The university was established on 20January 1987 in Raipur by the State Legislature (Act No. 20 of 1987) to provide a new dimension to the agriculture development of Chhattisgarh region of the state, which is known as the "Rice Bowl". Dedicated to perpetuate the memory of Indira Gandhi, the late Prime Minister of India, the main aims of the university are to provide education in agriculture and allied science, to further research particularly in agriculture and allied sciences; undertake field extension programmes for proper transfer of technology and such other purposes related to the aforesaid with the objective of improving the socio-economic level of rural people.
The University Library "Nehru Library" is on main campus. The total holdings in the library are approximately 60,000 books along with theses and periodicals. The library provides documentation service, photocopying service etc. In addition, each college and research station has its own separate library. All constituent colleges have hostels with about 475 seats for men. The colleges have facilities for games and sports. The Health Centre provides free medical facilities for students and staff. Scholarships and Fellowships Merit Scholarship and Merit cum means scholarship of Rs 1500 to 1800 for 5 to 7% students of undergraduate and postgraduate classes. Partial and full freeships are awarded to a fraction of students.
Students are admitted to undergraduate courses after declaration of result of pre admission test conducted by C G Board, Raipur. The academic year for postgraduate and PhD courses starts from September.
As many as 13 private colleges are affiliated to the university along with 14 government agriculture colleges. These colleges are poor in resources and infrastructure but neither the government nor the university has take action to raise their standards.