||It has been suggested that Smart City Indore be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since December 2015.|
|Nickname(s): Mini Mumbai|
|• Body||Indore Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Malini Laxmansingh Gaur (BJP)|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Rakesh Singh|
|• Member of Parliament||Sumitra Mahajan (Now Speaker in Lok Sabha (2014 - till date))|
|• Metropolis||389.8 km2 (150.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||553 m (1,814 ft)|
|• Density||841/km2 (2,180/sq mi)|
|• Metro rank||15th|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||0.00 are ♀/♂|
|Climate||Cwa / Aw (Köppen)|
|Precipitation||945 millimetres (37.2 in)|
|Avg. annual temperature||24.0 °C (75.2 °F)|
|Avg. summer temperature||31 °C (88 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||17 °C (63 °F)|
Indore (i//) is a tier 2 city, the largest city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh by population. It serves as the headquarters of both Indore District and Indore Division. Indore was described by the Economic Times as the commercial capital of the state, and houses campuses of both the Indian Institute of Technology and the Indian Institute of Management. Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, the city is located 190 km west of the state capital of Bhopal. With a Census-estimated 2011 population of 3,276,697 distributed over a land area of just 3,898 square kilometer, Indore is the most densely populated major city in the central province. The Indore Metropolitan Area's population is the state's largest, with 3.2 million people living there.
Indore traces its roots to its 16th century founding as a trading hub between the Deccan and Delhi. The city and its surroundings came under Maratha Empire on 18 May 1724 after Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I assumed the full control of Malwa. During the days of the British Raj, Indore State was a 19 Gun Salute (21 locally) princely state (a rare high rank) ruled by the Maratha Holkar dynasty, until they acceded to the Union of India. Indore served as the capital of the Madhya Bharat from 1950 until 1956.
Indore's financial district, anchored by central Indore, functions as the financial capital of the Madhya Pradesh and is home to the Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange, India's third oldest stock exchange. Indore's real estate market is among the most expensive in Central India.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Architecture
- 6 Parks and recreation
- 7 Government and jurisdiction
- 8 Infrastructure
- 9 Economy
- 10 Education
- 11 Arts, music and theatre
- 12 Media
- 13 Cuisine
- 14 Sports
- 15 Festivals
- 16 Entertainment
- 17 Tourism
- 18 Historical places
- 19 Notable people from Indore
- 20 References
- 21 Further reading
- 22 External links
On the journey to conquer Ujjain, Raja Indra Singh laid a camp beside the river Kanh (modern name Khan) and was very impressed by the scenic greenery of the place. Thus he laid a Shivling at the meeting place of the rivers Kanh and Saraswati and got the Indreshwar temple constructed along with the settlement Indrapur. Years later under the Maratha Rule, when it was given to the Maratha Subedar (General) 'Malhar Rao Holkar' by Peshwa Baji Rao I, its name had evolved to 'Indur'. This name was changed to Indore during the British raj.
Indore owes its early growth to trade and commerce, which is still a dominant feature of the city. It is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The present city is about 500 years old. Till the end of 15th century, its original nucleus was a river side village which occupied the bank of river Saraswati. This area is now known as Juni Indore.
The area of the modern Indore city was a part of the Kampel pargana (administrative unit) during the Mughal Empire. Kampel was administered by the Ujjain sarkar (government) of Malwa Subah (province). The area was controlled by the local zamindars (feudal landlords), who accepted the suzerainty of the Mughal empire. The zamindars received the title of Chaudhari, which established their claim to the land.
The modern settlement was developed by Rao Nandlal Chaudhary, the chief local Zamindar, who had an army of 2000 soldiers. Under the Mughal rule, his family enjoyed great influence and was accorded confirmatory sanads by the Emperors Aurangzeb and Farrukhsiyar, confirming their jagir (land ownership) rights. When Nandlal visited the Mughal court at Delhi, he received a special place in the emperor's court along with two jewel studded swords (now on display in the Royal British Museum under the family's name) and confirmatory sanads. Jai Singh II, a personal friend of his, gave him a special "Gold Langar" which guaranteed a special place to him in all the courts of India.
In the mid-1710s, Nandlal was caught in the struggle between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad (who had been appointed as the governor of the Deccan region by the Mughal emperor). Once, while visiting the Indreshwar Temple near the banks of river Saraswati, Nandlal found the location to be safe and strategically located, being surrounded by rivers on all sides. He started moving his people in, and constructed the fort of Shree Sansthan Bada Rawala to protect them from harassment by the warring forces. This marked the establishment of the present-day Indore city, which became an important trade center on the Delhi-Deccan route.
The Maratha Raj (Holkar Era)
By 1720, the headquarters of the local pargana were transferred from Kampel to Indore, due to the increasing commercial activity in the city. On 18 May 1724, the Nizam accepted the rights of the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I to collect chauth (taxes) from the area. In 1733, the Peshwa assumed the full control of Malwa, and appointed his commander Malhar Rao Holkar as the Subhedar (Governor) of the province. Nandlal Chaudhary accepted the suzerainty of the Marathas. During the Maratha rule, the Chaudharis came to be known as "Mandloi"s (derived from Mandals meaning districts). The Holkars conferred the title of Rao Raja upon Nandlal's family. The family retained its possessions of royalty, in addition to the right of performing the first puja of Dushera (Shami Pujan) before the Holkar rulers. The respectability and influence of Nandlal's family in the region was instrumental in the ascent of the Peshwas and Holkars to rulership of this region.
On 29 July 1732, Bajirao Peshwa-I granted Holkar State by merging 28 and half parganas to Malhar Rao Holkar, the founder ruler of Holkar dynasty. His daughter-in-law Ahilyabai Holkar moved the state's capital to Maheshwar in 1767, but Indore remained an important commercial and military centre.
