List of Indian independence activists

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This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against colonial rule on the Indian sub-continent.

The Indian independence movement consisted of efforts by individuals and organizations from a wide spectrum of philosophies to obtain political independence from British, French and Portuguese rule through the use of a variety of methods.

Post-Independence, "Freedom fighter" is an officially recognised category by the Indian government covering those who took part in the movement; people in this category (can also include dependant family members)[1] get pensions and other benefits like special railway counters.[2]


Name Birth Death Activity
King Alagumuthukonar 1710 King veraAlagumuthu Servaikara Konar was an early freedom fighter against the British presence in South India. He was born in Kattalankulam village in Tirunelveli district of present day Tamil Nadu. He became a Kattalankulam King and military leader in the town of Ettayapuram,and was defeated in battle there against the British forces and executed in 1759.
Siraj ud-Daulah 1733 1757 Fought against British troops on Battle of Plassey in 1757. He was the last independent Nawab of Bengal under Indian Mughal Empire. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company rule over Bengal, later India with almost all of the Indian subcontinent.
Maruthanayagam 1725 1764 Fought with British troops on Madurai Fort in 1764.
Puli Thevar 1715 1767 Involved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot who was supported by the British. Later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s.
Raghunath Mahato 1738 1778 Fought against British East India Company in 1769 in Jangal Mahal.
Tilka Manjhi Fought against British East India Company in 1784 in Bhagalpur, Bihar.
Rani Velu Nachiyar 1730 1796 Was a queen of Sivaganga estate from c. 1780–1790. She was the first queen to fight against the British and won the war and retained the land from the British in 1757. Moreover, she pardoned the British general and made him to run to save his life.
Veerapandiya Kattabomman 1760 1799 18th-century Palayakarrar and chieftain from Panchalankurichi in Tamil Nadu. He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and waged a war against them. He was captured by the British and was hanged at Kayathar on 16 October 1799.
Maruthu Pandiyar 1748 & 1753 1801 First to issue a proclamation of independence from the colonial British rule from Trichy Thiruvarangam Temple, Tamil Nadu.
Dheeran Chinnamalai 1756 1805 Dheeran Chinnamalai was one of the main commanders in the Polygar Wars in western Tamilnadu. Chinnamalai engaged in guerrilla warfare and defeated the British in battles at Cauvery in 1801, Odanilai in 1802 and Arachalur in 1804.
Tipu Sultan 1750 1799 He was one of the few South Indian kings to provide stiff resistance to British imperialism and sowed the seed of Indian independence in the hearts of generation to follow. He is applauded as a ruler who fought against British colonialism.
Tirot Sing 1802 1835 Fought against British attempt to take over the Khasi Hills.
Ahmadullah Shah 1787 1857 Leader of various battles for freedom like Battle of Chinhat, Siege of Lucknow, Capture of Lucknow, Chapati Movement.
Mangal Pandey 1827 1857 Early martyr of Indian rebellion. Pandey was a soldier of the British Indian army, but rebelled against it. He was executed on 8 April 1857 in Barrackpore.
V. O. Chidambaram Pillai 1872 1936 He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, competing against British ships.
Subramania Bharati 1882 1921 Wrote many fiery songs kindling patriotism and nationalism during Indian Independence movement.
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Leader of the Rampa Rebellion of 1922–1924.
Bhagat Singh 1907 1931 Worked with several revolutionary organisations and became prominent in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).
Aruna Asaf Ali 1909 1996 She is widely remembered for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay during the Quit India Movement, 1942.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma 1918 2016 Joined Quit India Movement in 1942. Hon. General Secretary of GSB (Gandhian Satyagraha Brigade). Founder of Transparency International India. Sharma's team was known as Gandhian Seva Brigade.
