Indonesian Wikipedia

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Indonesian Wikipedia
Wikipedia-logo-v2-id.svg
Screenshot
Indonesian Wikipedia screenshot.png
Mainpage of the Indonesian Wikipedia
Type of site
Internet encyclopedia project
Available inIndonesian
HeadquartersMiami, Florida
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
URLid.wikipedia.org
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
Launched30 May 2003; 18 years ago (2003-05-30)

The Indonesian Wikipedia (Indonesian: Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, WBI for short) is the edition of Wikipedia in the Indonesian language. The Indonesian Wikipedia is the fifth-fastest-growing Wikipedia in an Asian language after the Japanese, Chinese, Korean, and Turkish language Wikipedias. It ranks 22nd in terms of depth among Wikipedias. Its first article was written on 30 May 2003,[1][2] yet its Main Page was created six months later on 29 November 2003.[3]

There are 596,676 articles in the Indonesian Wikipedia. In April 2016, there were 462 editors who made at least five edits in that month.

Background[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia main page with dark mode and Timeless

Although the Indonesian language is similar to the Malay language, the Indonesian Wikipedia remains separate from the Malay Wikipedia[4] (initiated in October 2002).[5] The Indonesian and Malay Wikipedias were started separately by two different user groups within six months of each other. In 2009, Andrew Lih wrote "Because these groups are drawn on national boundaries, merging is not likely to happen soon."[4]

Indonesian is a normative form of the Malay language, an Austronesian (or Malayo-Polynesian) language which had been used as a lingua franca in the Indonesian archipelago for centuries, and was elevated to the status of an official language with the Indonesian Declaration of Independence in 1945, drawing inspiration from the Sumpah Pemuda (Youth Pledge) event in 1928. It is very similar to the official Malaysian form of the language. However, it does differ from the Malaysian form in some ways, with key differences in pronunciation and vocabulary, due in large part to the many Dutch words in the Indonesian vocabulary. It is spoken as a mother tongue by only 7% of the population of Indonesia, but altogether more than 200 million people speak it.[6] The Malay language is spoken by ethnic groups who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, parts of the Philippines, and Singapore. Malay is also considered one of the dialects of the Indonesian language by Indonesians living in central eastern Sumatra, the Riau Islands and parts of the coast of Borneo.[7]

Contributors[edit]

In 2004, Tempo magazine published a feature about the Indonesian Wikipedia, in which Revo Soekatno, one of its best known contributors, described it as the "Encyclopedia from the boarding houses", meaning an encyclopedia that was produced by Indonesians living and studying overseas. The article contributed to the popularization of Wikipedia in the archipelago and since then, the Indonesian Wikipedia has seen its number of users rise remarkably.[8][9]

In 2006, following Time featuring "You" as its person of the year,[10] Kompas published a feature article on Revo where he was called the "Father of Wikipedia in Indonesian". The article highlighted the spirit of participation as the type of "addiction to the cyberspace that needed to be endorsed".[11] Other Indonesian publications followed suit to refer to Revo Soekatno as an "activist that built a community portal in Indonesia" praising his contributions to the presence of Indonesia in the Internet.[12]

In February 2009, the Indonesian Wikipedia achieved the milestone of 100,000 articles. One of the contributors mentioned in the article was the user borgx, who made 80,000 edits starting in 2005. That year, the Indonesian Wikipedia had only fifty active contributors.[13][14]

Workshop and seminars[edit]

In March 2007, Bina Nusantara University invited Indonesian Wikipedians to speak at the first Wikipedia seminar for the public and to introduce Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia and Wikimedia Foundation projects at its campus in Jakarta.[15]

In November 2007, the Indonesian Government, through its Department of Communication and Information, decided to establish an annual Indonesian ICT Award and invited the Indonesian Wikipedia Community to hold a workshop on how to write Wikipedia articles.[16][17] Ivan Lanin, one of the speakers interviewed by Antara, stated that the number of contributors to the Indonesian Wikipedia was rising, and the articles were beginning to become more diverse. According to Revo's speech, the challenge for the Indonesian Wikipedia in the future was to gain credibility and give the public assurance about the quality of the content provided.

The first day of the workshop was attended by 40 people, although the number of computers provided for hands-on practice was considerably less than the number of participants.[18]

The following year, at the 2008 Indonesian ICT Awards, the Indonesian Wikipedia Community held separate workshop sessions for the public and for organizations.[19]

Partnership with Google[edit]

On 4 December 2018, Google announced a partnership with Wikipedia in order to translate relevant Wikipedia's articles from English to Bahasa Indonesia language through the AI-powered Google Neural Machine Translation.[20]

Indonesian Wikipedia DVD[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia Complimentary DVD distributed by Chip magazine on their August 2008 edition

In August 2008, the Indonesian version of CHIP magazine distributed a complimentary DVD containing more than 80,000 articles (without images) with its 11th anniversary edition. This edition also featured a three-page Wikipedia article titled "Wikipedia: When one thousand brains are better than one". The article provided an extensive history of Wikipedia, including the Indonesian Wikipedia, as well as a description of the Wikimedia Indonesia chapter, which was in preparation at that time.[21]

However, a DVD version of the Indonesian Wikipedia with photos was already in existence since April 2008 and could be purchased online from an independent vendor for 20 thousand rupiah, around US$2.[22]

Controversies[edit]

Mass killings and communist party[edit]

On 3 June 2020, #BoikotWikipedia (#BoycottWikipedia) became trending on Twitter[23] due to Tengku Zulkarnain [id], an ustaz and committee member of Indonesian Ulema Council at the time, complaining about Wikipedia's article on the 1965-66 mass killings and the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).[24] Zulkarnain pressured the chief of the Indonesian National Police Idham Azis and President Joko Widodo to take action and arrest the author.[25] Suharto and PKI's photo was later removed from the article.

