Indian peacock softshell turtle

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Indian peacock softshell turtle
Nilssonia hurum Hardwicke.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Trionychidae
Genus: Nilssonia
Species: N. hurum
Binomial name
Nilssonia hurum
(Gray, 1831)[1][2]
  • Trionyx occellatus Gray, 1830
  • Trionyx hurum Gray, 1831
  • Gymnopus duvaucelii Duméril & Bibron, 1835
  • Gymnopus ocellatus Duméril & Bibron, 1835
  • Trionyx bellii Gray, 1872
  • Trionyx sewaare Gray, 1872
  • Trionyx buchanani Theobald, 1874
  • Isola hurum Baur, 1893
  • Aspideretes hurum Hay, 1904
  • Aspidonectes hurum Hay, 1904
  • Tyrse hurum Hay, 1904
  • Amyda hurum Barbour, 1912
  • Gymnopus duvaucelli Smith, 1931
  • Trionix hurum Richard, 1999
  • Testudo chim Buchanan-Hamilton, 1831 (nomen nudum)

Indian peacock softshell turtle (Nilssonia hurum) is a species of turtle found in South Asia, and is listed on the IUCN Red List as a vulnerable species.

Geographical range[edit]

The Indian peacock soft-shell turtle is found in Bangladesh, India (the states of Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal and Pakistan.[1] Type locality in India: Fatehgarh, Ganges, to Barrackpore (about 23 kilometers north Calcutta), West Bengal, India".[4]


  1. ^ a b c Rhodin 2011, p. 000.207
  2. ^ a b Nilssonia hurum from the Redlist
  3. ^ Fritz 2007, p. 000.310
  4. ^ Webb, R.G. 1980 Gray, Hardwicke, Buchanan-Hamilton, and drawings of Indian soft-shell turtles (Family Trionychidae). Amphibia-Reptilia 1: 61-74. Webb (1980: 71)
  • Rhodin, Anders G.J.; van Dijk, Peter Paul; Inverson, John B.; Shaffer, H. Bradley; Roger, Bour (2011-12-31). "Turtles of the world, 2011 update: Annotated checklist of taxonomy, synonymy, distribution and conservation status" (PDF). Chelonian Research Monographs. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-22.
  • Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17.

Further reading[edit]

  • Safi, A., Khan, M. Z.,2014. Distribution and current population of freshwater turtles of District Charsadda of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The Journal of Zoology studies. 1(4): 31-38.
  • Anderson, J. 1872 Note on Trionyx gangeticus, and Trionyx hurum, B. Hamilton. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 382-383
  • Anderson, J. 1872 On Trionyx gangeticus, Cuvier, Trionyx hurum, B.H. and Dr. Gray. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 10: 219-222
  • Gray, J. E. 1831 A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [Vol. 9]. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp.
  • Gray, J.E. 1872 On Indian Mud-Tortoises (Trionyx). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 9: 473-475
  • Meylan, P.A. 1987 The phylogenetic relationships of soft-shelled turtles (Family Trionychidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 186 (1):1-101.