Indian general election, 1934

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Indian general election, 1934
British Raj
1930 ←
1934 → 1945

147 seats contested
  First party Second party
Leader Bhulabhai Desai Madhav Shrihari Aney
Seats won 42 12

General elections were held in British India in 1934. The Indian National Congress emerged as the largest party in the Central Legislative Assembly.[1]

The total electorate for the 1934 elections was 1,415,892, of which 1,135,899 were in contested constituencies. The total number of votes polled was 608,198. The election marked the first year in which Indian women were eligible to vote in any but a local election. Of the 81,602 enrolled women voters, 62,757 of whom were in contested constituencies, only 14,505 actually used the ballot.[2]


Out of the 51 general seats of the general constituencies, the Congress won 37 seats. The party also won 5 seats in the non-General constituencies.[3] A Congress splinter group, the Congress Nationalist Party, was the only other one to gain a significant number of seats. Most of the 30 Muslim constituencies elected independents to the Council, but within the Council, leadership of the independent Muslims was assumed by Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who, shortly after the election, resumed the leadership of the moribund Muslim League from which he had previously retired.[2] Of the 32 seats filled without a contest, twelve were in Muslim constituencies, eight in European constituencies, eight in general constituencies, three reserved for landholders and one reserved for commerce.[2]

Party Seats Leader
Indian National Congress 42 Bhulabhai Desai
Congress Nationalist Party 12 Madhav Shrihari Aney
Europeans 8 Sir Leslie Hudson
People's (Leading Separationists) Party 3
Independents 41 Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Appointed members 41
Total 147
Source: The Times[1] Schwartzberg Atlas

Membership by province

Province Europeans Independent Minor parties Congress
Assam 1 1 2 4
Ajmer-Merwara 1 1
Bengal 3 7 6 1 17
Bihar and Orissa 5 7 12
Bombay 2 8 1 5 16
Burma 1 3 4
Central Provinces 1 1 3 1 6
Delhi 1 1
Madras 1 4 10 1 16
North West Frontier Province 1 1
Punjab 8 3 1 12
United Provinces 1 6 8 1 16
Total 8 41 15 37 5 106

The party position in 1941 stood as follows:[4] Central Legislative Assembly

Party Seats
Indian National Congress 40
All-India Muslim League 25
Congress Nationalist Party 11
Non Party 25
Independents 10
Europeans 9
Officials 20
Total 140

Council of State

Party Seats
Independent Progressive Party 10
Indian National Congress 6
All-India Muslim League 6
Officials 20
Total 42

Members of Central Legislative Assembly[edit]


Nominated Members[edit]

  • Government of India: Sir Frank Noyce, Sir Nripendra Nath Sircar, Sir James Grigg, Sir Henry Craik, Muhammad Zafrulla Khan, P. R. Rau, Girija Shankar Bajpai, Sir Aubrey Metcalfe, G. R. F. Tottenham, A. G. Clow, A. H. Lloyd, A. S. Hands, G. H. Spence, H. Dow
  • Officials from Provinces: A. A. Venkatarama Ayyar (Madras), R. V. Krishna Ayyar (Madras), S. A. V. Acott (Bombay), Saiyid Aminuddin (Bombay), A. J. Dash (Bengal), Srimanta Kumar Das Gupta (Bengal), Shaikh Khurshaid Muhammad (Punjab), N. J. Roughton (Central Provinces), W. V. Grigson (Central Provinces), J. H. Hutton (Assam), L. Owen (United Provinces), J. F. Sale (United Provinces), Shyam Narayan Singh (Bihar & Orissa), R. M. MacDougall (Burma)
  • Special Interests: M. C. Rajah (Depressed Classes), Henry Gidney (Anglo-Indian), Dr. F. X. DeSouza (Indian Christians), L. C. Buss (Associated Chamber of Commerce), N. M. Joshi (Labour Interests)
  • Non-Officials from Provinces: Dr. R. D. Dalal (Bombay), Sir Satya Charan Mukherjee (Bengal), Sardar Jawahar Singh (Punjab), Ramaswami Srinivasa Sarma (Bihar & Orissa),

Elected Members[edit]