British Era (Indore/Holkar State)
In 1818, the Holkars were defeated by the British during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, in the Battle of Mahidpur by virtue of which the capital was again moved from Maheshwar to Indore. A residency with British resident was established at Indore, but Holkars continued to rule Indore State as a princely state mainly due to efforts of their Dewan Tatya Jog. During that time, Indore was established the headquarters of British Central Agency. Ujjain was originally the commercial centre of Malwa. But the British administrators such as John Malcolm decided to promote Indore as an alternative to Ujjain, because the merchants of Ujjain had supported anti-British elements.
In 1906 electric supply was started in the city, fire brigade was established in 1909 and in 1918, first master-plan of city was made by noted architect and town planner, Patrick Geddes. During the period of Maharaja Tukoji Rao Holkar II (1852–86) efforts were made for the planned development and industrial development of Indore. With the introduction of Railways in 1875, the business in Indore flourished till the reign of Maharaja Shivaji Rao Holkar, Maharaja Tukoji Rao Holkar III and Maharaja Yeshwant Rao Holkar.
After India's independence in 1947, Holkar State, along with a number of neighbouring princely states, acceded to Indian Union. In 1948, with the formation of Madhya Bharat, Indore became the summer capital of the state. On 1 November 1956, when Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh, the state capital was shifted to Bhopal. Indore, a city today of nearly 2.1 million residents, has transformed from a traditional commercial urban center into a modern dynamic commercial capital of the state.
Indore is located in the western region of Madhya Pradesh, on the southern edge of the Malwa plateau. It lies on the Saraswati and Khan rivers, which are tributaries of the Shipra River and has an average elevation of 553.00 meter above mean sea level. It is located on an elevated plain, with the Vindhya Range to the south.
Apart from Yashwant Lake, there are many lakes that supply water to the city including Sirpur Tank, Bilawali Talab, Sukhniwas Lake and Piplyapala Talab. Soil cover in the city region is predominantly black. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely red and black. The underlying rock of the region is composed of black basalt, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. The area is classified as Seismic Zone III region, which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter-scale may be expected.
To the west, Indore borders the administrative district of Dhar with cities such as Pithampur and Betma; to the northwest with Hatod and Depalpur; to the north the Ujjain with Sawer; to the northeast the Dewas with Manglaya Sadak; to the southeast the city of Kampel and Simrol; to the south Khandwa with Mhow, Choral and Manpur. Together with these cities (and some larger nearby cities, e.g. Rau, Hatod, Rangwasa, Palda, Sinhasa) Indore forms a contiguous built-up urban area called Indore Metropolitan Region which is an unofficial administrative district.
Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot in April and May. The daytime temperatures can touch 48 °C (118 °F) on more than one occasion. Average summer temperatures may go as high as 40 °C (104 °F) but humidity is very low.
Winters are moderate and usually dry. Lower temperatures can go as low as 2 °C (36 °F)-6 °C (43 °F) on some nights. Usually the temperature ranges between 8 to 26 °C during winters.
Rains are due to southwest monsoons. The typical monsoon season goes from 15 June till mid-September, contributing 32–35 inches of annual rains. 95% of rains occur during monsoon season.
Indore gets moderate rainfall of 185 to 360 millimetres (7.3 to 14.2 in) during July–September due to the southwest monsoon.
|Climate data for Indore (1971–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.9
|Average high °C (°F)||26.5
|Daily mean °C (°F)||18.2
|Average low °C (°F)||9.8
|Record low °C (°F)||1.1||2.8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||0.8||0.8||0.3||0.3||1.8||8.6||15.9||18.3||8.6||3.1||1.4||0.6||60.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||46||36||25||23||33||58||79||85||73||50||44||48||50|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||289.0||275.6||287.6||305.9||326.9||208.6||104.1||79.9||180.6||270.8||274.0||281.3||2,884.3|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
Indore is the most populous city in the Madhya Pradesh. According to the 2011 census of India, the population of the Indore city (the area under the municipal corporation) is 1,964,086. The population of the Indore metropolis (urban agglomeration that inlcludes neighbouring areas) is 2,167,447. In 2010, the city had a population density of 25,170 people per square mile (9,718/km²), rendering it the most densely populated of all municipalities with over 100,000 population in the Madhya Pradesh. As per 2011 census, the city of Indore has an average literacy rate of 87.38%, higher than the national average of 74%. Male literacy was 91.84%, and Female literacy was 82.55% In Indore, 12.72% of the population is under 6 years of age (as per census 2011). The average annual growth rate of population is around 2.85% as per the statistics of census 2001. Religion-wise, according to the 2011 census reports, Hindus constitute a major of 80.02% of Indore's total population, while Muslims 7.41%, Jains 7.02%, and others 2.03%.
Hindi is the official language of the Indore city, and is spoken by majority of the population. A number of Hindi dialects such as Bundeli, Malawi and Chhattisgarhi are also spoken. Other languages with a substantial number of speakers include Urdu, Marathi, Sindhi and Gujarati.
Indore has architecturally significant buildings in a wide range of styles spanning distinct historical and cultural periods of Holkar (Maratha), Mughal and British era. These include the Rajwada Palace (1766), a blend of Maratha and Mughal styles with a giant wooden door covered with iron studs and seven storied entrance; Lal Bagh Palace, the grandest monument of Holkar dynasty reflecting the taste, grandeur and lifestyle of the Holkars with European flavor; Krishnapura Chhatris, the royal cenotaphs of typical Maratha style architecture with domes and pyramidal spires. Indore has a significant number of high-rises. Most of the high-rise buildings in Indore are located in the financial district of Vijay Nagar in the upper east city.
The tallest structure in Indore is the replica of Eiffel Tower at All India Radio campus, which rises 337 metres (1,106 ft). However, the observation tower is not generally considered a high-rise building as it does not have successive floors that can be occupied. The tallest habitable building in Indore is the Radisson Blu. The second-tallest building in the city is the Bombay Hospital while the tallest residential building is 'Pinnacle 'D' Dreams which is also the tallest building in the state of Madhya Pradesh,located in pipiliya kumar Indore-Dewas Bypass Road near Bhavans Prominent School.
There are so many landmarks in Indore which make it a tourist attraction place.
