Indian Summer (Victor Herbert song)
Herbert composed the tune in 1919, but it did not become a standard until much later, after the lyrics were added. Sheet music exists for Everett Hoagland and Don Reid versions, dating to 1934 and 1939 respectively, but the provenance of the second of these, at least, is doubtful, as Reid may not even have formed an orchestra until 1944.
Perhaps some of Indian Summer's success as a jazz tune is that it "bears no European mark", being a "thirty-two measure song with the form of A-B-A-C. "The melody sings marvelously throughout without a single cliche or let down," composer and critic Alec Wilder wrote in American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900–1950 (1972), despite admitting that he was generally no fan of Victor Herbert.
Indian Summer has been recorded by, among others, Bing Crosby (recorded February 7, 1951 for Decca Records), the Gene Krupa Orchestra, Ginny Simms, Paul Desmond, Ella Fitzgerald, Sarah Vaughan, Duke Ellington, Frank Sinatra with Duke Ellington (for the 1968 album Francis A. & Edward K.), and Tony Bennett (for the 1992 tribute album to Sinatra titled "Perfectly Frank"). There are many other vocal versions, and in instrumental versions for saxophone, piano, and guitar.
- Burlingame, Sandra, Indian Summer (1919), retrieved 2009-02-13
- Whitburn, Joel (1986). Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954. Wisconsin, USA: Record Research Inc. p. 310. ISBN 978-0-89820-083-6.
- Wilder, Alec (1990) American Popular Song: The Great Innovators, 1900-1950, Oxford University Press.
- "A Bing Crosby Discography". BING magazine. International Club Crosby. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
- The Sideman Years (feat. Dick Garcia, 2011)