Indore

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Indore
इंदौर
Metropolitan City
Indore is located in Madhya Pradesh
Indore
Indore
Location of Indore in Central India
Coordinates: 22°43′31″N 75°51′56″E / 22.725298°N 75.865534°E / 22.725298; 75.865534Coordinates: 22°43′31″N 75°51′56″E / 22.725298°N 75.865534°E / 22.725298; 75.865534
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
Region Malwa
District Indore District
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Indore Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Krishna Murari Moghe (BJP)
 • Municipal Commissioner Rakesh Singh
 • Member of Parliament Sumitra Mahajan
Area[1]
 • Metropolitan City 530 km2 (200 sq mi)
Area rank 15
Elevation 553 m (1,814 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Metropolitan City 1,960,631
 • Rank 14th
 • Density 3,727/km2 (9,650/sq mi)
 • Metro[3] 2,167,447
 • Metro rank 15th
Demonym Indori, Indorians, Indoripan
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 4520xx
Telephone code 0731
Vehicle registration MP-09
Spoken Languages Hindi, Marathi, English
Sex ratio 0.920 /
Literacy 87.38%[4]%
Climate Cwa / Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation 945 millimetres (37.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature 24.0 °C (75.2 °F)
Avg. summer temperature 31 °C (88 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 17 °C (63 °F)
Website www.indore.nic.in

Indore (Listeni/ɪnˈdɔər/, About this sound Hindi: "इंदौर" ) is a tier 2 city, the largest city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.[5] It serves as the headquarters of both Indore District and Indore Division. A central power city, Indore exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment and has been described as the commercial capital of the state.

Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, the city is located 190 km west of the state capital of Bhopal. With a Census-estimated 2011 population of 2,167,447[6] distributed over a land area of just (526 km2), Indore is the densely populated major city in the central province. The Indore Metropolitan Area's population is the state's largest, with 2.2 million people living there. It is the 14th largest city in India and 147th[7] largest city in the world.

Indore traces its roots to its 16th century founding as a trading hub between the Deccan and Delhi. The city and its surroundings came under Maratha Empire on 18 May 1724 after Maratha Peshwa assumed the full control of Malwa. During the days of the British Raj it was a 19 Gun Salute (21 locally) princely state (a rare high rank) ruled by the Maratha Holkar dynasty, until they acceded to the Union of India.[8] Indore served as the capital of the Madhya Bharat from 1950 until 1956.

Indore's financial district, anchored by central Indore, functions as the financial capital of the Madhya Pradesh and is home to the Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange, India's third oldest stock exchange. Indore's real estate market is among the most expensive in the state and its Lokmanya Nagar incorporates the highest concentration of Marathi People in the Western part of the city.

Etymology[edit]

Legends say that while on a journey to conquer Ujjain, Raja Indra Singh laid a camp beside the river Kanh (modern name Khan) and was very impressed by the scenic greenery of the place. And thus he laid a Shivling at the meeting place of the rivers Kanh and Saraswati and got the Indreshwar temple constructed along with the settlement Indrapur. Years later under the Maratha Rule, when it was given to the Maratha Subedar (General) 'Malhar Rao Holkar', its name had evolved to Indur. This name was changed to Indore during the British raj

History[edit]

Tookajee Rao Holkar II, Indore, from a drawing by Mr. W. Carpenter, Jun.," from the Illustrated London News, 1857

Origins[edit]

Indore owes its early growth to trade and commerce, which is still a dominant feature of the city. The present city is about 500 years old . Till the end of 15th century its original nucleus was a river side village, which occupied the bank of river Saraswati. This area is now known as Juni Indore. It is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

The area of the modern Indore city was a part of the Kampel pargana (administrative unit) during the Mughal Empire.[9] Kampel was administered by the Ujjain sarkar (government) of Malwa Subah (province). The area was controlled by the local zamindars (feudal landlords), who accepted the suzerainty of the Mughal empire. The zamindars received the title of Chaudhari, which established their claim to the land.

The modern settlement was developed by Rao Nandlal Chaudhary, the chief local zamindar, who had an army of 2000 soldiers. Under the Mughal rule, his family enjoyed great influence and was accorded confirmatory sanads by the Emperors Aurangzeb and Farrukhsiyar, confirming their jagir (land ownership) rights. When Nandlal visited the Mughal court at Delhi, he received a special place in the emperor's court along with two jewel studded swords (now on display in the Royal British Museum under the family's name) and confirmatory sanads. Jai Singh II, a personal friend of his, gave him a special "Gold Langar" which guaranteed a special place to him in all the courts of India.

In the mid-1710s, Nandlal was caught in the struggle between the Marathas and the Nizam of Hyderabad (who had been appointed as the governor of the Deccan region by the Mughal emperor). Once, while visiting the Indreshwar Temple near the banks of river Saraswati, Nandlal found the location to be safe and strategically located, being surrounded by rivers on all sides. He started moving his people in, and constructed the fort of Shree Sansthan Bada Rawala to protect them from harassment by the warring forces. This marked the establishment of the present-day Indore city, which became an important trade center on the Delhi-Deccan route.

The Maratha Raj (Holkar Era)[edit]

By 1720, the headquarters of the local pargana were transferred from Kampel to Indore, due to the increasing commercial activity in the city. On 18 May 1724, the Nizam accepted the rights of the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I to collect chauth (taxes) from the area. In 1733, the Peshwa assumed the full control of Malwa, and appointed his commander Malhar Rao Holkar as the Subhedar (Governor) of the province.[10] Nandlal Chaudhary accepted the suzerainty of the Marathas. During the Maratha rule, the Chaudharis came to be known as "Mandloi"s (derived from Mandals meaning districts). The Holkars conferred the title of Rao Raja upon Nandlal's family.[11] The family retained its possessions of royalty, in addition to the right of performing the first puja of Dushera (Shami Pujan) before the Holkar rulers. The respectability and influence of Nandlal's family in the region was instrumental in the ascent of the Peshwas and Holkars to rulership of this region.