Parks and recreation
- Atal Bihari Vajpayee Regional Park also known as Pipliyapala park or Indore regional park, it is developed by the Indore Development Authority (IDA). Development of the park is on the 80 acres of land of the pond and 42 acres land near this tank. There is a canal, which covers the whole park starting from one point of the pond and ending at the other part. Attractions in the park include a musical fountain, jumping jet fountain, artists' village, maze, French gardens, bio-diversity garden, mist fountain, fast food zone, boating, and a mini cruise named "Malwa Queen" with two decks accommodating 80 people, a restaurant and private party rooms.
- Kamla Nehru Prani Sangrahalay or simply Indore Zoo is one of the oldest zoological parks of Indore spread over the area of 4000 sq m. Known for its species like white tigers, Himalayan bear and white peacock, Indore zoo is also a center for reproduction, protection and exhibition of animals, plants and their habitats.
- Meghdoot Garden is in the northern suburbs of the city about 4 km away from Palasia. It was renovated in 2000-01 . Presence of ground houses lawns, lighted and dancing fountains, and landscaped gardens. Hotels including the Fortune Landmark & Sayaji are close to this park.
Government and jurisdiction
The khatiya Indore is formed of two tiers—a city-wide, and a local tier. Most of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Indore Development Authority (IDA). IDA works as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Indore Metropolitan Region (IMR) comprising Indore and its agglomeration covering an area of 398.72 km2.
The IDA consists of two appointed components; the collector of the district, who has executive powers, and the IDA Board which includes a chairman appointed by Government of Madhya Pradesh, Municipal Commissioner of Indore and five members form Town and Country Planning Department, Forest Department, Public Health Engineering, Public Works Department and MP Electricity Board who scrutinize the collector's decisions and can accept or reject his budget proposals each year. The headquarters of the IDA is at Race Course Road, Indore.
Indore City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government. Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) was established in 1956 under the Madhya Pradesh Nagar Palika Nigam Adhiniyam. The IMC is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, local planning and welfare services. The mayor and councillors are elected to five-year terms. The Indore Municipal Corporation is a unicameral body consisting of 69 Council members whose districts are divided into 12 zones and these zones have been further divided into 69 wards defined by geographic population boundaries.
Indore is also a seat for one of the two permanent benches of Madhya Pradesh High Court with Gwalior, the city, its agglomerates and other 12 districts of western Madhya Pradesh falls under the jurisdiction of Indore High Court.
Infosys and TCS have started the construction of respective offices in Indore near Super Corridor. Both the companies are approximately 5 km from Indore airport. It is believed[by whom?] to create about 5000 jobs in coming 5–6 years.
Health and medicine
Indore is a centre of health care and India's first medical institution, Maharaja Yeshwantrao Hospital was established in the city in early 1848. Originally named after Yashwantrao Holkar, Maharaja of Indore, the last Holkar ruler. When it was re-inaugurated in 1955, it was Asia's largest government hospital with 1200 beds, and it has remained the largest public hospital in the state. The eight-storied hospital building is surrounded by a group of its special purpose hospitals, namely the 300-bed Chacha Nehru Children hospitals, the 100-bed M.R TB hospital, the 100-bed cancer hospital, a mental hospital and a medical college within the hospital campus.
Indore is home to 51 public health institutions and has a good number of private hospitals too. The healthcare facilities of Indore include Maharaja Yeshwantrao Hospital, Bombay Hospital, Choithram Hospital, CHL Hospital, Medanta, Apollo, Vasan and Centre for Sight.
There are various companies providing paid and free Wi-fi services across the city. Reliance's Jionet became operational from November, 2013. It covers full city but maximum Wi-fi towers are not working yet. It is a 4G High Speed Wi-fi service which is kept free for now but will become chargeable from 2016. Another company IM FREE WIFI is also providing free wifi service using cloud-based technology in maximum parts of the city, it is also the only company in India which uses this technology. Indore is also the second city in India to provide free Wifi across the city. AICSTL is also providing high speed free Wi-Fi service named 'Free As Air' across the Indore BRTS corridor. BSNL has also started free Wi-Fi services in prominent locations.
Indore is served by the state of the art Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport, about 8 km from the city. It is the busiest airport in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and also serves as a hub for international cargo. The new integrated international terminal was inaugurated in February 2012. The airport has been operating services by Air India, Jet Airways Konnect, Jet Airways, IndiGo and Ventura AirConnect connecting Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Raipur.
The Indore airport has a history of its own. It was commissioned by the erstwhile ruler Yashwant Rao Holkar II. He gave the construction work of the Indore airport to the pioneers of civil aviation in India - Tata & Sons - in 1935. Indore was connected to New Delhi & Bombay (Mumbai) on 26 July 1946 and was handed over to the central government on 1 April 1950.
The Indore Junction is an A-1 grade railway station with a revenue of more than Rs. 50 crore(500 million). The City Railway Division comes under Ratlam Division of the Western Railways. Indore is directly connected to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Lucknow, Kochi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad etc.
Meter gauge train stopped operating from February 2015. Indore-Mhow section is now being upgraded to broad gauge. Electrification of the Indore – Dewas – Ujjain was completed in June 2012. Ratlam-Indore broad gauge conversion completed in September 2014. Platform 1 is being upgraded to broad gauge and a modern station complex with two new platforms are being developed close to Rajkumar railway over-bridge.
The city of Indore has 7 other railway stations which are:
|Station Name||Station Code||Railway Zone||Total Platforms|
|Lakshmibai Nagar||LMNR||Western Railway||3|
|Saify Nagar||SFNR||Western Railway||1|
|Lokmanya Nagar||LMNR||Western Railway||1|
|Rajendra Nagar||RJNR||Western Railway||2|
|Manglia Gaon||MGG||Western Railway||3|
Indore is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major national highways passing through the city are:
- National Highway No. 3 (NH3 – Agra Bombay)
- National Highway No. 59 (Ahmedabad – Godhra - Indore)
- National Highway No. 59A (Indore – Betul – Nagpur connecting NH 69)
Other important regional highways passing through the city are:
Indore has a well developed transport system. Atal Indore City Transport Services Ltd., a PPP scheme operates buses and radio taxis in the city. The buses designated as City Bus operate on 36 Routes, with around 170 bus stops. The buses are color-coded according to their route. Many of them are non-AC and are equipped with GPS and Accident Avoid Systems.
