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Indigofera astragalina (Phulzadi) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 0204.jpg
Indigofera astragalina
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Indigofereae
(Benth.) Hutch.[1]

See text.

  • Galegeae subtribe Indigoferinae (Benth.) Benth. 1859[2]
  • Indigofereae clade sensu Schrire et al. 2009[3]
  • Indigoferoid clade sensu Cardoso et al. 2012[4]

The tribe Indigofereae is a subdivision of the plant family Fabaceae. It is consistently recovered as a monophyletic clade in molecular phylogenies.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][4][15][16][17][18][19] The Indigofereae arose 30.0 ± 3.3 million years ago (in the Oligocene).[20]

This tribe does not currently have a node-based, phylogenetic definition, but it can be distinguished by the following morphological synapomorphies: the presence of biramous hairs, keel spurs, short free staminal filaments, and short fruiting pedicels; and the loss of stipels and seed arils.[3]


Indigofereae comprises the following genera:[2][3][21][22]


Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[3]

Millettioids (outgroup)




Palaeotropical Clade

Pantropical Clade

Cape Clade

Tethyan Clade

CRIM Clade






  1. ^ "Tribe Indigofereae (Benth.) Hutch". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved November 15, 2013.
  2. ^ a b Schrire BD (2013). "Kew entry for Indigofereae". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d Schrire BD; Lavin M; Barker NP; Forest F (2009). "Phylogeny of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae): Geographically structured more in succulent-rich and temperate settings than in grass-rich environments". Am J Bot. 96 (4): 816–52. doi:10.3732/ajb.0800185. PMID 21628237.
  4. ^ a b Cardoso D; de Queiroz LP; Pennington RT; de Lima HC; Fonty É; Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
  5. ^ Barker NP; Schrire BD; Kim J-H (2000). "Generic relationships in the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) based on sequence data and morphology". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 311–337. ISBN 184246017X.
  6. ^ Hu J-M. (2000). "Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Millettieae and allies—The current status". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 299–310. ISBN 184246017X.
  7. ^ Pennington RT; Klitgaard BB; Ireland H; Lavin M (2000). "New insights into floral evolution of basal Papilionoideae from molecular phylogenies". In Herendeen PS; Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 233–248. ISBN 184246017X.
  8. ^ Crisp MD; Van Wyk B-E (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". In Herendeen PS; Bruneau A; Pollard PSc. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 249–276. ISBN 9781842460177.
  9. ^ Schrire BD; Lavin M; Barker NP; Cortes-Burns H; von Senger I; Kim J-H (2003). "Towards a phylogeny of Indigofera (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae): Identification of major clades and relative ages". In Klitgaard BB; Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 269–302. ISBN 9781842460542.
  10. ^ Kajita T; Ohashi H; Takeishi Y; Bailey CD; Doyle JJ (2001). "RbcL and legume phylogeny, with particular reference to Phaseoleae, Millettieae, and allies". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 515–536. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.515.
  11. ^ Wojciechowski MF, Sanderson MJ, Steele KP,, Liston A (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the "temperate herbaceous tribes" of papilionoid legumes: a supertree approach" (PDF). In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens. pp. 277–298. ISBN 184246017X.
  12. ^ Hu JM; Lavin M; Wojciechowski MF; Sanderson MJ (2002). "Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear ribosomal ITS/5.85 sequences in the tribe Millettieae (Fabaceae): PoecilantheCyclolobium, the core Millettieae, and the Callerya group". Syst Bot. 27 (4): 722–733. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.4.722.
  13. ^ Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M; Sanderson MJ (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–862. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. PMID 21652332.
  14. ^ Wojciechowski MF (2003). "Reconstructing the phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae): An early 21st century perspective". In Klitgaard BB; Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics (PDF). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 5–35. ISBN 1-842-46054-4.
  15. ^ Cardoso D; Pennington RT; de Queiroz LP; Boatwright JS; Van Wyk B-E; Wojciechowski MF; Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
  16. ^ McMahon MM; Sanderson MJ (2006). "Phylogenetic supermatrix analysis of GenBank sequences from 2228 papilionoid legumes". Syst Biol. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.1080/10635150600999150.
  17. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8.
  18. ^ Wojciechowski MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
  19. ^ Doyle JJ; Doyle JL; Ballenger JA; Dickson EE; Kajita T; Ohashi H (1997). "A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation". Am J Bot. 84 (4): 541–554. doi:10.2307/2446030. PMID 21708606.
  20. ^ Lavin M; Herendeen PS; Wojciechowski MF (2005). "Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary". Syst Biol. 54 (4): 575–94. doi:10.1080/10635150590947131. PMID 16085576.
  21. ^ Schrire BD (1995). "Evolution of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae)". In Crisp MD; Doyle JJ. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 7: Phylogeny. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 161–244. ISBN 0947643796.
  22. ^ "Indigofereae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. April 1, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2010.

External links[edit]