Indian immigration to Mexico
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4,113 India-born residents (2015)|
Unknown number of Mexicans of Indian descent
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Asian Mexicans, Indian diaspora|
The first Indians arrived in Mexico during the colonial era. During this period, thousands of Asians arrived via the Manila galleons, some of them as slaves termed "chinos" or "indios chinos" (literally Chinese, regardless of actual ethnicity). The first record of an Asian in Mexico is from 1540; an enslaved cook originating from Calicut. The best known "china" was Catarina de San Juan, a girl captured by Portuguese slave traders in Cochin.
In 1923, immigration of ethnic Indians was secretly prohibited. The ban was kept confidential in order to avoid diplomatic problems with the British Empire. This ban, along with similar bans based on ethnicity, was eliminated by a 1947 law that prohibited racial discrimination.
Most of the Indians in Mexico are recent arrivals in the country and almost all of them have settled in Mexico City.[unreliable source?] Mexico has a non-discriminatory policy with regard to the grant of its citizenship. The spouse of a Mexican national would generally not face any problem in acquiring local citizenship. Although a few of the NRIs have married Mexicans, they have retained their Indian citizenship.
The Indians in this country are mainly businessmen or professionals. Many of them work with one or other international organization or a multinational corporation. There are also some academicians and scientists among them. They have helped to bring about greater mutual understanding between India and their host country. Some of the Indians work for "ISPAT Mexicana" which is part of the Laxmi Mittal group, well known in this region for having turned around a sinking steel company in Trinidad. The Indian presence in Mexico has been greatly appreciated as fifty other business ventures have invested around US$1.58 billion in the country around 1994 to 2000.
Indian culture in Mexico
The main Indian community organisation is the Indian Women's Association of Mexico (IWAM)in Mexico City. It celebrates important festivals and organises cultural programmes. A Sai Baba temple, a Vaishnav temple, and a Gurudwara have also been constructed by Sangam Organisation in Mexico City.
- Manabendra Nath Roy – Founder of the Mexican Communist Party
- Rajagopal (professor and researcher) – expert in business and marketing at Tec de Monterrey
- Sanjaya Rajaram – Agronomist; creator of 480 types of wheat
- Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje – One of the founding fathers of the Ghadar Party
- Catarina de San Juan (Mirra) – Girl brought to colonial Mexico as a slave; the "China Poblana"
- "International Migration Database". OECD. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
Country of birth/nationality: India, Variable: Stock of foreign population by nationality
- Oropeza Keresey, Déborah. "La esclavitud asiática en el virreinato de la Nueva España, 1565-1673". Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
- FitzGerald, David Scott; Cook-Martín, David (2014). Culling the Masses. Harvard University Press. p. 220. ISBN 0674729048. Retrieved 24 December 2015.
- Rajput, Gopichand (21 December 2009). "Pakistan Hindu Post (PHP): Hinduism in Mexico". Pakistanhindupost.blogspot.com. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- "India-Mexico Relations". Indian Ministry of External Affairs. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.