Indian local government response to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic

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The Indian state governments have responded to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic India with various declarations of emergency, closure of institutions and public meeting places, and other restrictions intended to contain the spread of the virus.

State level regulations (before 24 March)[edit]

The table lists state level regulations that were imposed by the respective state and central governments before 24 March 2020. On 24 March, Prime Minister Narendra Modi ordered a nationwide lockdown from 12:01 am of 25 March for three weeks.[1]

State/Union territory Section 144
declared
Lockdown Services shutdown Sources
Schools Cinemas/
Malls
Transport[a]
Public Private
Andaman and Nicobar Islands No No No No No No
Andhra Pradesh 23 March[b] Yes Yes Yes Yes [2][3][4]
Arunachal Pradesh No No No Yes [5][3][4]
Assam No No [3][4]
Bihar Yes
Chandigarh Partial
Chhattisgarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu No No
Delhi 23 March Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Goa No Partial No No No No
Gujarat 22 March[c] Yes Yes Yes Yes [6][7][8][3][4]
Haryana No [3][4][9]
Himachal Pradesh No
Jammu and Kashmir Partial
Jharkhand Yes
Karnataka 24 March [10][3][4]
Kerala No Yes [11][3][4]
Ladakh No [3][4]
Lakshadweep No No No
Madhya Pradesh Partial Yes Yes
Maharashtra 23 March Yes [12][3][4]
Manipur No No [13][3][4]
Meghalaya Yes
Mizoram No
Nagaland Yes
Odisha Yes
Puducherry No [14][3][4]
Punjab Yes Yes [15][4]
Rajasthan 19 March [16][3][4]
Sikkim No No No [17][3][4]
Tamil Nadu 24 March Yes Yes [18][19][3][4]
Telangana 23 March No [3][4][20]
Tripura No No No [13][3][4]
Uttar Pradesh Partial Yes Yes [4]
Uttarakhand Yes No [3][4]
West Bengal Yes [3][4][21]
Notes
  1. ^ Exceptions included for police, health, fire, food deliveries and other essentials.
  2. ^ Only in the city of Nellore.[2]
  3. ^ In five districts.[6]

Andhra Pradesh[edit]

On 23 March, Collector of Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh has imposed Section 144 in the district till March 31.

Chandigarh[edit]

On 23 March, Punjab Governor V. P. Singh Badnore who is also union territory administrator imposed a curfew starting midnight of 24 March.[22]

Delhi[edit]

On 5 March, Government of Delhi announced closure of all primary schools across Delhi 31 March as a precaution.[23]

On 12 March, it announced closure of schools, colleges and cinema halls till the end of March and ordered disinfection of all public places as a precautionary measure.[24]

On 22 March, after the central government's decision, complete lockdown of the Delhi from 6 am of 23 March to at least 31 March was declared. Essential services and commodities to continue.[25]

On 28 March, Delhi government had set up over 500 hunger relief camps providing free food for people who have been left stranded due to the nationwide lockdown.[26]

Gujarat[edit]

On 23 March, Gujarat DGP Shivanand Jha said that from 12 am, the entire state will be under lockdown till 31 March. "State borders have been sealed. Action will be taken against the people who will violate the lockdown," he said.

Haryana[edit]

On 24 March, Government of Haryana announced complete lockdown of the Haryana.

Himachal Pradesh[edit]

On March 24, Government of Himachal Pradesh imposed an indefinite statewide curfew to combat coronavirus after it was found that many people defied the lockdown orders.

Chief minister Jai Ram Thakur said that the curfew will come into force in all 12 districts of the hill state at 5 pm on Tuesday.[27]

Karnataka[edit]

On 18 March, the Government of Karnataka ordered the closure of malls, universities and colleges, movie theatres, night clubs, marriages and conferences and other public areas as a precautionary measure.[28]

Karnataka has closed its borders with Kerala for vehicular traffic in the wake of six people testing positive for coronavirus in Kasargod district of Kerala, which lies on the border of Karnataka.[29]

Kerala[edit]

The Government of Kerala had declared high alert from 4 to 8 February and then again starting 8 March 2020 due to coronavirus cases being reported in the state.[30][31]

On 10 March, the government of Kerala shut down all colleges and schools up to grade 7.[32] The government had also urged people to not undertake pilgrimages, attend large gatherings such as weddings and cinema shows.[33]

On 15 March, a new initiative 'Break the Chain' aiming to educate people about the importance of public and personal hygiene was introduced by Government of Kerala.[34]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

On 25th Jan, the Madhya Pradesh Government issued an advisory regarding Coronavirus symptoms and possibility of human to human transmission and ordered that all health professionals be educated about the same.[35]

On 28th Jan, government issued notification to start testing people at the airport coming from China, Japan and Thailand.[36] Following declaration by WHO of Coronavirus as Public Health Emergency on International concern, the government moved to monitor and test people coming from China and other affected countries.[37][38][39]

On 14th March, all schools and cinemas in the state were shut down.[40]

On 22nd March, the acting chief minister of state Kamal Nath ordered complete shutdown including all business establishments.[41]

On 24th March, the government imposed curfew in Bhopal and Jabalpur cities where Coronavirus cases were found.[42]

