digital Distribution (CricOne) 2008-2014 [45][54]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation (Channel Eye) 2008-11
United Kingdom ITV4
Setanta Sports
United States Dish Network
  1. ^ Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  2. ^ Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands
  3. ^ Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
  4. ^ Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

Mobile applications[edit]

DCI Mobile Studios (A division of Dot Com Infoway Limited), in conjunction with Sigma Ventures of Singapore, have jointly acquired the rights to be the exclusive Mobile Application partner and rights holder for the Indian Premier League cricket matches worldwide for the next 8 years (including the 2017 season). Recently[when?], they have released the IPL T20 Mobile applications for iPhone, Nokia Smartphones and BlackBerry devices. It is available across all other major Mobile platforms including the Android, Windows Mobile, Palm & others.[66]

Official website[edit]

The IPL negotiated a contract with the Canadian company Live Current Media Inc. to run and operate its portals and the minimum guarantee has been negotiated at US$50 million over the next 10 years.[67] In 2010, the contract was nullified and the BCCI decided to run the IPL Digital properties in-house. The official website of the tournament is Incorporating popular forms of social media, the website now contains a more holistic presence across all online mediums to empower user interaction.

IPL Spot-Fixing Controversy[edit]

The IPL is no stranger to controversy, but on May 16, 2013 it met arguably its biggest crisis when Delhi Police arrested three Rajasthan Royals players - Sreesanth, Ajit Chandila and Ankeet Chavan - soon after their match in Mumbai for spot-fixing. Eleven bookies were also arrested at that time, including one - Amit Singh - who was a former Royals player. Royals later suspended their players and the BCCI set up an inquiry, headed by its ACSU chief Ravi Sawani, into the allegations. The board also announced enhanced anti-corruption measures, including two more security personnel with each team. The arrests kicked off a nationwide search and arrest of bookmakers - betting is illegal in India. One of those picked up in Mumbai was a small-time actor, Virender "Vindoo" Dara Singh, arrested on charges of links with bookmakers. His testimony led the police to arrest, on May 24, 2013, Gurunath Meiyappan, a top official of Chennai Super Kings and son-in-law of BCCI president N Srinivasan. Delhi Police eventually chargesheeted the players, among 39 persons, under sections of the Indian Penal Code and the Maharashtra Control of Organised Crime Act, while the BCCI handed out life bans to Sreesanth and Chavan after Sawani's probe found them guilty of fixing. On July 14,2015, a three-member panel—appointed by the Indian Supreme Court, and headed by former Chief Justice RM Lodha—suspended the Chennai Super Kings and the Rajasthan Royals for two years. It also banned two club owners, Gurunath Meiyappan and Raj Kundra, for life, due to their involvement in betting. These judgements can be considered as the aftermath of previous years' spot-fixing issues.[68]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The 2009 edition was played in South Africa and the initial part of 2014 edition in Dubai due to General Elections in India


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  41. ^ "With eight IPL team rights, PepsiCo hopes for a shiny summer". Business Standard. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
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  43. ^ Vinaya Naidu (16 May 2013). "IPL6 Sponsors Engaging Through Social Media. Bring Fans Closer To Their Teams". Retrieved 16 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "Five-year sponsorship agreements". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 23 March 2010. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
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  49. ^ Brand IPL touches the sky.
  50. ^ IPL teams become hot commodity LiveMint article
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  52. ^ IPL targets 80 licensing and merchandising deals this year
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  66. ^ DCI Mobile studios and; Sigma Ventures acquire global mobile Applications rights for IPL T20
  67. ^ "Live Current Media Inc. and DLF Indian Premier League To Launch as Official IPL Online Destination". 18 April 2008. 
  68. ^ "IPL scandal: Chennai Super Kings and Rajasthan Royals suspended". BBC News Online. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 

External links[edit]