List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate

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This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself.[1] The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017.[2] Due to the large population, poverty and strain on resources, the Indian government initiated population control efforts to decrease birth rate with the current target being at 2.1 children per woman.[3]

Rank State/UT Fertility rate 1981[2] Fertility rate 1991[2] Fertility rate 1999[4] Fertility rate 2009 [2] Fertility rate 2017[5] Change (1981-99) Change (1999-16)
7 Kerala 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.8 Neutral decrease 1.7 Neutral decrease 0.7
2 Sikkim - - 2.5 2.1 1.2 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
3 Manipur - - 2.4 1.5 1.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
4 Andaman & Nicobar - - 1.9 1.5 1.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
5 Goa 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.5 Neutral increase 0.1 Neutral decrease 0.2
6 Lakshadweep 6.3 4.8 3.8 2.6 1.5 Neutral increase 0.2 Neutral decrease 1.5
7 Delhi - 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
8 Chandigarh - - - 1.8 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
9 Punjab 4.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
10 West Bengal 4.2 3.2 2.4 1.9 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
11 Puduchery - - 1.8 1.6 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
12 Himachal Pradesh 3.8 3.1 2.4 2.0 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
13 Andhra Pradesh 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.6 Neutral decrease 0.8 Neutral decrease 1.0
14 Jammu and Kashmir 4.5 - - 2.2 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
15 Tamil Nadu 3.4 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.6 Neutral decrease 1.5 Neutral decrease 1.2
16 Tripura - - 3.9 1.7 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
17 Daman & Diu - - 2.5 1.9 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
18 Telangana 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.7 Neutral decrease 1.0 Neutral decrease 0.6
19 Karnataka 3.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.7 Neutral decrease 0.3 Neutral decrease 0.5
20 Maharashtra 3.6 3.0 2.7 1.9 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
21 Odisha 4.3 3.3 2.7 2.4 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
22 Uttarakhand - - - 2.6 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
23 Arunachal Pradesh - - - 2.7 2.1 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
24 Gujarat 4.3 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.2 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
25 Haryana 5.0 4.0 3.2 2.5 2.2 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
 India 4.5 3.8 3.2 2.6 2.2 Neutral decrease 0.14 Neutral decrease 0.74
26 Assam 4.1 3.5 3.2 2.6 2.3 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
27 Dadra Nagar Haveli - - 3.5 3.3 2.3 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
28 Mizoram - - - 2.0 2.3 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
29 Chhattisgarh - - 3.7 3.0 2.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
30 Jharkhand - - 3.7 3.2 2.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
31 Nagaland - - 1.5 2.0 2.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
32 Rajasthan 5.2 4.6 4.2 3.3 2.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
33 Madhya Pradesh 5.2 4.6 3.9 3.3 2.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
34 Meghalaya - - - 3.1 2.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
35 Uttar Pradesh 5.8 5.1 4.7 3.7 3.0 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
36 Bihar 5.7 4.4 4.5 3.9 3.2 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[4]


Total Fertility Rate Yearwise [6]
Rank in 2015 State/UT 2013 2014 2015
1 Kerala 1.8 1.8 1.8
2 J&K 1.9 1.7 1.6
3 Tamil Nadu 1.7 1.7 1.6
4 West Bengal 1.6 1.6 1.6
5 Andhra Pr. 1.8 1.8 1.7
6 Delhi 1.7 1.7 1.7
7 Himachal Pr. 1.7 1.7 1.7
8 Punjab 1.7 1.7 1.7
9 Karnataka 1.9 1.8 1.8
10 Maharashtra 1.8 1.8 1.8
11 Odisha 2.1 2.1 2
12 Gujarat 2.3 2.3 2.2
13 Haryana 2.2 2.3 2.2
* All India 2.3 2.3 2.3
14 Assam 2.3 2.3 2.3
15 Chhattisgarh 2.6 2.6 2.5
16 Jharkhand 2.7 2.8 2.7
17 Rajasthan 2.8 2.8 2.7
18 Madhya Pr. 2.9 2.8 2.8
19 Uttar Pr. 3.1 3.2 3.1
20 Bihar 3.4 3.2 3.2
21 Telangana 1.8 1.8
22 Uttarakhand 2.6 2.6 2.6

Visualisation[edit]

Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Three states hold the key". The Indian Express. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Table in [1] Fourth National Family Health Survey of TFR, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
  3. ^ https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/what-works-for-india-s-family-planning-programme/story-ETZyCMNAYFIHa2P937ZTEP.html#:~:text=The%20programme%20may%20have%20its,Total%20Fertility%20Rate%20(TFR)%20target
  4. ^ Table in [2] SRS Report (1999), Census Commission of India
  5. ^ Table in [3]
  6. ^ Table in Population Control Measures for States with High TFR Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question 2958, 2017 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India