Indianapolis metropolitan area

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Indianapolis Metropolitan Area
Indianapolis–Carmel–Greenwood, IN MSA
Map of Indianapolis–Carmel–Muncie, IN CSA
Country United States
State Indiana
Principal cities[1]
 • Metropolitan Statistical Area6,028.83 sq mi (15,614.6 km2)
 • Urban
1,699,881 (32nd)
 • Urban density2,352.6/sq mi (908.4/km2)
 • MSA
2,111,040 (33rd)
 • CSA
2,492,514 (28th)
 • MSA$184.4 billion (2022)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
460xx, 461xx, 462xx, 466xx, 469xx
Area codes317, 463, 765, 812, 930

The Indianapolis metropolitan area is an 11-county metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Indiana. Its principal cities are Indianapolis, Carmel, Greenwood, and Anderson.[1] Other primary cities with populations of more than 50,000 include Fishers, Noblesville, and Westfield. Located in Central Indiana, it is the largest metropolitan area entirely within Indiana and the seventh largest in the American Midwest.

There are two official metropolitan boundaries for the Indianapolis metro area: the Indianapolis–Carmel–Greenwood, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Indianapolis–Carmel–Muncie, IN Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The two regions are identical except for the addition of three metropolitan areas (Columbus, Kokomo, and Muncie) and six micropolitan statistical areas (Crawfordsville, Greencastle, Greensburg, Seymour, New Castle, and Peru) to the Indianapolis–Carmel–Muncie CSA that are not included in the Indianapolis–Carmel–Greenwood MSA. The population of the MSA was 2,111,040 and the population of the CSA was 2,457,286 as of the 2020 Census.

The Indianapolis metropolitan area is a major center for agribusiness, distribution and logistics, life sciences, manufacturing, and motorsports. In 2021, the gross domestic product of the Indianapolis metropolitan area was (USD) $162.1 billion, among the 30 largest metropolitan economies in the U.S.[4] In 2023, the Indianapolis metropolitan area was home to three Fortune 500 companies and six Fortune 1000 companies. The metropolitan area is home to several higher education institutions, including Anderson University, Butler University, Franklin College, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis, Marian University, and the University of Indianapolis, among others. Ivy Tech Community College has several campuses throughout the region.

Indianapolis–Carmel–Greenwood, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

Historical population
2022 (est.)2,141,7791.5%
data source:[5]

In the 2020 Census, there were 2,111,040 people residing in the MSA. The racial demographics were 69.6% White, 15.0% Black or African-American, 0.4% American Indian or Alaska Native, 3.9% Asian, 4.5% Other and 6.6% Two or More Races. 8.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.[6]

Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Municipalities with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants[edit]

Municipalities with 10,000 to 50,000 inhabitants[edit]

Municipalities with 1,000 to 10,000 inhabitants[edit]

Municipalities with fewer than 1,000 inhabitants[edit]


County 2020 Census 2010 Census Change
Marion County 977,203 903,389 +8.17%
Hamilton County 347,467 274,569 +26.55%
Hendricks County 174,788 145,412 +20.20%
Johnson County 161,765 139,867 +15.66%
Madison County 130,129 131,636 −1.14%
Hancock County 79,840 70,045 +13.98%
Morgan County 71,780 68,939 +4.12%
Boone County 70,812 56,638 +25.03%
Shelby County 45,055 44,393 +1.49%
Brown County 15,475 15,242 +1.53%
Tipton County 15,359 15,936 −3.62%
Total 2,089,653 1,866,066 +11.98%

Indianapolis–Carmel–Muncie, IN Combined Statistical Area[edit]

A satellite image of the Indianapolis metropolitan area

As of 2023, the Indianapolis–Carmel–Muncie, IN Combined Statistical Area (CSA) consists of four metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) and six micropolitan statistical areas (µSAs) covering 20 counties.[1] In 2022, the CSA's population estimate was 2,631,863, ranking as the 27th largest in the U.S.

Area codes[edit]

The 317 area code covered all of northern and central Indiana until 1948 when the 219 area code was created. Central Indiana remained under the 317 banner until 1997 when growth in and around Indianapolis prompted the creation of 765 area code.

The 317 area code covers the Indianapolis metropolitan area. The counties covered by 317 are Boone, Hancock, Hamilton, Hendricks, Johnson, Madison, Morgan, and Shelby.

