Indiana Guard Reserve
|Indiana Guard Reserve|
|Country||United States of America|
|Type||State Defense Force|
|Part of||Indiana National Guard|
|Website||Indiana Guard Reserve|
|Governor||Michael R. Pence|
|Adjutant General||BG Courtney Carr|
|Commanding General||MG Bruce Bowers|
|Command Sergeant Major||CSM James H. Coe|
The Indiana Guard Reserve, formerly the Liberty Guard and the Indiana Legion, is a militia force that serves as the state defense force of the state of Indiana. The Indiana Guard Reserve serves under the exclusive authority of the governor of the state of Indiana through his executive agent for military matters, The Adjutant General of Indiana. The Guard Reserve is a unique military organization designed to provide military support for the state of Indiana when units of the Indiana Army National Guard are activated for federal service or otherwise unavailable to the state of Indiana. When the Indiana Army National Guard enters active federal service and departs Indiana, the Indiana Guard Reserve remains in Indiana and becomes the governor's military force. The Indiana Guard Reserve could be assigned missions of providing custodial management of armories, security for armories and possibly other state properties, and support to civilian authorities in natural disasters and other state emergencies.
The Indiana Guard Reserve is organized pursuant to Indiana Code IC 10-16-8. It is subdivided into the following 7 Major Subordinate Units:
- Headquarters - Headquarters consists of the following:
- General Staff - Consists of the Adjutant General of Indiana, the Commanding General of the Indiana Guard Reserve, the Deputy Commander of Logistics/Support, the Deputy Commander of Operations/Training, the Chief of Staff, the Deputy Chief of Staff, and the Secretary of General Staff.
- Commander's Personal Staff - Consists of the Command Sergeant Major of the Indiana Guard Reserve division and the STARC Liaison.
- Commander's Special Staff - Consists of the Inspector General, Staff Surgeon, Staff Chaplain, Staff Judge Advocate General, Assistant Staff Judge Advocate, Provost Marshal, and the Public Affairs Officer.
- Coordinating Staff Group - Consists of the following departments:
- G-1 Personnel and Administration - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-1/ Director of Personnel, Personnel Management Officer, and the EEO/Mobilization Officer.
- G-2 Intelligence - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-2/Director of Intelligence.
- G-3 Operations, Plans, and Training - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-3/Director of Operations, Plans Officer, Training Officer, and the Operations Sergeant Major.
- G-4 Logistics - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-4/Director of Logistics, Deputy Director Logistics, Procurement Officer, General Supply Technician, and the Logistics Sergeant Major.
- G-5 Civil Affairs - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-5/Director of Civil Affairs, Director of Recruiting/Retention, Recruiting Sergeant Major, and the Civil Affairs Sergeant.
- G-6 Information Systems - Consists of the Assistant Chief of Staff G-6/Director of Information Systems, Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff G-6/Chief Information Officer, Cyber Security Officer, Database Management Officer, Infrastructure Management Officer, and the Website Management Officer.
- Headquarters - Consists of the Commandant and the Sergeant Major.
- Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment - Serves as headquarters for the Indiana Guard Reserve General Staff and support personnel, Search and Rescue Detachment, and the Chaplains Corps. Consists of the Commander, First Sergeant, and the Supply Sergeant.
- Office Management - Consists of the IGR Andministrative Assistant.
- 1st Brigade - Headquartered in Fort Wayne, Indiana, and encompasses the northeast quarter of the state. The 1st Brigade consists of the following subordinate units:
- 2nd Brigade - Headquartered in Lafayette, Indiana, and encompasses the northwest quarter of the state.
- 3rd Brigade - Headquartered in Bedford, Indiana, and encompasses the southwest quarter of the state. The 3rd Brigade consists of the following subordinate units:
- 4th Brigade - Headquartered in Shelbyville, Indiana, and encompasses the southeast quarter of the state. The 4th Brigade consists of the following subordinate units:
- Training Command - Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and administers the Indiana Guard Reserve Training Academy.
- Support Command - Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and serves as a supporting unit. The command consists of the following units:
The Indiana Guard Reserve contains the following 4 Specialized Units:
- Chaplains Corps - Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana within the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment. The Chaplains Corps provides religious services and counseling to Indiana Guard Reserve members.
- Medical Command - Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and provides medical support for IGR members and during large-scale emergency situations.
- Search and Rescue Detachment - Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana within the Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment. The Search and Rescue Detachment carries out Search and Rescue missions and also trains Search and Rescue teams.
- Ceremonial Unit - Provides an honor guard for community events and military funerals.
Purpose and missions
The purpose of any state defense force is to provide the governor of a state with a viable military force in the event that National Guard forces for that state have been mobilized into federal active service. The Indiana Guard Reserve has prepared for several missions in the event that the Indiana National Guard is federalized.
