Indonesian Navy

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Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Laut
(Indonesian Navy)
Lambang TNI AL.png
TNI-AL insignia
Founded 10 September 1945
Country  Indonesia
Type Navy
Motto Jalesveva Jayamahe
(Sanskrit, lit:"Victorious on the Sea")
Anniversaries 10 September 1945 (founded)
Engagements Battle of Arafura Sea
Operation Trikora
Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
Incorporation of West Papua into Indonesia
Indonesian Invasion of East Timor
Insurgency in Aceh
Chief of Staff of the Navy Admiral Ade Supandi[1]
Naval Jack Naval Jack of Indonesia.svg
Naval Aviation Roundel & Fin Flash Roundel Indonesia naval aviation.svg Flag of Indonesia.svg

The Indonesian Navy (Indonesian: Tentara Nasional Indonesia-Angkatan Laut, TNI–AL) was founded on 10 September 1945. Its role is to patrol Indonesia's lengthy coastline, to enforce and patrol the territorial waters and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of Indonesia, to protect Indonesia's maritime strategic interests, to protect the islands surrounding Indonesia, and to defend against seaborne threats.

The Indonesian Navy is the largest navy in South East Asia based on the number of active personnel and ships. As of 2009, the Indonesian Navy had about 75,000 active personnel and more than 150 vessels in active service. The Indonesian Navy is one of a few navies in the region backed by a substantial domestic defence industry, marine corps, and armed with supersonic missiles and attack submarines.

All commissioned ships of the TNI-AL have the prefix KRI, standing for Kapal Republik Indonesia (Republic of Indonesia Ship).

Indonesian Naval vessels
KRI Makassar 590


According to Law No.34/2004 on the Indonesian Armed Forces, Article 9, the Navy has the following tasks:

  1. perform military duties in national defence;
  2. enforce the law and secure the order in the sea area of national jurisdiction in accordance with national laws and ratified international laws;
  3. perform diplomatic duties in support of foreign policy set by the government;
  4. engage other duties relevant for the maintenance and development of naval power;
  5. support civilian empowerment in sea defence areas.


The Indonesian Navy's history began on 10 September 1945, at the outset of the Indonesian National Revolution. The administration of the early Indonesian government established the People's Marine Security Agency (BKR Laut), the predecessor to the modern Indonesian Navy. BKR Laut was initially composed of Indonesian sailors who had served in the ranks of the Royal Netherlands Navy during the Dutch colonial period, and who had fought the Japanese during the years of military occupation, plus active militias who served with the Japanese.

The formation of the Indonesian military organisation known as the People's Security Army (TKR) in 1945, at the height of the National Revolution, helped spur the further existence of the TKR Naval Branch, which later became the Republic of Indonesia Navy (ALRI).

Between 1949-1959, the Navy enhanced its strength and capabilities with the formation of the Fleet Command, the Marine Corps, then known as the Marine Commando Forces Corps Command (KKO-AL), Naval Aviation and Maritime Area Command as a command of the defence of the territorial sea aspect.

In 1993 the Navy received 39 ships from the former Volksmarine (East German Navy), including 13 Parchim Class corvettes, the Frosch-class landing ship tank (LST), and 9 Kondor II-class minessweepers.


The navy comprises the following:

  • Headquarters Staff (HQ, Jakarta) under the overall command of the Navy Chief of Staff,
  • Two Fleet Commands :
    • Eastern Fleet Command, in Surabaya, conterminous with Army's KODAM V and KODAMs VII through IX and Air Force's Operation Command II.
    • Western Fleet Command, in Jakarta, conterminous with Army's KODAMs I through IV and VI and Air Force's Operation Command I.
  • Several Naval Main Bases and Naval Bases throughout Indonesia. Apart from the major bases at Surabaya and Jakarta, forward operating bases exist at Kupang, West Timor and Tahuna, Sulawesi.
  • Marine Corps, with two Marine Forces
  • Naval Aviation Center,
  • Military Sealift Command - coordinates the navy's logistical support systems
  • Indonesian Naval Academy
  • Naval Education and Training Command
  • Women's Naval Service
  • Naval Police Command

Plans exist to have a single HQ at Surabaya, with commands at Riau (West), Papua (East), and Makassar (Central).[2] JDW reported on 12 November 2003 that Admiral Bernard Kent Sondakh, the Chief of Naval Staff, was advocating a plan to merge the two fleets to form a single Main Operations and Administration Defence Command, to be headed by a three-star officer and headquartered at Surabaya.[3]

Naval bases[edit]

Main Naval Bases are sequentially numbered from I to XI by location from west to east. On 1 August 2006 Naval Base Bayur Bay, Padang, West Sumatra became naval Main Base (Lantamal) II.

