Indo-Pakistani border

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The India and Pakistan Border (Hindi: भारत-पाकिस्तानसीमा, Urdu: ہندوستان-پاکستان سرحد‎), known locally as the International Border (IB), is an international border running between India and Pakistan that demarcates the Indian states and the four provinces of Pakistan. The border is running from the Line of Control (LoC), which separates Jammu Kashmir from Pakistan occupied Kashmir , in the north, to Wagah, which partitioned the Indian Punjab state and Punjab Province of Pakistan, in the eastward. The Zero Point separates the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to Sindh province of Pakistan, in the southward.[1]

Drafted and created based upon the artificial Radcliffe line in 1947, the border, separating Pakistan and India from each other, traverses a variety of terrains, ranging from major urban areas to inhospitable deserts.[2] From the Arabian sea, the naval border follows the course of Manora Island of Pakistan to the course of the Mumbai Harbour, in the South eastward. Since independence of India and Pakistan, the border has been a site of numerous conflict and wars between each country, and is one of the most complex borders in the world.[2] The border's total length is 1,800 mi (2,900 km),[2] according the figures given by the PBS; it is also one of the most dangerous borders in the world, based on an article written in the Foreign Policy in 2011.[3] It can be seen from the space in the night due to the 0.15 million flood lights installed by India on about 50 thousand poles,[4][5]

"Working boundary"[edit]

The border between two countries is called an international border from Gujrat/Sindh to the Line of Control. The Kashmir region is divided by the 1949 UN ceasefire line into two parts and the de facto border dividing Pakistan occupied Kashmir from Indian occupied kashmir has been called the Line of Control since 1972. On the south side of the border of the Jammu Division is Pakistan's Punjab border, and is called the working boundary by Pakistan (which is a recent term) but the "international border" by India.


Baba Chamliyal Mela at Indo-Pak international Border, Ramgarh sector, 45 km from Jammu, where people from both the nations take part. 
Evening flag lowering ceremony at the Wagah border. 
The floodlit border zone between India and Pakistan has a distinctly orange hue in this astronaut photograph. 
Trucks on National Highway 1 (India), waiting to cross Wagah border 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Khan, MH (March 5, 2006). "Back on track". Dawn News archives. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c PBS Release (July 26, 2005). "Border Jumpers The World's Most Complex Borders: Pakistan/India". PBS. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  3. ^ PHILIP WALKER (June 24, 2011). "The World's Most Dangerous Borders". The Foreign Policy. Retrieved 15 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Dailymail". Retrieved 23 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "India-Pakistan Borderlands at Night". India-Pakistan Borderlands at Night. NASA. 21 August 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2014. 

External links[edit]