Indian presidential election, 2017
A presidential election was held in India on 17 July 2017 with the votes counted and the results announced on 20 July 2017. Ram Nath Kovind became 14th President of India. President Pranab Mukherjee, whose term of office was due to expire on 24 July 2017, declined to seek re-election due to health concerns.
Governor of Bihar Ram Nath Kovind of the Bharatiya Janata Party had the backing of the governing National Democratic Alliance coalition, and went up against opposition candidate Meira Kumar of the Indian National Congress in the vote. Kovind secured roughly two thirds of the votes from the electoral college of elected members of federal, state and union territory legislatures and was elected to a five-year term as President. Kovind's term of office began on 25 July 2017.
The President of India is indirectly elected by an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both houses of parliament, the elected members of the Legislative assemblies of the 29 states and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry. As of 2017, the electoral college comprises 777 MPs and 4,120 MLAs. The system assigns varying numbers of votes to these electoral college members, such that the total weight of MPs and those of MLAs is roughly equal and that the voting power of states and territories are proportional to their population. Overall the members of the electoral college were eligible to cast 1,098,903 votes, yielding a threshold for a majority of 549,452 votes.
The nomination of a candidate for election to the office of the President must be subscribed by at least 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders. The election is held by means of a secret ballot under the single transferable vote system. The manner of election of President is provided by Article 55 of the Constitution.
The returning officer for the election was Anoop Mishra, the Secretary General of Lok Sabha.
Electoral college partisan composition
At the time of the election the NDA coalition itself was short of a majority by about 25,000 votes, but was expected to be able to rely on other parties to breach the small deficit without difficulty.
- Source: "राष्ट्रपति चुनाव 2017: यूपी और उत्तराखंड की जीत से एनडीए का पलड़ा भारी". hindi.firstpost.com.
|Party/Alliance||Party composition||Lok Sabha votes||Rajya Sabha votes||State Assemblies votes||Total votes||Percentage|
|NDA||BJP, SHS, TDP, LJSP, SAD, RLSP, AD, GFP, MGP, AINRC, JKPDP, NPF, NPP, PMK, SDF, SWP||237,888||49,560||239,923||527,371||48.10%|
|Other parties||AIADMK, YSRCP, JD(U), BJD, TRS, INLD, IND||50,268||20,532||63,107||133,907||12.20%|
|Government total (including non-NDA parties' support)||661,278||60.30%|
|UPA||INC, IUML, RSP, KC (M), DMK||34,692||46,020||93,137||173,849||15.90%|
|Other parties||AITC, CPI(M), NCP, SP, BSP, AAP, RJD, AIUDF, JD(S), JMM, AIMIM, CPI, JKNC||60,180||47,436||152,776||260,392||23.80%|
Although the election was not a popular vote, some general polling was performed to measure public opinion. In both Business Insider-Ipsos and NDTV polls comparing support of the two candidates, Kovind was the more popular choice with 71% and 63% support respectively.
Two candidates were nominated. Both the governing NDA coalition and the opposition UPA coalition put forward candidates from their dominant parties, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress respectively.
Bharatiya Janata Party
|Name||Born||Current or previous positions||State||Announced||Ref|
Ram Nath Kovind
1 October 1945|
Kanpur Dehat, Uttar Pradesh
|35th Governor of Bihar (2015–2017)||19 June 2017|||
Indian National Congress
|Name||Born||Current or previous positions||State||Announced||Ref|
31 March 1945|
|15th Speaker of the Lok Sabha (2009–2014)
Union Minister of Water Resources (2009)
Union Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment (2004-2009)
Member of the Indian Parliament for Sasaram (2004–2014)
Member of the Indian Parliament for Karol Bagh (1996-1999)
Member of the Indian Parliament for Bijnor (1985-1989)
|22 June 2017|||
Ram Nath Kovind was declared the winner after the counting of votes which was held on 20 July 2017. He was administered oath by the Chief Justice of India Jagdish Singh Khehar, to take office as the 14th President of India on 25 July 2017 at the Central Hall located in The Parliament House, New Delhi.
|Candidate||Individual votes||Electoral College votes||%|
|Ram Nath Kovind||2,930||702,044||65.65%|
Immediately after the results were announced, Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, "Congratulations to Shri Ram Nath Kovind Ji on being elected the President of India! Best wishes for a fruitful & inspiring tenure". In another tweet he added "Gladdened by the extensive support for Shri Ram Nath Kovind Ji among MPs & across various parties. I thank members of the electoral college".
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