- Indore BRTS(iBUS)
Indore BRTS is a bus rapid transit system which began operations on 10 May 2013. It is plying with air-conditioned (AC) buses. These buses are also equipped with services like GPS and IVR which are used to track the position of the bus with information displayed on LED displays installed at the bus stops.
It has a 12 km dedicated corridor for its functioning between Niranjanpur and Rajiv Gandhi Chouraha after which an additional 11 km of normal road corridor from Rajiv Gandhi Chouraha to Rau. This service has further been extended to Mhow which will function without a dedicated corridor.
- Local transport also includes auto rickshaw, Maruti vans and CNG Tata Magic Vans which have replaced the Mini-Buses also called theNagar Seva. Many private Cab Services also operate in the city such as Ola Cabs, TaxiForSure, Meru Cabs, UBER and Chartered Cabs (earlier Metro Taxi). The major bus terminals are Sarwate (Near Indore Railway Station), Gangwal (Dhar Road), Navlakha (A.B.Road) and Vijay Nagar (A.B. Road) Bus Terminals which majorly cater Intra-State as well as Inter-State routes.
Major industrial areas surrounding the city include Pithampur(phase I,II,III - alone host 1500 Large, Medium and Small Industrial Set-up), Indore Special Economic Zone(around 3000 acre), Sanwer Industrial belt(1000 acre),LaxmiBai Nagar IA, Rau IA, Bhagirathpura IA, Kali Billod IA, Ranmal Billod IA, Shivaji nagar Bhindikho IA, Hatod IA, IT Parks - Crystal IT Park(5.5 lakh square feet), IT Park Pardeshipura(1 lakh square feet), Electronic Complex, Individual SEZ such as TCS SEZ, Infosys SEZ, Impetus SEZ,etc., Diamond Park,Gems and Jewellery Park, Food Park, Apparel Park, Namkeen Cluster and Pharma Cluster.
Pithampur is also known as the Detroit of India. Pithampur industrial area houses many production plants of various Pharmaceutical companies like Ipca Laboratories, Cipla, Lupin, Glenmark, Unichem and big auto companies prominent among these are Force Motors, Volvo Eicher commercial, Avtec, Mahindra 2 wheelers Ltd.
Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange (MPSE) originally set up in 1919 is the only exchange in Central India and the third oldest stock exchange in India is located in Indore and now the National Stock Exchange (NSE) established an Investor Service Center in the city. Industrial employment influenced the economic geography of Indore. After 1956 merger, Indore experienced suburban expansion aided by high levels of car ownership. Workforce decentralization and transport improvements made it possible for the establishment of small-scale manufacturing in the suburbs. Many firms took advantage of relatively cheap land to build spacious, single-storey plants in suburban locations where parking, access and traffic congestion were minimal.
While textile manufacturing and trading is the oldest business to contribute to the economy, real estate companies DLF Limited, Suncity (ZEE Group), Omaxe, Sahara, Parsvnath, Ansal API, Emaar MGF have already launched residential projects in Indore. These projects are generally on the Indore bypass. This road also houses the projects of many local and regional real estate companies including Pumarth, Casa Greens, Silver spring, Kalindi, and Milan Heights.
Infosys is setting up a new development centre at Indore at an investment of Rs 100 crore in phase one at Super corridor. Infosys demanded an area of 130 Acres to open its new facility in Indore which will employ about 13,000 people. TCS has started construction of its campus at Indore, Collabera has also announced plans to open campuses in Indore. The government of MP has also done the land allotment. Besides these, there are several small and medium size software development firms in Indore.
Indore is a home to a range of colleges and schools. Indore has a large student population and is a big educational center in central India, it also is the education hub of central India. Most primary and secondary schools in Indore are affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE); however, quite a few number of schools are affiliated with ICSE board, NIOS board, CBSEi board and the state level M.P. Board as well.
The Daly College, founded in 1882, is one of the oldest co-educational boarding school in the world, which was established to educate the rulers of the Central Indian Princely States of the 'Marathas' and Rajputs'. The Holkar Science College, officially known as Government Model Autonomous Holkar Science College was established in 1891.
Indore School of Social Work (ISSW) is a school in the field of social sciences both in education and research, training professional social workers since 1951.
Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, also known as "DAVV" (formerly known as University of Indore) is a university in Indore with several colleges operating under its aegis. It has two campuses within the city, one at Takshila Parisar (near Bhavarkuan Square)and another at Rabindra Nath Tagore Road, Indore. The university runs several departments including Institute of Management StudiesSchool of Computer Science & Information Technology(SCSIT), (IMS), School of Law (SoL), Institute of Engineering and Technology, DAVV (IET), Educational Multimedia Research Centre (EMRC), International Institute of Professional Studies (IIPS), School of Pharmacy, School of Energy & Environmental Studies - one of the primer schools for M. Tech. (Energy Management), School of Journalism and School of Futures Studies and Planning, which runs two M. Tech. Courses with specializations in Technology Management & Systems Science & Engineering, MBA (Business Forecasting), and M. Sc. in Science & Technology Communication. The campus houses several other research and educational departments, hostels, playgrounds and cafes.
The Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College (MGMMC) is another old institution, and was formerly known as the King Edward Medical College. Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science (SGSITS) and Institute Of Engineering & Science IPS Academy are engineering colleges, established in 1952 and 1999 respectively .
