Indoor skiing

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Exterior view of an indoor ski slope

Indoor skiing is done in a climate-controlled environment with snowmaking. This enables skiing and snowboarding to take place regardless of outdoor temperatures. Facilities for both alpine skiing and nordic skiing are available.

History[edit]

The first known ski hall, called Schneepalast (German: Snow Palace) was opened in the Austrian capital Vienna in 1927 in the abandoned Vienna Northwest Railway Station established by the Norwegian ski jumper Dagfinn Carlsen.[1][2] The track in the 3,000-square-metre (32,000 sq ft) ski area was built on a wooden ramp. A ski jump made it possible to jump up to 20 metres (66 ft). Skiers had to walk up the artificial mountain, because there was no ski lift.[3] However, sledges could be pulled up with an electrically-operated system. The artificial snow had been made by the English experimenter James Ayscough from soda.[clarification needed] The hall remained in operation until May 1928.[4]

Alpine ski halls[edit]

Australia

  • Swiss Pavillion at World Expo 88, Brisbane. Two lifts operated for six months. Included a ski slope on artificial snow serviced by a handle tow and a double chairlift operating on a rectangular route. [6] [7]

Belgium

China

  • Harbin Wanda Indoor Ski and Winter Sports Resort located in Harbin, Heilongjiang, world's largest indoor ski resort with 72,600 m2 (17.9 acres; 781,000 sq ft) of indoor snow.[8]
  • Yinqixing indoor skiing, Shanghai

France

Germany

  • alpinCenter Bottrop in the SnowFunPark in Wittenburg with a 640-metre (2,100 ft) slope and a 31 percent grade.
  • SnowDome Bispingen, Bispingen.

Japan

Lithuania

Netherlands

  • SnowWorld, Landgraaf with a total of 35,000 square metres (8.6 acres; 380,000 sq ft) of snow. In 2003, the first indoor snowboard FIS WorldCup contest was held here.
  • SnowWorld, Zoetermeer
  • Skidome, Rucphen
  • Skidome, Terneuzen
  • De Uithof, Den Haag
  • Snowplanet, Spaarnwoude

New Zealand

Norway

  • SNØ, Lørenskog with a total of 50,000 square metres (12 acres; 540,000 sq ft). Has a 505-metre-long (1,657 ft) alpine ski track and a one-kilometre-long (0.62 mi) cross-country skiing track suspended from the roof. One-of-a-kind combination of these winter sports.[citation needed] To be opened 2020. Building in progress.

Russia

Spain

  • SnowZone, in Madrid, has 18,000 square metres (4.4 acres; 190,000 sq ft) of snow areas, including a 250-by-50-metre (820 ft × 160 ft) slope (over 25% grade), a 100-by-40-metre (330 ft × 130 ft) slope, chairlifts, and other winter sports facilities.[9]

United Arab Emirates

Egypt

  • Ski Egypt, Mall of Egypt, 6th of October City. It has the only indoor ski slope in Africa with the main slope being 210 metres (690 ft) long.

United Kingdom

  • Chill Factore, 6.4 kilometres (4 mi) outside Manchester,[10] with a 180-metre-long (590 ft) main slope.
  • Snowzone Castleford, near Leeds with a 170-metre-long (560 ft) main slope.[11]
  • Snowzone, near Milton Keynes with a 170-metre-long (560 ft) main slope.[12]
  • Snowdome at Tamworth, near Birmingham with a 170-metre-long (560 ft) slope and two smaller beginner areas 25 and 30 metres (82 and 98 ft) long.[13]
  • Snow Centre at Hemel Hempstead[14]

United States

  • SnowLand /SkiTexas, Austin, Texas (In progress)
  • Big Snow America, East Rutherford, New Jersey (In progress)

The first indoor ski slope, "Schneepalast" (German for snow palace) operated from 26 November 1927 to May 1928 in Vienna in an abandoned railway station, the Nordwestbahnhof. The snow was made of soda.[15] The world's first commercial indoor ski slope operated from 1987 to 2005 at Mount Thebarton, in Adelaide, South Australia.[16]

Nordic ski tunnels (Cross-country skiing )[edit]

Location Name Length Opened
Finland Sotkamo DNA Ski Tunnel 1,200 m (3,937 ft) 1997
Finland Jämijärvi Jämi Ski Tunnel 1,250 m (4,101 ft) 2002
Finland Uusikaupunki Vahterus Ring and Vahterus Ring II 1,000 m (3,281 ft) Nov 2005
Finland Paimio Ski Tunnel Paippi and Ski Tunnel Paippi II 700 m (2,297 ft) before 2006
Finland Leppävirta Vesileppis Ski Arena before 2006
Sweden Torsby Fortum Ski Tunnel Torsby 1,287 m (4,222 ft) 16 Jun 2006
Germany Oberhof DKB Skisport-Halle Oberhof 1,754 m (5,755 ft) 24 Aug 2009
Finland Helsinki Kivikko ski hall 1,100 m (3,609 ft) 1 Sep 2009
Sweden Gothenburg Skidome 1,200 m July 2015
Slovenia Planica Planica Underground XC tunnel 800 m 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bildarchivaustria.at/Pages/ImageDetail.aspx?p_iBildID=1105032
  2. ^ https://austria-forum.org/af/Heimatlexikon/Schneepalast_-_Wien
  3. ^ https://diepresse.com/home/zeitgeschichte/5175240/Wien-feiert-seinen-Schneepalast-doch-dann-fallen-Schuesse
  4. ^ https://www.oe24.at/old-channel/wissen/Wien-hatte-schon-1927-eine-Skihalle/452358
  5. ^ Australian Ski Lift Directory, section 18. https://www.australianmountains.com/australianskilifts/
  6. ^ Australian Ski Lift Directory notes on Expo '88 lifts
  7. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/local/photos/2013/04/29/3747349.htm?site=undefined&xml=3747349-mediarss.xml
  8. ^ "China's Harbin Wanda Indoor Ski and Winter Sports Resort set to open". www.fis-ski.com. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Snowzone". Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Chill Factore". Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  11. ^ http://www.xscape.co.uk/yorkshire/concessions/sno-zone
  12. ^ http://www.xscape.co.uk/milton-keynes/concessions/sno-zone
  13. ^ http://www.snowdome.co.uk/ski-snowboard/
  14. ^ http://www.thesnowcentre.com/info/about
  15. ^ Von Bernhard Ichner (26 January 2014). "Die Skistadt Wien - ein historischer Rückblick". Kurier.At. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  16. ^ https://www.australianmountains.com/australianskilifts/#18