From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Indigofera astragalina (Phulzadi) in Hyderabad, AP W IMG 0204.jpg
Indigofera astragalina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Indigofereae
(Benth.) Hutch.[1]

See text.

  • Galegeae subtribe Indigoferinae (Benth.) Benth. 1859[2]
  • Indigofereae clade sensu Schrire et al. 2009[3]
  • Indigoferoid clade sensu Cardoso et al. 2012[4]

The tribe Indigofereae is a subdivision of the plant family Fabaceae. It is consistently recovered as a monophyletic clade in molecular phylogenies.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][4][15][16][17][18][19] The Indigofereae arose 30.0 ± 3.3 million years ago (in the Oligocene).[20]

This tribe does not currently have a node-based, phylogenetic definition, but it can be distinguished by the following morphological synapomorphies: the presence of biramous hairs, keel spurs, short free staminal filaments, and short fruiting pedicels; and the loss of stipels and seed arils.[3]


Indigofereae comprises the following genera:[2][3][21][22]


Modern molecular phylogenetics suggest the following relationships:[3]

Millettioids (outgroup)




Palaeotropical Clade

Pantropical Clade

Cape Clade

Tethyan Clade

CRIM Clade






  1. ^ "Tribe Indigofereae (Benth.) Hutch.". Global Plants. JSTOR. Retrieved November 15, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Schrire BD. (2013). "Kew entry for Indigofereae". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, England. Retrieved 1 February 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d Schrire BD, Lavin M, Barker NP, Forest F. (2009). "Phylogeny of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae): Geographically structured more in succulent-rich and temperate settings than in grass-rich environments". Am J Bot. 96 (4): 816–52. PMID 21628237. doi:10.3732/ajb.0800185. 
  4. ^ a b Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. PMID 23221500. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. 
  5. ^ Barker NP, Schrire BD, Kim J-H. (2000). "Generic relationships in the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) based on sequence data and morphology". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 311–337. ISBN 184246017X. 
  6. ^ Hu J-M. (2000). "Phylogenetic relationships of the tribe Millettieae and allies—The current status". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 299–310. ISBN 184246017X. 
  7. ^ Pennington RT, Klitgaard BB, Ireland H, Lavin M. (2000). "New insights into floral evolution of basal Papilionoideae from molecular phylogenies". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 233–248. ISBN 184246017X. 
  8. ^ Crisp MD, Van Wyk B-E. (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the genistoid tribes of papilionoid legumes". In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A, Pollard PS.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 249–276. ISBN 9781842460177. 
  9. ^ Schrire BD, Lavin M, Barker NP, Cortes-Burns H, von Senger I, Kim J-H. (2003). "Towards a phylogeny of Indigofera (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae): Identification of major clades and relative ages". In Klitgaard BB, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 269–302. ISBN 9781842460542. 
  10. ^ Kajita T, Ohashi H, Takeishi Y, Bailey CD, Doyle JJ. (2001). "RbcL and legume phylogeny, with particular reference to Phaseoleae, Millettieae, and allies". Syst Bot. 26 (3): 515–536. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-26.3.515. 
  11. ^ Wojciechowski MF, Sanderson MJ, Steele KP, Liston A. (2000). "Molecular phylogeny of the “temperate herbaceous tribes” of papilionoid legumes: a supertree approach" (PDF). In Herendeen PS, Bruneau A. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 9. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens. pp. 277–298. ISBN 184246017X. 
  12. ^ Hu JM, Lavin M, Wojciechowski MF, Sanderson MJ. (2002). "Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear ribosomal ITS/5.85 sequences in the tribe Millettieae (Fabaceae): PoecilantheCyclolobium, the core Millettieae, and the Callerya group". Syst Bot. 27 (4): 722–733. doi:10.1043/0363-6445-27.4.722. 
  13. ^ Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M, Sanderson MJ. (2004). "A phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae) based on analysis of the plastid matK gene resolves many well-supported subclades within the family". Am J Bot. 91 (11): 1846–862. PMID 21652332. doi:10.3732/ajb.91.11.1846. 
  14. ^ Wojciechowski MF. (2003). "Reconstructing the phylogeny of legumes (Leguminosae): An early 21st century perspective". In Klitgaard BB, Bruneau A.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 10: Higher Level Systematics (PDF). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 5–35. ISBN 1-842-46054-4. 
  15. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  16. ^ McMahon MM, Sanderson MJ. (2006). "Phylogenetic supermatrix analysis of GenBank sequences from 2228 papilionoid legumes". Syst Biol. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.1080/10635150600999150. 
  17. ^ LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades". Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. 
  18. ^ Wojciechowski MF. (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S Afr J Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017. 
  19. ^ Doyle JJ, Doyle JL, Ballenger JA, Dickson EE, Kajita T, Ohashi H. (1997). "A phylogeny of the chloroplast gene rbcL in the Leguminosae: taxonomic correlations and insights into the evolution of nodulation". Am J Bot. 84 (4): 541–554. PMID 21708606. doi:10.2307/2446030. 
  20. ^ Lavin M, Herendeen PS, Wojciechowski MF. (2005). "Evolutionary rates analysis of Leguminosae implicates a rapid diversification of lineages during the tertiary". Syst Biol. 54 (4): 575–94. PMID 16085576. doi:10.1080/10635150590947131. 
  21. ^ Schrire BD. (1995). "Evolution of the tribe Indigofereae (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae)". In Crisp MD, Doyle JJ.. Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 7: Phylogeny. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. pp. 161–244. ISBN 0947643796. 
  22. ^ "Indigofereae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. April 1, 2007. Retrieved August 4, 2010. 

External links[edit]