Arts, music and theatre
The Yeshwant Club (named after Late HH The Maharaja Yeshwant Rao II Holkar of Indore) and Sayaji Club (named after Late HH The Maharaja Sayaji Rao III Gaekwad of Baroda) are big sponsors for art & music and invite talents from across world. The major art centers in Indore are the Ravindra Natya Grah (RNG), Mai Mangeshkar Sabha Grah, Anand Mohan Mathur Sabhagrah, DAVV auditorium, Brilliant Convention Centre, etc. Many artists from around the world perform here regularly; Abhivyakti Centre of Fine Arts & Performing Arts; Deolalikar Kala Vithika and Jal Sabha Grah are also similar centers for arts and theater. There are also various cultural clubs like Sanand Nyas, Ras Bharati and Kala Abhivyakti, who invite performers from around the globe to perform in Indore. The Maharashtra Sahitya Sabha was known for being a prominent place for Theatre. Indore also holds the Guinness World Record for the Longest Variety Show (Cultural Show) in the World: the show lasted 12 hr 8 min at an event organised by Shri Vision Social Empowerment and Welfare Association, on 11 November 2011. The show consisted of 107 acts, including musical performances, dance, poetry and comedy, and featured 145 performers (including 4 comperes).
Indore gharana, one of the vocal gharanas of Indian classical music originated from the city. It was founded by Ustaad Amir Khan, who studied the styles of Abdul Wahid Khan, Aman Ali Khan, Rajab Ali Khan and Abdul Karim Khan and amalgamated the essence of the styles of these four composers with his own intellectual approach to music, and conceived the Indore gharana of music.
The city has a good Rock/Metal Music culture which is growing. Nicotine, one of the city's earliest and most renowned band is widely known for being the pioneer of Metal Music in Central India.
There are about 20 Hindi dailies, 7 English dailies, 26 weeklies and monthlies, 4 quarterlies, 2 Bi-monthly Magazine, one annual paper, and one monthly Hindi language educational tabloid named "Campus Diary" published from the city. India's only magazine on pump industry Pumps India & valve magazine Valves India is published from here. The major Hindi newspapers and national media houses have their regional offices in Indore.
The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government-owned FM channels being introduced. The FM radio channels that broadcast in the city include AIR Vividh Bharathi FM (101.6 MHz), Radio Mirchi FM (98.3 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), My FM (94.3 MHz) and AIR Gyan Vani FM (105.6 MHz). State-owned Doordarshan transmits two terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few, local broadcasting stations also exist.
Indore switched to complete digitalization of cable TV in 2013 under second phase of digitalisation by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
Siti Cable(Siti cable) is a Digital cable distribution company with 70% coverage of the city. Its central region head office is in Indore and siti cable having 7 Local channels. Indore have its own TV news channel called 'siti news' headed by News Head Anil Chouhan
Indore is covered by a network of optical fibre cables. There are three fixed telephone line operators in the city: BSNL, Reliance and Airtel. There are eight mobile phone companies in which GSM players include BSNL, Reliance, Vodafone, Idea, Airtel, Aircel, Tata DoCoMo, Videocon Mobile Service while CDMA services offered by BSNL, Virgin Mobile, Tata Indicom, and Reliance. Doordarshan Kendra Indore with studio and transmission started from July 2000.
In Indore, There are about 15 Hindi news portals, 5 English news portals, including khabarhulchal.com, localindore.com, dainikbhaskar.com, and kninews.com. The major Hindi web portals have reporters in Indore.
Indore has a variety of Namkeens, Poha & Jalebi, Chaats (snacks), Kachoris and Samosas, cuisines of various types in different restaurants, and Maratha, Mughlai, Bengali, Rajasthani, continental and confectionery sweets, as well as local delicacies such as Dal-Bafla. At Sarafa Bazar, a range of Indian fast food is available. Chhappan Dukan is a major food junction in Indore, where the youth & family gathers on the road side shops for Indian Snacks. Generally, Namkeen is served on top of a variety of food items served in Indore.
The life in Indore starts early with chuskis of 'Chai' (tea) with 'garam garam poha & Jalebi' followed by lunch which invariably includes popular 'besan preparations'. Later in the day one can easily find snacks like 'Khaman', 'Kachori – aaloo kachori, dal kachori etc.', 'samosa', 'patties', 'Baked Samosa', 'Bhel puri',' Pani Puri', 'mathri', 'sabudana khichdi' etc. Numerous Shops of Sweets have enjoyed nice business in Indore. Late nights another market comes alive at 11:00 pm in Sarafa (the heart of city) where one finds lot of delicacies to enjoy after dinner like – 'Gajak','Bhutta kis', 'Gulab Jamun', 'garadu', 'Rabri', 'hot boiled milk', 'aalo tikiya', 'Halwa : – Gajar, Moong', icecreams, 'shakes' etc. and 'paan'
Sweets:Moong ka Halwa, Gajar ka Halwa, Rabri, Maalpua, Faluda kulfi, Gulab Jamun, Ras-Malai, Ras Gulla, All Bengali Sweets available at Sarafa & 56 Shops at Palasia.
Namkeen : Sev with all its varieties, Mixture, Dhania-Chivda, Dal Mooth, Papdi, Gathiya, Khaman, Kachori-Samosa, Patties, Garadu, Aaloo Tikiya, Pani-Puri, Bhel-Puri, Sabudana Khichadi, Dahi Vada, Pakoda, Bhutte ka Kis, poha.
Sheetal Pey : Shikanji (milk preparation + dry fruits), Lassi, Cold Milk, Hot Boiled Milk with Malai & dry fruits+keshar, Jal-Jira, Nimboo Shikanji, Fruit Juice,Shakes, Icecream Soda, Santrola .
Recently many national companies like McDonalds, Pizza Hut, KFC, Subway, Barista Lavazza and Cafe Coffee Day have opened up their outlets in Indore.
Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the city. Indore is also home to the Madhya Pradesh Cricket Association (MPCA), Madhya Pradesh Table Tennis Association (MPTTA) and The city has one international cricket ground, the Holkar Cricket Stadium. The first cricket ODI match in state was played in Indore at Nehru Stadium.
Beside cricket, Indore is also a center for many national and international championships. The city hosted the South Asian Billiard Championship and is a host to the three-day-long National Triathlon Championship, in which nearly 450 players and 250 sports officials belonging to 23 states take part in the action.