Tanguturi Prakasam 1872 1957 Pantulu was an Indian politician and freedom fighter, chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines. He was also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra). The Andhra Pradesh government declared his birth anniversary a state festival.
Khudiram Bose 1889 1908 Bose planted bombs near British government officials and police stations. Due to his activities against the British, he was arrested and hanged. At the time of his hanging, he was 18 years, 8 months 8 days old, making him one of the youngest revolutionaries in India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad 1906 1931 Azad ("The Free"), was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.
Chittaranjan Das 1869 1925 Das founded the Swaraj party in Bengal, became leader in Non-cooperation Movement in Bengal.
Komaram Bheem 1901 1940 Bheem was a tribal leader who fought for the liberation of Hyderabad.
Ram Prasad Bismil 1897 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Udham Singh 1899 1940 Shooting in Caxton Hall.
Hemu Kalani 1923 1943 Sabotage of railway track.
Ashfaqulla Khan 1900 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Sachindra Bakshi 1904 1984 Kakori conspiracy
Manmath Nath Gupta 1908 2000 Kakori conspiracy
Vasudev Balwant Phadke 1845 1883 Deccan Rebellion
Matangini Hazra 1870 1942 Active member of Quit India Movement, shot dead by British at the age of 71.
Anant Laxman Kanhere 1891 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson.
Vanchinathan 1886 1911 Shooting of British Collector/District Magistrate Robert William Escourt Ashe.
Krishnaji Gopal Karve 1887 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson.
Ganesh Damodar Savarkar 1879 1945 Armed movement against the British.
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar 1883 1966 Father of Hindu Nationalism, was jailed at Cellular Jail in 1911.[3]
Bagha Jatin 1879 1915 The Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case, Indo-German Conspiracy.
Batukeshwar Dutt 1910 1965 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929.
Sukhdev Thapar 1907 1931 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929
Shivaram Rajguru 1908 1931 Murder of a British police officer J. P. Saunders.
Roshan Singh 1892 1927 Kakori conspiracy, Bamrauli Action
Prabhavati Devi 1906 1973 Gandhian leader. Wife of Jayaprakash Narayan.
Pritilata Waddedar 1911 1932 Pahartali European Club attack
Jatindra Nath Das 1904 1929 Hunger strike and Lahore conspiracy case
Durgawati Devi 1907 1999 Running the bomb factory.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra 1904 1930 Philosophy of the Bomb
Madan Lal Dhingra 1883 1909 Assassination of Curzon Wyllie.
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Rampa Rebellion of 1922
Kushal Konwar 1905 1943 Train sabotage at Sarupathar.
Surya Sen 1894 1934 President of Indian National Congress Chittagong Branch, mastermind of Chittagong armoury raid.
Ananta Singh 1903 1979 Chittagong armoury raid
Ganesh Ghosh 1900 1994 Chittagong armoury raid
Sri Aurobindo 1872 1950 Alipore bomb case
Rash Behari Bose 1886 1945 Indian National Army
Ubaidullah Sindhi 1872 1944 Silk Letter Conspiracy
Lokenath Bal 1908 1964 Chittagong armoury raid
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee 1895 1969 Kakori conspiracy
Baikuntha Shukla 1907 1934 Assassination of Phanindra Nath Ghosh, a British government approver.
Ambika Chakrabarty 1892 1962 Chittagong armoury raid
Badal Gupta 1912 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Dinesh Gupta 1911 1931 Attack at Writers Building
Benoy Basu 1908 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Rajendra Lahiri 1901 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Barindra Kumar Ghosh 1880 1959 Alipore bomb case
Prafulla Chaki 1888 1908 The Muzaffarpur killing.
Ullaskar Dutta 1885 1965 Alipore bomb case
Bhupendra Kumar Datta 1892 1979 Member of Anushilan Samiti.
Ramesh Chandra Jha 1925 1994 Sugauli police station robbery.
Hemchandra Kanungo 1871 1951 Alipore bomb case
Surendranath Tagore 1872 1940 Involved in the Swadeshi movement in Bengal, in opposition to the 1905 partition of Bengal.
Basawon Singh (Sinha) 1909 1989 Lahore conspiracy case
Bhavabhushan Mitra 1881 1970 Ghadar Mutiny
