List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate

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Total Fertility Rate of India by States and Union Territories: 2016

This is a list of the States and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that majority of Indian states fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself.[1] The total fertility rate of India stands at 2.2 as of 2017.[2]

Rank State/UT Fertility rate 2017[citation needed] Fertility rate 2016[2] Fertility rate 2013[3] Change (2013-16) Fertility rate 2004[4] Change (2004-16)
1 Sikkim 1.24 1.24 1.45 Positive decrease0.25 2.06 Positive decrease 0.86
2 Andaman & Nicobar 1.51 1.55 1.73 Positive decrease 0.23 2.25 Positive decrease 0.75
3 Punjab 1.61 1.64 1.85 Positive decrease 0.25 2.29 Positive decrease 0.69
4 Kerala 1.63 1.66 1.81 Positive decrease 0.21 1.75 Positive decrease 0.15
5 Chandigarh 1.63 1.67 1.79 Positive decrease 0.19 2.37 Positive decrease 0.77
6 Tamil Nadu 1.67 1.70 1.77 Positive decrease 0.07 1.82 Positive decrease 0.12
7 Delhi 1.72 1.74 1.78 Positive decrease 0.08 2.36 Positive decrease 0.66
8 Tripura 1.73 1.75 1.88 Positive decrease 0.18 -
9 Daman & Diu 1.75 1.75 2.03 Positive decrease 0.33 2.66 Positive decrease 0.96
10 Goa 1.74 1.76 1.85 Positive decrease 0.15 1.91 Positive decrease 0.21
11 Puduchery 1.75 1.77 1.86 Positive decrease 0.16 1.93 Positive decrease 0.23
12 Telangana 1.78 1.80 1.98 Positive decrease 0.18 2.53 Positive decrease 0.73
13 West Bengal 1.79 1.81 1.64 Negative increase 0.18 2.25 Positive decrease 0.12
14 Lakshadweep 1.80 1.82 1.94 Positive decrease 0.14 2.46 Positive decrease 0.66
15 Andhra Pradesh 1.80 1.83 2.05 Positive decrease 0.22 2.85 Positive decrease 1.05
16 Karnataka 1.84 1.86 1.93 Positive decrease 0.13 2.38 Positive decrease 0.58
17 Himachal Pradesh 1.87 1.91 1.99 Positive decrease 0.09 2.13 Positive decrease 0.23
18 Maharashtra 1.91 1.92 1.86 Negative increase 0.04 2.23 Positive decrease 0.33
19 Jammu and Kashmir 1.97 2.01 1.98 Negative increase 0.02 2.45 Positive decrease 0.45
20 Gujarat 1.94 2.04 2.37 Positive decrease 0.37 2.84 Positive decrease 0.84
21 Odisha 2.07 2.12 2.18 Positive decrease 0.08 2.65 Positive decrease 0.55
22 Uttarakhand 2.11 2.13 2.27 Positive decrease 0.17
23 Haryana 2.12 2.13 2.24 Positive decrease 0.14 3.02 Positive decrease 0.92
24 Arunachal Pradesh 2.11 2.14 2.18 Positive decrease 0.08
25 Assam 2.17 2.20 2.36 Positive decrease 0.16 2.95 Positive decrease 0.75
26 Chhattisgarh 2.21 2.23 2.63 Positive decrease 0.46 3.33 Positive decrease 1.13
 India 2.18 2.23 2.34 Positive decrease 0.14 2.94 Positive decrease 0.74
27 Madhya Pradesh 2.24 2.29 2.93 Positive decrease 0.63 3.75 Positive decrease 1.45
28 Dadra Nagar Haveli 2.31 2.35 2.39 Positive decrease 0.09 2.55 Positive decrease 0.25
29 Mizoram 2.33 2.38 2.65 Positive decrease 0.35 3.22 Positive decrease 0.92
30 Rajasthan 2.34 2.40 2.86 Positive decrease 0.46 3.70 Positive decrease 1.30
31 Jharkhand 2.53 2.57 2.77 Positive decrease 0.17 3.50 Positive decrease 0.90
32 Manipur 2.55 2.60 2.62 Positive decrease 0.02
33 Nagaland 2.64 2.68 2.71 Positive decrease 0.01
34 Uttar Pradesh 2.64 2.72 3.16 Positive decrease 0.46 4.46 Positive decrease 1.76
35 Meghalaya 2.91 3.04 3.12 Positive decrease 0.12 4.05 Positive decrease 1.05
36 Bihar 3.34 3.37 3.40 Steady 4.35 Positive decrease 0.95

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[1]


Total Fertility Rate Yearwise [5]
Rank in 2015 State/UT 2013 2014 2015
1 J&K 1.9 1.7 1.6
2 Tamil Nadu 1.7 1.7 1.6
3 West Bengal 1.6 1.6 1.6
4 Andhra Pr. 1.8 1.8 1.7
5 Delhi 1.7 1.7 1.7
6 Himachal Pr. 1.7 1.7 1.7
7 Punjab 1.7 1.7 1.7
8 Karnataka 1.9 1.8 1.8
9 Kerala 1.8 1.9 1.8
10 Maharashtra 1.8 1.8 1.8
11 Odisha 2.1 2.1 2
12 Gujarat 2.3 2.3 2.2
13 Haryana 2.2 2.3 2.2
* All India 2.3 2.3 2.3
14 Assam 2.3 2.3 2.3
15 Chattisgarh 2.6 2.6 2.5
16 Jharkhand 2.7 2.8 2.7
17 Rajasthan 2.8 2.8 2.7
18 Madhya Pr. 2.9 2.8 2.8
19 Uttar Pr. 3.1 3.2 3.1
20 Bihar 3.4 3.2 3.2
21 Telangana 1.8 1.8
22 Uttarakhand 2 2

Visualisation[edit]

Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Three states hold the key". The Indian Express. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Table in Population Control Measures for States with High TFR Fourth National Family Health Survey of TFR, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
  3. ^ Table in Estimates of Fertility Indicators SRS Report (2013), Census Commission of India
  4. ^ Table in International Institute for Population Sciences, Deonar, Government of India
  5. ^ Table in Population Control Measures for States with High TFR Rajya Sabha Unstarred Question 2958, 2017 Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India