Indothemis limbata

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Restless demon
Scientific classification
I. limbata
Binomial name
Indothemis limbata
(Selys, 1891)

The restless demon,[2] (Indothemis limbata) is a species of dragonfly in the family Libellulidae.[3] It is found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Singapore and Thailand.[4][2] Two subspecies can be found.[5]


  • Indothemis limbata limbata (Selys, 1891)
  • Indothemis limbata sita Campion, 1923

Description and habitat[edit]

It is a small black dragonfly with yellow markings. Its eyes and thorax are black. Abdomen is also black, marked with yellow spots, obscured with bluish pruinescence in full adults. Bases of wings are dark. Apices of the wings are narrowly black; but transparent in I. l. sita. Anal appendages are dark.[6]

Female has brown eyes and yellow thorax, marked with black. The bases of wings are in amber-yellow. Abdomen is black, marked with yellow spots up to segment 8. Anal appendages are dark.[6]

It breeds in weeded ponds and lakes.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dow, R.A. (2011). "Indothemis limbata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T167291A6324492. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T167291A6324492.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Indothemis limbata Selys, 1891 – Restless Demon". Odonata of India, v. 1.48. Indian Foundation for Butterflies. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  3. ^ Paulson, D.; Schorr, M.; Abbott, J.; Bota-Sierra, C.; Deliry, C.; Dijkstra, K.-D.; Lozano, F. (2023). "World Odonata List". OdonataCentral, University of Alabama. Retrieved 14 Mar 2023.
  4. ^ "Indothemis limbata (Selys, 1891)". India Biodiversity Portal. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
  5. ^ Odonata: Catalogue of the Odonata of the World. Tol J. van , 2008-08-01
  6. ^ a b c C FC Lt. Fraser (1936). The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma, Odonata Vol. III. Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, London: Taylor and Francis. pp. 341-343.
  7. ^ C FC Lt. Fraser (1924). A Survey of the Odonate (Dragonfly) Fauna of Western India and Descriptions of Thirty New Species (PDF). p. 436.

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