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|Regions with significant populations|
|Suriname (Paramaribo, Nickerie, Wanica, Commewijne) · Netherlands|
|Dutch, Sranan Tongo, Caribbean Hindustani/Bhojpuri/Sarnami, Hindi, other Languages of India|
Roman Catholicism and Protestantism
|Related ethnic groups|
Indo-Surinamese are nationals of Suriname of Indian or other South Asian ancestry. After the Dutch government signed a treaty with the United Kingdom on the recruitment of contract workers, Indians began migrating to Suriname in 1873 from what was then British India as indentured labourers, mostly from the modern-day Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and the surrounding regions. Just before and just after the independence of Suriname on 25 November 1975 many Indo-Surinamese emigrated to the Netherlands.
Indo-Surinamese are also known locally as Hindoestanen (Dutch pronunciation: [ˌɦɪnduˈstaːnə(n)]), a Dutch word derived from the word Hindustani, lit., "someone from Hindustan" (India). Hence, when Indians migrated to Suriname they were referred to as Hindustanis, people of Indian origin.
During the heyday of the British Raj/Empire, many people from India were sent to other British colonies for work. After the abolition of slavery in the Dutch colony of Suriname, the Dutch were allowed by the British Raj to recruit labourers in certain parts of the North-Indian United Provinces.
The majority religion among the community is Hinduism, practiced by 70% of the people, followed by Islam and Christianity. Among the Hindus about 60% follow traditional Hinduism that they call Sanatan Dharm to differentiate themselves from the 25% who belong to the reform movement Arya Samaj, started by Dayananda Saraswati. Among the Indo-Surinamese Muslims, 60% follow Sunni Islam and 40% Ahmadiyya.
- Errol Alibux, politician, former prime-minister of Suriname, suspect in the December murders trial
- Kiran Bechan, football player
- Tanja Jadnanansing, Labour Party politician
- Fareisa Joemmanbaks, model and actress
- Ricardo Kishna, football player
- Jagernath Lachmon, politician, ex-Speaker of the National Assembly of Suriname
- Fred Ramdat Misier, politician
- Luciano Narsingh, Dutch footballer
- Prem Radhakishun, reporter
- Anil Ramdas, reporter
- Chan Santokhi, ex-chief of police, Progressive Reform Party politician
- Ram Sardjoe, politician, ex-Speaker of the National Assembly of Suriname
- Ramsewak Shankar, politician
- Aron Winter, football player
- Duits, Linda (2008). Multi - Girl - Culture: An Ethnography of Doing Identity. Amsterdam University Press. p. 264. ISBN 9789056295257.
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