Indonesian State Intelligence Agency
|Badan Intelijen Negara|
Indonesian State Intelligence Agency logo
|Formed||7 May 1946|
|Headquarters||Jl. Seno Raya, Pejaten Timur, Pasar Minggu. South Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Annual budget||480 million USD (2020)|
Badan Intelijen Negara (State Intelligence Agency), commonly referred to as BIN, is Indonesia's primary intelligence agency. Prior to 2001, it was known as Bakin (Badan Koordinasi Intelijen Negara - State Intelligence Coordinating Agency); its name was changed as part of a general restructuring of the agency. BIN is responsible both for co-ordinating information sharing and operations between Indonesia's other intelligence agencies and for mounting operations on its own.
At the time of its name change in 2001, BIN's role in co-ordinating was deemphasised, but, in the wake of the 2002 Bali bombing, that aspect of the agency's operations was the subject of renewed focus as part of an all-around expansion of the agency's budget and operations.
BIN has been the subject of criticism from human rights groups for its treatment of dissidents and human rights advocates in Indonesia.
The agency is currently headed by Budi Gunawan, as of 9 September 2016. Previous leaders are Sutiyoso from July 2015 to September 2016, Sutanto from 21 October 2009 to 19 October 2011, Syamsir Siregar from 2004 to 2009, and Hendropriyono from 2001 to 2004.
The organizational structure of the BIN was last amended by the Presidential Decree No. 34 Year 2010, which replaces the Presidential Decree No. 52 of 2005. Under the Presidential Regulation, the BIN's organizational structure consists of:
The Chief of the BIN has the task to lead in performing the duties and functions of the NIA. The Chief is given the financial, administrative and other facilities on par with the Minister.
- Deputy Chief
The Deputy Chief has the task of helping and giving aid to the intelligence chief.
- Main Secretariat
Main Secretariat has the task of coordinating the implementation of the tasks, coaching and providing administrative support to all organizational units within the NIA.
- Deputy of Foreign Affairs
Deputy of Foreign Affairs (Deputy I) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or operations of foreign intelligence field.
- Deputy of Home Affairs
Deputy of Home Affairs (Deputy II) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or operations in the field of domestic intelligence.
- Deputy of Counter Intelligence
Deputy of Counter Intelligence (Deputy III) has the task of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or counterintelligence operations.
- Deputy of Economy
Deputy of Economy (Deputy IV) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or intelligence operations in economics.
- Deputy for Technology
Deputy for Technology (Deputy V) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or intelligence operations technology.
- Deputy Communications and Information
Deputy Communication and Information (Deputy VI) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation of activities and / or intelligence operations in Communication and Information.
- Deputy Processing and Production Intelligence
Deputy Analysis and Production Intelligence (Deputy VII) has the tasks of policy formulation and implementation field of processing and the production of intelligence.
Inspectorate has the task of carrying out internal oversight in the intelligence agency.
In 2004, retiring chief of BIN General Abdullah Mahmud Hendropriyono admitted that Indonesia had bugged Australia's embassy in Jakarta during the East Timorese crisis in 1999 and has tried to recruit Australian spies.
- DPR RI, Komisi I. "Anggaran Meningkat, Kinerja BIN Diharapkan Meningkat". DPR.go.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 19 April 2020.
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- ."Indonesia's expanding spy network alarms reformers". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 28 May 2006.
- "Intelligence Threat". Paras Indonesia. Archived from the original on 19 February 2006. Retrieved 28 May 2006.
- "Budi Gunawan Inaugurated as BIN Head". Tempo.co. 9 September 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
- "Intelligence chief-to-be optimistic after health check". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 22 October 2011. Retrieved 19 October 2011.
- "Syamsir Siregar, seasoned intelligence officer". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 20 November 2005. Retrieved 28 May 2006.
- Packham, Ben (19 November 2013). "Indonesia spied on Australia in 2004, says ex-intelligence chief". The Australian. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- Nicholson, Brendan (15 November 2004). "Indonesia 'bugged' Australia". The Age. Retrieved 14 August 2020.