History of cricket in Bangladesh

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The history of cricket in Bangladesh may seem short when the "inaugural first-class match" was as recent as October 1999 but in fact the area has a long cricketing history that has been distorted by political change.

Origin of Bangladesh[edit]

The borders of Bangladesh were set by the Partition of India in 1947, when it became the eastern wing of Pakistan and known as East Pakistan. It was separated from the main (western) part of Pakistan by some 1,600 km (1,000 miles) of Indian territory. Despite their common religion of Islam, the ethnic and linguistic gulf between the two parts of Pakistan, compounded by an apathetic government based in the west, resulted in the independence of Bangladesh under the leadership of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1971 after the bloody Bangladesh Liberation War, in which it was supported by India.

Bangladesh formally declared its independence from Pakistan on 26 March 1971. This was confirmed on the new nation's Victory Day of 16 December 1971.

Cricket in Bengal[edit]

Cricket was first introduced in Bengal by the English East India Company in the 18th century and the first cricket matches are known to be organized by 1792, but was possibly played more than a decade earlier. In 1934 the Board of Control for Cricket in India of British India organized the Ranji Trophy which Bengal won in 1938-39 season.

Cricket in East Bengal[edit]

With the Partition of British India, Bengal was also partitioned, cricket was not officially played in East Bengal until 1954.

Cricket in East Pakistan[edit]

Between the 1954-55 and 1970-71 seasons, 10 East Pakistan first-class cricket teams teams from East Pakistan played in the Pakistan domestic cricket competitions, the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy and the Ayub Trophy.East Pakistan also played first-class matches against the touring Indians in 1954-55 and the MCC in 1955-56. Indians won on both occasions.

Bangladesh had staged first-class and even Test cricket when it was part of Pakistan. The Bangabandhu National Stadium in Dhaka was first used for Test cricket when Pakistan played India there in January 1955. It was used for numerous important matches, including Tests, right up to the declaration of independence in 1971. The MA Aziz Stadium in Chittagong also dates back to 1954 as a first-class venue but it was not used for Tests until Bangladesh played there in 2001.

Cricket in Bangladesh[edit]

The beginning of Bangladesh's own cricketing journey as an independent country in 1972 with the establishment of Bangladesh Cricket Control Board and a national level cricket tournament begun in 1974-75.

On 31 March 1986, Bangladesh played their first One Day International against Pakistan a full member of the International Cricket Council. Captained by Gazi Ashraf, Bangladesh were dismissed for 94 and Pakistan reached their target for victory with seven wickets in hand.

Bangladesh became a full member of the International Cricket Council on 26 June 2000[1] and the board officially changed its name to Bangladesh Cricket Board.

On 10–13 November 2000, Bangladesh played its inaugural Test Match v India in the Bangabandhu National Stadium. India won by 9 wickets.

The 2000-01 season saw the beginning of first-class domestic competition in Bangladesh, although the country had already staged first-class matches against touring teams in the previous year. The Green Delta National Cricket League was constituted as the first-class championship and the Ispahani Mirzapore Tea One-Day League as the premier limited overs competition. In 2000-01, both titles were won by Biman Bangladesh Airlines.

The National Cricket League had in fact been inaugurated in the 1999-2000 season but was not then first-class. In 2000-01, eight teams played 12 matches each in two groups. Group A consisted of Biman Bangladesh Airlines, Chittagong Division, Rajshahi Division and Dhaka Division. Group B had Dhaka Metropolis, Khulna Division, Barisal Division and Sylhet Division. Four teams qualified for a final stage in which they each played a further 8 games.

In 2001-02, Ispahani Mirzapore Tea became the sponsor of the National Cricket League in addition to the One-Day League.

National championships[edit]

National Cricket League winners[edit]

One-Day League winners[edit]

Leading players by season[edit]

The lists below give the leading first-class runscorers and wicket-takers in each domestic season.

Batsmen[edit]

Bowlers[edit]

International tours of Bangladesh[edit]

England A 1994-95[edit]

For information about this tour, see : England A cricket team in Bangladesh in 1994-95

West Indies 1998-99[edit]

England A 1999-2000[edit]

For information about this tour, see : England A cricket team in Bangladesh in 1999-2000

MCC 1999-2000[edit]

West Indies 1999-2000[edit]

India 2000-01[edit]

This tour featured the inaugural Test match by Bangladesh:

Pakistan 2001-02[edit]

Pakistan played 3 first-class matches, including 2 Tests; and 3 ListA limited overs internationals. Pakistan won the Test series convincingly, winning both matches by an innings:

Zimbabwe 2001-02[edit]

Zimbabwe played 2 Test matches and won the series 1-0 with one match drawn:

West Indies 2002-03[edit]

West Indies played 2 Test matches and 3 limited overs internationals. They won both the Test matches:

South Africa 2003[edit]

South Africa played 2 Test matches against Bangladesh and took part in a limited overs tri-series with Bangladesh and India. South Africa won the Test series against Bangladesh, winning both matches convincingly by an innings:

England 2003-04[edit]

England played 2 Tests and 3 limited overs internationals. They won the Test series against Bangladesh, winning both of the 2 matches :

India 2004-05[edit]

India played 2 Test matches and won both by an innings margin:

New Zealand 2004-05[edit]

This was New Zealand's first tour of Bangladesh. They played 2 Test matches and 3 limited over internationals. New Zealand won the Test series convincingly, winning both matches by an innings margin:

Zimbabwe 2004-05[edit]

For information about this tour, see : Zimbabwean cricket team in Bangladesh in 2004-05

Australia 2005-06[edit]

This was Australia's first tour of Bangladesh.

For information about this tour, see : Australian cricket team in Bangladesh in 2005-06

Kenya 2005-06[edit]

The Kenyans played a four-match series of limited overs internationals which Bangladesh won 4-0:

Sri Lanka 2005-06[edit]

For information about this tour, see : Sri Lankan cricket team in Bangladesh in 2005-06

Scotland 2006-07[edit]

For information about this tour, see : Scottish cricket team in Bangladesh in 2006-07

Zimbabwe 2006-07[edit]

For information about this tour, see : Zimbabwean cricket team in Bangladesh in 2006-07

India 2007[edit]

For information about this tour, see : Indian cricket team in Bangladesh in 2007


External sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 2006 (especially p. 1380-1386)

References[edit]