On 29 July 1732, Bajirao Peshwa-I granted Holkar State by merging 28 and half parganas to Malhar Rao Holkar, the founder ruler of Holkar dynasty. His daughter-in-law Ahilyabai Holkar moved the state's capital to Maheshwar in 1767, but Indore remained an important commercial and military centre.

British Era (Holkar State)[edit]

In 1818, the Holkars were defeated by the British during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, in the Battle of Mahidpur by virtue of which the capital was again moved from Maheshwar to Indore. A residency with British resident was established at Indore, but Holkars continued to rule Indore as a princely state mainly due to efforts of their Dewan Tatya Jog. During that time, Indore was established the headquarters of British Central Agency. In 1906 electric supply was started in the city, fire brigade was established in 1909 and in 1918, first master-plan of city was made by noted architect and town planner, Patrick Geddes.

During the period of Maharaja Tukoji Rao Holkar II (1852–86) efforts were made for the planned development and industrial development of Indore. With the introduction of Railways in 1875, the business in Indore flourished till the reign of Maharaja Shivaji Rao Holkar, Maharaja Tukoji Rao Holkar III and Maharaja Yeshwant Rao Holkar.

Post Independence[edit]

After India's independence in 1947, Holkar State, along with a number of neighbouring princely states acceded to Indian Union. In 1948 with the formation of Madhya Bharat, Indore became the summer capital of state. On 1 November 1956, when Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh, the state capital was shifted to Bhopal. Indore a nearly 2.1 million city today has transformed from a traditional commercial urban center into a modern dynamic commercial capital of the state.

Geography[edit]

Indore is located in the western region of Madhya Pradesh, on the southern edge of the Malwa plateau. It lies on the Saraswati and Khan rivers, which are tributaries of the Shipra River and has an average elevation of 553.00 meter above mean sea level. It is located on an elevated plain, with the Vindhyachal range to the south.

Apart from Yashwant Lake, there are many lakes that supply water to the city including Sirpur Tank, Bilawali Talab, Sukhniwas Lake and Piplyapala Talab. Soil cover in the city region is predominantly black. In the suburbs, the soil cover is largely red and black. The underlying rock of the region is composed of black basalt, and their acidic and basic variants dating back to the late Cretaceous and early Eocene eras. The area is classified as Seismic Zone III region, which means an earthquake of up to magnitude 6.5 on the Richter-scale may be expected.

To the west, Indore borders the administrative district of Dhar with cities such as Pithampur and Betma; to the northwest with Hatod and Depalpur; to the north the Ujjain with Sawer; to the northeast the Dewas with Manglaya Sadak; to the southeast the city of Kampel and Simrol; to the south Khandwa with Mhow, Choral and Manpur. Together with these cities (and some larger nearby cities, e.g. Rau, Hatod, Rangwasa, Palda, Sinhasa) Indore forms a contiguous built-up urban area called Indore Metropolitan Region which is an unofficial administrative district.

Climate[edit]

Indore has a borderline humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) and tropical savanna climate (Aw). Three distinct seasons are observed: summer, monsoon and winter.

Summers start in mid-March and can be extremely hot in April and May. The daytime temperatures can touch 42 °C (108 °F) on more than one occasion. Average summer temperatures may go as high as 40 °C (104 °F) but humidity is very low.

Winters are moderate and usually dry. Lower temperatures can go as low as 4 °C (39 °F)-6 °C (43 °F) on some nights. Usually the temperature ranges between 8 to 26 °C during winters.

Rains are due to southwest monsoons. The typical monsoon season goes from 15 June till mid-September, contributing 32–35 inches of annual rains. 95% of rains occur during monsoon season.

Indore gets moderate rainfall of 35 to 38 inches (890 to 970 mm) during July–September due to the southwest monsoon.

Climate data for Indore
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
36.6
(97.9)
40.5
(104.9)
43.4
(110.1)
47.5
(117.5)
43.9
(111)
38.3
(100.9)
35.6
(96.1)
38.5
(101.3)
37.5
(99.5)
34.6
(94.3)
31.3
(88.3)
47.5
(117.5)
Average high °C (°F) 25.5
(77.9)
28.8
(83.8)
34.3
(93.7)
38.7
(101.7)
40.4
(104.7)
36.2
(97.2)
30.3
(86.5)
28.2
(82.8)
30.9
(87.6)
32.4
(90.3)
29.7
(85.5)
26.9
(80.4)
31.86
(89.34)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
20.2
(68.4)
25.3
(77.5)
30.0
(86)
32.4
(90.3)
30.1
(86.2)
26.5
(79.7)
25.1
(77.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.3
(77.5)
21.8
(71.2)
18.8
(65.8)
24.96
(76.92)
Average low °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
21.2
(70.2)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70)
18.1
(64.6)
12.2
(54)
8.6
(47.5)
17.17
(62.92)
Record low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
1.0
(33.8)
6.1
(43)
10.8
(51.4)
12.3
(54.1)
15.0
(59)
17.3
(63.1)
18.5
(65.3)
13.0
(55.4)
8.2
(46.8)
3.9
(39)
−0.1
(31.8)
−0.5
(31.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.16)
3
(0.12)
1
(0.04)
3
(0.12)
11
(0.43)
136
(5.35)
279
(10.98)
360
(14.17)
185
(7.28)
52
(2.05)
21
(0.83)
7
(0.28)
1,062
(41.81)
Avg. precipitation days 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.8 8.6 15.9 18.3 8.6 3.1 1.4 0.6 60.5
 % humidity 54 36 25 23 33 58 79 85 73 50 44 48 50.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 274.4 288.3 306.0 325.5 210.0 105.4 80.6 180.0 269.7 273.0 282.1 2,883.3
Source: HKO, NOAA (extremes, mean, humidity 1971-1990)[12]

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Indore
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
14%
Jains
  
3%
Others†
  
3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.5%).

