Indigenous People's Front of Tripura

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Indigenous People's Front of Tripura
AbbreviationIPFT
LeaderN.C. Debbarma
PresidentN.C.Debbarma
ChairpersonN.C.Debbarma
Secretary-GeneralMevar Kumar Jamatia
SpokespersonMangal Debbarma
HeadquartersOld Kali Bari Road, Krishnanagar, Agartala - 799100 Tripura  India
Youth wingYouth IPFT
Membership1,21,670 (2017)
IdeologyRegionalism
Ethnic Nationalism
Tribalism
Separatism
Anti-immigration
Colours    
    
ECI StatusState Party
Alliance National Democratic Alliance
Seats in Tripura Legislative Assembly
8 / 60
Seats in Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council
0 / 30
Election symbol
Indian Election symbol Dao.svg


The Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura (IPFT) is a regional political party in Tripura, India[1]. It is a member of the North-East Democratic Alliance and North-East Regional Political Front, a group of political parties of the northeast that supports the National Democratic Alliance (India). The party existed from 1997 to 2001 until it was merged into the Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra (INPT), and reformed in 2009. The party is allied with BJP in the Tripura Legislative Assembly election, 2018 and won 8 seats out of 9 contested seats. The party got 7.5% of the total votes polled. The BJP got 36 seats and with a total of 44 seats the BJP-IPFT coalition have two-third majority at the Legislative Assembly. [2]

History[edit]

The IPFT made its political breakthrough in the 2000 Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council (TTAADC) elections. The militant separatist organization National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT) had declared that it would only allow the IPFT to contest the election; in light of a series of assassinations, death threats, and kidnappings, only the Left Front and the IPFT participated. The IPFT ended up winning 17 out of 28 seats, taking a majority on the TTAADC.[3]

The Tripura National Volunteers (TNV), Tripuri nationalist militant group, supported the IPFT in the 2000 elections. In 2001, after pressure from the NLFT, the TNV merged with the Indigenous People's Front of Tripura. In 2002, the Indigenous Nationalist Party of Tripura (INPT) was formed as a merger of the Indigenous People's Front of Tripura and the Tripura Upajati Juba Samiti (TUJS).[4]

The newly-formed INPT formed an alliance with the Indian National Congress for the 2003 Tripura Legislative Assembly election, in which the INPT won six assembly seats.

After the 2003 assembly election, 6 District Councilors split away from the INPT to form the National Socialist Party of Tripura (NSPT), under the leadership of Hirendra Tripura and Budhu Kumar Debbarma. The NSPT formed a government in the TTAADC by forming a coalition with the communist CPIM party. Following this, more INPT leaders defected, leaving to join the Indian National Congress.

In 2005, another youth leader and INPT MLA Animesh Debbarma left the party to form the National Conference of Tripura (NCT).

Before the 2009 Loksabha election, some INPT leaders decided to revive the IPFT party under the leadership of former All India Radio Director N.C Debbarma. The main demand of the IPFT is the formation of "Tipraland", a state within the TTAADC, under articles 2 and 3 of the Indian Constitution.

The IPFT contested both of the Loksabha seats of Tripura in 2009, but received very few votes. It also contested 21 out of 28 ADC seats in the 2010 Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council election, but only received a total of 2,216 votes.

The IPFT also failed to gain a majority in the 2013 Tripura assembly elections, receiving 11,234 votes in 17 contested seats. Following these elections, IPFT leader Patal Kanya Jamatia left and joined the INPT, ultimately leaving again to form the Tripura Peoples Front (TPF).

In the 2015 ADC elections, the IPFT contested 27 of the 28 seats. Despite securing the second-highest number of votes at 115,252, the IPFT was unable to gain a single seat. The IPFT split again following these elections, with some members like Retd. TCS officer C.R Debbarma & Rangchak Kwthang leaving to form the Tipraland State Party (TSP). The party was further weakened after some prominent IPFT youth leaders, including David Murasing and Pabitra Jamatia, left the party to join the right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), the party in power nationally in India, in 11 December 2016 , but David Murasing ultimately leaving again BJP in 16 August 2017 to form Twipra Dophani Sikla Srwngnai Motha (TDSSM).

Splinter Factions[edit]

IPFT is splintered into 3-6 factions:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ali, Syed Sajjad. "Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura demands separate tribal state". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 May 2017.
  2. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/PartyWiseResultS23.htm?st=S23
  3. ^ "Left sweeps Tripura tribal council polls". www.daijiworld.com. Agartala. 6 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  4. ^ Varma, Subodh (10 February 2018). "A Short History of IPFT, BJP's Election Partner in Tripura". Newsclick.in. Retrieved 6 March 2018.