  • Ajmer-Merwara: Seth Bhagchand Soni
  • Assam: Kuladhar Chaliha (Assam Valley General), Nabin Chandra Bardoloi (Assam Valley General), Basanta Kumar Das (Surma Valley cum Shillong General), Abdul Matin Chaudhury (Muslim), C. H. Witherington (European)
  • Bengal: N. C. Chunder (Calcutta General), P. N. Banerjea (Calcutta Suburbs General), Amarendranath Chatterjee (Burdwan General), Pandit Lakshmi Kanta Maitra (Presidency General), Suryya Kumar Som (Dacca General), Akhil Chandra Datta (Chittagong & Rajshahi General), Sir Abdur Rahim (Calcutta & Suburbs Muslim), Haji Chowdhury Muhammad Ismail Khan (Burdwan & Presidency Muslim), Sir Abdul Halim Ghuznavi (Dacca-cum-Mymensingh Muslim), Anwarul Azim (Chittagong Muslim), Kabiruddin Ahmed (Rajshahi Muslim), T. Chapman Mortimer (European), A. Aikman (European), Dhirendra Kanta Lahiri Chaudhury (Landholders), Babu Baijnath Bajoria (Marwari Association)
  • Bihar & Orissa: Bhubananda Das (Orissa General), Nilakantha Das (Orissa General), Anugrah Narayan Sinha (Patna-cum-Shahabad General), Shri Krishna Sinha (Gaya-cum-Monghyr General), Bepin Bihari Verma (Muzaffarpur-cum-Champaran General), Kailash Bihari Lall (Bhagalpur, Purnea & Santhal districts General), Satya Narain Singh (Darbhanga cum Saran General), Raja Bahadur Harihar Prasad Narayan Sinha (Landholders)
  • Bombay: G. V. Deshmukh (Bombay City General), Sir Cowasji Jehangir (Bombay City General), Lalchand Navalrai (Sind General), Bhulabhai Desai (Bombay Northern General), Keshavrao Jedhe (Bombay Central General), Narhar Vishnu Gadgil (Bombay Central General), Muhammad Ali Jinnah (Bombay City Muslim), Abdullah Haroon (Sind Muslim), Hooseinbhoy A. Lalljee (Bombay Central Muslim), Homi Mody (Bombay Millowners' Association), Mathuradas Vissanji (Indian Merchants' Chamber & Bureau), Sir Ghulam Hidayatullah (Sind Jagirdars & Landholders), W. B. Hossack (European), Sir Leslie Hudson (European)
  • Burma: Dr. Thein Maung (General), U Ba Si (General), F. B. Leach (European)
  • Central Provinces: Narayan Bhaskar Khare (Nagpur), Seth Govind Das (Hindi Divisions), Ghanshyam Singh Gupta (Hindi Divisions), Khan Saheb Nawab Siddique Ali Khan (Muslim), Seth Sheodass Daga (Landholders)
  • Punjab: Lala Sham Lal (Ambala General), Bhai Parmanand (West Punjab General), Raizada Hans Raj (Jullundur General), Ghulam Bhik Nairang (East Punjab Muslim), K. L. Gauba (East Central Punjab Muslim), Zafar Ali Khan (East Central Punjab Muslim), H. M. Abdullah (West Central Punjab Muslim), Nawab Sahibzada Sayed Sir Muhammad Mehr Shah (North Punjab Muslim), Khan Bahadur Shaik Fazal-i-Haq Piracha (North-West Punjab Muslim), Khan Bahadur Nawab Makhdum Murid Hussain Qureshi (South West Punjab Muslim), Sardar Mangal Singh (East Punjab Sikh), Sardar Harbans Singh Brar (East Punjab Sikh), Sardar Sant Singh (West Punjab Sikh), M. Ghiasuddin (Landholders)
  • United Provinces: Bhagwan Das (UP Cities General), Choudhri Raghubir Narain Singh (Meerut General), Sri Krishna Dutta Paliwal (Agra General), Kunwar Raghubir Singh (Agra General), Govind Ballabh Pant (Rohilkund & Kumaon General), Sri Prakasa (Allahabad & Jhansi General), Krishna Kant Malaviya (Benaras & Gorakhpur General), Muhammad Yamin Khan (Agra Muslim), Maulvi Sir Muhammad Yakub (Rohilkund & Kumaon Muslim), Ziauddin Ahmad (UP Southern Muslim), Mohamed Azhar Ali (Lucknow & Fyzabad Muslim)


  1. ^ a b "Elections In India The New Delhi Assembly, Congress Party's Position", The Times, 10 December 1934, p15, Issue 46933
  2. ^ a b c "Major Elections, 1920–45". Schwartzberg Atlas. Digital South Asia Library. 
  3. ^ Schwartzberg Atlas
  4. ^ Constitutional Schemes and Political Development in India. p. 19. 
  5. ^ Reed, Stanley (1937). The Times of India Directory and Year Book Including Who's who. Bennett, Coleman & Company. 
  6. ^ "Assembly Passes Bengal Cr. L. A. Bill". Indian Express. 6 August 1934. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "A New Party for Assembly". The Indian Express. 21 September 1936. Retrieved 24 August 2013.