Naval forces are spread across several main bases under the command of two major Fleets:

  • Western Fleet Command:
  • Main Naval Base I Belawan.
  • Naval Base Sabang
  • Naval Base Dumai
  • Naval Base Lhokseumawe
  • Naval Base Tanjung Balai Asahan
  • Naval Base Simeulue
  • Naval Air Station Sabang
  • Main Naval Base II Padang.
  • Naval Base Sibolga
  • Naval Base Bengkulu
  • Main Naval Base III Jakarta.
  • Naval Base Palembang
  • Naval Base Cirebon
  • Naval Base Panjang
  • Naval Base Banten
  • Naval Base Bandung
  • Naval Base Bangka Belitung
  • Naval Air Station Pondok Cabe
  • Main Naval Base IV Tanjung Pinang.
  • Naval Base Batam
  • Naval Base Pontianak
  • Naval Base Tarempa
  • Naval Base Ranai
  • Naval Base Tanjung Balai Karimun
  • Naval Base Dabo Singkep
  • Naval Air Station Matak (Natuna Islands)
  • Naval Air Station Tanjungpinang/Kijang
  • Eastern Fleet Command:
  • Main Naval Base V Surabaya.
  • Naval Base Tegal
  • Naval Base Cilacap
  • Naval Base Semarang
  • Naval Base Malang
  • Naval Base Banyuwangi
  • Naval Base Denpasar
  • Naval Base Batuporon
  • Naval Air Station Juanda
  • Main Naval Base VI Makassar.
  • Naval Base Kendari
  • Naval Base Palu
  • Naval Base Balikpapan
  • Naval Base Kotabaru
  • Naval Base Banjarmasin
  • Main Naval Base VII Kupang.
  • Naval Base Mataram
  • Naval Base Maumere
  • Naval Base Kupang
  • Naval Base Tual
  • Naval Air Station Kupang
  • Main Naval Base VIII Manado.
  • Naval Base Tarakan
  • Naval Base Nunukan
  • Naval Base Tahuna
  • Naval Base Toli-Toli
  • Naval Base Gorontalo
  • Naval Air Manado
  • Main Naval Base IX Ambon.
  • Naval Base Ternate
  • Naval Base Saumlaki
  • Naval Base Morotai
  • Main Naval Base X Jayapura.
  • Naval Base Sorong
  • Naval Base Biak
  • Naval Air Station Biak
  • Main Naval Base XI Merauke
  • Naval Base Timika
  • Naval Base Aru
  • Naval Air Station Aru


The majority of the vessels in the Indonesian navy are from the Netherlands and Britain. However, since 2003, Indonesian shipyards have produced many of their own vessels, in particular those of smaller displacement such as patrol boats and fast attack craft. Recently, two Makassar class LPDs have been launched by PT. PAL, with assistance from Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co.(DSME) of South Korea, and there are a plans to build indigenous missile-armed corvettes (Kornas).


Class Picture Type Number Ships Notes
Chang Bogo-class ChangBogoSSK061Typ209Uboat.jpg submarines (3) (under construction)

Improved U209 Class Submarine


Cakra class US Navy 050624-N-1464F-025 The Turkish submarine Preveze surfaces following the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) submarine escape and rescue exercise Sorbet Royal 2005.jpg submarines 2 KRI Cakra
KRI Nanggala



Class Picture Type Number Ships Notes
Sigma Class Frigate 10514 Frigates (2)

Total of 6 planned to replace Ahmad Yani Class . 2 under construction and another 4 in planning. 2 ships will build by PT PAL Indonesia and Damen Schelde. Estimates arrived in 2017.[4]

Ahmad Yani Class Indonesia Frigate KRI Karel Satsuit Tubun.jpg Frigates 6 KRI Ahmad Yani (351)
KRI Slamet Riyadi (352)
KRI Yos Sudarso (353)
KRI Oswald Siahaan (354)
KRI Abdul Halim Perdanakusuma (355)
KRI Karel Satsuit Tubun (356)

All will be replace by Sigma Class Frigate 10514. Ex-Royal Netherlands Navy Van Speijk-class frigates


Class Picture Type Number Ships Notes
Bung Tomo class Warships barrow dock.jpg Corvette 3 KRI Bung Tomo
KRI John Lie
KRI Usman Harun

ex-Royal Brunei Navy Nakhoda Ragam class corvettes

Diponegoro Class Kri-diponegoro-1600-1200.jpg Corvette 4 KRI Diponegoro
KRI Sultan Hasanuddin
KRI Sultan Iskandar Muda
KRI Frans Kaisiepo