On 25th March, CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan announced various welfare measures in view of the nation wide lockdown.[43]

Maharashtra[edit]

Map of districts with confirmed cases in Maharashtra

On 13 March, the Maharashtra Government declared the outbreak an epidemic in Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Nagpur, and invoked provisions of Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.[44]

On 18 March, the Federation of Trade Association of Pune announced that all shops, barring grocery stores and pharmacies, will be shut in the city, resulting in the closure of up to 40,000 shops.[45]

On 20 March, the state government announced the closure of workplaces, excluding essential services and public transport, in Mumbai, Mumbai Metropolitan Region, Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad and Nagpur until 31 March.[46]

On 22 March, the state government declared that Section 144 would be imposed across the state, with effect from 23 March, sending the state into a lockdown.[12]

On 23 March, the CM Uddhav Thackeray announced the closure of borders of all districts and a strict statewide curfew.[47]

Odisha[edit]

The government of Odisha has been credited with an early response to the pandemic. On 13 March, the chief minister Naveen Pantaik declared it as a 'disaster'. Educational institutions and other public places were closed and officials were empowered by invoking the Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897.[48]

On 21 March, after confirming two positive cases of coronavirus, the state ordered 70 per cent lockdown, including its capital Bhubaneshwar.[49]

On 22 March, the state government extended it to a complete lockdown until 9 pm of March 29.[50] Interstate bus services and passenger trains were also suspended.[51]

The government on 26 March signed agreements with medical colleges to set up two 1,000-bed hospitals in Bhubaneswar for treatment of the infected patients within 15 days.[52]

Punjab[edit]

On 13 March, the Punjab governments declared holidays in all schools and colleges till 31 March

On 16 March Punjab government issue an advisory to close gyms, restaurants, etc.

On 19 March Punjab School Education Board postponed all Board Exams of 10th and 12th classes.

20 March Punjab government also shuts down public transport in state from midnight of 20 March and prohibited gathering of more than 20 persons.

On 22 March Punjab government declared complete Lockdown in state till 31 March 2020 except Emergency services along Kala Sanghian.

On 23 March Punjab Government imposed full curfew across Punjab without any relaxation, become first State to impose full curfew, as some people were defy to follow lockdown, seriously.[19] Punjab government sanctions 20 crore rupees for free food, medicines to poor from CM Relief Fund, ministers pledge month's salary for efforts to control COVID-19.

On 24 March Punjab Chief Minister set up COVID Relief Fund to be utilised for the welfare of the people in distress due to Coronavirus.

Rajasthan[edit]

On 19 March, Section 144 was imposed in Rajasthan after three of a family tested positive for coronavirus.[53][16]

On 22 March, the Government of Rajasthan banned public transport services in the state.[54]

On 24 March, the state banned all private vehicles in the roads after COVID-19 cases crossed 32 in the state.[54] The state government had also announced free ration for two months for families covered under the National Food Security Act (NFSA).[54]

Tamil Nadu[edit]

On 30 January, the state had put 78 people who arrived from China under quarantine.[55]

On 20 March, the Government of Tamil Nadu partially closed its borders with Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh on March 20 until March 31 and constituted a task force to closely monitor the preventive measures against the viral outbreak.[55][56]

On 21 March, the state government postponed the Class 10 SSLC board exams to beyond April 14, which were due to begin from March 27.[57]

On 22 March, the state government extended 'Janata curfew' to Monday morning 5 am.[58]

On 23 March, the state government imposed Section 144 from March 24 6 pm until March 31 which prohibits gatherings of more than 5 people.[19]

On 24 March, Health Minister C. Vijayabaskar announced a hospital dedicated for treating COVID-19 patients. The newly built Omandurar Government Multispeciality Hospital was being converted into a special facility with 350 beds to treat COVID-19 patients exclusively.[59]

Telangana[edit]

On 17 March, Government of Telangana started implementing screening of people entering Telangana from Maharashtra at four entry points.[60]

On 22 March, the state government announced a state-wide lockdown as five more cases emerged.[61]

On 23 March, the state government imposed night curfew from 7 pm till 6 am.[20] During the lockdown, no vehicles were not allowed on the roads. The government has also closed all borders and suspended interstate transport.[20]

Uttar Pradesh[edit]

CM Yogi Adityanath announced on 21 March that the Uttar Pradesh government has decided to give ₹1,000 (US$14) to all daily wage laborers affected due to coronavirus in the state.[62]

On 22 March, Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath announced the lockdown of fifteen districts in state, from 22 to 25 March, including Noida, Ghaziabad, Agra, Aligarh, Prayagraj, Kanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Lucknow, Saharanpur, Meerut, Lakhimpur, Azamgarh, Gorakhpur and others.[63]

On 28 March, the Uttar Pradesh government deployed 1000 UPSRTC buses to ferry migrant workers to their native districts during the nationwide lockdown.[64]

West Bengal[edit]

On 23 March, starting 5 PM, Kolkata and several areas across West Bengal were put under a lockdown till 27 March.[65]

On 24 March, starting 5 PM, entire state of West Bengal was put under a lockdown till 31 March.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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