Indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase

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indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase
Identifiers
EC number 4.1.1.48
CAS number 9031-60-1
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO
Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase
PDB 1pii EBI.jpg
three-dimensional structure of the bifunctional enzyme phosphoribosylanthranilate isomerase: indoleglycerolphosphate synthase from escherichia coli refined at 2.0 angstroms resolution
Identifiers
Symbol IGPS
Pfam PF00218
Pfam clan CL0036
InterPro IPR013798
PROSITE PDOC00536
SCOP 1pii
SUPERFAMILY 1pii

In enzymology, an indole-3-glycerol-phosphate synthase (IGPS) (EC 4.1.1.48) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose 5-phosphate 1-C-(indol-3-yl)-glycerol 3-phosphate + CO2 + H2O

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose 5-phosphate, but 3 products: 1-C-(indol-3-yl)-glycerol 3-phosphate, CO2, and H2O.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, to be specific, the carboxy-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose-5-phosphate carboxy-lyase [cyclizing 1-C-(indol-3-yl)glycerol-3-phosphate-forming]. Other names in common use include indoleglycerol phosphate synthetase, indoleglycerol phosphate synthase, indole-3-glycerophosphate synthase, 1-(2-carboxyphenylamino)-1-deoxy-D-ribulose-5-phosphate, and carboxy-lyase (cyclizing). This enzyme participates in phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis and two-component system - general. It employs one cofactor, pyruvate.

Structural studies[edit]

In some bacteria, IGPS is a single chain enzyme. In others, such as Escherichia coli, it is the N-terminal domain of a bifunctional enzyme that also catalyses N-(5'-phosphoribosyl)anthranilate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.24) (PRAI) activity, the third step of tryptophan biosynthesis. In fungi, IGPS is the central domain of a trifunctional enzyme that contains a PRAI C-terminal domain and a glutamine amidotransferase (EC 2.4.2.-) (GATase) N-terminal domain.

A structure of the IGPS domain of the bifunctional enzyme from the mesophilic bacterium E. coli (eIGPS) has been compared with the monomeric indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus (sIGPS). Both are single-domain (beta/alpha)8 barrel proteins, with one (eIGPS) or two (sIGPS) additional helices inserted before the first beta strand.[1]

As of late 2007, 11 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1A53, 1I4N, 1J5T, 1JCM, 1JUK, 1JUL, 1LBF, 1LBL, 1PII, 1VC4, and 2C3Z.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goldman A (December 1995). "How to make my blood boil". Structure. 3 (12): 1277–9. PMID 8747452. doi:10.1016/s0969-2126(01)00263-5. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Creighton TE, Yanofsky C (1966). "Indole-3-glycerol phosphate synthetase of Escherichia coli, an enzyme of the tryptophan operon". J. Biol. Chem. 241 (20): 4616–24. PMID 5332729. 
  • Creighton TE; Yanofsky C (1970). "Chorismate to tryptophan (Escherichia coli) - Anthranilate synthetase, PR transferase, PRA isomerase, InGP synthetase, tryptophan synthetase". Methods Enzymol. 17A: 365–380. doi:10.1016/0076-6879(71)17215-1. 
  • Kung CC, Huang WN, Huang YC, Yeh KC (2006). "Proteomic survey of copper-binding proteins in Arabidopsis roots by immobilized metal affinity chromatography and mass spectrometry". Proteomics. 6 (9): 2746–58. PMID 16526091. doi:10.1002/pmic.200500108. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR013798