Indian Summer (Victor Herbert song)
Herbert composed the tune in 1919, but it did not become a standard until much later. Sheet music exists for Everett Hoagland and Don Reid versions, dating to 1934 and 1939 respectively, but the provenance of the second of these, at least, is doubtful, as Reid may not even have formed an orchestra until 1944.
Also in 1940, Sidney Bechet recorded one of the first jazz versions of the tune, performing it on soprano sax. Another significant version is Coleman Hawkins' from 1945. Perhaps some of Indian Summer's success as a jazz tune is that it "bears no European mark", being a "thirty-two measure song with the form of A-B-A-C. "The melody sings marvelously throughout without a single cliche or let down," Alex Wilder wrote in American Popular Song, despite admitting that he was generally no fan of Victor Herbert.
Indian Summer has been recorded by, among others, Bing Crosby, the Gene Krupa Orchestra, Ginny Simms, Paul Desmond, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Duke Ellington, and Frank Sinatra in vocal versions, and in instrumental versions for saxophone, piano, and guitar.
- Burlingame, Sandra, Indian Summer (1919), retrieved 2009-02-13
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 310. ISBN 0-89820-083-0.
- Wilder, Alex (1990) American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900-1950, Oxford University Press.
- The Sideman Years (feat. Dick Garcia, 2011)