List of Indian independence activists

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This is a listing of people who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against colonial rule on the Indian sub-continent.

The Indian independence movement consisted of efforts by individuals and organizations from a wide spectrum of philosophies to obtain political independence from British, French and Portuguese rule through the use of a variety of methods.

Post-Independence, "Freedom fighter" is an officially-recognised category by the Indian government covering those who took part in the movement; people in this category (can also include dependant family members)[1] get pensions and other benefits like special railway counters.[2]

Activists[edit]

Name Birth Death Activity Source
Maruthanayagam 1725 1764 Fought with British troops on Madurai Fort in 1764
Puli Thevar 1715 1767 Involved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot who was supported by the British. Later rebelled against the British in the late 1750s and early 1760s
Maruthu Pandiyar 1748 & 1753 1801 First to issue a proclamation of independence from the colonial British rule from Trichy Thiruvarangam Temple, Tamil Nadu
V. O. Chidambaram Pillai 1872 1936 He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, competing against British ships
Subramania Bharati 1882 1921 wrote many fiery songs kindling patriotism and nationalism during Indian Independence movement
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Leader of the Rampa Rebellion of 1922-1924
Bhagat Singh 1907 1931 Worked with several revolutionary organisations and became prominent in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA)
Shambhu Dutt Sharma 1918 2016 Joined quit India movement in 1942. Hon. General Secretary of GSB (Gandhian Satyagraha Brigade). Founder of Transparency International India. Sharma's team was known as Gandhian Seva Brigade. Against corruption in present day India
Tanguturi Prakasam 1872 1957 Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (23 August 1872 – 20 May 1957) was an Indian politician and freedom fighter, chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines. He was also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra). The Andhra Pradesh government issued G.O on 10 August 2014 declaring his birth anniversary a state festival.
Khudiram Bose 1889 1908 The Muzaffarpur killing, One of the youngest revolutionaries in the India. At the time of his hanging, he was 18 years, 8 months 8 days old
Chandra Shekhar Azad 1906 1931 23 July 1906 – 27 February 1931), popularly known as Azad ("The Free"), was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.
Chittaranjan Das 1869 1925 founder of Swaraj party in Bengal, leader in Non-cooperation Movement from Bengal
Komaram Bheem 1901 1940 Komaram Bheem (22 October 1901 – 8 October 1940) was a tribal leader who fought against the Asaf Jahi Dynasty for the liberation of Hyderabad. Komaram Bheem openly fought against the ruling Nizam government in a guerrilla campaign. He defied courts, laws, and any other form of Nizam authority, living off the sustenance of the forest. He took up arms against Nizam Nawab's soldiers, and fought Babi Jhari until his last breath. His life history was written originally by the comrade leader of Telangana Rebellion, Puchalapalli Sundariah.
Ram Prasad Bismil 1897 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Udham Singh 1899 1940 Shooting in Caxton Hall
Hemu Kalani 1923 1943 Sabotage of railway track
Ashfaqulla Khan 1900 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Sachindra Bakshi 1904 1984 Kakori conspiracy
Manmath Nath Gupta 1908 2000 Kakori conspiracy
Vasudev Balwant Phadke 1845 1883 Deccan Rebellion
Anant Laxman Kanhere 1891 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson
Vanchinathan 1886 1911 Shooting of British Collector/District Magistrate Robert William Escourt Ashe
Krishnaji Gopal Karve 1887 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson
Ganesh Damodar Savarkar 1879 1945 Armed movement against the British
Vinayak Damodar Savarkar 1883 1966 Father of Hindu Nationalism Was jailed at Cellular Jail in 1911
Bagha Jatin 1879 1915 The Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case, Indo-German Conspiracy
Batukeshwar Dutt 1910 1965 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929
Sukhdev Thapar 1907 1931 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929
Shivaram Rajguru 1908 1931 Murder of a British police officer J. P. Saunders
Roshan Singh 1892 1927 Kakori conspiracy, Bamrauli Action
Pritilata Waddedar 1911 1932 Pahartali European Club attack
Jatindra Nath Das 1904 1929 Hunger strike and Lahore conspiracy case
Durgawati Devi 1907 1999 Running the bomb factory 'Himalayan Toilets'
