|(63,160 (2011 Census, by country of birth)
48,836 (2011 Census, by ancestry))
|Christians (59%), Muslims (19.4%), Buddhists (10.3%), No Religion (6.8%)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Indonesians, Overseas Indonesians, Cocos Malays, Malaysian Australians|
Indonesian Australians are Australian citizens and residents of Indonesian origin. In the 2011 Australian Census, 48,836 Australian residents stated their ancestry to be Indonesian and 63,160 stated they were Indonesian-born residents in Australia.
As early as 1750, seamen from the Indonesian island of Makassar had settled on Australia's northern coast, spending about four months per year there collecting sea cucumbers and taking them back home to trade. By the late 19th century, the pearl hunting industry was recruiting workers from Kupang, while sugar plantations had hired migrant labourers from Java to work in Queensland; Dutch colonial authorities estimated they formed a total population of about 1,000. However, after the federation of Australia and the enactment of the Immigration Restriction Act 1901, the first part of a series of laws which collectively formed the White Australia policy, most of these migrants returned to Indonesia. Beginning in 1942, thousands of Indonesians fled the Japanese occupation of Indonesia and took refuge in Australia. Exact landing statistics were not kept due to the chaotic nature of their migration, but after the war, 3,768 repatriated to Indonesia on Australian government-provided ships. In the 1950s, roughly 10,000 people from the former Dutch colony of the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), who held Dutch citizenship and previously settled in the Netherlands, migrated to Australia, bypassing the White Australia policy. Large numbers of Chinese Indonesians began migrating to Australia in the late 1990s, fleeing the political and economic turmoil in the aftermath of the May 1998 riots and the subsequent fall of Suharto.
Though Islam is the majority religion in Indonesia, Muslims are the minority among Indonesians in Australia. In the 2006 Australian Census, only 8,656 out of 50,975 Indonesians in Australia, or 17%, identified as Muslim, though five years later, in the 2011 census, that figure rose to 12,241 or 19.4%. They lack their own mosques, but instead typically attend mosques established by members of other ethnic groups. In contrast, more than half of the Indonesian population in Australia follows Christianity, split evenly between the Roman Catholic Church and various Protestant denominations.
- Auskar Surbakti, presenter and correspondent at the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). Auskar won the 2011 Elizabeth O'Neill Journalism Award. Born to a Karonese (from Tanah Karo, North Sumatera) parents. Auskar is abbreviation from Australia - Karo.
- David Flint, Australian legal academic, known for his leadership of Australians for Constitutional Monarchy and for his tenure as head of the Australian Broadcasting Authority (Australian father and Indonesian-Dutch mother).
- Adam Hollioake, Australia cricketer (Australian father and Indonesian mother).
- Ben Hollioake, Australian cricketer (Australian father and Indonesian mother).
- Nadya Hutagalung, Singaporean-Indonesian-Australian MTV VJ (Indonesian father, Australian mother).
- Massimo Luongo, Australian footballer with Queens Park Rangers (Italian father, Indonesian mother).
- Dougy Mandagi, Australian singer, frontman of The Temper Trap.
- Jessica Mauboy, Australian singer, born to an immigrant father from Kefamenanu, West Timor and an indigenous Australian mother.
- Tasia and Gracia Seger: Contestants of My Kitchen Rules (series 7)
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