According to the Indiana Office of Utility Consumer Counselor, the 317 area code was expected to run out of numbers in 2017.[7] Overlay area code 463 was implemented in late 2016, thereby requiring 10-digit dialing.[8]


Eli Lilly Corporate Center in Indianapolis. Lilly is among the largest non-governmental employers, with more than 10,000 workers in the MSA.[9]

In 2021, the gross domestic product of the Indianapolis metropolitan area was (USD) $162.1 billion, among the 30 largest metropolitan economies in the U.S.[4] In 2021, the Indianapolis metropolitan area was home to three Fortune 500 companies and six Fortune 1000 companies.[10] The largest public companies based in the Indianapolis metropolitan area were:

Company City Sector Revenue
(USD billions)
1 Elevance Health Indianapolis Insurance 138.6 20
2 Eli Lilly and Company Indianapolis Pharmaceutical 28.3 122
3 Corteva Indianapolis Agrochemical 15.7 237
4 Simon Property Group Indianapolis Real estate 5.1 593
5 Elanco Greenfield Pharmaceutical (animal health) 4.8 628
6 CNO Financial Group Carmel Financial services 4.1 682
7 Calumet Specialty Products Partners Indianapolis Specialty chemicals 3.1 807
8 Allison Transmission Indianapolis Automotive components 2.4 940
9 OpenLane Carmel Automotive remarketing 1.5 969
Sources: Fortune[10] and Indianapolis Business Journal[11]

Private companies based in the Indianapolis MSA include financial services company OneAmerica Financial, agricultural cooperative CountryMark, and regional airline Republic Airways Holdings.[12] Other notable companies based in the region include Angi, Barnes & Thornburg, BSA LifeStructures, Complexly, Delta Faucet Company, Emmis Corporation, Envigo, Finish Line, First Internet Bancorp, Formstack, Hackett Publishing Company, Herff Jones, Hubstaff, KLH Audio, Klipsch Audio Technologies, Lids, Lucas Oil Products, Monarch Beverage, Noble Roman's, Pay Less Super Markets, Remy International, and Steak 'n Shake.

The Indianapolis metropolitan area is a major hub for motorsports, specifically American open-wheel car racing.[13] Notable facilities include Anderson Speedway in Anderson, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Speedway, and Lucas Oil Indianapolis Raceway Park in Brownsburg, among many others.[14] Racing teams based in the area include Andretti Autosport, Arrow McLaren, Chip Ganassi Racing, Ed Carpenter Racing, and Juncos Hollinger Racing in Indianapolis; Dreyer & Reinbold Racing in Carmel, HMD Motorsports in Brownsburg, and Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing in Zionsville, among numerous others.[15] Italian racecar manufacturer Dallara opened a facility in Speedway in 2012.[16]

More than 40 collegiate fraternities and sororities are headquartered in the Indianapolis metropolitan area, the largest concentration in North America.[17][18]



Indiana's "Crossroads of America" moniker is largely attributed to the historical function of the Indianapolis metropolitan area has played as a center for logistics and transportation.


The Indianapolis area is a major point on the United States Interstate Highway System, as it is a confluence of four major interstate highways:

Other interstates that cross through the Indianapolis area include:

  • I-465 – Is a beltway circling suburban Indianapolis that is also known as the USS Indianapolis Memorial Highway
  • I-865 – Is an east–west connector northwest of Indianapolis in Boone County

US Highways[edit]

Indiana state highways[edit]

Other notable roads[edit]

Other notable roads in the area are:

Public transit[edit]


Indianapolis International Airport in 2008

The Indianapolis metropolitan area is served by several airports, most under the ownership and operation of the Indianapolis Airport Authority, including Eagle Creek Airpark (EYE), Indianapolis Metropolitan Airport (UMP), Indianapolis Regional Airport (MQJ), Hendricks County Airport (2R2), Indianapolis Downtown Heliport (8A4), and the busiest airport in the state, Indianapolis International Airport (IND). In 2022, Indianapolis International served 8.7 million passengers and handled 1.25 million metric tonnes of cargo.[19]

Other airports within the region include:


Indianapolis Union Station is served by Amtrak's Cardinal, which operates thrice-weekly between Chicago and New York City.

Educational institutions[edit]

Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis enrolls some 30,000 students, the highest post-secondary enrollment within the Indianapolis metropolitan area.

The Indianapolis metropolitan area is home to several higher education institutions, including:

The ‡ symbol denotes university branches whose main campuses are located outside the Indianapolis metropolitan area.