The Crescent Star Party's leader urged Wikipedia to remove that edit forever, also claiming that PKI is the writer. An expert on communism called the article "brainwashing." The Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle states that it is a "reflection of the country's war on history."

The Wikimedia Foundation of Indonesia states that they are "neutral and unpaid for any articles made in its site." It also acknowledged that many of the texts were mainly translated from English Wikipedia.[26]

Milestones[edit]

  • 1,000 articles: 16 March 2004
  • 10,000 articles: 31 May 2005
  • 50,000 articles: 1 February 2007
  • 100,000 articles: 21 February 2009
  • 180,000 articles: 26 December 2011
  • 200,000 articles: 27 March 2012
  • 300,000 articles: Oct 2013
  • 400,000 articles: 27 April 2017
  • 500,000 articles: 15 August 2019[27]

Related Wikipedias[edit]

These are Wikipedias written in local Indonesian languages. Two are still in the Incubator.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lih, Andrew. The Wikipedia Revolution: How a Bunch of Nobodies Created the World's Greatest Encyclopedia. Hyperion, New York City. 2009. First Edition. ISBN 978-1-4013-0371-6 (alkaline paper).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ (in Indonesian) Electron History Page in Bahasa Indonesia
  2. ^ (in Indonesian) Tokoh Indonesia: Revo AGS: Indonesian Wikipedia Contributor
  3. ^ (in Indonesian) Wikipedia Bahasa Indonesia Main Page history
  4. ^ a b Lih, p. 136.
  5. ^ "Malay Wikipedia History".
  6. ^ Axis translations: Indonesian language
  7. ^ Ethnologue report for Netherlands
  8. ^ (in Indonesian) Tempo Interactive (2004): Encyclopedia from boarding house Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ (in Indonesian) Tempo Interactive (2004): Encyclopedia from the boarding houses Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ TIME: Time's Person of the Year: You
  11. ^ Sodikin, Amir (26 December 2006). "Revo, Perintis Wikipedia Indonesia". Kompas (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 29 September 2007.
  12. ^ (in Indonesian) SWA Magazine: Activist who built community portal Archived 2009-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ (in Indonesian) Antara: Indonesian Wikipedia Now 100 Thousand Articles Archived 2009-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ (in Indonesian) Kompas.com: Indonesian Wikipedia Reach 100 Thousand Articles Archived 2009-03-05 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ (in Indonesian) Surabaya Design Forum: Invitation to attend Wikipedia Seminar held by Expmo production Archived 2009-03-06 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ (in Indonesian) Information Technology Faculty Information for Seminar and Workshop Archived 2009-02-13 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ (in Indonesian) Invitation for Workshop Archived 2009-02-25 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ (in Indonesian) Antara: Indonesian Wikipedia the Third Largest in Asia Archived 2008-11-04 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ (in Indonesian) INAICTA official page: National Rise Though Digital Creativity - Invitation for organizations to write in the Wikipedia Archived 2008-12-29 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Teng, Jaclyn (4 December 2018). "Google partners with Wikipedia to translate content for Indonesians". TechInAsia.com. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  21. ^ (in Indonesian) Content page for Chip August 08 Edition Archived 2012-02-11 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ (in Indonesian) Wikipedia Indonesia DVD sold by Toko Baliwae
  23. ^ Indonesia, C. N. N. "Buramkan Sejarah soal PKI, Boikot Wikipedia Menggema". teknologi (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  24. ^ Syambudi, Mohammad Bernie & Irwan. "Bahaya Politisasi Sejarah PKI ala Tengku Zulkarnain di Wikipedia". tirto.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  25. ^ "HEBOH Artikel PKI di Wikipedia jadi Sorotan, Tengku Zulkarnain Minta Jokowi dan Idham Azis Bertindak". Tribun Kaltim (in Indonesian). Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  26. ^ "Wikipedia dan Topik Kontroversial: Netralitas dalam Urun Daya Pengetahuan di Wikipedia". Wikimedia Indonesia (in Indonesian). 5 June 2020. Retrieved 18 December 2020.
  27. ^ "Apakah tidak ada yang mau mengucapkan:"Selamat untuk Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia karena telah mencapai artikel ke-500.000!" kepada wikimin beserta seluruh kontributor Wikipedia? Hmph. pic.twitter.com/2wgeuRM5AR" (in Indonesian). Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.

External links[edit]