Indigenous peoples of Arizona

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Native Americans have inhabited what is now Arizona for thousands of years. It remains a state with one of the largest percentages of Native Americans in the United States, and has the second largest total Native American population of any state. In addition, the majority of the Navajo Nation, the largest Native American reservation in the US, and the entire Tohono O'odham Nation, the second largest, are located in Arizona. Over a quarter of the area of the state is reservation land.

Twenty tribes are members of the Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona (ITCA).

Contemporary peoples native to Arizona[edit]

An early hut which served as a home of a Yavapai family.

Yaqui people

  • Yavapai, or Kwevkepaya, Wipuhk’a’bah, Tolkepaya, and Yavepé (four separate groups)
  • Zuni, or A:shiwi

Prehistoric cultures in Arizona[edit]

Hohokam fort known as Sears-Kay Ruin, built C. 1050 AD and located in the foothills of Carefree, Arizona.

Tribal entities in Arizona[edit]

Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation
Historic Marker which reads: Gila River Indian Reservation (established 1859) Here the first Indian school was established by the government for the Pimas and Maricopas.

This is a list of all federally recognized tribes in Arizona currently registered with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Links go to the tribes' website or to the ITCA's page for that tribe.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]