Indore is the most populous city in the central India, with an estimated 2,160,631 residents as of 2011. As of the 2001 Indian Census, the city's population stood at a record high of 1,516,918, significantly greater than any other city from central province. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.[13] In 2010, the city had a population density of 25,170 people per square mile (9,718/km²), rendering it the most densely populated of all municipalities with over 100,000 population in the Madhya Pradesh. As per 2011 census, the city of Indore has an average literacy rate of 87.38%, higher than the national average of 74%. Male literacy was 91.84%, and Female literacy was 82.55%[14] In Indore, 12.72% of the population is under 6 years of age (as per census 2011).[13] The average annual growth rate of population is around 2.85% as per the statistics of census 2001.

The Indore City metropolitan area is ethnically diverse. It is home to the large Jain community outside Gujarat and Rajasthan. Indore contains the highest total Marathi population of any M.P. city proper (as it was a Maratha ruled city), many of them living in the western part alone viz. Lokmanya Nagar and Rajendra Nagar. The Gujarati community also have a notable presence in the city which can be easily identified in the city culture. Indore has a high degree of income disparity. Ethnically, Hindi linguistics form major sub groups in the city followed by Marathi, Punjabis, Sindhis, Gujaratis and others. The disparity is driven by wage growth in high income brackets, while wages have stagnated for middle and lower income brackets. Indore is always ranked as the home to the highest number of billionaires in the state.

Indore has the highest percentage of constant foreign migrants among Indian cities. As of now, around 10,000 Pakistani Hindus have migrated into the state out of which nearly 6,000 are in Indore. More than 1,000 Pakistani immigrants arrive in the Indore area every year. No single nationality or culture dominates the city's immigrant population, placing it among the most diverse cities in India.[15]

Architecture[edit]

Indore is all fascinating with the charm of its architectural grandeur and historical enigma. Indore has architecturally significant buildings in a wide range of styles spanning distinct historical and cultural periods of Holkar (Maratha), Mughal and British era. These include the Rajwada Palace (1766), a blend of Maratha and Mughal styles with a giant wooden door covered with iron studs and seven storied entrance; Lal Bagh Palace, the grandest monument of Holkar dynasty reflecting the taste, grandeur and lifestyle of the Holkars with European flavor; Krishnapura Chhatris, the royal cenotaphs of typical Maratha style architecture with domes and pyramidal spires allures with its historical enigma.

Indore has significant number of high-rises. Most of the high-rise buildings in Indore are located in the financial district of Vijay Nagar in the upper east city.

The tallest structure in Indore is the replica of Eiffel Tower at All India Radio campus, which rises 337 metres (1,106 ft). However, the observation tower is not generally considered a high-rise building as it does not have successive floors that can be occupied. The tallest habitable building in Indore is the Radisson Blu. The second-tallest building in the city is the Bombay Hospital while the tallest residential buildings are at Ocean Park on Indore-Dewas Bypass Road near Delhi Public School. There are many landmarks in Indore which make it a tourist attraction.[16]

Parks and Recreation[edit]

  • Atal Bihari Vajpeyee Regional Park also known as Pipliyapala park or Indore regional park, it is developed by the Indore Development Authority (IDA). Development of the park is on the 80 acres of land of the pond and 42 acres land near this tank. There is a canal, which covers the whole park starting from one point of the pond and ending at the other part. The bridges over canal with the Mist fountain let us feel a special type of peace,mentally as well as physically. Various attractions to the park include Musical Fountain, Jumping jet fountain, Artists' village, Maze, French gardens, Bio-diversity garden, Mist fountain, Fast food zone, Boating.
  • Kamla Nehru Prani Sangrahalay or simply Indore Zoo is one of the oldest zoological parks of Indore spread over the area of 4000 sq m. Known for its special species like white tigers, Himalayan bear and white peacock, Indore zoo is also a center for reproduction, protection and exhibition of animals, plants and their habitats.
  • Meghdoot Garden is one of the biggest and famous park of Indore. Situated on the outskirt of the city about 4 km away from Palasia in North-East of Indore city. It was renovated on 2000-01 . Presence of ground houses sprawling lawns, lighted and dancing fountains, and landscaped gardens makes Meghdoot Upvan as ideal picnic spot for those who intend to do Indore sightseeing. Among tourist attractions of Indore city, this garden is one of the must see place for tourists. Some of the popular luxury hotels like Fortune Landmark & Sayaji are close to this park. In weekends, it remain popular place to visit with family members & friends.

Government and Jurisdiction[edit]

The khatiya Indore is formed of two tiers—a city-wide, and a local tier. Most of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Indore Development Authority (IDA). IDA works as an apex body for planning and co-ordination of development activities in the Indore Metropolitan Region (IMR) comprising Indore and its agglomeration covering an area of 398.72 km2.

The IDA consists of two appointed components; the collector of district, who has executive powers, and the IDA Board which includes a chairman appointed by Government of Madhya Pradesh, Municipal Commissioner of Indore and five members form Town and Country Planning Department, Forest Department, Public Health Engineering, Public Works Department and MP Electricity Board who scrutinize the collector's decisions and can accept or reject his budget proposals each year. The headquarters of the IDA is at Race Course Road, Indore.

