Indian long-eared hedgehog

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Indian long-eared hedgehog[1]
Hemiechinus collaris Hardwicke.jpg
Indian long-eared hedgehog illustration
Scientific classification
H. collaris
Binomial name
Hemiechinus collaris
(Gray, 1830)
Indian Long-eared Hedgehog area.png
Indian long-eared hedgehog range

The Indian long-eared hedgehog (Hemiechinus collaris) is a relatively small hedgehog (~17 cm, 200–500 grams) native to India. It is insectivorous and nocturnal.[3]


The Indian long-eared hedgehog is a nocturnal animal that is often found inhabiting burrows.[3] Similar to most hedgehogs it has spines on its back, embedded into a muscle sheath. This sheath forms a bag-like structure that the animal can hide inside for protection. It can also erect its spines to further protect from predators. The Indian long-eared hedgehog has a well developed set of senses because of its large ears, eyes and whiskers near its snout.[4] These senses, especially smell, help them find food and/or a possible partner.[5]


The Indian long-eared hedgehog is insectivorous, feeding on small insects. Because of their arid desert habitat they often receive most of the water they need from their food supply.[6]


The Indian long-eared hedgehog is found in India (Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh) and Pakistan (North West Frontier Province, Punjab and Sindh). It experiences extreme heat in the months of May and June and very cold weather in December and January.[6]


They are seasonal breeders. The males are active from March to August[3] while the females are active from April to August.[6] It is notable for a quite complex mating ritual that involves "dancing" around females for several days before mating.


  1. ^ Hutterer, R. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.
  2. ^ Molur, S. (2008). Hemiechinus collaris. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
  3. ^ a b c Goyal, R. P. & Mathur, R. S. (1974). "Anatomic, Histologic and Certain Enzymatic Studies on the Male Genital Organs of Hemiechinus auritus collaris Gray, the Indian Long Eared Hedgehog". Acta Zoologica. 55: 47. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.1974.tb00178.x.
  4. ^ Catania, K. (2005). "Evolution of sensory specialization in insectivores". The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology. 287A (1): 1038–50. doi:10.1002/ar.a.20265. PMID 16215983.
  5. ^ Poddar-Sarkar, M.; Raha, P.; Bhar, R.; Chakraborty, A. & Brahmachary, R. (2011). "Ultrastructure and lipid chemistry of specialized epidermal structure of Indian porcupines and hedgehog". Acta Zoologica. 92 (2): 134. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.2010.00452.x.
  6. ^ a b c Sharma, A. & Mathur, R. S. (1974). "Histomorphological Changes in the Reproductive Tract of Female Hemiechinus auritus collaris, Gray in Relation to the Estrous Cycle". Acta Zoologica. 55 (4): 235. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.1974.tb00199.x.