Based on Sigma-class corvette

Fatahillah Class Corvette 3 KRI Fatahillah
KRI Malahayati
KRI Nala

Built in the Netherlands

ASW Corvettes[edit]

Class Picture Type Number Ships Notes
ASW Corvettes
Kapitan Patimura Class CutNyakDien.jpg ASW Corvette 16 KRI Kapitan Pattimura
KRI Untung Suropati
KRI Nuku
KRI Lambung Mangkurat
KRI Cut Nyak Dien
KRI Sultan Thaha Syaifudin
KRI Sutanto
KRI Sutedi Senoputra
KRI Wiratno
KRI Tjiptadi
KRI Hasan Basri
KRI Imam Bonjol
KRI Pati Unus
KRI Teuku Umar
KRI Silas Papare

East German ships based on Soviet Project 133 designs and sold to Indonesia; Not all Kapitan Patimura class are equipped with their original ASW capabilities like sonar and torpedo launcher when Indonesia bought them from former East Germany. Because of this the ship was used as an OPV. Some of the ships were upgraded by Indonesia to meet their navy needs.[6][7] Armament:

Missile boats[edit]

Class Picture Type Numbers Ships Notes
Missile boats
Mandau Class Missile boat 4 KRI Mandau
KRI Rencong
KRI Badik
KRI Keris
Todak Class Missile boat 4 KRI Todak
KRI Layang
KRI Lemadang
Pandrong Class Missile boat 2 KRI Pandrong
KRI Sura
Clurit Class (KCR 40) Missile boat 8 KRI Clurit
KRI Kujang
KRI Beladau
KRI Alamang
KRI Parang
KRI Siwar
KRI Surik
KRI Terapang

Armed with:

Sampari Class (KCR 60) Missile boat 3 KRI Sampari
KRI Tombak [9]
KRI Halasan [10]

Armed With :

Klewang class Missile boat(Trimaran design) (4)(on order)[11]

The ships is develop together with Saab assistant and due to this the sensor and weapon will be from Europe.


Class Picture Type Numbers Ships Notes
Andau Class Gunboat 4 KRI Andau
KRI Singa
KRI Tongkak
KRI Ajak
Kakap Class Gunboat 4 KRI Kakap
KRI Kerapu
KRI Tongkol
KRI Barakuda
Sibarau Class Gunboat 8
Boa Class Gunboat 13
PC 40/PC 43/FPB 43/KRI Cucut Gunboat 15


Class Picture Type Numbers Ships Notes
Tripartite Class Minesweeper 2
Kondor Class Minehunter 9

Amphibious forces[edit]

Class Picture Type Numbers Ships Notes
Amphibious Forces
Makassar Class Kri makassar-590.PNG LPD 4 Based on Tanjung Dalpele class ship; 2 built in South Korean and 1 in Indonesia
LST 117 LST 3
LST 1-511 and 512-1152 classes LST 4
Tacoma Class LST 5
Frosch I Class (Type 108) and Frosch II Class (Type 109) LST 12+*1 * The status of one ship (KRI Teluk Peleng) still undefined due to the sunk incident on 18 November 2013[12]

Naval aviation[edit]

In the 1960s, the Indonesian Navy Naval Aviation had a long-range strike capability with Il-28 Beagle medium bombers. In 1975-79, the Dinas Penerbangan Angkatan Laut (Naval Aviation Service) received 12 GAF Nomad Searchmaster B's and six Searchmaster L twin-turboprops to form a maritime patrol Squadron (800 Skwadron).[13] In mid 1996 six NC.212-MPAs also joined the squadron. All aircraft are based at the Naval headquarters base of Surabaya, but detachments are at times sent to Tanjung pinang and Manado. There are plans to buy 11 ASW helicopters in the future. The candidates include the Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite and the Eurocopter Panther[14] but as of early 2014 no contract had been finalised.[15][16]

Current aircraft[edit]

IPTN NC-212-200MP Aviocar of the TNI-AL at Balikpapan in 2004.


