Indian general election, 1984

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Indian general election, 1984

← 1980 24, 27 & 28 December 1984[1] 1989 →

All 533 seats in the Lok Sabha
267 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
 
Leader Rajiv Gandhi N.T. Rama Rao
Party INC TDP
Alliance INC+
Leader's seat Amethi Did not contest
Seats won 426 30
Seat change Increase40 New party
Percentage 49.10% 4.31%
Swing Increase6.41% New party

Wahlergebnisse Indien 1984.svg

Prime Minister before election

Rajiv Gandhi
INC+

Subsequent Prime Minister

Rajiv Gandhi
INC+

Emblem of India.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
India

General elections were held in India in 1984 soon after the assassination of previous Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, though the vote in Assam and Punjab was delayed until 1985 due to ongoing fighting.

The election was won convincingly by the Indian National Congress of Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi), who claimed 414 seats in a 533-seat parliament, the majority being 267. The Telugu Desam Party of N. T. Rama Rao, a regional political party from the southern state of Andhra Pradesh, was the second largest party, winning 30 seats, thus achieving the distinction of becoming the first regional party to become a national opposition party. Till now, the record of 414 seats of Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha has not been broken by any other Indian political party. Votes happened straight after 1984 Sikh Genocide in November and most of India supported Congress.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Indian National Congress 115,478,520 47.87 414 61
Bharatiya Janata Party 18,202,600 7.74 2 New
Janata Party 16,210,514 6.89 10 –21
Lok Dal 14,040,064 5.97 3 New
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 13,809,950 5.87 22 –15
Telugu Desam Party 10,132,859 4.31 30 New
Communist Party of India 6,363,430 2.71 6 –4
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 5,695,179 2.42 2 –14
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 3,968,967 1.69 12 +10
Indian Congress (Socialist) 3,577,377 1.52 4 New
Indian Congress (J) 1,511,515 0.64 1 New
Revolutionary Socialist Party 1,173,869 0.50 3 –1
All India Forward Bloc 1,055,556 0.45 2 –1
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference 1,010,243 0.43 3 0
Indian Union Muslim League 658,821 0.28 2 0
Kerala Congress (Joseph) 598,113 0.25 2 New
Doordashi Party 508,426 0.22 0 New
Peasants and Workers Party of India 463,963 0.20 1 +1
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha 332,403 0.14 0 New
Kerala Congress 258,591 0.11 0 –1
All India Muslim League 224,155 0.10 0 0
Gandhi Kamraj National Congress 217,104 0.09 0 New
Socialist Unity Centre of India 196,767 0.08 0 0
Republican Party of India (Khobragade) 165,320 0.07 0 0
Manipur Peoples Party 149,019 0.06 0 0
Tamil Nadu Congress (K) 144,076 0.06 0 New
Naga National Democratic Party 113,919 0.05 0 New
Jammu & Kashmir Panthers Party 95,149 0.04 0 New
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party 83,122 0.04 0 –1
Peoples Party of Arunachal 78,455 0.03 0 0
Republican Party of India 22,877 0.01 0 0
Jharkhand Party 18,837 0.01 0 –1
Jammu & Kashmir People's Conference 646 0.00 0 New
Independents 18,623,803 7.92 5 –4
Invalid/blank votes 6,062,678
Total 241,246,887 100 514 –15
Registered voters/turnout 379,540,608 63.56
Source EIC

Delayed elections in Assam and Punjab[edit]

Party Acronym % of votes Seats
Congress (I) Congress(I) 32.14% 10
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 17.9 7
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 3.21% 0
Indian Congress (Socialist) IC(S) 3.18% 1
Janata Party JP 2.92% 0
Communist Party of India CPI 2.57% 0
Plain Tribals Council of Assam PTCA 2.15% 1
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1.83% 0
Lok Dal LD 0.32% 0
Independents - 33.78% 8
Total 100% 27


Above figures are combined Assam + Punjab Figures. Congress lost in Punjab to SAD.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1984 IPU