The India and Pakistan Border (Template:Lang-hn), known locally as the International Border (IB), is an international border running between India and Pakistan that demarcates the Indian states and the four provinces of Pakistan. The border runs from the Line of Control (LoC), which separates the Indian controlled Kashmir from Pakistan controlled Kashmir, in the north, to Wagah, which partitioned the Indian Punjab state and Punjab Province of Pakistan, in the east. The Zero Point separates the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan to Sindh province of Pakistan, in the south.
Drafted and created based upon the Radcliffe line in 1947, the border, which separates Pakistan and India from each other, traverses a variety of terrains ranging from major urban areas to inhospitable deserts. From the Arabian sea, the naval border follows the course of Manora Island of Pakistan to the course of the Mumbai Harbour, in the South east. Since independence of India and Pakistan, the border has been a site of numerous conflicts and wars between each country, and is one of the most complex borders in the world. The border's total length is 1,800 mi (2,900 km), according to the figures given by the PBS; it is also one of the most dangerous borders in the world, based on an article written in the Foreign Policy in 2011. It can be seen from space at night due to the 150,000 flood lights installed by India on about 50 thousand poles.
Basically the borders between the two countries is called as International Border. The border between the two Nations is an internationally recognised frontier from Gujarat/Sindh only with exemption to the Line of Control that is not internationally accepted. The Kashmir disputed region is divided by the 1949 UN ceasefire Line into two main parts and the de facto demarcation dividing Pakistan-administered Kashmir from Indian-administered Kashmir has been called the Line of Control since 1972.
However, the situation between Pakistan and the Republic of India is some how unique and different. Between Pakistan and India lies the Disputed territory of Occupied Kashmir which as per the UN resolution is not an integral part of any country until the Peoples' of Kashmir decide themselves through democratic vote to which country they want to amalgamate. Now the Kashmiris are divided into two parts and the border dividing Kashmir into Indian-administered Kashmir and Pakistan-administered Kashmir is called the so-called Line of Control that means both sides is undecided Kashmir. On the other side where the internal borders of the Pakistan's Punjab provincial border, is officially called the Working Boundary by Pakistan (which is a recent term) but the so-called "international border" by the Government of India, where the controversial line of the Jammu region touches the Pakistani state proper, is called the working boundary which means one side is Pakistan and the other side Occupied territory.
1. Working boundary: The interim line between the State of Pakistan along the Sialkot District and Indian held Occupied Kashmir. It is called a working boundary because on one side is an internationally recognised land while on the other is a disputed territory, claimed by the Government of India.
2. LOC: Line of control is the boundary between Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Occupied Kashmir. It was demarcated after the Simla pact in 1972. The line is recognised between the contemporary states but is considered disputed globally.
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- Khan, MH (March 5, 2006). "Back on track". Dawn News archives. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- PBS Release (July 26, 2005). "Border Jumpers The World's Most Complex Borders: Pakistan/India". PBS. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- PHILIP WALKER (June 24, 2011). "The World's Most Dangerous Borders". The Foreign Policy. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- "Dailymail". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "India-Pakistan Borderlands at Night". India-Pakistan Border at Night. NASA. 23 September 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
- Annotated image from NASA
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