Indore City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor-council form of government. Indore Municipal Corporation (IMC) was established in 1956 under the Madhya Pradesh Nagar Palika Nigam Adhiniyam. The IMC is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, local planning and welfare services. The mayor and councillors are elected to five-year terms. The Indore Municipal Corporation is a unicameral body consisting of 69 Council members whose districts are divided into 12 zones and these zones have been further divided into 69 wards defined by geographic population boundaries.

Indore is also a seat for one of the two permanent benches of Madhya Pradesh High Court with Gwalior, the city, its agglomerates and other 12 districts of western Madhya Pradesh falls under the jurisdiction of Indore High Court.

Infrastructure[edit]

Information Technology[edit]

The Information Technology sector is growing rapidly growing in Indore. Companies like Infosys and TCS have started the construction of their respective offices in Indore near Super Corridor. Both the companies are approximately 5 km from Indore airport. It is believed to create about 5000 jobs in coming 5–6 years.

Health and Medicine[edit]

Indore is a centre of health care in central India. India's first medical institution, Maharaja Yeshwantrao Hospital (later known as King Edward Medical School, presently known as Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College) was established in the city in early 1848. Originally named after Yashwantrao Holkar, Maharaja of Indore, the last Holkar ruler, this was the first public hospital to be computerised.[citation needed] When it was re-inaugurated in 1955, it was Asia's largest government hospital with 1200 beds, and it has remained the largest public hospital in the state. The eight-storied hospital building is surrounded by a group of its special purpose hospitals, namely the 300-bed Chacha Nehru Children hospitals, the 100-bed M.R TB hospital, the 100-bed cancer hospital, a mental hospital and a medical college within the hospital campus.

Indore is home to 51 public health institutions, including 1 district hospital, 2 civil hospitals, 8 primary health center, 21 sub-health centers, 13 civil dispensaries, 2 poly clinics, 2 maternity home, 1 TB hospital and 1 TB sanatorium which is higher The city hosts a good number of private hospitals too. The prominent hospitals of Indore include Maharaja Yeshwantrao Hospital, Bombay Hospital, T. Choithram Hospital, CHL Apollo, and Dr Jafrey's Indore Chest Centre etc. and with the new additions like leading hospital brands including Fortis, Medanta and Max Hospitals it is becoming a centre for quality health care treatment in years to come.[17]

Indore also has some specialized hospitals located outside of the core city. These hospitals include Choithram Netralaya for comprehensive eye care and the Bombay Hospital which is the largest private hospital in central India and recently was awarded the India Healthcare Award for “Multi Specialty Hospital of the Year” by Dr Montek Singh Ahluwalia, deputy chairman, Planning Commission of India.[18] The awards are conferred on the best hospitals across India based on a rigorous and objective evaluation process, scope of service, infrastructure, patient safety record, innovation and research.

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

Indore is served by the state of the artDevi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, about 8 km from the city. It is the busiest airport in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and also serves as a hub for international cargo.[19] The new integrated international terminal was inaugurated in February 2012. The airport has been operating services by Air India, Jet Airways Konnect, Jet Airways, Jet Lite, IndiGo, SpiceJet connecting Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Chandigarh, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, baroda, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Srinagar and Visakhapatnam.

The Indore airport has a history of its own. It was commissioned by the erstwhile ruler Yeshwantrao Holkar II. He gave the construction work of the Indore airport to the pioneers of civil aviation in India - Tata & Sons - in 1935. Indore was connected to New Delhi & Bombay (Mumbai) on July 26, 1946 and was handed over to the central government on April 1, 1950.[citation needed]

Rail[edit]

The Indore Junction eastern entrance

The Indore Junction is an A-1 grade railway station with a revenue of more than Rs. 50 crore(500 million). The City Railway Division comes under Ratlam Division of the Western Railways. Indore Junction BG is the main and terminal station on the broad gauge line connecting it to the rest of the country. In the Railway budget of 2009 Indore main railway station was listed for upgrade along with other 300 stations across India. Indore is directly connected to the metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Lucknow, Kochi, Jaipur and other cities like Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Trivandrum, Chandigarh, Kollam, Gorakhpur, Coimbatore, Calicut etc.

It has both meter gauge and broad gauge in operational. Regular train services connect Indore to most parts of the country. Electrification of the Indore – DewasUjjain is completed in June 2012.

Indore lies on the Ratlam and Akola metre gauge railway line, the longest remaining functional meter gauge line in India. This section is scheduled for conversion to standard broad gauge under Indian Railways' projected Unigauge system.

The Indore Junction western entrance

The city of Indore has 5 other railway stations which are:

Station Name Station Code Railway Zone Total Platforms
Lakshmibai Nagar LMNR Western Railway 3
Indore Junction BG INDB Western Railway 5
Saify Nagar SFNR Western Railway 1
Lokmanya Nagar LMNR Western Railway 1
Rajendra Nagar RJNR Western Railway 3
Manglia Gaon MGG Western Railway 3
Rau RAU Western Railway 3
Lokmanya Nagar LKMN Western Railway 2

Road[edit]

Indore is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major national highways passing through the city are:

The Mumbai- Indore section of the National Highway No. 3 and the Ahmedabad – Indore section of the National Highway No. 59 are undergoing multi laning under the NHDP program.

Other important regional highways passing through the city are:

Local transport[edit]

Indore has a well developed transport system.Recently AC buses has come to city for public transportation it is the great mode of transportation for public. Atal Indore City Transport Services Ltd, a PPP scheme operates buses and radio taxis in the city. The buses – designated as City Bus today operate on 36 Routes, with around 170 bus stop stations. The buses are color-coded according to their route.

