Indian locomotive class WAP-5

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WAP - 5
WAP-5 at Bhopal.jpg
Type and origin
Power typeElectric
BuilderChittaranjan Locomotive Works, West Bengal, India
ABB, Switzerland
ModelLok 2000
Build date1995–present
Total produced164 as of November 2018
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UICBo'Bo'
Gauge5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
BogiesHenschel Flexifloat
Wheel diameterNew: 1,092 mm (3 ft 7 in)
Half-worn: 1,054 mm (3 ft 5 12 in)
Full-worn: 1,016 mm (3 ft 4 in)
Wheelbase13,000 mm (42 ft 8 in)
Length18,162 mm (59 ft 7 in)
Width3,142 mm (10 ft 3 34 in)
Height4,237 mm (13 ft 11 in)
Axle load19.5 tonnes (19.2 long tons; 21.5 short tons)
Loco weight78 tonnes (77 long tons; 86 short tons)
Electric system/s25 kV 50 Hz AC AC Overhead
Current pickup(s)pantograph
Traction motors4 ABB Group 6FXA 7059
Gear ratio67:35:17 (160 km/h)
59:35:19 (200 km/h)
MU working2
Loco brakeAir and Regenerative
Train brakesAir
Safety systemsTPWS (Train Protection and Warning System), Vigilance Control, Slip/Slide Control, Main Overload Relay, No Volt Relay, Over Voltage Protection and Earth Fault Relay
Performance figures
Maximum speedOperational : 160 km/h (99 mph)
Trials: 184 km/h (114 mph)
Potential: 220 km/h (137 mph)[1]
Modified Gear Ratio:200 km/h (124 mph)
Power outputContinuous : 5,440 hp (4,057 kW)


After Upgradation
Continuous : Around 6,125 hp (4,567 kW)
Tractive effortStarting : 258 kN (58,000 lbf)
Career
OperatorsIndian Railways
Numbers30000 onwards
NicknamesVijay Utkarsh, Nav Jagran, Nav Kirti, Gaurav and Navodit
Delivered1995-96
First run1997
DispositionActive

WAP 5 is the name of a class of "High Speed" electric locomotives produced and used by Indian Railways. The first 10 locomotives were imported from ABB in Switzerland in 1995. They are supposed to be a variant of the Swiss Lok 2000 (Design concept) and German DB Class 120 (mechanical chassis).

One of the notable features of WAP-5 is regenerative braking. Other notable features of this loco are the provision of taps from the main loco transformer for hotel load, pantry loads, flexible gear coupling, wheel-mounted disc brakes, and a potential for speed enhancement to 200 km/h (120 mph). Braking systems include 160 kN (36,000 lbf) regenerative brakes, loco disc brakes, automatic train air brakes, and a charged spring parking brake.

On 3 July 2014, a WAP-5 set an Indian speed record by hauling a train from Delhi to Agra within 90 minutes at a speed of 160 km/h (99 mph).[2]

The Gatimaan Express and Bhopal Shatabdi trains hauled by WAP-5 locomotives travel at 160 km/h (99 mph) and 150 km/h (93 mph) respectively in the New Delhi - Agra Cantt section.

Sheds holding WAP-5[edit]

Named Locos[edit]

  • WAP-5 30011 Navodit
  • WAP-5 30012 Navjagran
  • WAP-5 30013 Navkirti
  • WAP-5 30015 Vijay Utkarsh
  • WAP-5 30044 Gaurav

200 km/h Variant[edit]

In October 2015, Chittaranjan Locomotive Works rolled out a WAP-5 locomotive (no. 30086) with a gear ratio of 59:35:19 for speed operations up to 200 km/h (120 mph). The control software was also modified accordingly.

Another locomotive (no. 30164) has been rolled out with aerodynamic cab profile.

Head on Generation[edit]

A WAP-5 locomotive (loco no. 30140) with head-on generation (HOG) was rolled by CLW in June 2018. In this locomotive, the hotel load converter has been accommodated in the same cubicle of traction converter.

