List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate

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This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself.[1] The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017.[2]

Rank State/UT Fertility rate 1981[2] Fertility rate 1991[2] Fertility rate 1999[3] Fertility rate 2009 [2] Fertility rate 2016[4] Change (1981-99) Change (1999-16)
1 Sikkim - - 2.5 2.1 1.2 Positive decrease Positive decrease
2 Manipur - - 2.4 1.5 1.4 Positive decrease Positive decrease
1 Andaman & Nicobar - - 1.9 1.5 1.5 Positive decrease Positive decrease
3 Goa - - 1.0 1.6 1.5 Positive decrease Positive decrease
4 Lakshadweep - - 2.8 2.1 1.5 Positive decrease Positive decrease
5 Chandigarh - - - 1.8 1.6 Positive decrease Positive decrease
6 Punjab 4.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.6 Positive decrease Positive decrease
7 West Bengal 4.2 3.2 2.4 1.9 1.6 Positive decrease Positive decrease
8 Puduchery - - 1.8 1.6 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
9 Himachal Pradesh 3.8 3.1 2.4 1.9 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
10 Andhra Pradesh 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
12 Jammu and Kashmir 4.5 - - 2.2 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
13 Tamil Nadu 3.4 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
14 Delhi - 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
15 Tripura - - 3.9 1.7 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
16 Daman & Diu - - 2.5 1.9 1.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
17 Kerala 2.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8 Positive decrease Positive decrease
18 Telangana 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.8 Positive decrease Positive decrease
19 Karnataka 3.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.8 Positive decrease Positive decrease
20 Maharashtra 3.6 3.0 2.7 1.9 1.8 Positive decrease Positive decrease
21 Odisha 4.3 3.3 2.7 2.4 2.0 Positive decrease Positive decrease
22 Uttarakhand - - - 2.6 1.9 Positive decrease Positive decrease
23 Arunachal Pradesh - - - 2.7 2.1 Positive decrease Positive decrease
24 Gujarat 4.3 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.2 Positive decrease Positive decrease
25 Haryana 5.0 4.0 3.2 2.5 2.2 Positive decrease Positive decrease
 India 4.5 3.8 3.2 2.6 2.2 Positive decrease 0.14 Positive decrease 0.74
26 Assam 4.1 3.5 3.2 2.6 2.3 Positive decrease Positive decrease
27 Dadra Nagar Haveli - - 3.5 3.3 2.3 Positive decrease Positive decrease
28 Mizoram - - - 2.0 2.3 Positive decrease Positive decrease
29 Chhattisgarh - - 3.7 3.0 2.5 Positive decrease Positive decrease
30 Jharkhand - - 3.7 3.2 2.6 Positive decrease Positive decrease
31 Nagaland - - 1.5 2.0 2.6 Positive decrease Positive decrease
32 Madhya Pradesh 5.2 4.6 3.9 3.3 2.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
33 Rajasthan 5.2 4.6 4.2 3.3 2.7 Positive decrease Positive decrease
34 Meghalaya - - - 3.1 2.9 Positive decrease Positive decrease
35 Uttar Pradesh 5.8 5.1 4.7 3.7 3.1 Positive decrease Positive decrease
36 Bihar 5.7 4.4 4.5 3.9 3.3 Positive decrease Positive decrease

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[4]


Total Fertility Rate Yearwise [5]
Rank in 2015 State/UT 2013 2014 2015
1 J&K 1.9 1.7 1.6
2 Tamil Nadu 1.7 1.7 1.6
3 West Bengal 1.6 1.6 1.6
4 Andhra Pr. 1.8 1.8 1.7
5 Delhi 1.7 1.7 1.7
6 Himachal Pr. 1.7 1.7 1.7
7 Punjab 1.7 1.7 1.7
8 Karnataka 1.9 1.8 1.8
9 Kerala 1.8 1.9 1.8
10 Maharashtra 1.8 1.8 1.8
11 Odisha 2.1 2.1 2
12 Gujarat 2.3 2.3 2.2
13 Haryana 2.2 2.3 2.2
* All India 2.3 2.3 2.3
14 Assam 2.3 2.3 2.3
15 Chhattisgarh 2.6 2.6 2.5
16 Jharkhand 2.7 2.8 2.7
17 Rajasthan 2.8 2.8 2.7
18 Madhya Pr. 2.9 2.8 2.8
19 Uttar Pr. 3.1 3.2 3.1
20 Bihar 3.4 3.2 3.2
21 Telangana 1.8 1.8
22 Uttarakhand 2.6 2.6 2.6

Visualisation[edit]

Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Three states hold the key". The Indian Express. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Table in [1] Fourth National Family Health Survey of TFR, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
  3. ^ Table in [2] SRS Report (1999), Census Commission of India
  4. ^ Table in [3]
  5. ^ Table in Population Control Measures for States with High TFR Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question 2958, 2017 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India