Indore is also a traditional centre for basketball, and is the home of India's first National Basketball Academy with an class indoor basketball stadium. Indore has successfully organized various National Basketball Championships. The major city sports stadium includes:
- Basketball - basketball complex, Basket Ball Club
- Cricket - Holkar Cricket Stadium, Nehru International Cricket Stadium, the Khalsa school stadium, the Maharajah school stadium
- Lawn tennis - Indore Tennis Club, Indore Residency Club
- Table Tennis - Nehru Stadium TT Hall, Abhay Khel Prashal
- Kabaddi - Lucky Wanderers
- Chess - SKM Chess Academy, iLEAD Chess Academy
- "Diving "- Nehru Park
All national festivals such as Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Rangpanchmi, Baisakhi, Raksha Bandhan, Krishna Janmashtami, Mahavir jayanti, Navratri, Durga puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Utsav, Deepavali, Ramzan, Gudi Padwa, Bhaidooj, Eid, Christmas, Bahai Navruz on 21 March and others like Nagpanchmi, Ahilya Utsav, are celebrated with equal enthusiasm. There are many shiva temples in Indore. Mahashivratri is celebrated to a large extent in Indore. Abhivyati, Hind Rakshak and many more organisations conduct garba mahotsav open for people to watch as well as play.
Rangapanchami is celebrated five days after Dulendi or Holi, and has much bigger importance in Indore than main Holi festival itself. and is celebrated by Indorians in their own distinct style.Here, it is celebrated like Dulendi, but natural colors with or without water are thrown out in the air or poured on others for the whole day by youngsters all over the city. On the event of the festival, the local municipal corporation sprinkles color mixed water on the main streets of old Indore. Earlier Fire Brigade vehicles were used for this purpose. This stylized Rangapanchami celebration in Indore holds back its roots in the Holkar Reign and continues to be celebrated with the same vigour till date.
Indore has many malls and cinema halls. Much new entertainment will be seen in Indore in the coming months when the city will gain a roller-coster ride, a drop tower, and go-karting track along with many new sources of entertainment. Often there are circuses and magic shows set up at different places which are good sources of entertainment.
Cinema is the most popular medium of entertainment in Indore as well as in the whole country. There are a number of cinema halls in the city, namely PVR Cinemas, Mangal BIG Cinema, INOX Central, INOX sapna-sangeeta, Carnival Cinemas, Satyam Cineplexes, K sera sera, MadhuMilan, Velocity, Regal, and others.
Indore is host to many malls, which provide variety and comfort to the visitors. Treasure Island, Mangal City mall, Indore Central mall, C21 mall, Malhar mega mall, Orbit mall are very well known. In 2011, a branch of Walmart, named Best Price, also opened for shopkeepers to buy discounted goods. Dhar. Indore has developed since 2011 making a record of having most malls in central India. Recently Treasure Island mall has shut down temporarily due to renovation.
|This section does not cite any sources. (June 2013)|
- Nahar Shah Wali Sarkar
Nahar shah wali sarkar is situted in the east of city at KHAJRANA, There is many transport facility available for this place with cheap fare. Related to this Shrine (DARGAH) is the belief of many people, Whether it be of any religion (Hindu or Muslim).
- Indreshwar Temple
Indreshwar temple is a temple of Lord Shiva situated on the sangam of khan and saraswati rivers in Juni Indore. Raja Indra Singh on his way to Ujjain formed the Indrapur city while his stay here. The city of Indore derives its name from this very temple.
The Khajrana temple was made by Ahilyabai Holkar, the Maratha]] queen. This is an important place of Hindus.
- Shri Riddhi Siddhi Chintaman Ganesh Temple/Potli Ganesh
This temple is around 750 years old, featuring the only Lord Ganesha temple holding a bag of money. Also called "Potli Wale Ganesh(Hindi:पोटली वाले गणेश) which means 'The Ganesha with a money bag'.
Indore is historically attached to Sikhism. It has numerous Gurudwaras. Gurdwara Imli Sahib is Sikh shrine situated in Indore. In the year 1567, Guru Nanak Dev Ji on his way diverted from southern states to the north-west and reached Indore. It is centrally located. Gurdwara Charan Paduka Betma Sahib is situated in the small village of Betma. Betma is a town and a nagar panchayat in Indore district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Betma Sahib is one of the gurudwaras of historical significance for Sikhs, as it is believed that Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited this place during his southern Udasi.
- Annapurna Temple
Annapurna is one of the oldest temples in Indore. Dedicated to the goddess Annapoorna, this temple is a pilgrimage centres in Indore. Not only devotees, but also tourists come to see this shrine. This temple bears a resemblance to the Madurai Meenakshi Temple of Madurai. Inside the temple premises, there exist shrines of Sivan, Hanuman, and Kalabhairava. In the Pravachan Hall of the temple four full sized elephants decorate the highly ornamented gate. An architectural splendor, the outer wall of the temple is brightly decorated with images of legendary characters. This temple is situated near Dashahara Maidan, Annapurna Road, Indore.
- Bada Ganpati
The Bada Ganpati temple is a very ancient temple and widely known for the size of the Ganesh idol. This temple was built in 1875 by Shri Dadhich. The idol is said to be the size of 25 Foot from head to crown. This temple is located near the centre of the city Rajwada also known as Holkar Palace.
- Hrinkar Giri
The largest Jain shrine of Indore, situated at a hillock near Indore Airport.
- Gommat Giri
This is a set of Jain temples built on the top of Gommatesher Hill. The main attraction is 24 feet tall statue of Lord Bahubali, and 24 others temples for each of the 24 jain tirthankars.
The Kanch Mandir also known as Glass Temple is a Jain temple also known as Jain Mandir was built by Sir Seth Hukum Chand Jain (Kasliwal) in the early 20th century. It is located in the Itwaria market. Its doors, pillars, ceilings and walls are entirely inlaid with glass with minute detailing. It is one of the most famous tourist attraction of the city. The temple paintings depict stories from the Jain scriptures. The top of the temple multiplies the three statues of Lord Mahavir .
