Indonesian Marine Corps
Coat of Arms of the Korps Marinir
|Active||15 November 1945|
|Part of||See Organisation|
|Nickname(s)||KORMAR, Purple Berets|
|Mascot||Jalesu Bhumyamca Jayamahe (Sanskrit;lit:On the Water and Land, We are Glorious)|
|Engagements||Various anti-guerrilla operations in Indonesia, including Aceh and East Timor|
|Major General TNI (Mar) Buyung Lalana|
|See Commandants of the KORMAR|
The Indonesian Marine Corps (Indonesian: Korps Marinir, KorMar) is the Indonesian Navy's ground troops. It was created on 15 November 1945, and is the country's main amphibious warfare force and quick reaction force against enemy invasion.
Kormar has been active in various military operations in Indonesia. One of the largest amphibious military operations would have been Operation Jayawijaya in which thousands of marines were planned to land on Biak in 1963 as a part of the Trikora Campaign to take West Irian from Dutch control. The operation was aborted as a consequence deals preceding the New York Agreement.
In 1999 a plan was proposed to expand the Kormar from its strength of 13,000 troops. Based on this plan, every Kormar's base would have three combat brigades: the Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery and would be supported by one Combat Support Regiment and one Administration Support Regiment. The expansion will create three Kormar bases: Surabaya for Eastern area command, Jakarta for Central area command, and Rate Island in Lampung for Western area command. Now the Indonesian Marine Corps has an estimated 29,000 troops in two Marine Forces (PASMARs) and one independent infantry marine regiment, when combined equal to one over-strength infantry division, which includes its own sizeable mechanised amphibious and artillery units.
Following a reorganisation introduced in March 2001, the corps consisted of the 1st Marine Corps Group (1,3,5 Battalions) at Surabaya, and the Independent Marine Corps Brigade (2,4,6, Battalions) at Jakarta.(JDW 11 April 2001). The 8th Bn was formed in January 2004 and the 9th Bn was due to be formed in April 2004. They were planned to be part of a new group that would include the 7th Bn and support elements. (JDW 18 February 2004, p. 18) The same Jane's Defence Weekly story (Robert Karniol, 'Indonesia Reinforces Marines') said the Marine Corps leadership is reported to have ambitions for the service to expand to at least two full divisions. However it was reported that the army was opposed, 'perhaps reflecting it's leadership's concern over influence.'
2 Marine Forces plus one independent brigade (forming as part of Ten Year Defence Plan 2004-13)
- 1st Marine Force (HQ : Surabaya Marine Base)
- 1st Marine Infantry Brigade with 1st, 3rd, and 5th Marine Infantry Battalions
- 1st Marine Cavalry Regiment
- 1st Marine Artillery Regiment
- 1st Marine Combat Support Regiment
- 1st Marine Administration Support Regiment
- 1st Amphibious Recon Battalion
- 2nd Marine Force (HQ : Jakarta Marine Base)
- 2nd Marine Infantry Brigade with 2nd, 4th, and 6th Marine Infantry Battalions
- 2nd Marine Cavalry Regiment
- 2nd Marine Artillery Regiment
- 2nd Marine Combat Support Regiment
- 2nd Marine Administration Support Regiment
- 2nd Amphibious Recon Battalion
- 3rd Marine Independent Infantry Brigade (Piabung, Lampung)
- 7th, 8th, 9th Marine Infantry Battalion
- 10th Marine Infantry Battalion - Setoko Island, Batam
- 3rd Marine Force (HQ : Sorong West Papua)
Officially known as Battalion Intai Amfibi (Taifib), (Amphibious Recon Battalion) formerly the Kompi Intai Para Amphibi (KIPAM), they were officially formed on 18 March 1961 as marine commandos. Set at battalion strength it was first used in the Irian Jaya in April 1962. Starting from November 1971 it was called Batalyon Intai Amphibi(Yon Taifib) or Amphibious Recon Battalion. All applicants must be active marines who have served for at least 2 years and are willing to undergo seven months of gruelling selection and commando training course. Training includes one month of airborne training course. Today, one battalion is stationed in Jakarta and Surabaya marine bases each, while the remainder is stationed at the Amphibious Recon Battalion training facility at Surabaya.
Commandants of the KORMAR
|Rear Admiral||Agoes Soebekti||1945||1950|
|Major General KKO||R. Soehadi||1950||1961|
|Lieutenant General KKO||Hartono||1961||1968|
|Lieutenant General KKO||Moekijat||1968||1971|
|Major General||H. Moh. Anwar||1971||1977|
|Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)||Kahpi Suriadiredja||July 1977||May 1983|
|Major General TNI (Mar)||Muntaram||May 1983||Januari 1987|
|Major General TNI (Mar)||Aminullah Ibrahim||January 1987||August 1990|
|Major General TNI (Mar)||Baroto Sardadi||August 1990||November 1992|
|Major General TNI (Mar)||Gafur Chaliq||December 1992||April 1994|
|Major General TNI (Mar)||Djoko Pramono||April 1994||February 1996|
|Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)||Suharto||February 1996||1999|
|Major GeneralTNI (Mar)||Harry Triono||1999||20 November 2002|
|Major GeneralTNI (Mar)||Achmad Rifai||20 November 2002||9 November 2004|
|Lieutenant General TNI (Mar)||Safzen Noerdin||9 November 2004||6 June 2007|
|Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar)||Nono Sampono||6 June 2007||18 October 2008|
|Major GeneralTNI (Mar)||Djunaidi Djahri||18 October 2008||3 September 2009|
|Lieutenant GeneralTNI (Mar)||Alfan Baharudin||3 September 2009||12 September 2012|
|Major GeneralTNI (Mar)||A Faridz Washington||12 September 2012||Present|
|PT-76||Russia||Light Tank||PT-76B||70||All re-gunned with Cockerill 90mm with assistance from private company and received improved fire control system. Not all operational.|
|Infantry Fighting Vehicles|
|AMX-10P||France||IFV||AMX-10 PAC 90
|Armoured Personnel Carriers|
|BTR-80||USSR||APC||BTR-80A||12||Most Of BTR used by Indobat In UNIFIL|
|Amphibious Tracked Vehicles|
|LVT7||USA||ATV||LVT-P7A1||10||All donated from South Korea|
|Multiple Rocket Launchers|
|LG1||France||Howitzer||LG1 Mark I||20|
- SS1-R5 Raider
- Pindad SS2
- T91 assault rifle
- Vz. 58
- FN Minimi
- Daewoo K3
- Pindad SPR
- 9K115-2 Metis-M
- Indonesian report in Reuters archives: INDONESIA: OPERATION "DJAJAWIDJAJA" OF THE NAVY.
- IDB. "Sertijab Dankormar". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "AMX-10 : Tank Amfibi Modern yang "Gagal"". IndoMiliter. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "BMP-2 : Tank Amfibi "Sangar" & Battlle Proven". IndoMiliter. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Russia to deliver 37 BMP-3F amphibious armoured infantry fighting vehicles to Indonesia". 27 January 2014.
- NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "BTR-80A : Monster Amfibi Korps Marinir". IndoMiliter. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "PRINT KOMPAS". Retrieved 24 December 2014.