Indonesia–Iran relations are particularly important because both nations, as Muslim majority countries, are responsible for representing the Islamic world globally, despite differences in their religious orientation. Indonesia has the largest Sunni population in the world, while Iran is one of the few Shiite majority nations in the world.
Diplomatic relations have been established since 1950. Indonesia has an embassy in Tehran, and Iran has an embassy in Jakarta. Both countries are full members of the World Trade Organization (WTO), The Non-Aligned Movement, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and Developing 8 Countries.
According to a 2013 BBC World Service Poll, Indonesians' perception of Iran has divided between 36% of them view Iranian's influence negatively, and 34% expressing a positive view. Nevertheless, it is among the most favourable perception of Iran in Asia and secondmost in the World.
Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo visited Tehran in December 2016. Iran and Indonesia signed 14 basic cooperation agreements during the visit indicating significant opening in trade relations between the two.
- Priyambodo RH (March 19, 2012). "RI-Iran relations have no limit". Antara News. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- Yon Machmudi. "Cultural Cooperation between Indonesia and Iran:Challenges and Opportunities". Academia.edu. Retrieved 3 June 2013.
- GlobeScan (22 May 2013). "Views of China and India Slide in Global Poll, While UK's Ratings Climb". BBC World Service. Retrieved 25 August 2013.