Indian general election, 1998 (Tamil Nadu)

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Indian general election in Tamil Nadu, 1998
India
← 1996 February 1998 1999 →

39 seats
  First party Second party
  Flag of AIADMK.svg Flag DMK.svg
Leader J. Jayalalithaa M. Karunanidhi
Party AIADMK DMK
Alliance NDA UF
Seats won 30 9
Seat change Increase30 Decrease30
Popular vote 12,169,812 10,937,809
Percentage 45.08% 42.72%
Swing Increase42.18% Decrease12.24%

1998 tamil nadu lok sabha election map.png
1998 Election map (by constituencies)
Saffron = NDA and Red = UF

The Indian general election, 1998 polls in Tamil Nadu were held for 39 seats in the state. New elections were called when Indian National Congress (INC) left the United Front government led by I.K. Gujral, after they refused to drop the regional Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) party from the government after the DMK was linked by an investigative panel to Sri Lankan separatists blamed for the killing of Rajiv Gandhi.[1] The result was a landslide victory for the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) winning 29 seats, which helped result in Atal Bihari Vajpayee being sworn in as the 16th Prime Minister of India. J. Jayalalithaa and the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, broke off from their long alliance with Indian National Congress and formed an alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party, by joining the National Democratic Alliance. This state proved to be very important in determining the prime minister, since the 18 seats of ADMK proved valuable for BJP to hold power. That was short-lived, since the ADMK left the alliance in less than a year, and BJP lost the vote of confidence resulting in fresh elections being called.

Seat allotments[edit]

Source: Frontline [2]

United Front[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Tamil Maanila Congress G.K. Moopanar 20
2. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 17
3. Communist Party of India 2
  • Note: Even though CPI(M) originally wanted to contest in support of the United Front, it decided to contest alone when only 1 seat (Coimbatore) was offered. After the fallout, CPM wanted to contest 6 seats in Tamil Nadu on its own, but eventually only contested 2 seats and decided to support DMK-TMC front in the other 37 seats. This was done to keep out the possibility of any vote splitting that might result in NDA gaining seats.[3]

National Democratic Alliance[edit]

Source: Indian Express[4]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam J.Jayalalithaa 23
2. Pattali Makkal Katchi Dr. Ramdoss 5
3. Bharatiya Janata Party K.N. Laxmanan 5
4. Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam No flag.svg Vaiko 5
5. Janata Party No flag.svg Subramanian Swamy 1
Unregistered party, whose candidate ran as an independent
6. Thamizhaga Rajiv Congress No flag.svg Vazhappady K. Ramamurthy 1

Congress alliance[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Indian National Congress 35
2. MGR Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam Su. Thirunavukkarasar 3
3. United Communist Party of India Tha. Pandian 1

Voting and results[edit]

Results by Alliance[edit]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left
Election Map (Results reflected as %seats won by districts)
  ADMK-BJP alliance won all the seats in this district

  ADMK-BJP alliance won 67% of the seats (Vellore)

  DMK-TMC-CPI alliance won all the seats in this district
e • d Summary of the 1998 February Lok Sabha election results in the state of Tamil Nadu
Sources: Election Commission of India[5]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular vote Vote % Adj. %
NDA 30 +30 12,272,434 47.9%
AIADMK 18 +18 6,731,550 26.3% 46.9%
PMK 4 +4 1,548,976 6.0% 47.9%
BJP 3 +3 1,757,645 6.9%
MDMK 3 +3 1,602,504 6.3% 45.8%
JP 1 +1 266,202 1.0% 40.5%
IND 1 +1 365,557 1.4% 55.5%
UF 9 -30 10,937,809 42.7%
DMK 5 -12 5,140,266 20.1% 43.6%
TMC(M) 3 -17 5,169,183 20.2% 41.6%
CPI 1 -1 628,360 2.5%
INC+ 0 1,511,444 5.9%
INC 0 1,223,102 4.8%
MADMK 0 278,324 1.1% 14.2%
UCPI 0 10,018 0.03% 1.6%
Others 0 984,733 3.8%
CPI(M) 0 161,452 0.6%
IND 0 265,029 1.0%
Total 39 25,603,798 100%

†: Seat change represents seats won in terms of the current alliances, which is considerably different from the last election.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate in Tamil Nadu that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.


List of Elected MPs[edit]