Indore BRTS is a bus rapid transit system under construction (as of 2012). It has 6 corridors, which will have air-conditioned (AC) and non-AC buses. Some of these buses are also equipped with services like GPS and IVR (around 300) which are used to track the position of the bus with information displayed on LED displays installed on the bus stops. The first phase along AB road uses Corona AC buses. Noted writer Gurcharan Das wrote in his blog on how Indore's bus service could prove to be helpful in solving New Delhi's bus transport problems.[20] Gurcharan writes "Indore is now quoted (with Bogota) as having the best bus service in the world".Now entry of every four wheeler vehicle is allowed in the BRTS lane.

Taxis[edit]

Metro Taxi service of Indore is supposed to be best in India. It includes Government run Maruti Suzuki SX4 Cars, which are GPS enabled and air conditioned. These taxis can always be found outside the major stations, at the central station, the bus stations, the airport and in the crowded inner-city shopping streets. The common way to obtain a taxi is to either call a taxi operator or to go to a taxi. However, although not the norm, one can hail a passing taxi on the street.

Local transport also includes auto rickshaw, vans and CNG Tata Magic replaced by Nagar Seva. Many cab services serve the city, including City Cabs and Star Cab. The major bus terminals are Sarwate bus terminal, Gangwal bus terminal, Navlakha bus stand and Vijaya Nagar bus stand. Star Cabs Taxi also available here .Rates 15/Km

Economy[edit]

Main article: Economy of Indore

Indore is a dominant commercial center and host multi-level market for maximum goods and services.Indore had GDP of $14,000,000,000 as of 2011.[21] Indore is witnessing rapid growth owing to the new unambiguous Industrial Policy framework, good Investment environment,Infrastructure development and growth, Improved living standards, and High Educational standards. The city also host prestigious Global Investors' Summit which attract investors from 21 countries, including the US, Australia, Japan, Singapore, the UK, Germany and Finland.

Following are Major industrial areas surrounding the city Pithampur(phase I,II,III - alone host 1500 Large, Medium and Small Industrial Set-up[22]), Indore Special Economic Zone(around 3000 acre[23]), Sanwer Industrial belt(1000 acre[24]),LaxmiBai Nagar IA, Rau IA, Bhagirathpura IA, Kali Billod IA, Ranmal Billod IA, Shivaji nagar Bhindikho IA, Hatod IA,[24] IT Parks - Crystal IT Park(5.5 lakh square feet), IT Park Pardeshipura(1 lakh square feet[25]), Electronic Complex, Individual SEZ such as TCS SEZ, Infosys SEZ, Impetus SEZ,etc., Daimond Park,Gems and Jewellery Park, Food Park, Apparel Park, Namkeen Cluster and Pharma Cluster.

Pithampur is also known as the Detroit of India.[26][27] Pithampur industrial area houses many production plants of various Pharmaceutical companies like Ipca Laboratories, Cipla, Lupin, Glenmark, Unichem and big auto companies prominent among these are Force Motors, Volvo Eicher commercial, Avtec, Mahindra 2 wheelers Ltd.

Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange (MPSE) originally set up in 1919 is the only exchange in Central India and the third oldest stock exchange in India is located in Indore and now the National Stock Exchange (NSE) established an Investor Service Center in the city.[28] Industrial employment influenced the economic geography of Indore. After 1956 merger, Indore experienced suburban expansion aided by high levels of car ownership. Workforce decentralization and transport improvements made it possible for the establishment of small-scale manufacturing in the suburbs. Many firms took advantage of relatively cheap land to build spacious, single-storey plants in suburban locations where parking, access and traffic congestion were minimal.

While the Textile manufacturing and Trading is the oldest business to contribute to economy, the Real Estate has emerged very fast in past few years. National Real Estate Players DLF Limited, Suncity (ZEE Group), Omaxe, Sahara, Parsvnath, Ansal API, Emaar MGF have already launched their residential projects in Indore. These projects are generally on the Indore bypass. This road also houses the projects of many local and regional Real estate players like Pumarth, Casa Greens, Silver spring, Kalindi, Milan Heights etc.

Infosys is setting up new development centre at Indore at an investment of Rs 100 crore in phase one at Super corridor.[29] Infosys demanded an area of 130 Acres to open its new facility in Indore which will employ about 13,000 people. TCS has started construction of its campus at Indore, Collabera has also announced plans to open campuses in Indore. The government of MP has also done the land allotment.[30] Besides these, there are several small and medium size software development firms in Indore.

Education[edit]

Main article: Education in Indore

Indore is a home to a range of colleges and schools. Indore has a large student population and is a big educational center in central India. Most primary and secondary schools in Indore are affiliated with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE); however, quite a few number of schools are affiliated with ICSE board, NIOS board and the state level M.P. Board as well.

The Daly College, founded in 1882, is one of the oldest co-educational boarding school in the world, which was established to educate the rulers of the Central Indian Princely States of the 'Marathas' and Rajputs'.[31] The Holkar Science College, officially known as Government Model Autonomous Holkar Science College was established in 1891.[32]

Also, Indore has quite a few prominent higher education institutions. It is the only city in India to house both Indian Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Management.

Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, also known as "DAVV" in popular culture (formerly known as University of Indore) is a renowned university in Indore with several colleges operating under its aegis. It has two campuses within the city, one at Takshila Parisar (near Bhavarkuan Square)and another at Rabindra Nath Tagore Road, Indore. The university runs several departments including Institute of Management Studies (IMS), School of Law (SoL),Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET), Educational Multimedia Research Centre (EMRC), International Institute of Professional Studies (IIPS), School of Pharmacy, School of Energy & Environmental Studies - one of the primer schools for M. Tech. (Energy Management), School of Journalism and School of Futures Studies and Planning, which runs two M. Tech. Courses with specializations in Technology Management & Systems Science & Engineering, MBA (Business Forecasting), and M. Sc. in Science & Technology Communication. The huge campus is replete with several other research and educational departments, many hostels, playgrounds and cafes aiming to provide a fulfilling experience to its students.

The Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College (MGMMC) is another old institution, and was formerly known as the King Edward Medical College.[33] Shri Govindram Seksaria Institute of Technology and Science (SGSITS) is an engineering college, established in 1952.

Media[edit]

Arts and theatre[edit]

The major art centers in Indore are Ravindra Natya Grah (RNG, Mai Mangeshkar Sabha Grah, Anand Mohan Mathur Sabhagrah, DAVV auditorium, etc. Many artists from around the world perform here regularly; Abhivyakti Centre of Fine Arts & Performing Arts; Deolalikar Kala Vithika and Jal Sabha Grah are also similar centers for arts and theater. There are also various cultural clubs like Sanand Nyas, Ras Bharati and Kala Abhivyakti, who invite performers from around the globe to perform in Indore. Yeshwant Club and Sayaji Club also sponsor and invite talents from across world. Maharastra Sahitya Sabha was also a prominent place for Theatre. Indore also holds the Guinness World Record for the Longest Variety Show (Cultural Show) in the World. The longest variety show lasted 12 hr 8 min at an event organised by Shri Vision Social Empowerment and Welfare Association (www.srvsewa.org),in Indore, India, on 11 November 2011. The show consisted of 107 acts, including musical performances, dance, poetry and comedy, and featured 145 performers (including 4 comperes).

Print media[edit]

There are about 20 Hindi dailies, 7 English dailies, 26 weeklies and monthlies, 4 quarterlies, 2 Bi-monthly Magazine, one annual paper, and one monthly Hindi language educational tabloid named "Campus Diary" published from the city.India's only magazine on pump industry Pumps India & valve magazine Valves India is published from here.[34] The major Hindi dailies include the:- [News Today] Raj Express, Nai Dunia, Dainik Bhaskar,'Dainik Dabang Duniya," Dainik Jagran, Patrika, BPN Times, Agnibaan, & PrabhatKiran, Dainik ChaitanyaLok and SatyaRaj. The major English dailies are The Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Free Press, Business Standard, The Economic Times, and DNA . Several state newspapers and national media houses have their regional offices in Indore.

Electronic media[edit]

The radio industry has expanded with a number of private and government-owned FM channels being introduced. The FM radio channels that broadcast in the city include AIR Vividh Bharathi FM (101.6 MHz), Radio Mirchi FM (98.3 MHz), Big FM (92.7 MHz), Red FM (93.5 MHz), My FM (94.3 MHz) and AIR Gyan Vani FM (105.6 MHz). State-owned Doordarshan transmits two terrestrial television channels. Apart from these few, local broadcasting stations also exist. [[

Siti Cable|Siti cable]] is a Digital cable distribution company with 70% coverage of the city. Its central region head office is in Indore and siti cable having 7 Local channels. Indore have its own TV news channel called 'siti news' headed by News Head Anil Chouhan

Indore is covered by a large network of optical fibre cables. There are three fixed telephone line operators in the city: BSNL, Reliance and Airtel. There are eight mobile phone companies in which GSM players include BSNL, Reliance, Vodafone, Idea, Airtel, Aircel, Tata DoCoMo, Videocon Mobile Service while CDMA services offered by BSNL, Virgin Mobile, Tata Indicom, and Reliance.

Cuisine[edit]

The Vijay Balla ("Victory Bat") made out of concrete with names of the players of the Indian team who won the test series against England (1971) and West Indies(1972)

Indore has a relatively more cosmopolitan culture, compared to other cities in Madhya Pradesh. Indore was included in holding two Guinness Book of World Records for the largest tea party in the world and for making the largest burger of the world.[35]

Indore has a wide variety of Namkeens, Poha & Jalebi, Chaats (snacks), Kachoris and Samosas, cuisines of various types in different restaurants, and Maratha, Mughlai, Bengali, Muslim, Mughlai, Rajasthani, continental and confectionery sweets, as well as local delicacies such as Dal-Bafla. Most important place in Indore for Foodies is Sarafa Bazar, where a wide range of Indian Fast food is available. Chhappan Dukan is a major food junction in Indore, where the youth & family gathers on the road side shops for Indian Snacks. Generally, Namkeen is served on top of a variety of food items served in Indore.

The life in Indore starts early with chuskis of 'Chai' (tea) with 'garam garam poha & Jalebi' followed by delicious lunch which invariably includes popular 'besan preparations'. Later in the day one can easily find snacks like 'Khaman', 'Kachori – aaloo kachori, dal kachori etc.', 'samosa', 'petis', 'Baked Samosa', 'Bhel puri',' Pani Puri', 'mathri', 'sabudana khichdi' etc. Numerous Shops of Sweets have enjoyed nice business in Indore. Late nights another market comes alive at 11:00 pm in Sarafa (the heart of city) where one finds lot of delicacies to enjoy after a nice dinner like – 'Gajak','Bhutta kis', 'Gulab Jamoon', 'garadu', 'Rabri', 'HOT BOILED MILK', 'aalo tikiya', 'Halua : – Gajar, Moong', icecreams, 'shakes' etc. and finally tasty 'paan' to end your day.

Specialities:

Sweets:Moong ka Halwa, Gajar ka Halwa, Rabri, Maalpua, Faluda kulfi, Gulab Jamoon, Ras-Malai, RasGulla, All Bengali Sweets available at Sarafa & 56 Shops at Palasia.

