Awards and Decorations of the Indian Armed Forces

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The Armed Forces of India are eligible for a myriad of military decorations. Decorations are awarded for extraordinary bravery and courage, as well as distinguished service during times of war and peace. Service and campaign medals have been awarded throughout the history of India as an independent state.

Decorations[edit]

Decorations in the order of precedence:

Wartime gallantry awards[edit]

Param-Vir-Chakra-ribbon.svg Param Vir Chakra
Maha Vir Chakra ribbon.svg Maha Vir Chakra
Vir Chakra ribbon bar.svg Vir Chakra

param veer chakra no 1

Peacetime gallantry awards[edit]

Ashoka Chakra ribbon.svg Ashok Chakra Award
Kirti Chakra ribbon.svg Kirti Chakra
Shaurya Chakra ribbon.svg Shaurya Chakra

Medals[edit]

Distinguished Service & Gallantry medals[edit]

Sena Medal ribbon.svg Sena Medal (Army)
Nao Sena Medal ribbon.svg Nausena Medal (Navy)
Vayusena Medal ribbon.svg Vayusena Medal (Air Force)

Wartime distinguished service medals[edit]

Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal ribbon.svg Sarvottam Yudh Seva Medal
Uttam Yudh Seva Medal ribbon.svg Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
Yudh Seva Medal ribbon.svg Yudh Seva Medal

Peacetime distinguished service medals[edit]

Param Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Param Vishisht Seva Medal
Ati Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
Vishisht Seva Medal ribbon.svg Vishisht Seva Medal

Service and campaign medals[edit]

Wound Medal-India.svg Wound Medal
India General Service Medal 1947.svg General Service Medal 1947
IND Samanya Seva medal.svg Samanya Seva Medal
IND Special Service Medal Ribbon.svg Special Service Medal
IND Samar Seva Star Ribbon.svg Samar Seva Star
IND Poorvi Star Ribbon.svg Poorvi Star
IND Paschimi Star Ribbon.svg Paschimi Star
IND Operation Vijay star.svg Operation Vijay Star
IND Siachen Glacier Medal Ribbon.svg Siachen Glacier Medal
IND Raksha Medal Ribbon.svg Raksha Medal
IND Sangram Medal Ribbon.svg Sangram Medal
IND Operation Vijay medal.svg Operation Vijay Medal
IND Operation Parakram medal.svg Operation Parakram Medal
IND Sainya Seva Medal Ribbon.svg Sainya Seva Medal
IND High Altitude Medal Ribbon.svg High Altitude Service Medal
IND Videsh Seva Medal Ribbon.svg Videsh Seva Medal

Long service awards[edit]

IND Meritorious Service Medal Ribbon.svg Meritorious Service Medal
IND Long Service and Good Conduct Medal Ribbon.svg Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
IND 30 Years Long Service Ribbon.svg 30 Years Long Service Medal
IND 20YearsServiceMedalRibbon.svg 20 Years Long Service Medal
IND 9YearsServiceMedalRibbon.svg 9 Years Long Service Medal
IND Territorial Army decoration.svg Territorial Army Decoration
IND Territorial Army medal.svg Territorial Army Medal

Independence medals[edit]

Indian Independence medal 1947.svg Indian Independence Medal
IND 50th Anniversary Independence medal.svg 50th Independence Anniversary Medal
IND 25th Anniversary Independence medal.svg 25th Independence Anniversary Medal

Mention in Dispatches[edit]

Mention in Dispatches has been used since 1947, in order to recognize distinguished and meritorious service in operational areas and acts of gallantry which are not of a sufficiently high order to warrant the grant of gallantry awards.[1]

Elegible personnel include all Army, Navy and Air Force personnel including personnel of the Reserve Forces, Territorial Army, Militia and other lawfully constituted Armed Forces, members of the Nursing Service and Civilians working under or with the Armed Forces.[1]

Personnel can be mentioned in dispatches posthumously and multiple awards are also possible. A recipient of a Mention in a Despatch is be entitled to wear an emblem, in the form of a lotus leaf on the ribbon of the relevant Campaign Medal. They are also issued with an official certificate from the Ministry of Defence.[1]

Commendation Card[edit]

Chief of Army Staff Commendation Card

All three branches of the military issue Commendation Cards, which are badges awarded for "individual acts of gallantry or distinguished service or devotion to duty performed either in operation or non-operational areas which are not of a sufficiently high order to qualify for a higher gallantry award or for which the higher award is inappropriate. The award will be for a specific act of bravery or distinguished service or special service. The award will not be made posthumously."

All three branches issue Commendations Cards at the level of the highest officer (Chief of the Army Staff, Chief of the Naval Staff and Chief of the Air Staff). The awards at lower levels seem to vary between services.[2][3][4]

Order of wear[edit]

The various decorations and medals are worn in the following order:[5]

  • Bharat Ratna
  • Param Vir Chakra
  • Ashoka Chakra
  • Padma Vibhusan
  • Padma Bhushan
  • Sarvattam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Param Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Maha Vir Chakra
  • Kirti Chakra
  • Padma Shri
  • Sarvottam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Uttam Yudh Seva Medal
  • Ati Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Vir Chakra
  • Shaurya Chakra
  • President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Police Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry
  • President's Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry
  • Yudh Seva Medal
  • Sena /Nao Sena/Vayu Sena Medal
  • Vishisht Seva Medal
  • Police Medal for Gallantry
  • Fire Services Medal for Gallantry
  • Correctional Service Medal for Gallantry
  • Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Gallantry
  • Uttam Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Parakram Padak
  • General Service Medal - 1947
  • Samanya Seva Medal - 1965
  • Special Service Medal
  • Samar Seva Star-1965
  • Poorvi Star
  • Paschimi Star
  • OP Vijay Star Medal
  • Siachen Glacier Medal
  • Raksha Medal – 1965
  • Sangram Medal
  • OP Vijay Medal
  • OP Parakram Medal
  • Sainya Seva Medal
  • High Altitude Medal
  • Police (Special Duty) Medal - 1962
  • Videsh Seva Medal
  • President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Fire Services Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Correctional Service Medal for Distinguished Service
  • President's Home Guards and Civil Defence for Distinguished Service
  • Meritorious Service Medal
  • Long Service and Good Conduct Medal
  • Police Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Fire Services Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Correction Service Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Home Guards and Civil Defence Medal for Meritorious Service
  • Jeevan Raksha Padak
  • Territorial Army Decoration
  • Territorial Army Medal
  • Indian Independence Medal-1947
  • Independence Medal - 1950
  • 50th Anniversary of Independence Medal
  • 25th Independence Anniversary Medal
  • 30 Years Long Service Medal
  • 20 Years Long Service Medal
  • 9 Years Long Service Medal
  • Commonwealth Awards
  • Other Awards

References[edit]

External links[edit]