More locomotives of this type will be rolled out in future.

Up-gradation in Power[edit]

In March 2018, CLW rolled out a WAP-5 locomotive (no. 30136) with an enhanced power output of about 4500 kW (above 6000 HP). Modifications were carried out in the control software.

Based on successful trials, I.Rlys decided to proliferate the modification in all WAP5 locomotives.

Liveries[edit]

  • Common livery for WAP-5 locomotives is white, with 2 red stripes.
  • Recently, Vadodara Shed and Amul Milk made a contract of advertising 20 locomotives of Shed. Thus the Amul livery came into existence. The livery has the sides of locomotive painted in Amul livery. All the recent locomotives are being painted in this livery as part of contract.
  • WAP-5 locomotives homed at Ghaziabad loco shed have large 'P-5' decals on their body sides.

Technical Specifications[edit]

Specifications are as follows:[4]

Technical Specifications
General Information
Gauge Broad gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Line voltage 25000 V
Type of current Alternating Current (AC)
Axle load 19.5 tonnes (19.2 long tons; 21.5 short tons)
UIC classification Bo-Bo
Length over head-stocks 16,880 mm (55 ft 4 58 in)
Length over buffers 18,162 mm (59 ft 7 in)
Bogie wheel base 2,800 mm (9 ft 2 14 in)
Wheel base 13,000 mm (42 ft 7 34 in)
Body width 3,142 mm (10 ft 3 34 in)
Cab length 2,434 mm (7 ft 11 78 in)
Pantograph locked down height 4,237 mm (13 ft 10 34 in)
Bogie center distance 10,200 mm (33 ft 5 58 in)
Height over pantograph 4,237 mm (13 ft 10 34 in)
Body width 3,142 mm (10 ft 3 34 in)
Coupling Central Buffer Couplers (CBC)
Surface corrugated or plain
Traction motors
Type 6FXA 7059 3-phase asynchronous motors, 1,166 kW (1,563 hp), 2180V, 370A continuous, 396A for 1 hr, 540A max, 1585 rpm continuous, 3174 rpm max, Weight 1990 kg. Forced-air ventilation, partly suspended. Torque 6930/10000 N-m. 96% efficiency.
Make ABB
Traction motors insulation Class 200
Traction Motor's Short Time Overload Rating 1150 kW, 1540 V, 540 A, 1107 rpm
Traction Motor's 1 hour rating 1150 kW, 2044 V, 396 A, 1485 rpm
Traction Motor's Continuous Rating 1150 kW, 2180 V, 370 A, 1585 rpm
Number of Traction Motors 4
Gear Ratio 67:35:17 (160 km/h or 99 mph)
59:35:19 (200 km/h or 120 mph)
Transformer
Type ABB LOT-7500/LOT-7775: {7475 kVA/7775 kVA, 25kV, 299A-primary/311A}-primary, {4x1269V, 4x1450 kVA, 4x1142A}-secondary, {1000V, 334kVA, 334A}-Auxiliary, {960 V, 2x622.5 kVA, 2x648 A}- Hotel Load and {1154 V, 400 kVA, 347 A}-Filter
Transformer Insulation Class A
Make ABB, HI VOLT, BHEL
Weight 10000 +/-3% kg
Power Converter
Number of converters 2
Semiconductors GTO thyristors / IGBT
GTO

Type : UW-2423-2810
SG 3000G X H24 GTO thyristors (D 921S45 T diodes), 14 thyristors per unit (two units). Line converter rated at 2 x 1269 V @ 50 Hz, with DC link voltage of 2800 V. Drive converter rated at 2180 V phase to phase, 953 A output current *per phase, motor frequency from 0 to 160.3 Hz.

IGBT IGBT type 5SNA 1200G450300

2105 kW, individual axle control configuration, MITRAC software, water cooled. Newer locomotives have IGBT based propulsion system.

Hotel Load Converter**
Make Siemens / Medha / ABB
Rating 2x500 kVA
Voltage 750V +/- 5%, 3 phase
Bogie
Type Bo-Bo Henschel Flexifloat bogies with quill drive.