Hinkle Fieldhouse is home to the Butler Bulldogs. In 1954, Hinkle hosted the "Milan Miracle," inspiring the 1986 film Hoosiers.

Professional teams[edit]

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Indianapolis Colts American Football 1984 NFL Lucas Oil Stadium
Indiana Pacers Basketball 1967 NBA Gainbridge Fieldhouse
Indiana Fever Basketball 2000 WNBA Gainbridge Fieldhouse
Indy Eleven Soccer 2013 USL IU Michael A. Carroll Stadium
Eleven Park (planned 2025)
Indy Fuel Ice hockey 2014 ECHL Indiana Farmers Coliseum
Fishers Event Center (planned 2024)
Indianapolis Indians Baseball 1902 IL (Triple-A) Victory Field

Semi-professional teams[edit]

Club Sport Founded League Venue
F.C. Indiana Women's Soccer 2003 WPSL Newton Park
Indianapolis AlleyCats Ultimate 2012 AUDL Grand Park

College sports (Division I)[edit]

Headquartered in Indianapolis, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is the preeminent collegiate athletic governing body in the U.S. and Canada, regulating athletes of 1,281 institutions; conferences; organizations; and individuals. The NCAA also organizes the athletic programs of many colleges and universities and helps more than 450,000 college student-athletes who compete annually in college sports.


The 2008 Indianapolis 500, the 92nd running of the race.

The Indianapolis metropolitan area hosts several notable sporting events annually, including the Brickyard 400, Grand Prix of Indianapolis, NHRA U.S. Nationals, NFL Scouting Combine, Big Ten Football Championship Game, the largest half marathon in the U.S.,[20] and the largest single-day sporting event in the world, the Indianapolis 500. The cars competing in the latter race are known as IndyCars as a reference to the event. Indianapolis has also been a frequent host of the NCAA Division I Men's and Women's basketball tournaments. Other major sporting events hosted include Pan American Games X in 1987, Super Bowl XLVI in 2012,[21] and the 2013 International Champions Cup between Chelsea F.C. and Inter Milan.[22]

High school sports are highly competitive in Greater Indianapolis. In 2013, MaxPreps ranked Indianapolis No. 3 in its Top 10 Metro Areas for High School Football.[23]

Notable natives[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "OMB Bulletin No. 23-01" (PDF). July 21, 2023. pp. 59, 138. Retrieved October 22, 2023.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  3. ^ "Total Gross Domestic Product for Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN (MSA)".
  4. ^ a b "Total Gross Domestic Product for Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN (MSA) [NGMP26900]". U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved May 20, 2023.
  5. ^ DIvision, US Census Bureau Systems Support. "Ranking Tables for Metropolitan Areas (PHC-T-3)".
  6. ^ "Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metro Area Demographics and Housing 2020 Decennial Census".
  7. ^ "NANPA : Number Resources - NPA (Area) Codes". Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  8. ^ Russell, John. "New area code, mandatory 10-digit dialing, come to Central Indiana". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved July 4, 2016.
  9. ^ "Largest Indiana Employers". IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  10. ^ a b "Fortune 500". Fortune. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  11. ^ "Largest Indiana Public Companies". IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  12. ^ "Largest Indiana Private Companies". IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  13. ^ Bradley, Daniel; Shuey, Mickey (October 14, 2022). "Racing teams investing big in central Indiana". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  14. ^ "Most Popular Attractions". IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  15. ^ "Largest Motorsports Companies". IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  16. ^ Schoettle, Anthony (September 19, 2013). "Dallara sees Indy operations as springboard for U.S. expansion". Indianapolis Business Journal. IBJ Media. Retrieved May 29, 2023.
  17. ^ "Central Indiana Lands More Fraternity HQs". Inside INdiana Business. IBJ Media. July 6, 2017. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  18. ^ Cummings, Ingrid (May 2005). "Frat City". Indianapolis Monthly. Illustration by Dave Plunkert. Emmis Communications. pp. 98–104. ISSN 0899-0328. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  19. ^ "Airline Activity Report December 2022" (PDF). Indianapolis Airport Authority. Retrieved May 20, 2023.
  20. ^ "OneAmerica 500 Festival Mini Marathon & 5K". Retrieved 2015-05-26.
  21. ^ "Indianapolis beats out Houston, Arizona to host first Super Bowl". Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  22. ^ "Indianapolis Sports - Indianapolis Star -". Indianapolis Star. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  23. ^ "Top 10 Metro Areas for high school football in 2013". 30 July 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2014.

External links[edit]