Bina Das 1911 1986 Attempted to assassinate the Bengal Governor Stanley Jackson.
Kalpana Datta 1913 1995 Indian Independence Movement, also part of the Chittagong armoury raid planning.
Kartar Singh Sarabha 1896 1915 Most famous accused in the Lahore conspiracy trial.
Shyamji Krishna Varma 1857 1930 Founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and "The Indian Sociologist" in London.
Subhas Chandra Bose 1897 1945 Founded the Indian Legion and revamped the Indian National Army.
Binod Bihari Chowdhury 1911 2013 Chittagong armoury raid
Bhupendranath Datta 1880 1961 Indo-German Conspiracy, member of Anushilan Samiti.
Amarendranath Chatterjee 1880 1957 Indo-German Conspiracy
Atulkrishna Ghosh 1890 1966 Indo-German Conspiracy
Subodh Roy 1916 2006 Chittagong armoury raid, Tebhaga movement
Maulvi Liaquat Ali 1812 1892 Captured Khusro Bagh in Allahabad and declared "independence" of India.
Asaf Ali 1888 1953 Indian national movement
Rani of Jhansi 19 November 1828, Varanasi 18 June 1858, Gwalior Rani Laxmi Bhai was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869 1948 Was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Jawahar Lal Nehru 1889 1964 First prime minister of India, a paramount leader of Indian independence under the tutelage of M. K. Gandhi
S. Satyamurti 1887 1943 Mayor of Madras, President of the Madras District Congress Party Committee, Advocate of the High Court of Madras, Senior Advocate of the Federal Court of India, Deputy leader of the Congress party, Member of the Indian Legislative Assembly.[4]
Shaukat Ali 1873 1938 Maulana, "Shaukat Ali", his brother "Mohammad Ali" and their mother "Bi Amman", played an incredible role in the freedom movement of India against the British Imperialism. These brave freedom fighters were unmitigated champions of Hindu-Muslim unity who endorsed the Hindus and the Muslims to fight together in the struggle for independence from the British forgetting their religious feelings and thinking only they are Indians, they were the ambassadors of Hindu-Muslim Unity. They were arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his support to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919–1922).[5]
Sushila Chain Trehan 1923 2011 Leading member of Arya Samaj who fought for women's rights.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak 1856 1920 Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj ("self-rule") and a strong radical in Indian consciousness.
Bipin Chandra Pal 1858 1932 Member of Swaraj
Lala Lajpat Rai 1865 1928 Member of Swaraj
Alekh Patra 1923 1999 Member of Congress, sarvodaya, He participated in the freedom movement at the age of about 18. During the course of freedom struggle, he along with his friends, burnt down the police station of Nimapada in protest of British Raj. During this event, there was police firing and one of his close associate and friend died on the spot. He survived and was arrested and put in Puri Jail. He continued his underground struggle against the colonialism. He went to Calcutta and worked there as a domestic help, in some rich person's house,[vague] keeping his underground works running.

But he could not stay long there as he wanted to fight openly with Acharya Harihar, Gopabandhu Das etc., and on request of his friends, he was came back to Odisha. He was caught at the Puri Railway station when he arrived back from Kolkota, and again put into jail. Inside the jail, he practicised cotton spinning to produce his own clothing, cleaning up of toilets to maintain a hygienic environment, do daily group prayer and follow other instructions of Gandhiji. After being released from the jail, he went to Wardha to get training on Swaraj, home rule and other Sarvodaya works. Babu Tilak Yadav


  1. ^ PTI (18 August 2016). "Pension of freedom fighters hiked by Rs 5,000". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  2. ^ Lisa Mitchell (2009). Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India: The Making of a Mother Tongue. Indiana University Press. p. 193. ISBN 0-253-35301-7.
  3. ^ Lise McKean (15 May 1996). Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement. University of Chicago Press. p. 94. ISBN 978-0-226-56010-6.
  4. ^ S, SATYAMURTI; Indian Political Leader, 56, Long Active in Civil Disobedience, NYTimes (subscription required)
  5. ^ Brief History of Shaukat Ali,[1], [2]