Some of the missions performed by IGR include:
- Soldier Support - Provides support to deploying or returning military personnel and civilian contractors during the deployment mobilization/demobilization process at Camp Atterbury, and hosting an annual, week-long Army JROTC leadership course;
- Search and Rescue - Provides trained search and rescue teams for statewide deployment, as well as search and rescue training support;
- Incident Management - Provides emergency management training for state defense force members and civilian authority personnel, as well as internal qualification for IGR members;
- Community Emergency Response Teams - Provides education in disaster preparedness and basic response for members and civilians;
- Community Support - Provides support for community events, such as security and traffic control; and
- Armory Support - Provides security to Indiana National Guard armories during times when the ING is deployed under federal orders.
The Indiana Guard Reserve offers specialized and general training to its members. Some examples of training offered either at state or local levels include:
- Military Emergency Management Specialist certification
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) certification
- Basic First Aid certification
- Basic Military Training
- Basic and Advanced Non Commissioned Officer Training
- Basic and Advanced Officer Training
The Indiana Guard Reserve has undertaken several missions in the past, including the following:
- Assisted Columbus Regional Hospital, Columbus, Indiana, with security after the flooding in June 2008.
- Assisted in providing security for Vice President Dick Cheney's visit to Camp Atterbury in Edinburgh, Indiana, in 2006
- Supplied traffic control and security for several past Indianapolis 500 Festival Mini-Marathons
- Supplied trainers for Junior Reserve Officer's Training Corps (JROTC) Camp
- Supplied traffic control and security for several past Indianapolis Shamrock Runs
- Supplied traffic control and security for several past (Senator Dick) Lugar Runs in Indianapolis
- Assisted in mobilizing and demobilizing activated National Guard and Reserve troops for missions overseas at Camp Atterbury
- Assisted as guides for the American Veterans Traveling Tribute (The traveling Vietnam Wall) in Noblesville, Indiana
- Provided security for several past Indianapolis Air Shows
Indiana's militia dates back to 1801 when it was first formed organized by Governor William Henry Harrison. During the American Civil War the Indiana Legion was created, giving the militia an official role in the state and distinguishing them from the regiments called to federal duty who would later become the Indiana National Guard. During the Civil War the Legion fought in the Battle of Corydon, was active throughout Morgan's Raid into Indiana, and patrolled the state's southern border and protected areas of importance. The Legion was renamed to the Liberty Guard in 1903 and served in various functions in the state. The Liberty Guard was renamed the Indiana Guard Reserve in 1916 and given a more formal role in the state.
There was formerly an Air Wing of the IGR, which wore a slightly-modified Air Force uniform. It was disbanded in the mid-1990s.
Personnel of the Guard Reserve will be authorized to wear the U.S. Army duty uniforms, both Class A and B, as well as the Class C (ACU's ). Ownership of the Dress Blue is optional. Wear of these uniforms is authorized with minor insignia modifications.
The following ribbons are awarded to members of the Indiana Guard Reserve.
- Indiana Distinguished Service Cross (also National Guard)
- Indiana Distinguished Service Medal (also National Guard)
- Indiana Commendation Medal (National Guard & Guard Reserve)
- Indiana Homeland Defense Ribbon
- Indiana Emergency Service Ribbon
- Indiana Funeral Honors Ribbon
- INGR Merit Medal
- INGR Distinguished Service Ribbon
- INGR Commendation Ribbon
- INGR Achievement Ribbon
- INGR JROTC Commendation Ribbon
- INGR Outstanding Recruiter Ribbon
- INGR JROTC Support Ribbon
- INGR Community Service Ribbon
- INGR Search and Rescue Ribbon
- INGR C.E.R.T. Ribbon
- INGR Emergency Management Specialist Ribbon
- INGR Officer Professional Development Ribbon
- INGR NCO Professional Development Ribbon
- INGR Physical Fitness Ribbon
- INGR 25 Year Service Ribbon
- INGR Long Service Ribbon
- INGR Service Ribbon
- INGR Defense Service Ribbon
- INGR The Indiana Guard Reserve Association Ribbon
- INGR Superior Unit Citation
The Indiana Guard Reserve also awards the INGR Medallion and expert, sharpshooter, and marksman badges for both rifle and pistol. Members who have previously served in the federal military may wear decorations awarded for prior service may also be worn on the uniform.
- "Guard Reserve". Indiana General Assembly. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Hesdquarters". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "First Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Second Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Third Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Fourth Brigade". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Training Academy". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Support Command". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Chaplains Corps". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- "Medical Command". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Search and Rescue Detachment". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 5 August 2015.
- "Ceremonial Unit". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 6 August 2015.
- "History of the IGR". Indiana Guard Reserve. State of Indiana. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Ribbons and Awards". Indiana Guard Reserve Official Website. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "Join Us!". Indiana Guard Reserve Official Website. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- The State Guard Association of the United States
- SGAUS MEMS Academy
- Indiana Guard Reserve by Felix E. Goodson (author), 219 pages, published by The Indiana Guard Reserve Retired Association (1998), ASIN B0006QZ9ZY