Sl.No. Constituency Winner Party Alliance Margin Runner-up Party
1 Chennai North C. Kuppusami DMK UF 69,093 R. T. Sabapathy Mohan MDMK
2 Chennai Central Murasoli Maranc DMK UF 71,727 D. Jayakumar ADMK
3 Chennai South T. R. Baaluc DMK UF 20,014 K. Jana Krishnamurthy BJP
4 Sriperumbudur K. Venugopal ADMK NDA 23,795 T. Nagarathinam DMK
5 Chengalpattu Kanchi Panneerselvam ADMK NDA 22,916 K. Parasuraman DMK
6 Arakkonam C. Gopal ADMK NDA 49,488 A. M. Velu TMC(M)
7 Vellore N. T. Shanmugam PMK NDA 26,405 T. A. Mohammad Saqhy DMK
8 Tiruppattur D. Venugopalc DMK UF 274 S. Krishnamoorthy ADMK
9 Vandavasi M. Durai PMK NDA 65,075 L. Balaraman TMC(M)
10 Tindivanam N. Ramachandran Gingee MDMK NDA 31,453 G. Venkataraman DMK
11 Cuddalore M. C. Dhamodaran ADMK NDA 27,129 P. R. S. Venkatesan TMC(M)
12 Chidambaram R. Elumalai PMK NDA 7,955 V. Ganesan DMK
13 Dharmapuri K. Pary Mohan PMK NDA 99,427 P. Theertharaman TMC(M)
14 Krishnagiri K. P. Munisamy ADMK NDA 49,349 D. R. Rajaram Naidu TMC(M)
15 Rasipuram V. Saroja ADMK NDA 54,377 K. Kandasamy TMC(M)
16 Salem Vazhappady Ramamurthy IND/TRC NDA 135,880 R. Devadass TMC(M)
17 Tiruchengode K. Palaniswamy ADMK NDA 104,809 K. P. Ramalingam DMK
18 Nilgiris M. Master Mathan BJP NDA 60,385 S. R. Balasubramanian TMC(M)
19 Gobichettipalayam V. K. Chinnasamy ADMK NDA 114,642 N. Ramasamy DMK
20 Coimbatore C. P. Radhakrishnan BJP NDA 144,676 K. R. Subbian DMK
21 Pollachi M. Thiyagarajan ADMK NDA 95,401 Kovai Thangam TMC(M)
22 Palani A. Ganeshamurthi MDMK NDA 27,437 S. K. Kaarvendhan TMC(M)
23 Dindigul Dindigul C. Sreenivasan ADMK NDA 15,199 N. S. V. Chithan TMC(M)
24 Madurai Subramanian Swamy JP NDA 20,897 A. G. S. Rambabu TMC(M)
25 Periyakulam R. Muthiah ADMK NDA 70,580 R. Gandhimathy DMK
26 Karur M. Thambidurai ADMK NDA 43,673 K. Natrayan TMC(M)
27 Tiruchirappalli Rangarajan Kumaramangalam BJP NDA 11,455 L. Adaikalaraj TMC(M)
28 Perambalur Rajarethinam ADMK NDA 60,436 A. Raja DMK
29 Mayiladuturai K. Krishnamoorthy TMC UF 42,456 P. D. Arulmozhi PMK
30 Nagapattinam M. Selvarasu CPI UF 131,303 K. Gopal ADMK
31 Thanjavur S. S. Palanimanickamc DMK UF 48,204 L. Ganesan MDMK
32 Pudukkottai Raja Paramasivam ADMK NDA 30,520 P. N. Siva DMK
33 Sivaganga P. Chidambaramc TMC UF 59,141 K. Kalimuthu ADMK
34 Ramanathapuram V. Sathiamoorthy ADMK NDA 24,092 S. P. Udayappan TMC(M)
35 Sivakasi Vaiko MDMK NDA 134,923 V. Alagirisamy CPI
36 Tirunelveli M. R. Kadambur Janarthanan ADMK NDA 6,904 R. Sarath Kumar DMK
37 Tenkasi S. Murugesan ADMK NDA 97,267 M. Arunachalam TMC(M)
38 Tiruchendur Ramarajan ADMK NDA 46,855 R. Dhanushkodi Adithan TMC(M)
39 Nagercoil N. Dennisc TMC UF 29,185 Pon. Radhakrishnan BJP

c-indicates sitting/incumbent M.P. from previous Lok Sabha (1996–1998)

Post-election Union Council of Ministers from Tamil Nadu[edit]

Source: The Tribune[6][7]

Cabinet Ministers[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
Rangarajan Kumaramangalam BJP Tiruchirappalli Minister of Power and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
M. Thambidurai AIADMK Karur Minister of Law, Justice, and Company Affairs
R. Muthiah AIADMK Periyakulam Minister of Surface Transport
Vazhappady Ramamurthy TRC Salem Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas
  • Note: R. Muthiah resigned in just 20 days in office, due to his assets coming into question by the high court in Madras.[8] In a year, cabinet ministers M. Thambidurai resigned along with M.R. Janarthanam, who was the replacement of R. Muthiah, as part of AIADMK's withdrawal from NDA, to start up fresh elections in 1999. Vazhappady Ramamurthy also refused to quit his cabinet ministership, and quit his relationship with AIADMK while keeping its relationship with NDA.[6]

Ministers of State (Independent charge)[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
Dalit Elumalai PMK Chidambaram Minister of Health and Family Welfare

Ministers of State[edit]

Minister Party Lok Sabha Constituency/Rajya Sabha Portfolios
M. R. Kadambur Janarthanan AIADMK Tirunelveli Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension
R. K. Kumar AIADMK Rajya Sabha (Tamil Nadu) Minister of Finance

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P2-757497.html
  2. ^ Of Polls and Prediction
  3. ^ Piqued CPM to stay away from Front in TN
  4. ^ Jaya grabs the lions share in TN
  5. ^ "ECI: Statistical Report 1998" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  6. ^ a b http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/mar/19bjp.htm
  7. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/mar/20bjp1.htm
  8. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/1998/apr/08muth.htm

External links[edit]