Indianola, Nebraska

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Indianola, Nebraska
City
Indianola town park: grave of Pawnee victim of Massacre Canyon event
Indianola town park: grave of Pawnee victim of Massacre Canyon event
Location of Indianola, Nebraska
Location of Indianola, Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°14′9″N 100°25′9″W / 40.23583°N 100.41917°W / 40.23583; -100.41917Coordinates: 40°14′9″N 100°25′9″W / 40.23583°N 100.41917°W / 40.23583; -100.41917
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Red Willow
Area[1]
 • Total 1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Land 1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,382 ft (726 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 584
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 576
 • Density 467.2/sq mi (180.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 69034
Area code(s) 308
FIPS code 31-23830[4]
GNIS feature ID 0830293[5]

Indianola is a city in Red Willow County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 584 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Indianola was platted in 1873.[6] It was named after Indianola, Iowa, the former hometown of an early settler.[7] In its early days, Indianola was the county seat of Red Willow County. After the railroad opted to locate its midpoint terminal on the Omaha to Denver route in McCook rather than in Indianola, the seat was moved there and Indianola declined.[6]

Located in the City Park of Indianola is the grave of a Pawnee woman who died of wounds received at the battle between the Sioux and Pawnee tribes at Massacre Canyon just east of Trenton, Nebraska. Originally she was buried northwest of town on a bluff overlooking Coon Creek. In the 1970s, it became obvious that erosion would eventually destroy her gravesite, and in 1975 she was reburied in the park, with representatives of the Pawnee tribe participating in the ceremony.[8]

Geography[edit]

Indianola is located at 40°14′9″N 100°25′9″W / 40.23583°N 100.41917°W / 40.23583; -100.41917 (40.235822, -100.419296).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 233
1890 579 148.5%
1900 626 8.1%
1910 681 8.8%
1920 742 9.0%
1930 815 9.8%
1940 800 −1.8%
1950 738 −7.7%
1960 754 2.2%
1970 672 −10.9%
1980 856 27.4%
1990 672 −21.5%
2000 642 −4.5%
2010 584 −9.0%
Est. 2015 564 [10] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 584 people, 256 households, and 160 families residing in the city. The population density was 467.2 inhabitants per square mile (180.4/km2). There were 295 housing units at an average density of 236.0 per square mile (91.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.1% White, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 256 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the city was 42.8 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.7% were from 25 to 44; 32% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 51.5% male and 48.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 642 people, 275 households, and 183 families residing in the city. The population density was 514.9 people per square mile (198.3/km²). There were 325 housing units at an average density of 260.6 per square mile (100.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.66% White, 0.93% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.62% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 275 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 101.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $27,344, and the median income for a family was $35,469. Males had a median income of $27,750 versus $16,094 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,774. About 9.0% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b "Indianola, Red Willow County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  7. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 117. ISBN 0-8032-5060-6.  A 1925 edition is available for download at University of Nebraska—Lincoln Digital Commons.
  8. ^ "Pawnee Woman's Grave". Nebraska State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-09-09.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.