Indore has a number of Chhatris, which mark the cremation place, of its erstwhile royal Maratha rulers - the Holkars. These chhatris are intricately carved and some, like the Krishnapura Chhatri, also have temples and other structures near the place.
- Rajwada Palace
- Yeshwant Club
The Yeshwant Club came into existence in the year 1934 at the behest of late HH The Maharaja Tukoji Rao III Holkar of Indore. The Club was established for beloved son, Yuvraj Yeshwant Rao Holkar. Spread over 14 acres it isa Maratha legacy of the Holkar rulers of Indore State. Inititally the club was opened for Maratha royalty, nobility, aristocracy and the officers (Natives and British) of the Holkar State. Later its doors were opened for the business elites. Post-Indian Independence, the admission criteria was revised according to the changing times. HH Maharani Usha Devi, the daughter of late HH Maharaja Yeshwant Rao II Holkar of Indore is the Chief Patron of the Club, the Honorary Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh being the President of the Club. Today, the Club offers a unique blend of culture, sports and entertainment, which makes it one of the best-managed Clubs in the country.       
- Gandhi Hall
King Edward Hall that was renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi Hall after the independence. Made in 1904 and originally named King Edwards Hall, it was renamed Mahatma Gandhi Hall in 1948. Its architectural style is Indo-Gothic. Made in Seoni stone, it has a four-faced clock tower in front. It can accommodate 2,000 people at a time. It is also frequently a venue for exhibitions and fairs throughout the year. The building also has a library, a children park and a temple.
- Lal Baag Palace
Lal Baag Palace stands on the outskirts of the town, towards the southwest. It is a three storey building on the bank of the River Khan. The palace was built by HH Maharaja Shivaji Rao Holkar of Indore during 1886-1921.
There are various places which tourists and citizens of Indore like to visit for weekends and occasion or Holidays.
Maheshwar is a town in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh state It was the capital of the Malwa during reign of the Maratha Holkars till 6 January 1818, when the capital was shifted to Indore by Malhar Rao Holkar III. Maheshwar has been a centre of handloom weaving since the 5th century. Maheshwar is the home of one of India's hand loom fabric traditions. It is about 90 km from Indore and known for temples, ghats, fort and palaces.
Mandavgarh or Mandu
It is 35 km from Indore towards Mhow. Sitala Mata fall
This tourist attraction is known for its waterfalls in monsoon season.
Choral has the waterfaulls in Monsoon Season. It's situated on Khandwa Road, near Gram Simrol.
Tincha Fall is a waterfall in monsoon season.
Notable people from Indore
- Malhar Rao Holkar - First prince from the Holkar family which ruled the state of Indore.
- Ahilya Bai Holkar - the Holkar Queen of the Maratha ruled Malwa kingdom, India.
- Yashwant Rao Holkar I - the Maharaja from Maratha Empire. Also referred as ""Napoleon Of India""
- Tukoji Rao Holkar II - son of Sardar Shrimant Santoji Rao Holkar, was the Maharaja of Indore State belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas.
- Shivaji Rao Holkar - son of Maharaja Shrimant Tukojirao Holkar II and Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Parvati Bai Sahib, was the Maharaja of Indore belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas.
- Tukoji Rao Holkar III - son of Maharaja Shrimant Shivajirao Holkar and Akhand Soubhagyavati Shrimant Maharani Sita Bai Sahib Holkar, was the Maharaja of Indore State belonging to the Holkar dynasty of the Marathas.
- Yeshwant Rao II Holkar - The Maharaja of Indore who merged the Holkar State with the GOI. Many prominent buildings like the MY Hospital and the Yeshwant Club are named after him. He is succeeded by his only son 'Maharajkumar Shivaji Rao Holkar' (Prince Richard Holkar) and his only daughter 'HH Maharani Usha Devi of Indore', the present Maharani of Indore.
- Colonel C.K. Nayudu – The first captain of India in Test cricket - born in Indore
- Captain Mushtaq Ali – Colonel Nayudu's teammate in the Holkar team and in the Indian team -born in Indore
- Rahul Dravid – Indian cricketer - Born in Indore
- Salman Khan - Born in Indore and spent childhood up to five years here.
- Salim Khan- Belonged to Indore. an Indian actor and screenwriter. In Hindi cinema, Khan is best known for being one half of the prolific screenwriting duo of Salim-Javed. He is the father of Bollywood actor Salman Khan.
- Nicotine (Metal Band), First Metal band from Indore, and pioneer of Metal Music in Central India.
- Johnny Walker - King of comedy in Indian cinema born in Indore
- Lata Mangeshkar - The "Nightingale of Bollywood" was born in Indore.
- Amir Khan - Hindustani Classical Vocalist born in Indore
- Kishore Kumar- great singer and actor studied in Christian College, Indore.
- M.F. Hussain and N.S.Bendre- famous painters spent some years in Indore studying art with Vishnu Deolalikar
- Digvijay Singh - Did his schooling from the Daly College & Graduation in Indore.
- Sumitra Mahajan - Sumitra Mahajan is an Indian politician and the incumbent Speaker of the Lok Sabha. She has been representing the Indore constituency of Madhya Pradesh since 1989.
- Sneha Khanwalkar - Music Director
- Palak Muchhal - Bollywood Playback Singer and social worker from Indore.
- Aakanksha Jachak - Singer and Vocalist born in Indore
- Swanand Kirkire - Songwriter and singer born and studied in Indore.
- Narendra Hirwani – Former India cricketer lives in Sukhliya, Indore
- Amay Khurasiya - Former India cricketer lives in Janki-Nagar, Indore
- Rahat Indori - World-Famous Urdu poet and film lyricist - Born in Indore
- Kumar Pallana - Actor and vaudevillian frequently cast in Wes Anderson's films.
