Indian general election, 1967

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Indian general election, 1967
1962 ←
17–21 February 1967 → 1971

All 520 seats in the Lok Sabha
261 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Indira Gandhi 1977.jpg Rajaji1939.jpg
Leader Indira Gandhi C. Rajagopalachari
Party INC Swatantra Party
Leader's seat Rae Bareli None
Seats won 283 44
Seat change Decrease78 Increase26
Percentage 40.78% 8.67%
Swing Decrease3.94% Increase0.78%

Prime Minister before election

Indira Gandhi

Elected Prime Minister

Indira Gandhi

The Indian general election of 1967 elected the 4th Lok Sabha of India and was held from 17 to 21 February. The 27 Indian states and union territories were represented by 520 single-member constituencies (an increase of 26).[1]

Under the leadership of Indira Gandhi, the Indian National Congress won a fourth consecutive term in power and over 54% of the seats, while no other party won more than 10% of the votes or seats. However, the INC's victory was significantly lower than the results they had achieved in the previous three elections under Jawaharlal Nehru. By 1967, economic growth in India had slowed – the 1961–1966 Five-Year Plan gave a target of 5.6% annual growth, but the actual growth rate was 2.4%. Under Lal Bahadur Shastri, the government's popularity was boosted after India prevailed in the 1965 War with Pakistan, but this war (along with the previous 1962 War with China) had helped put a strain on the economy. Internal divisions were emerging in the Indian National Congress and its two popular leaders Nehru and Shastri had both died. Indira Gandhi had succeeded Shastri as leader, but a rift had emerged between her and Deputy Prime Minister Morarji Desai, who had been her rival in the 1966 party leadership contest.[2]

The INC suffered significant losses in 7 states which included: Gujarat where INC won 11 out of 24 seats while Swatantra Party won 12 seats. Madras where INC won 3 out of 39 seats and DMK won 25 seats. Orissa where INC won 6 out of 20 seats and Swatantra Party won 8 seats. Rajasthan where INC won 10 out of 20 seats Swatantra Party won 8 seats. West Bengal where INC won 14 out of 40. Kerala where INC won only 1 out of 19. Delhi where INC won 1 out of 7 while remaining 6 were won by Bharatiya Jana Sangh.[1] The decline in support for Congress was also reflected by the fact it lost control of six state governments in the same year. The party's electoral losses led to Gandhi becoming assertive and opting for a series of choices that put her against the rest of the party establishment, eventually leading to a split in the party.


Results by Party[edit]

Lok Sabha elections 1967
Electoral participation: 61.04%
Code  % Won
(total 520)
Bharatiya Jana Sangh BJS 9,31 35
Communist Party of India CPI 5,11 23
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 4,28 19
Indian National Congress INC 40,78 283
Praja Socialist Party PSP 3,06 13
Samyukta Socialist Party SSP 4,92 23
Swatantra Party SP 8,67 44
Akali Dal – Master Tara Singh ADM 0,13 0
Akali Dal – Sant Fateh Singh ADS 0,66 3
All India Forward Bloc AIFB 0,43 2
Bangla Congress BC 0,83 5
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 3,79 25
Democratic National Conference DNC 0,02 0
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 0,28 2
Kerala Congress KC 0,22 0
Naga Nationalist Organisation NNO 0,00 0
Peasants and Workers Party of India PWPI 0,71 2
Republican Party of India RPI 2,47 1
United Goans (Furtado Group) UG(F) 0,00 0
United Goans (Sequiera Group) UG(S) 0,07 1
Jana Kranti Dal JKD 0,13 1
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference NC 0,14 1
Independents - 13,78 35
Nominated Anglo-Indians - - 2

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "General Election of India 1967, 4th Lok Sabha" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-01-13. 
  2. ^ "politics since independence". The Age. Jun 2, 1970. Retrieved 29 March 2014.