Indonesian Naval Academy
Akademi Angkatan Laut Tentara Nasional Indonesia
|Motto||हरी धर्म शांति|
Hree Dharma Shanti (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
|Embarrassed of doing defects|
|Established||10 October 1951|
|Superintendent||RADM Wuspo Lukito|
|Dean||BGEN (M) Suhono|
|Colors||Blue and White|
|Affiliations||Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System|
The Indonesian Naval Academy (Indonesian: Akademi Angkatan Laut or AAL) is a naval academy of the Indonesian Navy, the naval component of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System or the AKABRI. Its campus is located in Surabaya, East Java and trains men and women to become officers of the Navy, including the Indonesian Marine Corps, Fleet Forces, Naval Aviation and support branches.
The Naval Academy opened its doors on 10 October 1951 as the Naval Institute of Surabaya (Institut Angkatan Laut ), its creation sanctioned by Ministerial Decree D/MP/279/1951 dated 29 June 1951 and Ministerial Decree D/MP/313/51 dated 28 July 1951 of the Ministry of Defense. Major R. S. Hadiwinarso was its first superintendent, and President Sukarno was present for its inauguration in a location that was recently acquired by the national government and provincial and city leaders.
Its first battalion of naval cadets were made up of officer cadets of the sea services and support branches, and by 1952 had opened its doors to cadets of the electronics branches and the Marine Corps. By 1954, the Navy set the course period of its naval cadets by 3 years. It acquired its present name (Akademy Angkatan Laut) in 1956 (the name was restored in 1984), and by 1961 had adopted its present 4-year curiculum of study of its cadets.
Starting in 2011, graduates of the academy were awarded a bachelor's degree (in applied defence sciences, Indonesian: Sarjana Sains Terapan Pertahanan) along with other academies in AKABRI. In 2017, the academy had its first female graduates in history.
The Naval Academy, similar to most naval academies in the world, is a medium-sized, highly residential baccalaureate college, with a full-time, four-year undergraduate program that emphasizes instruction in the arts, sciences, and professions with no graduate program, preparing men and women to take on the challenge of being officers of the Indonesian Navy. The academy is accredited by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education. Cadets who passed the initial selection process will first attend a 1-year basic program in Indonesian Military Academy with students from the Military, Air Force, and Police academies in Magelang, prior to 3 more years of specialized study in the Surabaya campus before being commissioned as officers of the Navy.
Undergraduate program - academic
The academic program consists of a structured core of subjects depending on the cadet's chosen specialty as a future Navy officer, balanced between the arts and sciences, in his/her chosen speciality branch. Regardless of major, all cadets graduate with a Bachelor of Applied Defense Science degree.
Undergraduate program – military
As all cadets are commissioned as second lieutenants upon graduation, naval and leadership education is nested with academic instruction. Military training and discipline fall under the purview of the Office of the Commandant of Cadets. Entering freshmen, or 4th class cadets, are referred to as New Cadets, and enter the academy on Reception Day (in September) to start their military service training as future officers and are recognized as full cadets in a ceremony in January the following year alongside cadets from the other service branches and the National Police, where they receive ceremonial daggers. Additionally the cadets of the academy, which form the student body known as the Regiment of Naval Cadets, have additional open water and pool training to emphasize their readiness for ocean and water survival upon their completion of studies and commissioning as officers, plus sail training on the soon to be decommissioned barquentine KRI Dewaruci (to be replaced by the barque KRI Bimasuci) and the schooner KRI Arung Samudera, which also doubles as goodwill trips to many parts of the world. Additional training is provided by the training frigate KRI Ki Hajar Dewantara, the only one of its kind in Southeast Asia, for officer cadets of the fleet forces, technical and electronics branches, while Marine Corps cadets also receive additional training in the Marine Corps Training Command and with the 2nd Marine Force units in their chosen speciality (Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and combat support).
Selected cadets are also selected for foreign exchange studies in the military and naval academies of Singapore, Thailand, Australia, the Philippines, the United States, Malaysia, Singapore and Vietnam, and even in the Royal Netherlands Navy Institute, among others.
Naval Cadets are classified not as freshmen, sophomores, juniors, and seniors, but as fourth class, third class, second class, and first class, respectively, as a whole they are referred as Kadet AAL or Taruna AAL (Cadets of the Naval Academy). The Regiment of Naval Cadets is made up of four battalions, each composed of 3-5 companies of cadets from the 3rd to 1st classes onward (due to the joint service training done by the 4th class cadets), and all are led by Cadet Staff Sergeant Majors.
Naval Cadets wear service dress uniforms similar to those of the other military academies within the INAF, with shoulder boards varying by school year or officer cadet rank. All wear gold anchor insignia on both lapel collars and scarlet shoulder boards of the service dress blue jacket. Those who are part of the Drum and Bugle Corps wear identical uniforms, but the bass and tenor drummers and baritone buglers wear combat dress uniforms.
Ranks of the Corps
- Prajurit Kadet (Cadet Private), 1st year (4 months)
- Kopral Kadet (Cadet Corporal), 1st year (8 months)
- Sersan Kadet (Cadet Sergeant), 2nd year, most academy cadets begin their studies in this rank after their joint service training the year before
- Sersan Mayor Dua Kadet (Cadet Sergeant Major), 3rd year - held by platoon commanders
- Sersan Mayor Satu Kadet (Cadet Staff Sergeant Major), 4th year - held by company and battalion commanders
- Regimental HQ
- Assistant Commandant
- Chief of Staff
- Command Sergeant Major
- 1st to 4th Cadet Battalions
- Support Battalion
- Special Troops Battalion
- "Gita Jala Taruna" Regimental Drum and Bugle Corps
- Regimental Band of the Naval Academy Surabaya
- "Menelusuri Romantika Kehidupan Angkatan Laut dalam Novel Arek Bumi Moro - Kompas.com". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 1 April 2016. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- History of the Naval Academy
- "Hore! Lulusan Akademi TNI Dapat Gelar Sarjana". detiknews (in Indonesian). DetikNews. 11 July 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Sipasulta, Nathazha; Timur, Fitri Bintang (5 August 2017). "Welcome first female military academy graduates". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
- Safutra, Ilham (26 July 2017). "Mantan Office Boy Raih Adhi Makayasa AAL" (in Indonesian). JawaPos. Retrieved 3 September 2017.