- Prithviraj Chavan - Prithviraj Chavan (Marathi: पृथ्वीराज चव्हाण) (born 17 March 1946) is the 22nd Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a state in Western India. Born in Indore, Madhya Pradesh.
- Paridhi Sharma - Known for the role of Jodha in Jodha Akbar on Zee TV
- Bharat Chawda - Bharat started his career with Kahaani Ghar Ghar Kii as Ishaan on Star Plus, He also appeared in various shows Crime Patrol, Haunted Nights, Savdhaan India & Fear Files: Darr Ki Sacchi Tasvirein, he played the role in Meri Bhabhi as bobby on STAR Plus. He also act in Sanjay Leela Bhansali's production Goliyon Ki Raasleela Ram Leela as Manga
- Rocky Verma - An Indian bollywood film and television actor. Known for roles in Kill Dil, Kick and Action Jackson.
- Prakash Chandra Sethi - Indian Politician two times Chief Minister for Madhya Pradesh, former minister in central government: Home Minister, Defence Minister, Minister of External Affairs, Finance Minister, Railways, and Housing and Development represented Indore Loksabha constituency.
- "Indian cities and their Nicknames". The Daily Moss. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
- "Indore". Maps of India. Retrieved October 30, 2015.
- "Area of Indore census 2001". Indore.nic.in. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Census of India, 2011
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-02-18.
- List of cities in Madhya Pradesh by population
- "How Indore's unique IIT-IIM blend is spurring entrepreneurship".
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-04-16.
- Report on the Administration of Holkar State for 1944 - Indore (India) - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2014-04-04.
- P N Shrivastav, ed. (1971). Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteers: Indore (First ed.). Government Central Press. pp. 2, 55–59.
- Major General Sir John Malcolm, Memoirs of Malwa (1912)
- Major General Sir John Malcolm, Central India, Part I, pp. 68–70
- Amar Farooqui (1998). Smuggling as Subversion: Colonialism, Indian Merchants, and the Politics of Opium, 1790-1843. Lexington. pp. 62–63.
- Indore, Bhopal temperatures dip to lowest in decade (recorded in 1936)
- "Indore Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Government of Madhya Pradesh and Government of India. "Census of Madhya Pradesh according to districts." (PDF). NIC. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- Statistics of Indore. District Administration of Indore. Retrieved 16 August 2009
- "Culture and Heritage". District Collector Indore. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
- "1,000 Pakistani Hindus migrate to Indore". The Times of India. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "Indore Tourist attractions". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Health services to improve as corporate hospitals queue up". Retrieved 2012-04-24.
- Nai Duniya. "For Free Wifi people reached on near towers on City Square". Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- www.imfreewifi.com. "Free WiFi in Indore". Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- www.3techjournal.cf. "Indore becomes first city to offer free 4G Wifi". Retrieved August 10, 2015.
- "BSNL Wifi Hotspots on the anvil in Indore". Times Of India. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- "Indore flying up and high above Bhopal". Retrieved 2012-12-04.
- Vinit (February 7, 2015). "Last train to Mhow on meter gauge". Hindustan Times.
- "Indore Ratlam Broad Gauge". Free Press Journal.
- "Congestion at Indore Railway Station". Hindustan Times. Dec 6, 2014.
- Fri 4 Apr 2014, 3:49 PM IST - India Markets closed (2012-09-28). "The top 15 Indian cities by GDP | India’s top 15 cities with the highest GDP - Yahoo India Finance". In.finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2014-04-04.
- "Mpakvn Indore". Mpakvn Indore. Retrieved 2014-04-04.
- "Work on Indore IT park in full flow - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2014-04-04.
- Tiwary, Santosh (1998-04-01). "Pithampur small enterprises tell a tale of untapped potential". The Indian Express (India). Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- Trivedi, Shashikant (9 July 2004). "Pithampur units face bleak future". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 September 2009.
- "NSE to start investor service centers at Kanpur, Indore". economictimes.indiatimes.com/. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Infosys to set up Rs 100 crore development centre in Indore". mydigitalfc.com. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "TCS Indore campus". Dainik Bhaskar. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
- MPAKVN. "Indore- A hub of technical and Higher Education". MPAKVN. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- Lord Curzon in India: Being a Selection from His Speeches as Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1898-1905, by George Nathaniel Curzon Curzon, Thomas Raleigh. Published by Macmillan and co., limited, 1906. Page 233. Speech: "4th November, 1905"...."The old Daly College was founded here as long ago as 1881, in the time of that excellent and beloved Political Officer, Sir Henry Daly"...
- "Govt. Holkar Science College". Madhya Pradesh Govt. Poratal. Retrieved 13 October 2009.
- Indore city govt. website: Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College
- "Brilliant Convention Centre, Indore". Retrieved July 19, 2015.
- Indian Journal of Science Communication (Volume 2/ Number 1/ January – June 2003)
- "Usha Raje is now Holkar cricket stadium". Dainik Bhaskar Online Edition, dated 2010-08-23. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Indore to host National Triathlon Championship". The Hindu Business Line, dated 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2012-12-14.
- "Largest Tea Party at Indore". Guinness World Records. 25 February 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2010.
- "Indore Festivals - Major Festivals of Indore, Festival in Indore Madhya Pradesh". www.indorecity.net. Retrieved 2015-10-19.
- "Indore City". Retrieved 10 November 2011.
- "Treasure Island Mall - IndoreRocks!!!". www.indorerocks.com. Retrieved 2015-06-05.
- "Facts about Indore", "District Administration Indore", 2015
- Rocky Verma, Actor & Commercial Designer - SiliconIndia
- He loves playing the baddie - DNA - English News&Features - Cinema&Entertainment - dnasyndication.com
- Hunter, Cotton, Burn, Meyer. "The Imperial Gazetteer of India", 2006. Oxford, Clarendon Press. 1909.
- Plunkett, Richard. Central India. Lonely Planet, 2001. ISBN 1-86450-161-8
- "Indore." Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911 ed.
- Ek Yug Ek Purush – a Biography of Sir Siremal Bapna by Om Prakash Sharma – 1971
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indore.|