List of states and union territories of India by fertility rate

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Indian States by TFR.jpg

This is a list of the states and union territories of India of India ranked in order of number of children born for each woman. Recent surveys show that in majority of Indian states, fertility rate has fallen well below the replacement level of 2.1 and the country is fast approaching the replacement level itself.[1] The total fertility rate of India in 2017 stood at 2.2.[2] Due to the large population, poverty and strain on resources, the Indian government initiated population control efforts to decrease birth rate with the current target being at 2.1 children per woman.[3] According to data from National Family Health Survey-5, India's total fertility rate dropped below the replacement level of 2.1, and currently stands at 2.0.[4]

National Family Health Survey-5 (2019-21)[5]
No. State/UT Fertility Rate (Urban) Fertility Rate (Rural) Total Fertility Rate
1 Andhra Pradesh 1.5 1.8 1.7
2 Arunachal Pradesh 1.4 1.9 1.8
3 Assam 1.5 1.9 1.9
4 Bihar 2.4 3.1 3.0
5 Chhattisgarh 1.4 1.9 1.8
6 Goa 1.3 1.4 1.3
7 Gujarat 1.7 2.0 1.9
8 Haryana 1.7 2.0 1.9
9 Himachal Pradesh 1.4 1.7 1.7
*  India 1.6 2.1 2.0
10 Jharkhand 1.6 2.5 2.3
11 Karnataka 1.5 1.8 1.7
12 Kerala 1.8 1.8 1.8
13 Madhya Pradesh 1.8 2.1 2.0
14 Maharashtra 1.5 1.9 1.7
15 Manipur 1.8 2.4 2.2
16 Meghalaya 1.6 3.3 2.9
17 Mizoram 1.6 2.2 1.9
18 Nagaland 1.2 2.0 1.7
19 Odisha 1.5 1.9 1.8
20 Punjab 1.6 1.7 1.6
21 Rajasthan 1.7 2.1 2.0
22 Sikkim 0.7 1.3 1.1
23 Tamil Nadu 1.6 1.9 1.8
24 Telangana 1.8 1.7 1.8
25 Tripura 1.4 1.8 1.7
26 Uttar Pradesh 1.9 2.5 2.4
27 Uttarakhand 1.8 1.9 1.9
28 West Bengal 1.4 1.7 1.6
29 Andaman & Nicobar Islands (UT) 1.4 1.2 1.3
30 Chandigarh (UT) 1.4 - 1.4
31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu (UT) 1.7 1.9 1.8
32 NCT Delhi 1.6 2.5 1.6
33 Jammu & Kashmir (UT) 1.2 1.5 1.4
34 Ladakh (UT) 1.4 1.3 1.3
35 Lakshadweep (UT) 1.4 1.5 1.4
36 Puducherry (UT) 1.6 1.2 1.5
Total Fertility Rate Yearwise
Rank State/UT Fertility rate 2021 Fertility rate 1981[2] Fertility rate 1991[2] Fertility rate 1999[6] Fertility rate 2009 [2] Fertility rate 2017[7] Fertility rate 2020 [8] Change (1981-99) Change (1999-16)
1 Sikkim 1.1 - - 2.5 2.1 1.2 1.1 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
2 Jammu and Kashmir 1.4 4.5 - - 2.53 1.6 1.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
3 West Bengal 1.6 4.2 3.2 2.4 1.9 1.8 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
4 Delhi 1.6 - 2.1 1.6 1.9 1.57 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
5 Punjab 1.6 4.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.7 1.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
6 Andhra Pradesh 1.7 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.8 1.7 Neutral decrease 0.8 Neutral decrease 1.0
7 Himachal Pradesh 1.7 3.8 3.1 2.4 2.0 1.9 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
8 Karnataka 1.7 3.6 3.1 2.5 1.9 1.7 1.7 Neutral decrease 0.3 Neutral decrease 0.5
9 Maharashtra 1.7 3.6 3.0 2.7 1.9 1.7 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
10 Kerala 1.8 2.4 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 Neutral decrease 1.7 Neutral decrease 0.7
11 Telangana 1.8 4.0* 3.0* 2.4* 1.8* 1.7 1.7 Neutral decrease 1.0 Neutral decrease 0.6
12 Chhattisgarh 1.8 - - 3.7 3.0 2.4 2.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
13 Odisha 1.8 4.3 3.3 2.7 2.4 1.9 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
14 Tamil Nadu 1.8 3.4 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 Neutral decrease 1.5 Neutral decrease 1.2
15 Assam 1.9 4.1 3.5 3.2 2.6 2.3 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
16 Gujarat 1.9 4.3 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.2 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
17 Haryana 1.9 5.0 4.0 3.2 2.5 2.2 2.1 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
18 Uttarakhand 1.9 - - - 2.6 1.9 1.8 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
19 Madhya Pradesh 2.0 5.2 4.6 3.9 3.3 2.7 2.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
20 Rajasthan 2.0 5.2 4.6 4.2 3.3 2.7 2.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
 India 2.0 4.5 3.8 3.2 2.6 2.2 2.0 Neutral decrease 0.14 Neutral decrease 0.74
21 Jharkhand 2.3 - - 3.7 3.2 2.5 2.5 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
22 Uttar Pradesh 2.4 5.8 5.1 4.7 3.7 2.7 2.4 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
23 Bihar 3.0 5.7 4.4 4.5 3.9 3.2 3.0 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
24 Meghalaya - - - - 3.1 2.9 2.9 Neutral decrease
25 Goa 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.6 1.8 1.3 Neutral increase 0.1 Neutral decrease 0.2
26 Tripura - - - 3.9 1.7 1.7 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
27 Nagaland - - - 1.5 2.0 2.5 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
28 Mizoram - - - - 2.0 2.3 1.9 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
29 Arunachal Pradesh - - - - 2.7 2.1 1.7 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
30 Manipur - - - 2.4 1.5 1.4 2.2 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
Union Territories - - - - - - - Neutral decrease - Neutral decrease -
1 Andaman & Nicobar - - - 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.3 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
2 Lakshadweep - 6.3 4.8 3.8 2.6 1.9 1.4 Neutral increase 0.2 Neutral decrease 1.5
3 Chandigarh - - - - 1.8 1.8 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
4 Puduchery - - - 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
5 Daman & Diu - - - 2.5 1.9 1.7 1.8 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease
6 Ladakh - - - - - - 1.3 -
7 Dadra Nagar Haveli - - - 3.5 3.3 2.3 1.8 Neutral decrease Neutral decrease

Country comparisons use data from the Population Reference Bureau.[5]

Visualisation[edit]

Google Chart TFR vs Area vs Population

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Three states hold the key". The Indian Express. 15 July 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Table in [1] Fourth National Family Health Survey of TFR, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India
  3. ^ "What works for India's Family Planning Programme". Hindustan Times. 2020-02-21. Retrieved 2021-09-12.
  4. ^ "India's fertility rate drops below 2.1, contraceptive prevalence up: NFHS". Hindustan Times. 2021-11-24. Retrieved 2021-11-24.
  5. ^ "National Family Health Survey (NFHS-5)". rchiips.org. Retrieved 2021-11-25.
  6. ^ Table in [2] SRS Report (1999), Census Commission of India
  7. ^ Table in [3]
  8. ^ Table in [4]

See also[edit]