Namkeen : Sev with all its varieties, Mixture, Dhania-Chivda, Dal Moth,Papdi, Gathiya, Khaman, Kachori-Samosa,Petis, Garadu, Aalo Tikiya, Pani-Puri, Bhel-Puri, Saboodana Khichadi, Dahi Bada, Pakoda, Bhutte ka Kis,poha.

Sheetal Pey : Shikanji (milk preparation + dry fruits), Lassi, Cold Milk, Hot Boiled Milk with Malai & dry fruits+keshar, Jal-Jira, Nimboo Shikanji, Fruit Juice,Shakes, Icecream Soda, Santrola .

Sports[edit]

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the city. Indore is also home to the Madhya Pradesh Cricket Association (MPCA) and The city has two international cricket grounds, the Nehru Stadium and the Holkar Cricket Stadium. The first cricket ODI match in state was played in Indore at Nehru Stadium. The biggest cricketing event to be staged in the city so far is the 2011 ODI which was played at the Holkar Stadium after a long gap of around 15 years since 1996-97.[36]

Beside cricket, Indore is also a center for many national and international championships. The city hosted the South Asian Billiard Championship and is a host to the three-day-long National Triathlon Championship, in which nearly 450 players and 250 sports officials belonging to 23 states take part in the action.[37]

Indore is also a traditional powerhouse for the game of basketball which has been growing in popularity over the last 3 to 4 decades. It is the home of India's first National Basketball Academy and has a world class indoor basketball stadium. Indore has successfully organized various National Basketball Championships. The major city sports stadium includes:

Festivals[edit]

All national festivals such as Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Rangpanchmi, Baisakhi, Raksha Bandhan, Krishna Janmashtami, Mahavir jayanti, Navratri, Durga puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Utsav, Deepavali, Ramzan, Gudi Padwa, Bhaidooj, Eid, Christmas, Bahai Navruz on 21 March and others like Nagpanchmi, Ahilya Utsav, are celebrated with equal enthusiasm. There are many shiva temples in Indore. Mahashivratri is celebrated to a large extent in Indore. Abhivyati, Hind Rakshak and many more organisations conduct garba mahotsav open for people to watch as well as play.

Entertainment[edit]

Indore has many malls and cinema halls. Much new entertainment will be seen in Indore in the coming months when the city will gain a roller-coster ride, a drop tower, and go-karting track along with many new sources of entertainment. Often there are circuses and magic shows set up at different places which are good sources of entertainment.[38]

Cinema[edit]

Cinema is the most popular medium of entertainment in Indore as well as in the whole country. There are a number of cinema halls in the city, namely PVR Cinemas, Mangal BIG Cinema, INOX Central, INOX sapna-sangeeta, Kulraj Broadway, Satyam Cineplexes, K sera sera, MadhuMilan, Velocity, Regal, and others.

Malls[edit]

Treasure Island Mall, the first mall in Madhya Pradesh

Indore is host to many malls, which provide variety and comfort to the visitors. Treasure Island, Mangal City mall, Indore Central mall, C21 mall, Malhar mega mall, Orbit mall are very well known. In 2011, a branch of Bharti wallmart, named Best Price, also opened for shopkeepers to buy goods at cheaper prices. It has received a good response from shopkeepers of the nearby districts such as Dewas, Ujjain and Dhar. Indore has developed since 2011 making a record of having most malls in central India.

Tourism[edit]

Religious places[edit]

  • Indreshwar Temple

Indrehwar Temple is a temple of Lord Shiva. It was made by Raja Indra Singh on his way to Ujjain. The city of Indore derives it's name from this very temple.

Citizens of Indore city and other nearby cities have great faith in the Khajrana Temple. This temple is made by Ahilyabai Holkar, the brave Maratha queen. This is an important place of Hindus.

  • Shri Ridhhi Sidhhi Chintaman Ganesh Temple,Kumhar Mohalla,Juni Indore.(Famous Ganesh Tempale)
  • Gurudwara

Indore is historically attached to Sikhism. It has numerous Gurudwaras. Gurdwara Imli Sahib is Sikh shrine situated in Indore. In the year, 1567 Guru Nanak Dev Ji in the way of his itinerary diverted from southern states to the north-west and reached Indore. It is centrally located and innumerable devotees assure spiritual knowledge, peace and bliss here.

Gurdwara Charan Paduka Betma Sahib is situated in the small village of Betma. Betma is a town and a nagar panchayat in Indore district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India. Betma Sahib is one of the pious gurudwaras of historical significance for Sikhs, as it is believed that Guru Nanak Dev Ji visited this place during his southern Udasi.

  • Annapurna Temple

Annapurna is a very beautiful and one of the oldest temples in Indore. Dedicated to the goddess Annapoorna, this temple is one among the famous pilgrimage centres in Indore. Not only devotees, but also tourists come to see this majestic shrine. This temple bears a resemblance to the famous Madurai Meenakshi Temple of Madurai. Inside the temple premises there exist shrines of Sivan, Hanuman, and Kalabhairava. The Pravachan Hall of the temple is also very famous. Four full sized elephants embrace this temple’s highly ornamented gate. An architectural splendor, the outer wall of the temple is brightly decorated with beautiful images of legendary characters. An architectural marvel, Annapoorna Temple in Indore is a worthy for a short visit. This temple is situated Near DashaHara Maidan, Annapurna Road, Indore.

  • Bada Ganpati

The Bada Ganpati temple is a very ancient temple and widely known for the size of the Ganesh idol. This temple was built in 1875 by Shri Dadhich. The idol is said to be the size of 25 Foot from head to crown. This temple is located near the heart of the city Rajwada also known as Holkar Palace.

