List of islands of Indonesia

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Map of Indonesia

The islands of Indonesia, also known as the Indonesian archipelago and formerly known as the Indian archipelago, may refer either to the islands comprising the nation-state of Indonesia or to the geographical groups which include its islands.

The exact number of islands comprising Indonesia varies among definitions and sources. According to a geospatial survey conducted between 2007 and 2010 by Badan Koordinasi Survei dan Pemetaan Nasional (Bakorsurtanal), the National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, Indonesia has 13,466 islands.[1] However, according to earlier survey in 2002 by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), the Indonesian archipelago has 18,307 islands and, according to the CIA World Factbook, there are 17,508 islands.[2] The discrepancy of the numbers of Indonesian islands was because that the earlier surveys include "tidal islands"; sandy cays and rocky reefs that appear during low tide and are submerged during high tide.[1] 8,844 islands have been named according to estimates made by the government of Indonesia, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[3]

Major islands[edit]

List of islands[edit]

The following islands are listed by province:



Central Java[edit]

DKI Jakarta[edit]

East Java[edit]

West Java[edit]

  • Pulau Biawak (Monitor Lizard Island), Indramayu



199 islands

North Sumatra[edit]

479 islands

West Sumatra[edit]




Riau Islands[edit]

about 3,200 islands

Bangka-Belitung Islands[edit]


Central Kalimantan[edit]

  • Damar
  • Palau Baning
  • Palau Buaya
  • Palau Burung

East Kalimantan[edit]

North Kalimantan[edit]

South Kalimantan[edit]

West Kalimantan[edit]


Central Sulawesi[edit]

North Sulawesi[edit]

South Sulawesi[edit]

Southeast Sulawesi[edit]

Lesser Sunda Islands[edit]


East Nusa Tenggara[edit]


West Nusa Tenggara[edit]

Maluku Islands[edit]


North Maluku[edit]

New Guinea[edit]

islands near the Indonesian half of New Guinea island

West Papua[edit]

610 islands, 35 inhabited


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Hanya ada 13.466 Pulau di Indonesia". National Geographic Indonesia (in Indonesian). 8 February 2012. 
  2. ^ CIA World Factbook
  3. ^ Based on "Seminar Nasional Penetapan Nama Pulau-pulau Kecil Dalam Presektif Sejarah" or "National Seminary of Name For Little Islands From History Side", 16 to 18 July 2008 at Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia
  4. ^ Galapagos islands