Aircraft Origin Role Versions In service Note
GAF Nomad  Australia Light Transport N.24 Nomad 24 Now used for advanced training
CASA C-212 Aviocar  Spain Maritime Patrol & Tactical Transport NC-212 MPA 6[18] Several planes installed with domestic made Surveillance camera
Beech Bonanza  United States Light Transport G-36 Bonanza 8[19]
CASA CN-235  European Union
Maritime Patrol & Tactical Transport CN-235 MPA 5[20][21][22][23]
Bell 412  Canada
 United States
Utility Bell 412EP


Licensed production by Indonesian Aerospace
MBB BO 105  European Union Utility NBO-105 6[18][24]
Eurocopter EC-120 Colibri  European Union Utility EC-120B Colibri 2[25]
Eurocopter AS365 Dauphin  European Union Utility Dauphin 1[26] Originally owned by BASARNAS (National Search And Rescue Agency) but has been painted to the TNI AL camo and transferred to the navy[27]
Eurocopter AS565 Panther  European Union Utility Dauphin AS565 MBe (11) [28] On oder. Will be used for naval anti-submarine warfare (ASW) missions and to support operations from land bases and vessels.

Commandants of Naval Aviation(Puspenerbal)[edit]

List of Naval Aviation(Puspenerbal) Commandants
Rank Name From Until Remarks
First Admiral TNI Sugianto, S.E, M.A.P. - 23 February 2013
First Admiral TNI I Nyoman Nesa 23 February 2013[29] 24 May 2014
First Admiral TNI Sigit Setyanta 24 May 2014[30] Present

Ground forces[edit]


The Korps Marinir is the Indonesian Navy's ground troops. It was created on 15 November 1945 and has the duty of being the main amphibious warfare force and quick reaction force of defence against enemy invasion.

Special Forces[edit]

  • Komando Pasukan Katak - the primary special operations force of the Indonesian Navy. Members are recruited from navy sailors.
  • Batalion Intai Amfibi - the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion, which also has capability as para-commando. They are recruited from marines corps.
  • Detasemen Jala Mangkara - special operations and counter-terrorism forces of the Indonesian Navy. This is a combined detachment formed from selected personnel of the Navy's Underwater Special Unit (Kopaska) and the Marine Corps' Amphibious Reconnaissance Battalion (KIPAM aka Yontaifib).

Ongoing projects[edit]

Ideally, the Indonesian Navy plans to have 250 vessels, for which it has a blueprint up to 2024.

In April 2011, PT PAL, in co-operation with Netherlands' Naval Shipbuilding, started designing a new light frigate for ASW purposes. It will be the largest warship built by PT PAL.[31] The first steel cutting ceremony was held on January 2014 and order for two PKR ships is confirmed. Equipped with VL Mica missiles and Oerlikon Millennium CIWS, these ships are also usable for air defence purposes.

At the same time, Indonesian Navy has accepted a grant of two used patrol boats equipped with guided missiles made in Britain from Brunei, which has replaced them with newer vessels.[32]

As of June 2011 Indonesia was in the process of choosing submarines from one of three countries: France Scorpène, Germany Type 209 and South Korea Chang Bogo class Type 209.[33]

In December 2011, a contract to build three submarines was signed by Indonesia and Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME). Two submarines will be built in South Korea in co-operation with Indonesian state-owned shipbuilder PT PAL, while the third will be built at PT Pal's facilities. The contract was worth $1.07 billion and construction was planned to start in January 2012, with delivery expected in 2015 and 2016. The submarines will weigh 1,400 tons and be 61.3 meters long, with a crew of up to 40 and with 8 weapons tubes for torpedoes and other weapons. The procurement is an effort to keep pace with other countries in the region.[34][35] The submarines will be based at Palu naval base in Central Sulawesi which is currently under construction.[36]

In January 2012, the Navy confirmed an order for the 24 guided-missile fast boats to be deployed in the shallow waters in the western part of Indonesia and in North Sulawesi which are geographically dotted by small islands and divided by straits. Indonesia now has 8 KCR-40s (Kapal Cepat Rudal 40-meter, literally meaning 40-meters Fast Missile Boat), all in full commission by 20 December 2013.[37] These vessels will be 45 percent locally sourced and are to be designed and built locally. They will cost Rp 73 billion ($7.98 million) each and have a top speed of 30 knots. They will carry Chinese C-705 anti-ship missiles with a range up to 120 kilometres (75 mi), a 6-barreled 30-millimeter close-in weapons system and two 20-millimeters guns.[38][39][40] Indonesia has also decided to restart procurement of the Trimaran, Klewang class FMPV(Fast missile patrol vessel), with an initial order of four boats.[11]

The Indonesian Navy is also preparing to acquire three new British built corvettes,[41] classified as Bung Tomo class corvette, after its leading ship, KRI Bung Tomo 357. They were built for Brunei but rejected for not meeting their requirements, allowing Indonesia to buy them cheaply.