  • Hrinkar Giri

The largest Jain shrine of Indore, situated at a hillock near Indore Airport.

  • Gommat Giri

This is an excellent set of Jain temples built on the top of Gommatesher Hill. The main attraction is 24 feet tall statue of Lord Bahubali, and 24 others temples for each of the 24 jain tirthankars.

The Kanch Mandir also known as Glass Temple is an exquisite example of a marvel in glass. This Jain Temple also known as Jain Mandir was built by Sir Seth Hukum Chand Jain (Kasliwal) in the early 20th century.It is located in the Itwaria Market. The speciality of this temple is that its doors, pillars, ceilings and walls are entirely inlaid with glass with minute detailing. It is one of the most famous tourist attraction of the city. The temple also has paintings which are depicting stories from the Jain scriptures. The top of the temple multiplies the three statues of Lord Mahavir which makes this temple more beautiful place.

Bada Ganapati
Annapurna Mandir
Gurudwara at LIG

Chhatris[edit]

Indore has a number of Chhatris, which mark the cremation place, of its erstwhile royal Maratha rulers - the Holkars. These chhatris are intricately carved and some, like the Krishnapura Chhatri, also have temples and other structures near the place.

Krishnapura Chhatri
Bolia Maharaj Ki Chhatri
Krishnapura Chhatri
Inside view of Krishnapur Chhatri

Nearby attractions[edit]

There are various places which tourists and citizens of Indore like to visit for weekends and occasion or Holidays.

Maheshwar

Maheshwar is a town in Khargone district of Madhya Pradesh state It was the capital of the Malwa during Holkar reign till 6 January 1818, when the capital was shifted to Indore by Malhar Rao Holkar III. Maheshwar has been a centre of handloom weaving since the 5th century. Maheshwar is the home of one of India's finest hand loom fabric traditions. It is about 90 km from Indore and known for beautiful temples, ghats, fort and palaces.

Mandavgad

Mandu or Mandavgad is a ruined city in the present-day Mandav area of the Dhar district. It is about 100 km from Indore and knows for its beautiful forts, palaces and natural landscape.

Paatal Paani

PatalPani Waterfall, a magnificent fall situated around 35 km from Indore MadhyaPradesh

This tourist attraction is famous for its beauty in Monsoon Season. It is 35 km from Indore towards Mhow. It is very beautiful place for enjoying the weekend.

Sitala Mata fall

This tourist attraction is famous for its Water Falls in Monsoon Season. It is very beautiful place for enjoying the weekend.

Choral Fall

Choral has the wonderful Water Falls in Monsoon Season. People go there specially in Monsoon Season for enjoying the weekend. Its situated on Khandwa Road, near Gram Simrol.

Tincha Fall

Tincha Fall is a beautiful Water Fall in Monsoon Season.

. Indore is home to an slum named kanpura chattris where more than half of population is of refugees people come from places to see the. Chattris

Notable people from Indore[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  18. ^ "Indore-based Bombay Hospital bags Multi Specialty Hospital of the Year – award". Retrieved 2013-03-13. 
  19. ^ "Indore flying up and high above Bhopal". Retrieved 04/12/2012. 
  20. ^ "Gurcharan Das' Official Blog". Blogger. 2008. Retrieved August 22, 2008. 
  21. ^ Fri 4 Apr, 2014, 3:49 PM IST - India Markets closed (2012-09-28). "The top 15 Indian cities by GDP | India’s top 15 cities with the highest GDP - Yahoo India Finance". In.finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  22. ^ "Mpakvn Indore". Mpakvn Indore. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  23. ^ http://www.mpakvnindore.com/our_major_projects/sez_indore.pdf
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  25. ^ "Work on Indore IT park in full flow - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2013-05-07. Retrieved 2014-04-04. 
  26. ^ Tiwary, Santosh (1998-04-01). "Pithampur small enterprises tell a tale of untapped potential". The Indian Express (India). Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  27. ^ Trivedi, Shashikant (9 July 2004). "Pithampur units face bleak future". Business Standard. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  28. ^ "NSE to start investor service centers at Kanpur, Indore". economictimes.indiatimes.com/. Retrieved 2012-09-28. 
  29. ^ "Infosys to set up Rs 100 crore development centre in Indore". mydigitalfc.com. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  30. ^ "TCS Indore campus". Dainik Bhaskar. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  31. ^ Lord Curzon in India: Being a Selection from His Speeches as Viceroy and Governor-General of India 1898-1905, by George Nathaniel Curzon Curzon, Thomas Raleigh. Published by Macmillan and co., limited, 1906. Page 233. Speech: "4th November, 1905"...."The old Daly College was founded here as long ago as 1881, in the time of that excellent and beloved Political Officer, Sir Henry Daly"...
  32. ^ "Govt. Holkar Science College". Madhya Pradesh Govt. Poratal. Retrieved 13 October 2009. 
  33. ^ Indore city govt. website: Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College
  34. ^ Indian Journal of Science Communication (Volume 2/ Number 1/ January – June 2003)
  35. ^ "Largest Tea Party at Indore". Guinness World Records. 25 February 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  36. ^ "Usha Raje is now Holkar cricket stadium". Dainik Bhaskar Online Edition, dated 2010-08-23. Retrieved 29 August 2010. 
  37. ^ "Indore to host National Triathlon Championship". The Hindu Business Line, dated 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2012-12-14. 
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  39. ^ Daji, Homi. "Homi Daji: Veteran CPI Politician passes away". parsikhaba. Retrieved 27 January 2013. 

http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/2000/longest-variety-show

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]