Bhagwati Charan Vohra 1904 1930 Philosophy of the Bomb
Madan Lal Dhingra 1883 1909 Assassination of Curzon Wyllie
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Rampa Rebellion of 1922
Kushal Konwar 1905 1943 Train sabotage at Sarupathar
Surya Sen 1894 1934 President of Indian National Congress Chittagong Branch, mastermind of Chittagong armoury raid
Ananta Singh 1903 1979 Chittagong armoury raid
Ganesh Ghosh 1900 1994 Chittagong armoury raid
Sri Aurobindo 1872 1950 Alipore bomb case
Rash Behari Bose 1886 1945 Indian National Army
Ubaidullah Sindhi 1872 1944 Silk Letter Conspiracy
Lokenath Bal 1908 1964 Chittagong armoury raid
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee 1895 1969 Kakori conspiracy
Baikuntha Shukla 1907 1934 Assassination of Phanindra Nath Ghosh, a government Approver
Ambika Chakrabarty 1892 1962 Chittagong armoury raid
Badal Gupta 1912 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Dinesh Gupta 1911 1931 Attack at Writers Building
Benoy Basu 1908 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Rajendra Lahiri 1901 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Barindra Kumar Ghosh 1880 1959 Alipore bomb case
Prafulla Chaki 1888 1908 The Muzaffarpur killing
Ullaskar Dutta 1885 1965 Alipore bomb case
Bhupendra Kumar Datta 1892 1979 Member of Anushilan Samiti
Ramesh Chandra Jha 1925 1994 Sugauli police station robbery
Hemchandra Kanungo 1871 1951 Alipore bomb case
Basawon Singh (Sinha) 1909 1989 Lahore conspiracy case
Bhavabhushan Mitra 1881 1970 Ghadar Mutiny
Bina Das 1911 1986 Attempted to assassinate the Bengal Governor Stanley Jackson
Kalpana Datta 1913 1995 Indian Independence Movement, also part of the Chittagong armoury raid planning
Kartar Singh Sarabha 1896 1915 Most famous accused in the Lahore conspiracy trial
Shyamji Krishna Varma 1857 1930 Founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and The Indian Sociologist in London.
Subhas Chandra Bose 1897 1945 Founder of the Indian National Army. He also collaborated with the Nazis.
Binod Bihari Chowdhury 1911 2013 Chittagong armoury raid
Bhupendranath Datta 1880 1961 Indo-German Conspiracy, member of Anushilan Samiti
Amarendranath Chatterjee 1880 1957 Indo-German Conspiracy
Atulkrishna Ghosh 1890 1966 Indo-German Conspiracy
Subodh Roy 1916 2006 Chittagong armoury raid, Tebhaga movement
Maulvi Liaquat Ali 1812 1892 Captured Khusro Bagh in Allahabad and declared "independence" of India
Gopaldas Mavji Purecha Als. Manvendranath Azad 1914 1982 Pioneering the Non-Cooperation Movement and Quit India Moment,1942 Planted Bomb in Military Camp at Pune,Arrested by British Police and were convicted by court
Asaf Ali 1888 1953 Indian national movement
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869 1948 Was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. He is also known The Father of The Nation
Jawahar Lal Nehru 1889 1964 First prime minister of India, a paramount leader of Indian independence under the tutelage of M.K.Gandhi
S. Satyamurti 1887 1943 Mayor of Madras, President of the Madras District Congress Party Committee, Advocate of the High Court of Madras, Senior Advocate of the Federal Court of India, Deputy leader of the Congress party, Member of the Indian Legislative Assembly [3]
Shaukat Ali 1873 1938 He had taken birth in 1873 in Rampur state which is now famous city of Uttar Pradesh. He had completed his education from Aligarh Muslim University.Shaukat Ali served in the civil service of the United Provinces of Oudh and Agra from 1896 to 1913 for 17 years in British India. Maulana ,"Shaukat Ali", his brother "Mohammad Ali" and their mother "Bi Amman", has played a incredible role in the freedom movement of India against the British Imperialism.These brave freedom fighters were unmitigated champions of Hindu-Muslim unity who endorsed the Hindus and the Muslims to fight together in the struggle for independence from the British forgetting their religious feelings and thinking only they are Indians,they were the ambassadors of Hindu-Muslim Unity.They were arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his support to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919–1922).[4]
Sushila Chain Trehan 1923 2011 Leading member of Arya Samaj who fought for women's rights
Lokmanya Tilak 1856 1920 Father of civil unrest in India

References[edit]

  1. ^ PTI (2016-08-18). "Pension of freedom fighters hiked by Rs 5,000". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 2017-02-23. 
  2. ^ Lisa Mitchell (2009). Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India: The Making of a Mother Tongue. Indiana University Press. p. 193. ISBN 0-253-35301-7. 
  3. ^ S, SATYAMURTI; Indian Political Leader, 56, Long Active in Civil Disobedience, NYTimes (subscription required)
  4. ^ Brief History of Shaukat Ali,[1], [2]