In December 2013, the Indonesian Ministry of Defence stated that the Indonesian Navy planned to buy several used Kilo class submarine still in commission with the Russian Navy.[42] A team consisting of Indonesian Navy experts was to be sent to Russia to inspect the condition of these future submarines.[43] In March 2014 the procurement was cancelled.[44]

Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems[edit]

With various coastal radars, Indonesia has one of the world's longest Integrated Maritime Surveillance Systems (IMSS). The network covers more than 1,205 kilometres (749 mi) of coastline in the Straits of Malacca and about 1,285 kilometres (798 mi) of coastline in the Sulawesi Sea.[45]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Presiden Lantik Ade Supandi Sebagai KSAL". 31 December 2014. 
  2. ^ IISS Military Balance 2007, p.353
  3. ^ JDW 19 November 2003, p.16-17
  4. ^ Diposkan oleh NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES: Kapal Perusak Kawal Rudal PKR-105 Ditarget Selesai 2017". Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Indonesian Navy Upgrades Three Corvettes with ASW Capabilities". 16 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "Indonesia Equips Frigates, Corvette with Stealth Radars". 15 April 2014. 
  8. ^ "Indonesia equips corvette with Chinese 30 mm CIWS". 26 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "PT PAL Serahkan KCR Kedua Pesanan TNI AL". 27 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Indonesian Shipyard PT PAL launched the third 60m Fast Missile Craft KCR-60M for TNI AL". 9 July 2014. 
  11. ^ a b Ridzwan Rahmat, Jakarta - IHS Jane's Defence Weekly (14 August 2014). "Indonesia confirms acquisition of four Klewang-class stealth patrol ships - IHS Jane's 360". Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "detikNews : Penjelasan Lengkap TNI AL Soal Karamnya KRI Teluk Peleng di Tanjung Priok". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  13. ^ World Aircraft Information Files Brightstar publishing London File 333 Sheet 1
  14. ^ NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  15. ^ "Indonesian Navy to acquire 16 ASW helicopters". 3 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Indonesian navy stalks AS565 Panther deal". 5 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "OrBat Indonesia - MilAvia Military Aviation Publications". MilAvia Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "AirSpace". Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  19. ^ "Empat Pesawat Latih Baru Puspenerbal Diserahterimakan Hari Ini - Surya". 30 December 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  20. ^ "Indonesian navy to order three CN-235 maritime patrol aircraft ~ ASIAN DEFENCE". 3 December 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  21. ^ "[Foto] CN235 MPA Untuk Puspenerbal". 3 October 2013. 
  22. ^ "Indonesian Navy Operates Its First CN235 MPA Aircraft". 12 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "PT DI Serahkan CN-235 Patmar Ketiga untuk TNI AL". 17 September 2014. 
  24. ^ a b "Garuda Militer". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  25. ^ "AirSpace". Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  26. ^ Garuda Militer. "Garuda Militer". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  27. ^ "(foto) Helikopter "Panther" TNI AL | Kaskus - The Largest Indonesian Community". Kaskus. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  28. ^ "Indonesia places order for 11 Airbus Panther anti-submarine helicopters". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  29. ^ "Portal Berita Jawa Timur -". Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "I.N.G.N. Ary Atmaja, S.E. Menjabat Pangarmabar". 24 May 2014. 
  31. ^ "Indonesia looks to build its own warships". The Jakarta Post. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  32. ^ "TNI considering two patrol boats from Brunei". ANTARA News. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "Navy shopping for new submarines". The Jakarta Post. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  34. ^ "December 22, 2011 - RI orders 3 submarines worth $1b in regional ‘catch-up’". Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  35. ^ "Navy Opens New Base Prepared for Submarines". 7 April 2013. 
  36. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (30 July 2015). "Indonesian government calls for urgent completion of submarine basing facilities". IHS Jane's Navy International. Retrieved 2 August 2015. 
  37. ^ "Menhan Resmikan 1 KRI dan 2 KAL Buatan Batam". 
  38. ^ "Navy to procure 24 fast boats to patrol shallow waters". Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  39. ^ "Indonesia: Defense Minister Launches "KRI Clurit" >>". Naval Today. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  40. ^ "Bank Mandiri finances missile boats". The Jakarta Post. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  41. ^ "Purchase Confirmed, Navy Waits for Three New Ships". 
  42. ^ "Indonesia borong kapal selam dari Rusia". 
  43. ^ "Butuh Kapal Selam, TNI Kirim Tim ke Rusia". 
  44. ^ NurW. "DEFENSE STUDIES". Retrieved 24 December 2014. 
  45. ^ "News". 1 July 2010. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 

External links[edit]