Bogie center distance 10,200 mm (33.5 ft); bogie wheelbase 2,800 mm (9.2 ft)

  • Unsprung mass per axle: 2.691 t
  • This Locomotive has a Fully Suspended Drive.
Drive Arrangement Gear coupling and 3-stage gears
Design 2-axle fabricated
Primary suspension coil
Secondary suspension coil
Pantograph
Type Two Stone India (Calcutta) AM-92, Two WBL-85, Two Schunk for the imported locomotives.
Pantograph Weight 231 kg
Other information
2 FLAKT ABB Traction Motor Blowers 3.6 cubic meter per sec
Landert Traction Motor Blower Motor 3 phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2930 rpm, 25 kW
200L55-RFXH2A-01 Traction Motor Blower Motor Insulation Class F
2 Oil Cooler Blowers 8.8 cubic meter per sec
Landert Oil Cooler Blower Motor 3 phase, 415 V, 50 Hz,2930 rpm, 25 kW
200L55-RH2A Oil Cooler Blower Motor Insulation Class F
2 Howden Safanco Scavenge Blowers for Traction Motors and Oil Cooler Blower 0.664 cubic meter per sec
Landert Scavenge Blower Motor for Traction Motors and Oil Cooler 3 phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2850 rpm, 3 kW
100L28-R2C Scavenge Motor Blower Motor Insulation Class H
2 Transformer Oil Pumps by Plumeliaz 1000 liters per minute
Landert Transformer Oil Pump Motor 3-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2850 rpm, 4.7 kW
112M-2B type Transformer Oil Pump Motor Insulation Class F
2 Converter Oil Pumps by Plumeliaz 960 liters per minute
Converter Oil Pump Motor by Landert 3-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2860 rpm, 11 kW
112M-2F type Converter Oil Pump Motor Insulation Class F
2 Main Compressors by D&M 1 kg/cm2
Main Compressor Motor by Landert 3-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 730 rpm, 15 kW
200155-RPAH8B Main Compressor Motor Insulation Class H
2 Machine Room Blower by Flakt and ABB 1 cubic meter per sec.
Machine Room Blower Motor by Landert 1-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2830 rpm, 2.6 kW
132M-RFXHE2C type Machine Room Blower Motor Insulation Class F
Scavenge Blower for Machine Room Blower by Howden Safanco 0.1 cubic meter per sec.
Scavenge Blower Motor for Machine Room Blower by Landert 1-phase, 415 V, 50 Hz, 2910 rpm, 0.75 kW
9DL24-RE2C type Scavenge Blower Motor for Machine Room Blower Insulation Class F
Auxiliary Compressor by D&M and Bristol 141.6 ft per min., 7.03 kg per sq. cm.
Auxiliary Compressor Motor by D&M 110 VDC, 1450 rpm, 75 kW
Battery by Saft Nife 110 V, 199 AH, NiCd (SAF-39 SBL199)
** Hotel load converter to be introduced soon.

Performance[edit]

WAP-5 (5440 HP) has the following capacity for ICF coaches in tonnes:

Grades\KPH Start 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160
Level 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1470 1230
1 in 500 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1470 1250 1065 910
1 in 200 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1350 1160 995 860 745 645
1 in 150 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1310 1125 970 840 730 635 550
1 in 100 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1500+ 1460 1325 1125 970 840 730 635 555 480 420
1 in 50 1010 980 965 955 940 865 780 710 610 525 455 400 345 305 265 230

Average weight of an ICF coach is 55 tonnes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://irfca.org/apps/locos/list?page=3&shed_id=25
  2. ^ "200 km in 90 mins: Delhi-Agra high speed train sets new speed record". The Economic Times. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  3. ^ http://m.timesofindia.com/city/vadodara/Now-Vadodara-to-amp39engineamp39-high-speed-trains/articleshow/11123537.cms
  4. ^ "Indian railway fan club".

External links[edit]