Indian general election, 1998

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Indian general election, 1998
India
← 1996 16 February, 22 February, and 28 February 1998 1999 →

All 545 seats in the Lok Sabha
273 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party Third party
  Atal Bihari Vajpayee 2002-06-12.jpg Hand INC.svg Inder Kumar Gujral 071.jpg
Leader Atal Bihari Vajpayee Sitaram Kesri I. K. Gujral
Party BJP INC Janata Dal
Alliance NDA INC+ UF
Leader's seat Lucknow Bihar
(Rajya Sabha)
Bihar
(Rajya Sabha)
Seats won 254 144 64
Seat change Increase25 Increase1 Decrease128
Popular vote 139,701,871 98,140,471
Percentage 37.21% 26.14% 11.74%
Swing Increase16.92% Decrease2.66% Decrease17.26%

Lok Sabha 1998.svg

Prime Minister before election

Inder Kumar Gujral
UF

Subsequent Prime Minister

Atal Bihari Vajpayee
NDA

General elections were held in India in 1998, after the government elected in 1996 collapsed and the 12th Lok Sabha was convened. New elections were called when Indian National Congress (INC) left the United Front government led by I.K. Gujral, after they refused to drop the regional Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party from the government after the DMK was linked by an investigative panel to Sri Lankan separatists blamed for the killing of Rajiv Gandhi.[1] The outcome of the new elections was also indecisive, with no party or alliance able to create a strong majority. Although the Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee regained his position of Prime Minister getting support from 286 members out of 545, the government collapsed again in late 1998 when the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, with its 18 seats, withdrew their support. This led to a vote-of-confidence motion in the parliament, where the government lost by 272-273 (1 vote) and thus leading to new general elections in 1999. It also marked the first time since independence that India's long-time governing party, the INC, failed to win majority two consecutive elections.

Turnout was 61.97%.

Results[edit]

Party Acronym Alliance % of votes Seats
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP NDA 25.59% 182
Indian National Congress INC Congress 25.82% 141
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) United Front 5.4% 32
Samajwadi Party SP 4.93% 20
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK NDA 1.83% 18
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Jan Morcha 2.78% 17
Telugu Desam Party TDP 2.77% 12
Samata Party SAP NDA 1.76% 12
Communist Party of India CPI United Front 1.75% 9
Biju Janata Dal BJD NDA 1% 9
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD NDA 0.81% 8
West Bengal Trinamool Congress WBTC NDA 2.42% 7
Janata Dal JD United Front 3.24% 6
Independents - 2.37% 6
Shiv Sena SS NDA 1.77% 6
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK United Front 1.44% 6
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Jan Morcha 4.67% 5
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP United Front 0.55% 5
Haryana Lok Dal (Rashtriya) HLD(R) 0.53% 4
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK NDA 0.42% 4
Republican Party of India RPI 0.37% 4
Tamil Maanila Congress TMC(M) United Front 1.4% 3
Lok Shakti LS NDA 0.69% 3
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhhagam MDMK NDA 0.44% 3
Jammu & Kashmir National Conference NC 0.21% 3
All India Forward Bloc AIFB United Front 0.33% 2
Muslim League Kerala State Committee MUL Congress 0.22% 2
Arunachal Congress AC 0.05% 2
Nominated Anglo-Indians - -% 2
All India Rashtriya Janata Party AIRJP Jan Morcha 0.56% 1
Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya) SJP(R) Jan Morcha 0.32% 1
Haryana Vikas Party HVP NDA 0.24% 1
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimen AIMIM 0.13% 1
All India Indira Congress (Secular) AIIC(S) United Front 0.12% 1
Janata Party JP NDA 0.12% 1
Kerala Congress (Mani) KC Congress 0.1% 1
United Minorities Front, Assam UMFA 0.1% 1
Peasants and Workers Party of India PWPI 0.07% 1
Autonomous State Demand Committee ASDC 0.05% 1
Manipur State Congress Party MSCP 0.05% 1
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 0.03% 1
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM Jan Morcha 0.36% 0
Asom Gana Parishad AGP United Front 0.29% 0
Hill Peoples' Democratic Party HPDP 0.2% 0
NTR Telugu Desam Party (Lakshmi Parvathi) NTRTDP(LP) NDA 0.1% 0
Kerala Congress KC United Front 0.09% 0
United Democratic Party UDP 0.06% 0
United Goans Democratic Party UGDP 0.04% 0
Manipur Peoples Party MPP 0.03% 0
Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party MGP 0.02% 0
Mizo National Front MNF NDA 0.02% 0
Total 100% 545

Summary[edit]

Alliance % of votes Seats
National Democratic Alliance 46.61% 254
Congress & allies 26.42% 144
United Front 11.74% 64
Jan Morcha 4.40% 24
Others 10.82% 59
Total 100% 545

Results by state[edit]

State Party Acronym Alliance Seats
Andhra Pradesh Indian National Congress INC INC+ 22
Telugu Desam Party TDP NDA 12
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 4
Others 0
Total 42
Assam Indian National Congress INC INC+ 10
Others 3
Total 13
Bihar Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 19
Samata Party NDA 10
Rashtriya Janata Dal 17
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 4
Others 4
Total 54
Gujarat Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 19
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 7
Total 26
Karnataka Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 13
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 9
Others 6
Total 28
Madhya Pradesh Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 30
Indian National Congress INC INC+ 10
Total 40
Maharashtra Indian National Congress INC INC+ 31
Republican Party of India RPI INC+ 6
Shiv Sena SS NDA 6
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 4
Total 48
Orissa Indian National Congress INC INC+ 4
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 16 (BJD+BJP = 9+7)
Others 1
Total 21
Rajasthan Indian National Congress INC INC+ 19
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 5
Others 1
Total 25
Tamil Nadu All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam ADMK NDA 18
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam DMK 5
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 3
Tamil Manila Congress 3
Others
Total
Uttar Pradesh Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 58
Samajwadi Party SP 19
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 4
Others
Total 85
West Bengal Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPM LF 24
Trinamool Congress TMC 7
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP LF 4
Communist party of India CPI LF 3
All India Forward Block AIFB 2
Bhartiya Janata Party BJP NDA 1
Others 1
Total 42

See also[edit]

References[edit]